US 3702450 A
A printed circuit steering coil on a flexible board for producing a charged particle beam deflecting magnetic field wherein rectangular, continuous planar spiral coils are etched on the circuit board opposite sides such that as each of at least two boards are bent into cylindrical shapes and disposed interiorly in a steel tube of high permeability permitting beam passage, the coils provide for individual horizontal and vertical steering of the charged particles.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
 PRINTED CIRCUIT STEERING COILS  lnventorsr Robert T. Avery, Orinda; Glen it. "Lambertson, Oakland; ChesterD.
. Pike, San Pablo, all of Calif.
73 Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Atomic Energy Commission [22 Filed: May 11,1971
-  Appl.No.: 142 147 6] I References Cited I j UNITED: STATES PATENTS.
7 14, 1 Nov. 7, 1972 3,007,087 10/1961 Corpew ..335/213 3,466,580 9/1969- Bull ..335/213 Primary Examiner-George Harris Attontey-R0land A. Anderson 571 I ABSTRACT A printed circuit-steering coil on a flexible board for I producing a charged particle beam deflecting magnetic field wherein rectangular, continuous planar I spiral coils are etched on the circuit board opposite  US. Cl ..335/213, 336/200  Int. Cl ..'..;.,....;.L..1.I..;,;.H01f 5/00  Field'oiSearch..., ...;..1..335/210, 213; 174/685;
sides such that as each of at least two boards are bent "pinto cylindrical: shapes and-disposed interiorly in a steel tube of 1 high permeability permitting beam passage, the coils provide for individual horizontal and vertical steering of the charged particles:
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Robert T Avery Y Glen R. Lamberfsou 21 E3 v BY Chester D. Pike ATTORNEY.
. 1 rnmrnn CIRCUIT STEERING coILs 7 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention described herein was made in the course of, or under,,Contract"No. W -7405.-ENG-48,
' withthe United States Atomic Energy Commission.
which plated lines on flexible rolled laminates'form a pluralityofelectricalwiretums such as shown in Coils Are Wound Topologically From Flexible .Laminatesfi? Product Engineering, Oct. 12,1970; however, such constructedcoils are not adaptable to steering coil type application for reasons obvious from their construction. I I
SUMMARY OF THE INvENTIoN Thepresentinvention comprises economical, compact, high quality steering coils designed to produce uniformangular deflection of moving charged particles which also permit, in their construction, uniformity between fcoils. Two separate rectangular, inwardly coiled, continuous, planar helical spirals are etched on the front side of aflexible printed circuit board and then continued on the reverse side. The circuit boards are rolledinto a cylinder anddisposed inside a short steelitube. The coils form a passageway for the charged particle beam. Different boards for vertical and horizontal steering of a charged particle beam are located in separatelayers interiorly to the steel tube. The embodiment of the invention producesxan integrateddeflection field whencurrent excited which obtains high-qualityuniform angular deflection of all charged particle beams passing therethrough.
1 Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a compact, high quality charge particle beam steering coil.
It is also an object of the present invention to provide a charged particle-beam steering coil wherein there is uniformity between successive sets of coils.
Other objects of the present invention will become readily apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS I FIGS. la and 1b are pictorial schematics of the front and reverse sides respectively of the flexible printed DETAILED DESCRIPTION For small-angle charged particle steering in the absence of iron, only currents in the charged particle beam direction contribute-to the net angular steering. If
the current distribution on a cylindrical shell satisfies the equation: v
' I at,
f as that Goso Thenthe resultant integrated magnetic steering'fieldis uniform for all charged particle beams at any x and y coordinatewhere xand y are a coordinate plane perpendicular to the cylinder and charged particlebeam axis (2 axis), where (85/80) is the partial derivative of the current component in the direction of 'thebeam travel with respect to angle '0 between-the .ir-coordinate and the element of current under consideration, and a means variesas. If theconductors are placed insideia close-fitting iron shell ofhighpermeability', image currents approximately double the uniform integrated magnetic steering field. v
The embodiment of the invention in FIG. la showing the front side of the flexible printed circuit board 9 comprises the input electrical lead 11 which initiates the first half of the rectangular spiral, coil .10 and continues to wind inwardly upon itself to center point 12 at which place the circuit board 9 is drilled to .pass an electrical lead (not shown) therethrough which connects'point 12 to center point 13 (FIG. 1b) of the last half of first coil 10 on the reverse side of the printed'circuit board. The last half of the firstcoil 10 then winds outwardly from the center point 13 with the same winding sense as the first half vof the coil (as viewed from a single exterior point) order that the'cornbined magnetic effect willbe additive. The first coil 10 terminates at point 14 on the printed circuitreverse side which also is the second coil 20 starting point. The second coil 20iswound in theopposite winding sense as first coil 10 and the turns comprise a rectangular inwardly wound continuous spiral to center point 15 at which point the printed circuit board is drilled to pass an electrical connection (not shown) therethrough to connect point 15 to the center point 16 (FIG. 1a of thelast half of the second coil 20 on the front side of the printed circuit board. Frorn center point 16, the last half of the second coil 20 expands rectangularly outwardly, in a continuous spiral in the same winding sense as the first half of the second coil 20 but in the opposite direction as coil 10 (as viewed from a single exterior "18 which were added at'the corners of the rectangular turns of coil 10 in order to discourage the electrical current'from short-cutting the rectangular path of the "coil. Protective border strip 19 is etched around coils l0 and '20. The indications 0, 90, I, 270, and 360 shown in FIGS. 14 and lb indicate the relative positions of the flexible printed circuit board after it has been rolled intoa cylinderand as in the preferred embodiment, although not necessary, disposed in the steel tube of high permeability shown in FIG. 2.
