|Publication number||US3697806 A|
|Publication date||Oct 10, 1972|
|Filing date||Apr 22, 1971|
|Priority date||Apr 22, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3697806 A, US 3697806A, US-A-3697806, US3697806 A, US3697806A|
|Inventors||Herbert William C Jr|
|Original Assignee||Herbert Products|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (5), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Herbert, Jr.
[ 1 ION GENERATOR  Inventor: William C. Herbert,.Jr., Mill Neck,
 Assignee: Herbert Products, Inc., Westbury,
 Filed: April 22, 1971  Appl. No.: 136,340
 US. Cl ..317/2 F  Int. Cl. ..H05f 3/06  Field of Search ..317/2 F  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Schweriner ..317/2 F [451 Oct. 10, 1972 Chapman ..3 17/2 F Herbert ..317/2 F Primary Examiner-J. D. Miller Assistant Examiner-Harry E. Moose, Jr. Attorney-Bauer & Amer 5 7] ABSTRACT An ion generator having an electrical cable for producing a corona field for capacitors having emitter electrodes discharging ions toward a grounded shield that protects the electrodes from accidental touching and discharge and causes the ions to assume an enlarging path of ion discharge. I
7 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDucI 10 I972 INVENTOR WILLIAM c. HERBERT, JR.
ATTORNEYS [ON GENERATOR The present invention relates to an improved ion generator and more particularly of that type disclosed in my U.S. Letters Pat. Nos. 2,514,864, 2,866,923 and 3,037,l49.
In the past, ion generators have been employed as static eliminators to remove static electricity from sheets moving in a machine under conditions which tend to generate static electricity on the surfaces of such sheets. This is especially the problem experienced with paper sheets used in printing presses and photocopy machines.
Although my own aforementioned patents constitute the bulk of relevant prior art, there has been a prevading problem of generating ions in such manner as to eliminate static from fast moving surfaces that are either continuous or discontinuous. In the past, the elimination of static has been accomplished by attempting to position the ion emitter electrodes as close as possible to the charged surfaces to assure that the full discharge of ions will impinge upon the surfaces and thereby neutralize the static charge. However, in such cases when it became necessary to conduct repairs to or adjustment in the machines,'it often happened that mechanics performing such repairs or adjustments would accidentally touch the electrodes, the points of which projected from the static generator, and discharged the same to produce severe electrical shocks.
Furthermore, because the discharge points of the electrodes in the prior art were so close to and pinpointed at the surface of the moving sheet, the area of ion discharge and distribution was extremely limited. Therefore, even though the prior art devices may have operated satisfactorily for their intended purposes, the pinpointed nature and limited area of discharge of their ions often resulted in ineffectual elimination of static charges from the surfaces at which they were directed.
The present invention overcomes the aforesaid problems by providing a simple, yet novel, arrangement of structure wherein the ion emitter electrodes are recessed within and relative to an opening defined by relatively spaced walls of a grounded shield. This arrangement of structure protects the emitter electrodes by removing them from a shock hazard position at which they might be accidentally touched and discharged. Additionally, the present invention now produces an intense area of ionization in the shape of an ever enlarging mushroom field and area of ions by moving outward from the electrodes toward the spaced grounded shield walls and therebeyond toward the surface to be treated.
Hence, it is an object and feature of the present invention to produce an ion generator in which the emitter electrodes are recessed to eliminate the possibility of shock hazard or accidental electrical discharge and yet at the same time to produce an enlarging and increasing field of ions which, as they mushroom outwardly and away from the emitter electrodes toward the relatively spaced grounded shield walls, produce an ever increasing area of ion coverage which effectively covers a large surface to eliminate static electricity therefrom.
The above description, as well as further objects, features and advantages of the present invention, will be more fully appreciated by reference to the following detailed description of a presently preferred, but nonetheless illustrative, embodiment in accordance with the present invention, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an ion generator constructed according to the teaching of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG. 1 with portions thereof removed;
FIG. 3 is a section taken along lines 3-3 of F IG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a section taken along lines 4-4 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a section taken along lines 5-5 of FIG. 2; and
H6. 6 is a section taken along lines 66 of P16. 2.
