US 3699710 A
A toy doll having upper and lower torso components movably related to each other and characterized by the connection of the two-torso components together by means which permits rotational movement of one torso component relative to the other as well as a bowing or dipping movement simultaneous with the rotational movement.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Glass et a1.
[ DOLL JOINT  Inventors: Marvin 1. Glass; Rouben T. Terzian,
both of Chicago, Ill.
 Assignee: Marvin Glass 8: Associates  Filed: March 31, 1971  Appl. No.: 129,761
 US. Cl ..46/162  Int. Cl. ..A63h 3/36  Field of Search ..46/161, 162, 173, 119, 163
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,277,602 10/1966 Speers et a1. ..46/161 3,254,442 6/1966 Ostrander ..46/161 3,246,422 4/1966 Teagarden "46/173 X 2,836,929 6/1958 Weih ..46/162 Ostrander ..46/ 161 1 Oct. 24, 1972 3,221,442 12/1965 Estem et al ..46/161 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 369,103 1923 Germany ..46/ 173 Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene Assistant Examiner-D. L. Weinhold Attorney-J. F. Coffee, James M. Wetzel, J. R. Sweeney, J. Robert Stapleton, W. R. McNair and John R. Hoffman [5 7] ABSTRACT A toy doll having upper and lower torso components movably related to each other and characterized by the connection of the two-torso components together by means which permits rotational movement of one torso component relative to the other as well as a bowing or dipping movement simultaneous with the rotational movement.
3 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures DOLL JOINT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to toys, and more particularly, to an improvement in the torso connection of a doll having relatively movable upper and lower torso components.
2. Brief Description of the Prior Art There have been many attempts at providing life-like qualities to dolls so as to enhance the attractiveness of the doll to the child who is playing with, or using, the doll. Some attempts at providing life-like qualities to the dolls have been in the nature of dolls that will simulate crying or eating, or dolls that simulate the growing of hair, or the like.
It has been known in the art to provide dolls with limbs which are movable relative to the torso so that arms or legs may swing to simulate a walking movement. Also, there have been recent attempts to provide dolls wherein the torso components are movable relative to each other. One such attempt in the art is shown in the Ryan et al. US. Pat. No. 3,425,155.
In the structure shown in the Ryan patent, the upper torso components are connected together by co-planar end portions which are formed at a predetermined acute angle to result in twisting movement as the upper torso component is turned relative to the lower torso.
Since dolls have always been a well-received toy in the art, improvements in dolls are favorably received, and it is the object of this invention to provide a doll having an improvement in the connection of relatively movable upper and lower torso components so as to produce a relative bowing or dipping movement as well as a turning movement during rotation of the components relative to each other.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is directed, in brief, to the provision of an improved doll having a relatively movable upper and lower torso components wherein the two components may be moved to provide a simulated bowing and twisting movement.
There are two modes currently contemplated for carrying out the invention. In one mode, the bottom of the upper torso portion is provided with a semi-spherical ball surface which mates with a semi-spherical seating or socket surface in the top of the lower torso portion. The seating surface in the lower torso portion is provided with a circular opening therein and a segmental spherical flange supported on a stub depends downwardly from the spherical seating surface of the upper torso and overlays the opening in the lower torso seating surface so that the upper torso portion of the doll may be universally rotated by hand. In another mode of the invention, the upper torso terminates in a truncated spherical segment and the lower torso has an annular opening therein of a size and shape to receive the truncated depending portion of the upper torso. A rod extends through openings in the lower torso portion and through inclined slots in the depending portion of the upper torso to guide dipping or bowing movement of the upper portions as the upper torso is twisted relative to the lower torso portion.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1A is a view of the doll of this invention in an upright position;
FIG. 1B is a view of the doll of this invention showing the doll slightly turned and bowed to one side;
FIG. 1C is a view of the doll of this invention showing it slightly turned to another side;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary enlarged sectional view through the connection of the upper and lower torso portions of one mode of the doll of this invention;
FIG. 3 is a vertical section view taken generally along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a section view taken generally along the line 44 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary enlarged section view through the upper and lower torso connection of another mode of the doll of this invention;
FIG. 6 is a section view taken generally along the line 66 of FIG. 5; and
FIG. 7 is a section view taken generally along the line 7-7 of FIG. 5.
While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many different forms, there is shown in the drawings and will herein be described in detail two embodiments therefor, with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiments illustrated.
The doll 10 of this invention includes an upper torso portion, generally indicated 12, having a simulated head with simulated facial features 16 and simulated hair 18. In addition, upper limbs 20, such as the arms illustrated herein, are preferably movably connected to the upper torso 12 through a swingable joint, generally indicated at 20a.
The lower torso 22 of the doll 10 includes lower limbs 24, such as the legs, illustrated herein, which are also preferably swingably connected to the lower torso by means of a swingable joint, generally illustrated herein at 24a.
