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Publication numberUS3699708 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 24, 1972
Filing dateDec 1, 1971
Priority dateDec 2, 1970
Also published asCA976356A, CA976356A1, DE2159843A1
Publication numberUS 3699708 A, US 3699708A, US-A-3699708, US3699708 A, US3699708A
InventorsMabuchi Kenichi
Original AssigneeMabuchi Motor Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric-powered model airplane
US 3699708 A
Abstract
A novel electric-powered model airplane is for the first time disclosed which has an electric motor for driving a propeller and a specific dry cell mounted thereon, said dry cell being of a high capacity, small size and light weight and, if desired, encased in a case with a plurality of openings or fins for heat radiation. The model airplane may be provided with a remote control device, if desired. Thus, the present model airplane can be simply operated and affords enjoyment to adults as well as children.
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waited States Patent Mabuchi [54] ELECTRIC-POWERED MODEL AIRPLANE [72] Inventor: Kenichi Mabuchi, Tokyo, Japan [73] Assignee: Mabuclii Motor Co., Ltd Tokyo,

Japan 22 Filed: m.1,1971

21 Appl. No.: 203,516

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Dec. 2, 1970 Japan ..45/106019 Oct. 26, 1971 Japan ..46/84305 [52] US. Cl ..46/243 AV, 46/244 B, 46/76 [51] Int. Cl, ..A63h 27/00, A63h 33/26 [58] Field of Search ..46/76, 243 AV, 244 B [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,599,484 6/1952 Rhodes 46/244 Friedman ..307/ 166 Bonner .200/ 3 3 Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene Assistant Examiner-Robert F. Cutting Attorney-Edward S. Irons et a1.

[57] ABSTRACT A novel electric-powered model airplane is for the first time disclosed which has an electric motor for driving a propeller and a specific dry cell mounted thereon, said dry cell being of a high capacity, small size and light weight and, if desired, encased in a case with a plurality of openings or fins for heat radiation. The model airplane may be provided with a remote control device, if desired. Thus, the present model airplane can be simply operated and affords enjoyment to adults as well as children.

6 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures ELECTRIC-POWERED MODEL AIRPLANE This invention relates to a model airplane, and more particularly to a model airplane having an electric motor and a dry cell as an electric power source mounted thereon and adapted to fly by itself.

There have been known model airplanes which are driven either by a rubber band or an internal combustion engine. The combustion engine type model airplane is complicated in structure so that the operation and maintenance are difficult especially for children, and, moreover, is of high costs. It is also noted that the gas and oil mess when handling the internal combustion motor; there is a difficulty in starting the internal combustion motor; and when used in an alpine region, such known model airplane is often suffered from output reduction due to a change of atomospheric pressure.

In order to overcome the above-mentioned disadvantages of the known model airplanes, various investigatioris on electric-powered model airplane had been made by those in the art, but no electric-powered model airplane having an electric motor and an electric power source mounted thereon and adapted to fly by itself was not realized. In spite of many remarkable advantages which will possibly been obtained in comparison with an internal combustion-powered airplane, an electric-powered airplane has not been realized for such a reason that the conventionally available electric power source which has a capacity sufficient to power the electric motor for a model airplane is too large and heavy in weight to be carried by the model.

Recently there has been developed a dry cell to satisfy the requirements for use in a model airplane. Even with such new dry cell, an electric-powered model airplane could not be realized without a high quality miniature electric motor which can be driven by lower voltage and is free from a spark incurring jamming.

In addition, it is noted that the dry cell being subjected to high drain and the electric motor connected to the cell are extremely heated to place the model in a undesirable condition. Such undesirable condition can be avoided by providing a plurality of openings in a housing for the electric motor and/or case for dry cells and disposing the case or case at a position where it is exposed to air flow so that the housing and/or case may be effectively cooled.

Accordingly, one and principal object of this invention is to provide an electric-powered model airplane having an electric motor and a dry cell mounted thereon and adapted by itself.

Another object of this invention is to provide an electric-powered model airplane of the kind described, wherein the flight time can be varied by employing a rechargeable dry cell and by adjusting recharging of the dry cell.