Referring now to the drawing, the ion generator illustrated in full detail in FIG. I is generally identified by the numeral 10. The generator comprises an electrical cable 12 of usual construction containing an exterior insulator 14 and electric conducting wires 16. The cable 12 extends into and is surrounded by an insulating tube or sleeve 18 that may be more conveniently referred to as a capacitor tube. The capacitor tube 18, being of an insulating material, is non-conductive but is provided with a plurality of metallic or conductive bands 20 spaced relative to each other along the length thereof. The bands 20 may be made of any convenient metallic material. They may be painted on the capacitor tube or they may be metallic bands positioned about and relatively spaced along the capacitor tube. Such bands 20 function as individual electric capacitors for storing and releasing an electric charge produced by the corona of the electrical cable 12.
Connected with each of the relatively longitudinally spaced capacitors 20 are ion emitter electrodes 22. The emitter electrodes are relatively spaced from each other in longitudinal alignment along the length of the capacitor tube 18 with each capacitor 20 having in contact therewith two ion emitter electrodes 22 such as is more clearly illustrated in FIG. 2. From the drawing, it will be noted that the emitter electrodes are relatively spaced along the length of the capacitor tube 18 in a straight line and are equally spaced from each other. Since two emitter electrodes 22 are in electrical contact with each capacitor 20, the charge stored in each capacitor is discharged therefrom through the emitter electrodes connected therewith.
In the drawing, it is noted that the electrodes 22 are positioned radially with respect to the capacitor tube 18 and, thus, the discharge of ions is also normally directed radially outward away from the capacitor tube and the capacitors thereon. The emitter electrodes 22 are relatively pointed in the direction away from their electrical connection with their respective capacitors and, thus, the discharge of ions from each electrode is pinpointed to move away from each electrode at the very pointed tip thereof.
Normally, the discharge of ions from the pointed tips of the emitter electrodes would produce a pinpointing directional discharge of ions. However, as the description proceeds, it will become clear that although the ions discharged at the pointed ends of the emitter electrodes are restricted to their points of emission, the discharging ions are caused to assume an ever enlarging and more encompassing path as they flow away from the emitter electrode points.
Positioned in encompassing and insulating relation with the capacitor tube 18 is an insulating sleeve 24. The insulating sleeve 24 extends for the full length of the capacitor tube and completely surrounds the same except to permit the ion emitter electrodes 22 to project radially therethrough. The insulating sleeve 24 thus aids to retain the ion emitter electrodes 22 in engagement with their respective capacitors 20 while fully insulating the capacitors 20 from external electrical fields and from possible accidental touching. In practice, the insulating sleeve 24 is also tubular conforming to the shape of the capacitor tube 18 and thus fits closely thereabout. The insulating sleeve 24 includes regularly and equally spaced holes arranged in longitudinal alignment to enable the snug passage of the ion emitter electrodes 22 therethrough and to retain the emitter electrodes in electrical contact with their respective capacitors 20.
The assembly of the cable 12, capacitor tube 18 and insulating sleeve 24 is retained in snug unmoving relationship by a split yieldable end cap 26 which fits snugly about the outer surface of the cable 12 at its entry into the ion generator. The cap has a tapered outer surface 28 which cooperates with a similarly tapered surface provided on the interior end of the outboard insulating sleeve 24. This tapered relationship of the interior of the sleeve 24 and the end cap 26 produces a wedging action which, by the yielding nature of the end cap 26, causes it to wedge between the cable and the insulating sleeve 24 to retain the combination of the cable, capacitor tube, insulating sleeve and end cap in a unitary assembly.
Positioned in radial outward spaced relation relative to the above described assembly is a grounded metallic shield means shown in the present disclosure in two parts 30 and 32. The shield means 30, 32 is divided into the two elongated elements which are identical to each other and are arcuate in cross-section throughout their lengths as viewed in FIGS. 3 and 4. The grounded shield means 30, 32 forms a composite structure extending for the full length of the ion generator 10. Because of its two part construction, the shield has relatively spaced edge walls 34 bracketing along opposite sides and extending for the full length of the longitudinally aligned ion emitter electrodes 22. The opposite relatively laterally spaced walls 36 of the shield elements 30 and 32 are positioned at the diametrically opposite side of the emitter electrodes.
