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Publication numberUS3703843 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 28, 1972
Filing dateJan 4, 1971
Priority dateJan 4, 1971
Publication numberUS 3703843 A, US 3703843A, US-A-3703843, US3703843 A, US3703843A
InventorsRichard C Laverty
Original AssigneeMsl Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fastener with improved thread construction
US 3703843 A
Abstract
A fastener having a shank divided into first and second portions respectively located adjacent a head end and a tapered pointed end with the first portion having a single thread formed thereon of uniform pitch. A multiple of parallel threads of similar uniform pitch are formed on the second portion of the shank and one of the threads on the second portion is a continuation of the thread on the first portion. All of the threads have a substantially uniform minor diameter while the major diameter of the upper single thread portion is greater than the major diameter of the lower multiple thread portion.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[451 Nov.28, 1972 1,980,093 11/1934 Rmenberg.....................85/46 Primary Examiner-Ram S. Britta Attorney-Met, Goldsmith, Clement & Gordon CONSTRUCTION [72] Inventor: Rid-d C. Llveny, Schaumburg,

[73] Aaignee: MSLMIM.

United States Patent Laverty FASTENER WITH IMPROVE!) THREAD major diameter of the lower ulti thread pothon' .....85/46 .85/46 X 4 Gill, 3 Drlwlng "guru mmmm i wi mmm mmmt m m w mmm m mm mdmwmmmm h Wmmm M W um wm m mm mfi mmmm u wz an.

m m m w m D m M A MM FASTENER WITl-l INIPROVED THREAD CONSTRUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to threaded fasteners and more particularly to an improved fastener for use with materials, such as particle board.

In recent years, the increased cost in natural wood, plaster and various other building materials heretofore utilized has required the construction industry to look to other types of materials to reduce the cost of buildings. Thus, the use of dry wall Gypsum board in place of the conventional plaster in buildings has been rather extensive. In addition, particle board, masonite, etc., are being used as building materials.

While the substitute materials for the heretofore known types of building materials have found a remarkable degree of commercial success, difficulties have been encountered in providing a secure connection between the above mentioned materials and supporting structure. In various uses, the Gypsum board, particle board, masonite, etc. are secured to a supporting structure, such as a wood or metal base, by the use of self-tapping screws that form their own openings.

Because of the tendency for the above mentioned materials to disintegrate under the pressure of the screw threads, difficulties have been encountered in obtaining the necessary holding power between such materials and supporting structure, such as metal.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention contemplates a self-tapping screw which is capable of forming its own opening and produces easy initial entry and greater holding power after the screw has been fully inserted into the structure. The screw has a first multiple thread portion which accommodates easy initial entry into a workpiece and partially forms threads in the more dense material. Thereafter, a second portion of the screw enlarges one of the multiple threads in the workpiece while the multiple thread portions provide easy entry into the supporting structure. All of the above is accomplished by a simple and inexpensive screw which can easily be deformed by utilizing conventional roll thread dies to deform a circular shank of uniform diameter.

The fastener element of the present invention includes a shank having a head upon end and a tapered point on the opposite end and the shank divided into first and second portions respectively located adjacent the opposite ends. A continuous thread of uniform pitch is produced on the shank and extends between the opposite ends. At least one additional parallel thread of similar unifonn pitch is formed on the second portion of the shank to produce multiple parallel threads along the lower portion of the shank and a single thread along the upper portion of the shank, that is a continuation of one of the multiple parallel threads.

All of the threads on both portions of the shank have a substantially uniform minor diameter while the single continuous thread on the upper portion has a larger major diameter than the major diameter of the lower twin threaded portion.

With this arrangement, the lower portion of multiple threaded portion initially forms a multiple thread in an opening which is produced by the screw as it enters the workpiece, such as a particle board. Thereafter, the single threaded portion, which has a thread formed as a continuation of one of the multiple threads on the lower portion, increases the major diameter of one of the multiple threads since it has a greater major diameter.

The single threaded portion has considerably more spacing between adjacent thread portions thereby requiring less deformation of the particle board. However, because of the larger major diameter of the thread in the upper portion and the common minor diameter of all of the threads on the shank, increased holding power will result from such a thread construction.