A further object of this invention is to provide a model airplane having a rechargeable dry cell mounted thereon and adapted to simulate such a refueling operation of airplane.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a model airplane which is remotely controllable in flight time and direction.

A still further object of this invention is to provid an electric-powered model airplane without a danger of superheating and damage of the electric motor and the dry cell employed. Essentially, according to this invention, there is provided an electric-powered model airplane capable of flying by itself comprising a body; a propeller rotatably mounted on a forward portion of the body; an electric motor substantially free from a spark and having a shaft engaged with propeller shaft through gearings; a case encasing a dry cell having an electrical connection to the motor through a switch means.

The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of this invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawings and appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 is a partly cut-away side view of the forward part of a model airplane according to this invention, showing the internal structure;

FIG. 2 is a diagram showing the relation between the voltage drop of a dry cell used in this invention and the time, shown in comparison with that with respect to a conventional dry cell;

FIG. 3 is a partly cut-away side view of another embodiment of this invention, showing the internal structure; and

FIG. 4 is a partly cut-away perspective view of still further embodiment of this invention, showing the internal structure.

Referring to the drawings, there are shown model airplanes ordinarily having a body 1 composed of a frame work made of balsa and a paper or cloth attached thereto. The model body may also be made of a suitable plastic foam. An electric motor 2 is fixed to the body at an appropriate position such as a partition.

Referring now to FIG. 1 the electric motor is of such a kind that it is driven at a relatively low voltage and it has a rotor 2b with, for example, a disk-shaped condenser 2c disposed around a commutator 2a for preventing spark. Such kind of an electric motor has been disclosed in British Patent application No. 30202/69 filed on June 13, 1969. The electric motor has a shaft 2d connected to a propeller 3 directly or through gearings such as a toothed wheel 5 and the like, and a self-clutching and declutching means 5a. The self-clutching and declutching means serves the propeller to be connected with the electric motor when the motor is driven, and to be disconnected from the motor when the motor is stopped.

The airplane body carries at its predetermined position a case 4a for encasing therein a rechargeable dry cell 4 of miniature type and light weight. The dry cell 4 may be previously loaded into the case 4a, whereupon the case encasing therein the dry cell is fixed to a predetermined position in the body. The dry cell used according to this invention is a light and miniature type one having large short-circuit current, and is preferably rechargeable.

In order to drive, for example, a so-called single channel type model airplane of a certain size in which a rudder is controlled by a remote control system, electric power of 36 watts is required. Twenty-one conventional dry cells 3V, of VM3 size [Japanese Industrial Standards (118)] the total weight being about 300g, should be used to satisfy the above requirement. In multi-channel type model airplane in which a rudder, elevators and ailerons are controllable by a remote Pla flelsis jnsihe lisbt.

' Electric Corp. in USA. which is hereinafter referred to GE Ni-Cd dry cell) used in this invention, the investigations were conducted and the results are sum- Another dry cell 9 is provided for actuating a wireless control system, which is electrically connected with radio wave receiver 10, to which an antenna 11 is also connected for receiving control wave. The dry cell is also of a light weight and small size and is rechargeable. The receiver of a miniature and light weight type is used. The radio wave receiver 10 is also electrically connected to a switch 12 for a wireless control and an automatic control system 14 through a connector commarized in the following table, shown in comparison 10 posed ofa multi-terminal plug and asocket.

I with those of conventional dry cells.

