US 3704227 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 3,704,227 DENTURE CLEANSERS William H. Hill, Stamford, Conn., assignor to Peter, Strong & Company, Inc., New York, N.Y.
No Drawing. Continuation-impart of applications Ser. No. 210,584, July 17, 1962, Ser. No. 507,705, Nov. 15, 1965, now Patent No. 3,372,125, and Ser. No. 709,900, Mar. 4, 1968, now Patent No. 3,488,288. This application Nov. 20, 1969, Ser. No. 878,562
Int. Cl. Clld 7/54 US. Cl. 252-95 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Improvements are set forth in the production of denture cleansers containing inorganic peroxy oxygen-liberating compounds which when added to water cause evolution of oxygen and bubbling. More vigorous bubbling and hence more efficient cleansing of artificial dentures is brought about by the inclusion of catalysts. A particularly adaptable activating material is one which consists of a heavy metal chelate. The shelf-life of a cleanser of the type described is found to be greatly lengthened if it does not contain an excess of the heavy metal component. It is also found advantageous to avoid an excess of the chelating agent. Thus it is preferred to prepare the heavy metal chelate with its component parts in stoichiometric proportions.
The present application is a continuation-in-part of copending applications Ser. No. 210,584 filed July 17, 1962 (now abandoned), Ser. No. 507,705 filed Nov. 15, 1965, now Pat. No. 3,372,125 issued Mar. 5, 1968, and Ser. No. 709,900 filed Mar. 4, 1968, allowed July 14, 1969, now Pat. No. 3,488,288 issued Jan. 6, 1970.
The present invention relates to improvements in den ture cleansers and methods of preparing the same, and more particularly to improvements in combinations of solid chemicals in mixtures that are highly useful when dispersed in liquid media for effectively and efficiently removing oral deposits including, for instance, stains from food, tobacco, or other sources; 'mucin; food particles; tartar and calculus.
Mixtures of solid ingredients, such as those referred to in the above applications, including one or more solid peroxidized compounds, provide means whereby bubbling is effected in a liquid medium that serves in removing oral deposits from removable dentures, It has been found that certain metal complexes may be included in cleansing mixtures containing a peroxidized compound to obtain a catalytically increased or controlled evolution of gas for more active bubbling without detracting from desirable charac-. teristics of such mixtures as denture cleansers. In accordance with this invention, It has been found that besides inorganic, heavy metal complexes, certain organic acid materials compounded with heavy metals, and ion-exchange materials compounded with heavy metals, which materials are described hereinbelow, have desirable catalytic effects on oxygen evolution that is advantageously adaptable in cleansing operations in dentistry.
In the above application Ser. No. 210,584, stable, substantially dry, odorless, free-flowing, non-lumping, nondeliquescent, non-hygroscopic, compositions are disclosed for cleansing removable dentures and for removing oral deposits therefrom. Solid ingredients are mixed together in particulate or finely divided form, preferably predominantly granular, which remain free-flowing in a container, and which, when added to water, show no tendency to form a scum, and which provide clear, non-cloudy solutions in water.
Compositions are disclosed in the above application which contain combinations consisting essentially of a mixture of dipotassium persulfate, sodium perborate, and sodium carbonate, or mixtures of sodium perborate, dipotassium persulfate, trisodium phosphate, and sodium carbonate. The following illustrate proportions in these mixtures that give good results:
Parts by weight Dipotassium persulfate 5 to 25 Sodium perborate 10 to 50 Sodium carbonate 10 to 50 Sodium perborate 10 to 50 Dipotassium persulfate 5 to 20 Trisodium phosphate 10 to 50 Sodium carbonate 10 to 50 The sodium perborate can be the monohydrate or the tetrahydrate. The sodium carbonate is preferably the monohydrate. The trisodium phosphate which is obtainable as fully hydrated with twelve molecules of water, should preferably be the monohydrate or the hemi-hydrate.
To the above may be added other ingredients. Sodium hexametaphosphate (NaPO may be included preferably in the glassy, crushed, unadjusted form. Other sodium metaphosphates are mentioned in the form of (HPOg) where n may be 2 or more. Other useful compounds are sodium tripolyphosphate, pyrophosphates, sodium septaphosphate, or sodium metasilicate.
Small proportions of a colouring and of a surfactant are added advantageously to a mix. Phenolphthtalein provides an attractive pink coloration when in proper concentrations. A surfactant, such as Nacconol NR (sodium dodecyl benzene sulphonate) is included in proportions below that at which a foam or scum builds up when the product is mixed with water. Other surfactants may be substituted, such as, for instance, Duponol C (sodium salts of sulfated fatty alcohols, such as, sodium lauryl sulphate); non-ionic surfactants, such as Triton X" (Water-soluble iso-octyl phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol); Dowfax 9N9 (nonyl phenol-ethylene oxide condensate having 9-10 moles of ethylene oxide). The surfactant should preferably be one of a reasonable stability in alkaline solutions, and one that is in a solid state is desirable for ease of incorporation, though this is not essential.
A colloidal silica, also in small proportions, may be included to maintain a mix in free-flowing state and to prevent lumping when subjected to certain conditions. Cab- O-Sil is particularly preferred for the present composition. When distributed in water with the formulations disclosed herein, a transparent, clear liquid is provided, since the particles are so tiny and transparent that they are invisible or hardly visible to the naked eye in the concentrations used.
Cab-O-Sil is a colloidal, submicroscopic, pyrogenic silica prepared in a hot, gaseous environment by a vaporphase, flame hydrolysis, at high temperature (around 1100 C.), of a silicon compound, such as silicon tetrachloride. It is distinct from silica gel obtained by precipitation of silicic acid from an aqueous silicate solution, and hardenng of the precipitate. Silica gel, thus formed, is internally porous, whereas Cab-O-Sil" has an enormous external surface area and no internal porosity.