Thus, the laterally spaced walls 34 define the limits of a recess through which ions discharged from the emitter electrodes 22 spread outwardly in an ever increasing mushroom shape. Because the arc of each of the shield elements 30 and 32 is greater than the radius from the center of the ion generator to the pointed ends of the emitter electrodes 22, the edge walls 34 are spaced radially outward beyond the points of the emitter electrodes and, hence, shield and protect the electrodes from being accidentally touched by a screwdriver or other tool that may be manipulated near them.
The total assembly of details is completed by insulating end plugs generally identified by the numerals 38 and 40. The construction of the end plugs 38 and 40 are substantially alike except that the end plug 38 as shown in FIG. is provided with a central through opening 42 to permit the passage of the cable 12 therethrough, whereas the opposite end plug 40 is completely closed about all of its surfaces so as to insure that the cable 12 abuts against its inner surface 44. Each end plug 38 and 40 has an axially extending wall 46 which encompasses a portion of the axial length of the outer surface of the insulator sleeve 24 in relatively close fitting relationship.
The outer surface of each end plug is provided with diametrically opposed arcuate seats 48 which extend for a lengthwise portion of each plug and terminate at a fully circular end wall 49. Radial ears 50 of the same diameter as the wall 49 are provided at diametrically opposite portions of each plug between the recessed shoulders 48 to function as abutments against rotative displacement of the shield means 30 and 32. The shield 30 and 32 fit and seat closely within the seats 48 with their edges 34 and 36 abutting the ears 50 and their extreme lengthwise ends resting against the end walls 49. When so seated, the elements 30 and 32 conform to the circular configuration and shape of the end walls 49. The end plugs 38 and 40 and the seated ends of the shield elements 30 and 32 are held together by clamps 52 shaped conformingly to the end wall 49 and having upstanding ears 54 with holes therein to enable the same to be secured to any convenient grounding surface of a machine within which the present ion generator 10 is to be utilized.
in the present disclosure, because of the elongated length of the ion generator 10, there is provided an intermediate positioning plug 56 of insulating material which has similarly shaped recessed shoulders 48 matching those of the end plugs 38 and 40 and radially extended ear abutments 50 diametrically disposed therebetween. A further C-shaped spring clamp 58 having a radially inwardly directed detent 60 is adapted to engage in a similar detent provided in one of the abutment ears 50 of the plug 56 to thereby yieldingly retain the shield elements 30 and 32 within their shoulder recesses 48 of the intermediate plug 56.
In the present construction when the cable 12 is connected with a source of electrical energy, a corona field is created to impart an electrical charge that is stored in the capacitors 20 spaced longitudinally along the length of the capacitor tube 18. This charge is then released and discharged by way of the ion emitter electrodes 22 radially outward away from the capacitor tube. However, because the shield means 30, 32 is grounded and the walls 34 thereof are spaced laterally on opposite sides of the recess extending the length of the ion generator and slightly radially outward of the emitter electrode points, the discharging ions tend to flow in a path radially outward and away from the points of the emitter electrodes and then to spread laterally toward the bordering grounded walls 34 of the shield elements 30 and 32.
This flow of ions follows an initially radial path that is then directed toward the ground of the laterally spaced walls 34 to cause a mushrooming effect of discharged ions that spreads from a pointed discharge to an ever and progressively increasing area of coverage of ions as the same flow away from the emitter electrode points. This results in an increased area of ion discharge coverage rather than a pinpointed ion discharge. Hence, the surface area covered by the discharging ions is much larger and more encompassing then has been able to be accomplished heretofore.