FIG. 2 illustrates the flexible printed circuit board 9 with coils l and 20 etched thereon rolled cylindrically and disposed interiorly to the steel tube 21. The center point 13 (not shown) of coil isdiametrically opposite center point 15 (not shown) of coil 20. As previously stated, coil 10 is wound with the first and second halves magnetically reinforcing each other, similarly with the first and second halves of coil 20, and with coils l0 and wound oppositely and placed opposite each other, the overall effect is that the two coils produce a uniform integrated magnetic deflection field rent. Magnetic measurements made within the cylinder formed from the printed circuit board at points 0.4 and 0.8 of the bore radius were within 0.5 and 1.5 percent of the value which existed at the center of the bore. One circuit board with the two separate coilsthereon serves as steering coils in the vertical or horizontal 'direction depending on placement relative to the charged particle beam. It therefore is necessary that there be atleasttwo separate printed circuit boards to steer the charged particles in both possible directions,
' over the whole width of the coils when'excited by a curonefor the vertical direction and one for the horizontal direction. Boards for the vertical and horizontal steering are located in separate layers separated by insulation sheets. The board which is to serve as the inner of the two layers must be made proportionally smaller in the rolled direction to prevent the board from overlapping at the joining ends, however there is little, if any, change in magnetic field results.
' FIG. 3 shows a broken-out, enlarged portion of FIG.
2 illustrating the steel tube 21, insulating material 22,
printed circuit board 23 with steering coils for one of the charged particle deflection directions, insulating material 24, and printed circuit board 25 with steering coils. for the other of the charged particle deflection directions.
Printed circuit steering coils which have been constructed have 0.004 inch copper turns on both sides of 0.008 inch laminated boards with 0.016 inch insulation sheet between boards.
Although the foregoing embodiment has been described in detail, there are obviously many other embodiments and variation in configurations which can be made by a person skilled in the art without departing from the spirit, scope, or principle of. the invention, for example, the printed circuit deflection coils herein described are not to be limited to rectangular spiral coils but may be circular, oval, or any inwardly or outwardly coiled spiral. Therefore, this invention is not to be limited except in accordance with the scope of the appended claims.
I. A printed circuit coil unit for steering charged particle beams comprising:
an elongated generally rectangular flexible printed circuit board; a first rectangular spiral coil portion disposed on a front side of a first half of said circuit board and terminating at a first midpoint thereon, said coil portion having a first turn beginning at a terminal at a first side and continuing near the midplane across said board; 7 a'second rectangular spiral coil portion disposed on he reverse side 0 the fi t half of said circuit oard,berng woun outwar lym the same sense as terminating at a third midpoint thereon and beginning with a turn connected to the terminus of the second coil portionat the midplane and extending in proximity to the second side of said circuit board; and
a fourth rectangular spiral coilportiori disposed on the front side of the second half of said circuit board being wound outwardly from a fourth midpoint thereon and having a last turn extending in proximity to the midplane across said circuit board to terminate in a second terminal'thereon, said third and fourth midpoints 'being interconnected, wherefor the circuit board. f v
2. The printedcircuit coil for steering charged particle beams as defined in claim 1 wherein said flexible printed circuit board is rolled into a cylinder with the second and third center points diametrically opposed to define a passageway for passage of said charged particle beam therethrough.
3. The printedcircuit coil for steering charged particlebeam defined in claim 1 further defined in that said first and second center points, and said third and fourth center points are spatially opposite each other on said printed circuit board in order that said electrical interconnection are made by inserting an electrical connector through a hole drilled through said center points location on said printed circuit board.
4. The printed circuit coil for steering charged particle beam defined in claim 3 further defined in that said flexible printed circuit board rolled into a cylinder is further surrounded by a steel pipe of high permeability to further enhance said charged particle steering, said circuit board and steel pipe separated by insulation.
5. The printed circuit coil for steering charged particle beam defined in claim 4 further defined in that at least one printed circuit board is placed within said steel pipe for horizontal charged particle steering and at least one printed circuit board is place within said steel pipe for vertical charged particle steering, said horizontal steering printed circuit board rotated from said vertical steering printed circuit board in spatial arrangement, and separated by electrical insulation.
6. The printed circuit coil for steering charged particle beam defined in claim 5 further defined in that a multiplicity of printed circuit boards are placed within said steel pipe for horizontal charged particle steering and a multiplicity of printed circuitboards are placed within said steel pipe for vertical charged particle steermg.
reverse sideof the second half of said circuit board