In one specific embodiment, the multiple thread portion utilizes a twin parallel thread while an alternate embodiment utilizes a triple parallel thread on the lower portion of the screw. In each embodiment, the single thread on the upper portion of the screw is a continuation of one of the lower threads.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF SEVERAL VIEWS OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a screw constructed in accordance with the present teachings;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the screw retaining a workpiece on a supporting structure; and

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary side elevation similar to FIG. 1 showing a slightly modified form of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION While this invention is susceptible of embodiment in many difierent forms there is shown in the drawings and will herein be described in detail one specific embodiment, with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exemplification of the principles of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the embodiment illustrated.

Referring to the drawings, FIG. 1 shows a screw 10 having an enlarged head 12 on one end of a shank 14 and a tapered point 16 adjacent the opposite end of the shank. The shank 14 is threaded in accordance with the teachin of the present invention and includes a continuous thread 20 extending between the head end 12 and the taperedpointed end 16. The thread 20 has a first portion 200 on the upper end of the screw adjacent the head 12 and a second portion 20b adjacent the tapered point or second portion of the shank. An inspection of FIG. 1 reveals that the thread portions 20a and 20b, respectively defined on the first and second portions of the shank 14 have a common substantially uniform minor diameter a while the first or upper thread portion 200 has a greater major diameter 0 than the major diameter b of the second or lower thread portion 20b. Also, each portion has a plurality of thread convolutions as is shown in FIG. 1.

In addition, the lower or second portion of the shank 14 of the screw 10 has a second parallel thread 22 that has a similar uniform pitch and is located between or intemiediate the continuous thread portion 20b. The two threads 20b and 22 cooperate to define parallel twin threads along the lower or second portion of the shank and the thread portion 200 defines a single thread along the upper or first portion of the shank that is a continuation of one of the double or twin parallel threads.

The screw of the present invention is formed by utilizing a blank having a uniform diameter which is deformed by rolling to produce the finished screw. Since the same amount of metal is deformed along the entire length of the shank and the minor diameter of the thread is substantially uniform along the length of the shank, the major diameter of the single threaded portion is larger than the major diameter of the double or multiple threaded portion adjacent the pointed end.

When inserting the screw through a workpiece, such as a particle board or Gypsum board, and attaching the workpiece to a support, such as a metal stud, the double threaded portion provides easy entry into the material to form the hole and the double or multiple thread portion allows the screw to be inserted with a minimum amount of torque being applied thereto. As the double threaded portion is inserted past the upper surface of the workpiece, the single threaded portion enlarges the major diameter of one of the multiple threads formed in the workpiece while the thread portion begins its travel into the support to produce a multiple threaded opening in the support.

The larger pitch or wider spacing between respective turns of the thread on the upper portion having a larger major diameter results in a deepening of one of the double threads in the workpiece to further compact the interior of the workpiece and the substantial increment between the major and minor diameters of the thread produces considerably greater holding power after the screw is in its fully inserted position, shown in FIG. 2. Since only one of the double threads initially formed in the workpiece is enlarged, the higher degree of holding power is achieved without removing or disintegrating the material between respective helixes of the upper thread.

Thus, it will be seen that the present invention provides a simple and efficient manner for increasing the holding power of a screw, particularly used for connecting a workpiece to a support and wherein the workpiece and the support are formed of different materials. The double threaded portion on the lower end of the screw provides for easy, rapid screw entry through the Gypsum board and the metal stud, while the upper single threaded portion attains a higher degree of holding power without disintegrating the material adjacent the opening.

A slightly modified form of the present invention is shown in FIG. 3, in which a shank 30 having a head (not shown) on one end thereof and a pointed tip 32 on the opposite end thereof, is provided with a single threaded portion 32 along the upper portion of the screw and a triple threaded portion 34 along the lower portion of the screw with one of the triple threads being a continuation of the single thread along the upper portion. Again, the major diameter of the single thread along the upper portion of the shank is greater than the major diameter along the lower multiple thread defined on the lower portion of the shank while the minor diameters of the two threads are the same.