By so positioning the emitter electrodes within the recess defined by the laterally spaced walls of the grounded shield means, the discharging ions seek to 5 move toward ground and thus enlarge their flow path. Moreover, because the emitter electrodes do not extend beyond the walls 34, they cannot be touched accidentally with tools that may be manipulated by a mechanic within the area of the ion generator and accidental discharge of the capacitors 20 is avoided with shock hazard reduced. In consequence, the area of ionization is larger than that accomplished heretofore and the surfaces having static charges to be neutralized can be treated more effectively and more rapidly. The intensity of ion discharge is enhanced by the discharging of each capacitor through two ion emitter electrodes. Thus, the discharge of ions is concentrated at only two emitter electrode points and the intensity of the discharge is greater than that which might be accomplished by a greater number of emitter electrodes discharging ions from a single capacitor.
While there have been shown and described and pointed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to a preferred embodiment thereof, it will be understood that various omissions and substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. It is the intention, therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the claims appended hereto.
What is claimed is:
I. In an ion generator,
a plurality of longitudinally arranged, relatively spaced ion emitter electrodes each having an emitter point,
a grounded metallic shield having an uninterrupted longitudinal opening defined by walls relatively spaced laterally on opposite sides of each of said plurality of longitudinally arranged electrodes and extending radially beyond the emitter points of said electrodes whereby ions emitted at said emitter points move radially outward through said opening and laterally toward the opposite walls of 45 said grounded shield to assume a mushroom shape with said emitter points protected within the confines of said shield,
an electric cable,
a capacitor about said cable and in electrical contact with each of said emitter electrodes,
and insulator means between said shield and capaci- 2. in a generator as in claim 1 wherein there are a plurality of capacitors each in electrical contact with every two of said plurality of relatively spaced emitter electrodes,
and said electrodes are longitudinally aligned with each other.
3. In an ion generator as in claim 2 wherein said plurality of capacitors are circular metallic bands on an insulated sleeve,
said emitter electrodes extending radially outward from their electrical contact with their respective bands,
and said shield is in radially spaced relation to and outward of said capacitors and the emitter points of each of said emitter electrodes.
4. In an ion generator as in claim 3,
said cable, capacitor sleeve, insulator means and shield being concentrically arranged serially,
a plug at each end of said generator supporting said serial arrangement,
one of said plugs having an opening therethrough for the passage of an end of said cable into the gene rator through one end thereof,
and a closed plug at the other end of said generator receiving and closing the end of the cable in the generator.
5. In an ion generator as in claim 4,
an end clamp at each end of said generator clamping said shield to said end plugs and grounding said shield.
6. An ion generator comprising an electrical cable,
an insulator sleeve about said cable and having a plurality of relative axially spaced capacitors thereon,
at least two ion emitter electrodes in electrical contact with each of said capacitors,
each such electrode having an emitter end directed radially outward from its respective capacitor,
a grounded shield having relatively spaced walls spaced outward of said capacitors and said electrode emitter ends,
said walls being spaced on opposite sides of said electrodes,
and insulator means between said capacitors and shield with said electrodes extending therethrough toward but short of the space between said walls.
7. An ion generator as in claim 6,
a plug at each end of said shield supporting said cable, sleeve, insulator means and shield serial in coaxial arrangement and closing the opposite ends of said ion generator,
and clamp means engaging each of said end plugs and said shield to retain said serial arrangement and to ground said shield.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2392808 *||Aug 30, 1941||Jan 15, 1946||Chapman Electric Neutralizer C||Neutralizing apparatus and manufacture of same|
|US3037149 *||Dec 29, 1958||May 29, 1962||Herbert Jr William C||Static eliminators|
|US3120626 *||Nov 7, 1960||Feb 4, 1964||Simco Co Inc||Shockless static eliminator|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3875461 *||Sep 18, 1973||Apr 1, 1975||Harris Intertype Corp||Static eliminator|
|US3887843 *||May 10, 1974||Jun 3, 1975||Harris Intertype Corp||Static eliminator|
|US4107755 *||Jan 17, 1977||Aug 15, 1978||Kiefer Richard J||Static eliminator and ion discharge means therefor|
|US9700643||May 18, 2015||Jul 11, 2017||Michael E. Robert||Sanitizer with an ion generator|
|US9808547||Apr 16, 2014||Nov 7, 2017||Dm Tec, Llc||Sanitizer|
|International Classification||H01T23/00, H05F3/04, H05F3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H01T23/00, H05F3/04|
|European Classification||H01T23/00, H05F3/04|