,MTEEBPIQEBEEEQEFQI s stem}{heaped disk Weight Weight percent of Total of remote cells to weight control Weight the total Number of model system of cells weight Type of model airplane Type of dry cell of cells (g.) (g.) (g.) (percent) Single channel type "{GE Nl-Gd dry cell [%AA size (ASTM)] 6 500 150 78 16 Reclanch dry cell (UM3" size) paper jacketed type- 21 735 150 315 43 Multichannel type {GE Ni-Cd dry cell [Sub C" size (ASTM)] 13 2,000 500 550 28 Reclanch dry cell ("UM2 size) paper jacketed type 50 3, 450 500 2, 000 58 Free flight type "{GE NiCd dry cell [%AA size (AS'IM)] 2 110 14 13 Reclanch dry cell (UM3 size) paper jacketed type 4 156 0 60 38 The dry cell 4 is electrically connected with the electric motor 2 through the medium of a control system such as a switch 12 or a wireless control means 10. The dry cell is also electrically connected to a recharging terminal 18 provided in the body wall. In this connection, the dry cell is recharged to a degree sufficient to effect flying of the model airplane and then a switch 12 is turned on or a signal to close the electricalcircuit is given by the wireless control system 10. The electric motor begins to rotate and then said self-clutching means is operated to effect revolution of the propeller. As a result, the model airplane starts to fly. When the capacity in the dry cell becomes low, flight velocity drops to stop rotation of propeller and then airplane glides in the air. in the meantime a propeller is disen- 5 gaged from the motor by said self-declutching means, whereby the model airplane will be smoothly landed. In case the wireless control means is employed, it is apparent that a propeller can be stopped or restarted to rotate at any desired time without a continuous flight until the dry cell will be exhausted.

Referring to FIG. 2, the diagram shows the relation between the voltage drop of the dry cell used in this invention and the time, shown in comparison with that of Modified model airplanes of this invention which are 1 controllable by a wireless control system are illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4.

FIG. 3 shows a model airplane of a type in which a single channel system for remote control is employed. A switch 6 for starting an electric motor 2, a condensor 7 for preventing the motor from sparking, a toroidal coil 8 also for prevention of sparking are connected between the electric motor 2 and a dry cell 4. The dry cell 4 is encased in a case 4a having a plurality of openings for heat radiation. The case is positioned at a predetermined place suitable for cooling the dry cells 14a adapted to be gradually rotated in both directions by the signal of the received wave. The rotary disk 14a is fixedly mounted on a rotary shaft 15 having a bent 15a. As the disk 14a is rotated, the bent 15a is caused to rotate. The bent 15a is brought into engagement with a bent rod 17a provided at one end of a torque transmission rod 17 which is provided at the other end thereof with another bent rod 17b. A tail fin 16 of the model airplane has a rudder 16a hinged to the tail. The bent rod 17b is engaged with a projection 16a fixed to the rudder 16a. When the bent rod 15a rotates, the

rudder gradually rotates about a vertical axis. A ter- 4 minal 18 for recharging dry cell 4 is provided in the outer wall of the airplane body 1 and electrically connected to the dry cell.

FIG. 4 shows a model airplane of a type in which a multi-channel system for remote control is employed. The model body 19 has a right and left wings 20, 21, stabilizers 22 and a tail fin 23. Both the wings 20, 21 each have aileron 20a 21a. The stabilizers 22 each have an elevator 22a hinged thereto and the tail fin 23 has a rudder 23 pivotally connected thereto. H

An electric motor 24 having a shaft connected to a propeller 25 is, in turn, connected to a dry cell 26 for driving the motor. The electric motor and the dry cell may be the same as is used for the single channel system of the model airplane.

A control device 27 for the revolution speed of the motor is electrically connected with the electric motor 24 and two dry cell units 26. Numeral 27a designates a servo-motor. The electric motor 24 has a condenser 31 and a troidal coil 32 both for preventing jamming. Nu- ,meral 50 designates a switch for the motor. Each dry cell unit 26 is mounted on the outside of the body at a ibase portion of the wing. A servo-motor 28 is connected with a right-side aileron 21a through a push rod 34, a bell crank 35 and a horn 36, and with a left-side aileron 20a through a push rod 37, a bell crank 38 and a horn 39. A servo-motor 29 is connected with elevators 22a through a push rod 40 and a horn 41. A servomotor 30 is connected with a rudder 23a through a :Qpush rod 42 and a horn 43.

dry cell is of type as shown in FIG.

recharging terminal 47 and a fuse 48 are also provided.

As described, according to the present invention, a

model airplane is for the first time provided which has an electric motor for driving a propeller and a specific dry cell mounted thereon, said dry cell being of a high capacity, small size and light weight and encased in a case with a plurality of openings or fins for heat radiation. The model air plane may be provided with a nrction to e tie WPPFlhFQEh aswits jnsaas. 7

" 2. An electric-powered model airplane as claimed in claim 1, wherein said case is disposed in a position in which the case is exposed to air flow to cool the dry cell.