In the modified embodiment of the invention, the threads are again produced by rolling a uniform, diameter shank and the increment between the major diameters b and c, is larger than the increment between these diameters in the E16. [embodiment Various other modifications will come to mind without departing from the spirit of the present invention. For example, any multiple of threads could be used for the lower portion of the screw so long as one of the parallel threads continues into the upper portion and has a larger major diameter along the upper portion of the shank. In addition, while the head 12 has been shown as being of the flat type, having a kerf 40 for receiving a driving element, such as a screwdriver, various heads, such as the oval head, round head, pan head and Fillister head could be substituted without departing the spirit of the invention. In addition, the screw need not necessarily have a tapered point adjacent the opposite end thereof. However, in its specific embodiment, the screw is preferably of the tapered point type with the thread extending down to the point so that the screw will form its own hole and need not have a pre-drilled hole formed in the workpiece and/or the support.

lclaim:

l. A fastenting element including a shank with a head on one end and a tapered point on the opposite end, said shank being divided into first and second portions; a continuous thread of uniform pitch on said shank extending substantially between said ends with said portions each having a plurality of thread convolutions; and at least one additional parallel thread of similar uniform pitch intermediate said continuous thread only on said second portion of said shank, said threads having a common minor diameter throughout the length of both portions, said continuous thread having a major diameter on said first portion which is greater than the major diameter of said threads on said second portion, and the major diameters of said threads on said second portion being substantially uniform.

2. A fastener element as defined in claim 1, in which said second portion has a double thread and said first portion has a single thread.

3. A fastener as defined in claim 1, in which said second portion has a triple thread and said first portion has a single thread.

4. A fastener element as defined in claim 1, in which said second portion is located adjacent said tapered point and said first portion is located adjacent said head.

* ramsr

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US408531 *Apr 6, 1889Aug 6, 1889 Island
US1809758 *Jul 23, 1926Jun 9, 1931Rosenberg HeymanFastener
US1980093 *May 13, 1925Nov 6, 1934Rosenberg HeymanAnchorage device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3861269 *Nov 13, 1972Jan 21, 1975Superior Dry Wall Screw Mfg CoFastener with improved thread construction
US4027573 *Jun 20, 1975Jun 7, 1977Interior Fasteners, Inc.Self-tapping screw fastener with improved thread construction
US4653244 *Jan 16, 1986Mar 31, 1987Farrell Mark AFastener element
US5120171 *Nov 27, 1990Jun 9, 1992Stuart SurgicalBone screw with improved threads
US5226766 *May 21, 1992Jul 13, 1993Stuart SurgicalBone screw with improved threads
US5417533 *Jul 13, 1990May 23, 1995National Medical Specialty, Inc.Bone screw with improved threads
US5492442 *Feb 24, 1994Feb 20, 1996National Medical Specialty, Inc.Bone screw with improved threads
US6328746 *Aug 6, 1999Dec 11, 2001Michael A. GambaleSurgical screw and driver system
US7255523Dec 22, 2005Aug 14, 2007Prime Source Building Products, Inc.Dual threaded screw for composite materials
US7950888 *Apr 10, 2007May 31, 2011Japan Power Fastening Co., Ltd.Self-penetrating screw
US8192123 *Aug 1, 2007Jun 5, 2012Illinois Tool Works Inc.Drywall fastener
US8534974 *Jul 27, 2007Sep 17, 2013Ronald A. SmithThread clamping device with improved locking distance
US8632289 *Jun 3, 2011Jan 21, 2014Pias Sales Co., Ltd.Tapping screw
US20090324364 *Jul 27, 2007Dec 31, 2009Smith Ronald AThread Clamping Device With Improved Locking Distance
US20110283520 *Aug 1, 2011Nov 24, 2011Stellar Canada, Inc.Ceramic lag bolt and use thereof in high temperature insulation installation
US20110305541 *Jun 3, 2011Dec 15, 2011Pias Sales Co., Ltd.Tapping screw
US20130253594 *Mar 29, 2012Sep 26, 2013Spartek Medical, Inc.System and method for securing an implant to a bone containing bone cement
US20130253595 *Mar 29, 2012Sep 26, 2013Spartek Medical, Inc.System and method for securing an implant to a bone containing bone cement
US20130302110 *May 10, 2012Nov 14, 2013Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Fastener with multiple threaded regions
USRE34969 *Aug 27, 1993Jun 13, 1995Emhart Inc.Masonry screw anchor
CN101054991BApr 13, 2007Mar 23, 2011日本强力紧固件股份有限公司Self-tapping type bolt for fastening brittle workpiece
DE102009039946A1 *Aug 26, 2009Mar 3, 2011Schmid Schrauben Hainfeld GmbhSchraube
EP0559381A1 *Feb 25, 1993Sep 8, 1993Illinois Tool Works Inc.Concrete fastener
Classifications
U.S. Classification411/413
International ClassificationF16B25/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16B25/0031, F16B25/0068, F16B25/0057, F16B25/00
European ClassificationF16B25/00C4, F16B25/00G1C, F16B25/00G1D, F16B25/00