US 3699615 A
A gate hinge and closer means including upper and lower hinge assemblies, each including a bearing component and a hanger component, the bearing component being attached by a strap to a fence post and the hanger component being similarly attached to a gate frame member. A torsion bar has one end received in the bearing component and the other end received in the hanger component. The torsion bar is twisted when the gate is opened and thereby provides the necessary force for effecting automatic closing of the gate.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Duncan [451 Oct. 24, 1972  Inventor: Alan W. Duncan, River Forest, 111.
 Assignee: Sears, Roebuck and Company,
 Filedf 'July 14,1971
 Appl.No.: 162,495
 U.S.Cl .;l..' ..l6/184  lnt.Cl. ..E05fl/12  FieldofSearch ..l6/l58,l84, 50,180, 187; 49/383 [5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,209,391 10/1965 Mangini ..l6/l84 36 4 17 I 3 W l r r Z T i 2,584,904 2/1952 Monger 16/184 Primary ExaminerJames T. McCall Assistant ExaminerDoris L. Troutman AttorneyNathan N. Kraus et al.
,  ABSTRACT 7 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEU um 24 m2 r/AIS PATENTEDUBI 24 m2 SHEUZUFZ FI 34 FIG25 COMBINATION GATE HINGE AND CLOSER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a combination hinge assembly and torsionally operated closer means for a SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION One of the objects of this invention is the provision of a hinge assembly and closer means for a swinging gate which permits the passage of traffic through, in both directions, and effectively returns the gate to closed position. 1
Another object of this invention is the provision of a hinge assembly and closer means for a gate which is simple in construction and requires no alteration of an existing gate or fence post on which it is to be mounted.
A further object of this invention is the provision of a hinge assembly and closer means which requires a minimum of skill for installation.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following description when the same is considered in connection with the accompanying drawings. I
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front .elevational view of a gate in closed position with a hinge assembly and closer means, in accordance with my invention.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken substantially on line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken substantially on line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 isa cross-sectional view, taken substantially on line 4-4 of FIG. 2. 7
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4, but completely in elevation, and showing the gate in fully opened positron.
FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of a hinge component adapted to be mounted on a gate.
FIG. 7 is a similar view of a hinge component adapted to be mounted on a fence post.
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the detail shown in FIG. 6; and
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a detail shown in FIG. 7.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the particular construction shown in the drawings, a gate is pivotally supported on a tubular fence post 16 by a pair of hinge assemblies 17, in accordance with my invention, and is arranged to swing in both directions to allow passage therethrough.
The gate 15 is of conventional construction and includes a tubular gate frame 18 which carries stretched fence material 19 held in position by clamps 21 which secure the endrods 22 passing through the loops of the fence material to the vertical members 23 and 24 of the frame. The hinge assemblies 17 are identical and each includes a bearing component 26, formed preferably as by die casting, and comprising a body portion 27, shaped substantially as illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 9, and having an upwardly extending pintle 28, preferably of frustro-conical form. The body portion 27 is hollow, as seen in FIG. 4, and is counterbored endwise to receive a bolt 29. The inner face 31 of the body portion is arcuately formed so as to conform to the curvature of the fence post'l6. A metal strap 32 has a hole at each end and is provided with a rectangular nut 33 which is resistance welded to one end ofthe strap in registration with one of the holes. The nut 33 is of such size and form as to be received within the hollow or cavity 30 of the body portion 27 for sliding movement therein, without relative rotation. As will be apparent, rotation of the bolt 29 will drawthe nut 33 inwardly of the hollow to draw the strap 32 tightly about the periphery of the fence post 16 to effect securement of the hinge component to the post. As seen in FIG. 9,the surface of the body portion opposite the pintle 28 is provided with an elongated slit 34 of relatively narrow configuration.
The hanger component 36 of the hinge assembly includes a body portion 37, generally similar in shape to the body portion 27 of component 26 but provided with a pintle socket 38 having an internal configuration complemental to the pintle 27. The component 36 includes a bolt 39 and strap 41, similar to those hereinabove described, and, as seen in F IG. 8, also includes a slit 42 in the surface opposite the pintle socket 38. The inner face 43 of the body portion 37 is arcuately formed to conform to the surface curvature of member 23 of the gate.