3. An electric-powered model airplane as claimed is claim 1, wherein said case is provided with a plurality 1 of openings and/or fins, thereby enabling heat generated from the dry cell to be radiated.

4. An electric-powered model airplane as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dry cell is rechargeable.

5. An electric-powered model airplane as claimed in 1 claim 4, further comprising recharging terminals in the wall of the body.

6. An electric-powered model airplane as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a wireless control device for controlling the switch means, a rudder of the tail fin, an aileron of the wings and/or an elevator of the stabilizers.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2599484 *Aug 1, 1947Jun 3, 1952William A RhodesSteering control for model aircraft
US2805349 *Oct 19, 1955Sep 3, 1957Friedman Elliott AModel airplane control device
US2858386 *Mar 17, 1955Oct 28, 1958Howard T BonnerRemotely controlled escapement mechanism for model airplanes
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3745699 *Jul 27, 1972Jul 17, 1973Mabuchi Motor CoDevice for automatically lowering and landing an electric model plane
US3757461 *Aug 7, 1972Sep 11, 1973Mattel IncImpact-damage-resistant, propeller-driven toy
US3757462 *Jul 14, 1972Sep 11, 1973Mabuchi Motor CoSystem for safely lowering an electric model plane
US3777420 *Aug 4, 1972Dec 11, 1973Mattel IncDetachable power module for flying toy aircraft
US3803758 *Nov 6, 1972Apr 16, 1974Mattel IncProgrammable free-flight toy aircraft
US3826038 *Dec 13, 1972Jul 30, 1974Gentilini ABicycle toy which can be either manually operated or remote controlled by means of a wire control or by radio control
US3857194 *Nov 29, 1973Dec 31, 1974Guttman MModel auto-giro
US3914899 *May 23, 1974Oct 28, 1975Mabuchi Motor CoMotor mount
US3930628 *Nov 27, 1974Jan 6, 1976The United States Of America As Represented By The National Aeronautics And Space Administration, Office Of General Counsel-Code GpDepoly/release system
US3957230 *Mar 10, 1975May 18, 1976Boucher Roland ARemotely controlled electric airplane
US4027422 *Mar 22, 1976Jun 7, 1977Schroeder Lloyd AModel aircraft propulsion
US5492024 *Feb 22, 1994Feb 20, 1996Siner; Irwin H.Servo-wheel for use with powered model craft
US6568980 *Feb 8, 2001May 27, 2003Mattel, Inc.Toy airplane powered by electric motor and capacitor power source
US6764047Jan 26, 2001Jul 20, 2004Todd Scott MillerModel airplane hinge construction
US7121506Dec 10, 2004Oct 17, 2006Clancy Andy JRemotely controlled model airplane having deflectable centrally biased control surface
US7667424Apr 25, 2007Feb 23, 2010Futaba CorporationServo device
US7918707Mar 31, 2008Apr 5, 2011Mattel, Inc.Toy aircraft with modular power systems and wheels
US20020106961 *Feb 8, 2001Aug 8, 2002Mark BartholdToy airplane powered by electric motor and capacitor power source
US20040169485 *Feb 28, 2003Sep 2, 2004Clancy Andy J.Vehicle direction control with a crosswise fan
US20060049306 *Feb 9, 2004Mar 9, 2006Seung-Woo KimRear wing structure for remote-controlled flight assuring fast and stable turning
US20060144995 *Dec 10, 2004Jul 6, 2006Clancy Andy JRemotely controlled model airplane having deflectable centrally biased control surface
US20080242186 *Mar 31, 2008Oct 2, 2008Nicholas AmirehToy aircraft with modular power systems and wheels
US20110130066 *Jun 2, 2011Mattel, Inc.Toy aircraft with modular power systems and wheels
WO2002072222A1 *Jan 17, 2002Sep 19, 2002Mattel IncToy airplane powered by electric motor and capacitor power source
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/57
International ClassificationA63H27/24, A63H27/00, A63H29/22, A63H, A63H30/04, A63H33/26, A63H30/00, A63H29/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63H27/02
European ClassificationA63H27/02