This invention is directed to an improvement in a twistable connection of the upper torso 12 relative the lower torso 22, herein generally illustrated as a means 26 for connecting the upper and lower torso portions together for semi-spherical movement. One mode of this connecting means 26 is shown in FIGS. 2 through 4. As shown therein, the upper torso l2 terminates in a semi-spherical depending ball portion or bottom 28. A short stub 30 depends therefrom and supports a segmental spherical flange 32. The lower torso 22 has a semi-spherical socket or seat 34, generally of a size and shape to nestably receive the semi-spherical bottom 28, of upper torso 22. In addition, the lower torso 'seat 34 has a circular opening 36 which is slightly smaller than the flange 32 of the semi-spherical bottom 28. When flange 32 underlies the seat 34 it holds the upper and lower torso components together against unintended withdrawal, but permits relative rotational movement of the two.
The upper torso 12 terminates in a recess formed in annular shoulders 38 on the underside thereof, ad-
jacent the depending semi-spherical bottom 28. Similarly, the lower torso is also provided with an annular shoulder 40 which is adjacent the upper annular shoulder 38 but spaced a short distance therefrom. These shoulders cooperate, together with the limitation afforded by the stub 30 within the circular opening 36, to limit the amount of bending, bowing, or twisting movement which may be imparted to the upper torso relative to the lower torso. By the arrangement described herein, there is effectively provided a balland-socket joint between the upper and lower torso portions. The lower torso guides the upper torso which follows thereon with relative movement thereof limited by both circular opening 36 and stub 32 as well as the shoulders 38 and 40. The child or user of the doll may rotate the upper portion of the torso relative to the lower portion under hand guidance and may impart the degree of tilting or bowing motion thereto at the same time, within the limitations heretofore mentioned.
Another mode of this invention is shown in FIGS. 5 through 7. As shown therein, the upper torso portion 12 terminates in a recess that forms an annular shoulder 52. A truncated spherical ball member 54 depends from the upper torso 12 adjacent the annular shoulder 52. The lower torso 22 has an annular shoulder 56 at the top thereof, and terminates in a circular opening 58 of a size and shape to nestably receive the ball member 54 of the upper torso 12. The opening 58 assists in guiding the truncated member 54 as it follows thereon during movement of the two torso components to be described.
Aligned openings 60a and 60b are provided in the lower torso portions in the upper area thereof, just below the circular opening 58. These openings receive a rod 62 in a fixed relationship therewith which extends completely across the spaced openings. If desired, the rod 62 may be provided with enlarged ends 62a and 62b to insure the fixed securement of the rod 62 with respect to the openings 60a and 60b.
The truncated spherical ball member 54 which depends from the upper torso 12 has a pair of generally inclined slots 64 and 66 spaced opposite each other. These inclined slots terminate in closed ends, such as shown at 64a and 64b with respect to the slot 64. The width of each of the slots is such so as to closely embrace the rod 62. Thus, the torso is not free to move vertically with respect to the lower torso, but the rod 62 is free to traverse laterally relative to the slots 64 and 66. The sides of the slots act as guides for the upper torso relative to the rod so that the upper torso tracks positively through a bowing or dipping movement while it is rotated relative to the lower torso.
Thus, each of the embodiments disclosed herein provides a means for connecting the upper torso of a doll to the lower torso for semi-spherical or a bending and clipping movement. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 through 4, the movement will be guided entirely by the user while in the embodiment shown in FIGS. 5 through 7 the dipping movement is guided by the connecting structure as an act of rotation. In either event, the user may produce a simulated twisting and dipping movement while playing with the doll.
The foregoing detailed description has been given for clearness of understanding only, and no unnecessary limitations should be understood therefrom, as some modifications may be obvious to those skilled in the art.
The embodiments of the invention In which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. A toy doll comprising: means defining an upper torso, including a simulated head and upper limbs attached thereto; means defining a lower torso including simulated lower limbs attached thereto; means connecting the upper and lower torsos together for movement relative to each other; said connecting means including a socket-like cavity in one of the upper and lower torso and a ball segment extension on the other of the upper and lower torso with an inclined pin-like slot in one of the upper and lower torso extending generally from a lower to upper torso direction and a pin-like follower carried by the other of the upper and lower torso and tracking in said pin-like slot whereby, when said upper and lower torso are rotated relative to each other, the rotation will produce tilting as well as relative twisting movement between the two components.
2. The toy doll of claim 1 wherein the socket is in the lower torso and the ball segment extension depends downwardly from the upper torso.
3. The toy doll of claim 2 wherein the inclined slot is formed on the ball segment extension which depends from the upper torso.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTIUN Patent N Dated October 24,
Inventor) MARVIN I. GLASS, ROUBEN T. TERZIAN It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Col. 4, line 32 'pinlike" should be deleted.
Col. 4, line 36 "pin-like should be changed to inclineda Signed and sealed this 27th day of March 1973.
(SEAL) AtteSt I EDWARD M.FLETCI-IER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1969 Q366'334