Referring to FIG. 4, installation of the hinge assemblies l7 perferably is effected by attaching the lower bearing component 26 to the fence post 16, in the manner hereinabove described, then attaching the lower hanger component 36 to the gate member 23 when the same is in planar alignment with the plane of the fence. It will be understood that the positions of the components 26 and 36 relative to the fence. post and gate may be readily adjusted.
A torsion bar 45 of spring steel of selected quality which may be torsionally twisted upon application of a twisting force has oneend inserted in the slit 42 of the lower hanger component36, as illustrated in FIG. 4. The upper bearing component 26 is then secured to the fence post 16 with the upper end of the torsion bar 45 received in the slit 34. It will of course be understood that both components are in vertical registration. Finally, the upper hanger component 36 is attached to the gate frame member 23 and the parts when fully assembled are disposed in the relationship illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 4 with the slits 34 and 42 in vertical registration and the torsion bar 45 extending between the components 26 and 36 of the hinge assemblies.
Referring to FIG. 4, it will be seen that the bearing component 26 of the upper hinge assembly 17 is fixed to the fence post 16 while the hanger component 36 of the lower hinge assembly is fixed to the gate frame member 23 which, of course, is rockable about the axes of the pintles 28. Thus, as the gate is caused to be rocked in one direction or another, the bar 45 is twisted and develops a torsional force tending to restore the gate to a normal closed position when it is released.
Various changes coming within the spirit of my invention may suggest themselves to those skilled in the art; hence, I do not wish to be limited to the specific embodiments shown and described or uses mentioned, but intend the same to be merely exemplary, the scope of my invention being limited only by the appended claims.
1. In a hinge and gate closer means arranged to close a fence gate, the combination of an upper hinge assembly connecting the upper portion of a gate to a stationary post and lower hinge assembly connecting the lower portion of the gate to the stationary post, each of said assemblies including a bearing component and a hanger component, one of said components having a pintle and the other of said components having a pintle socket to receive said pintle, and a torsion bar connecting the bearing component of one assembly with the hanger component of the other assembly.
2. In a hinge and gate closer means arranged to close a fence gate, the combination of upper and lower hinge assemblies connecting the upper and lower portions respectively of a gate to a stationary post, each of said assemblies comprising a bearing component and a hanger component, the bearing component having a pintle and being attached to the stationary post, the hanger component having a pintle socket and being attached to the gate, and a torsion bar connecting the bearing component of one assembly to the hanger component of the other assembly.
3. The invention as defined in claim 2 including a strap and screw means associated with each of said components for effecting securement of each of said components to said post or gate.
4. The invention as defined in claim 2 which one component of each assembly has a slot, each slot receiving one end of said torsion bar.
5. The invention as defined in claim 3 in which each component comprises a metal casting having a body portion having a side face arranged to abut a respective gate member or post, said body portion having a cavity opening into said face, the free ends of said strap being received in said cavity and being retained by said scre means.
6. The invention as defined in claim 1 in which each of the pintles is frustro-conical in form.
7. In a hinge and gate closer means arranged to close a fence gate, the combination of upper and lower hinge assemblies connecting the upper and lower portions respectively of a gate to a stationary post, each of said assemblies comprising a bearing component and a hanger component, the bearing component comprising a metal casting having a body portion having a side face arranged to abut said post, said body portion having a cavity opening into said face, a strap arranged to embrace said post and having its free ends received in said cavity, screw means passing laterally through said body portion into said cavity and retaining the ends of said strap, said body portion having a pintle on the top surface thereof and having an elongated slot in the bottom surface thereof, the hanger component comprising a metal casting having a body portion having a side face arranged to abut a member of said gate, said second mentioned body portion having a cavity opening into said side face a strap arranged to embrace said member of sat gate and having its free ends received in the cavity of the body portion of said hanger component, screw means passing laterally through the body portion of said hanger component into its cavity and retaining the ends of its respective strap, said body portion having a pintle socket on the bottom surfacethereof and having an elongated slot on the top surface thereof, said hanger components being supported on said bearing components with a pintle received in a respective socket and a torsion bar having one end received in the slot of the lower hanger component and the other end received in the slot of the upper bearing component.