Cab-O-Sil" contains no water-soluble inorganic salts. It is of high chemical purity, low water content, and has a high degree of particle separation. The properties and composition of a grade of Cab-O-Sil are listed as follows:
Silica content (moisture-free)99.099.7% Free moisture (105 C. )0.21.5 Ignition loss at 1000 C. (excluding moisture)0.2l.0% CaO, MgO--0.000%
Particle size range-0.0150.020 micron Sunfaoe area-175-20 sq.m./ gm.
Color--white Refractive index-1.46
pH (4% aqueous dispersion)3.54.2 Apparent bulk density-2.57.0 lbs./cu.ft.
A finer grade of Cab-O-Sil has the above characteris tics but a particle size range of 0.0070.010 micron, a surface area of substantially 325 sq.m./gm., and a refractive index of 1.46.
The various grades of Cab-'O-Sil may be used interchangeably.
It is found that, except for the minor ingredients such as dye or coloring, and the surfactant, it is best not to use the chemicals in a finely powdered form. It is advantageous and preferable to use them in granular form with particle sizes preponderantly between substantially and 60 mesh and with a major proportion between 20 and 40 mesh. It is not found objectionable when minor fractions are somewhat larger than 10 mesh and as fine as 80 to 100 mesh.
The following examples designated as C and D serve to illustrate the invention as disclosed in said application Ser. No. 210,594:
The following solid ingredients are mixed together in finely divided but granular form preferably in the order listed. The preferred proportions are given in parts by weight.
Sodium perborate 30 Dipotassium persulphate 20 Trisodium phosphate 30 Sodium carbonate 20 Phenolphthalein 0.01 Nacconol NR (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate) 0.04 Sodium hexametaphosphate 0.25 Cab-O-Sil" 0.5-1.0
The following ingredients, in parts by weight, are finely granulated and mixed together:
Sodium perborate 40 Dipotassium persulfate 10 Trisodium phosphate 20 Sodium carbonate 30 If desired, and for various purposes, enzymic or enzy: matic agents are advantageously included in the above compositions. Catalase in the proportion of about 0.001 to 0.1 percent by weight of the composition, as well as plantderived peroxidase serve to promote gassing. Protolytic enzymes assist in such compositions in dissolving hardened mucin in refractory denture deposits. About 0.01 to 0.02 percent by weight of the latter enzymes is effective. Pancreatic extracts and papain perform the latter function.
A half teaspoonful of the product of Example C in an eight ounce glass of water provides a solution with a pH of about 11.6 to 12. A solution of the product of Example D. similarly prepared, has a pH of about 1.5 to 12.
It has been discovered that there are metal complexes that can serve as effective catalysts for more vigorous gassing, or increased rate of evolution of gas, for use in denture cleanser products in a manner as stated and while retaining desirable characteristics mentioned. Among the complexes there are those having the general formula M,,[Fe(CN) (NO) wherein M is H, or where H is replaced by a variety of cations; x may be 2 to 4; y may be 1 to 6; and 2 may be 0 to 1. Instead of iron, Fe, in the anion part of the above formula, it is possible to have a metal such as cobalt (CO), nickel (Ni), manganese (Mn), copper (CU) or others. Compounds particularly desirable for use as catalysts in cleanser products in dentistry, include salts of the following acids, namely, having the formulae listed below, and stable acids themselves:
Compounds that are in stable, solid form are preferred for purposes of the present invention. It is considered impractical or undesirable to use, in dental cleanser products, the compounds that are not stable or not solid, or that are oxidizable or break down and give off HCN (hydrocyanic acid), or undesirable odors, or that introduce undesirable constituents that are too volatile. The acid, bydroferrocyanic acid, for instance, having the formula H,,[Fe(CN) is a stable, white solid that is soluble in water, ethanol, methanol, and other alcohols. It provides a clear solution while effectively increasing the rate of evolution of gas in an aqueous medium when used in association with a denture cleanser containing a peroxidized compound. Its cost, however, is an item that renders it unattractive for use in a commercial dental cleanser product.
Hydrogen in the above acids is replaceable in part or completely by sodium, potassium, calcium, barium, and other alkali and alkaline earth metals, singly, or in combinations thereof taking their valences into account.
Any element or group of elements as a radical, that functions or can function as a cation, may replace the hydrogen in the above acid formulae. Such radicals are cited as NH V0, U0 M00 or W0 ions. From the standpoint of the Periodic Table, the H is replaceable in part or completely by a variety of cations, or metals such as those in Groups I-A, I-B, II-A, II-B, III-A, III-B, IV-A, IV-B, V-A, V-B, VI-A, VI-B, VII, and VIII.
Certain compounds mentioned for use as catalysts for purposes herein described are generally referred to as cyanoferrates, or prussiates, and include materials such as the nitro prussides, for instance, Na; and
The cyanoferrate anions have desirable properties in that they elfect increased gas evolution and do not decompose in an oxygen-producing medium or in strong alkaline solutions. The water-soluble ferro ferricyanides as well as the nitro prussides produce yellow solutions and no solid precipitates in the presence of the above-described denture cleanser compositions. Furthermore, in their use as catalysts and after an initial period of their presence for twenty-four hours in a cleansing solution, further addition of denture cleanser material to the solution produces renewed accelerated active gassing.
Several commercial brands of Prussian blue provide very good gassing with the above denture cleanser, as do Turnbulls blue freshly prepared from ferrous sulphate and potassium ferricyanide. A precipitate is formed with them and similar compounds because their cations appear in the denture cleanser solution in solid form by double decomposition with active components of the denture cleanser while the anions go into solution as soluble prussiates.
Besides the above cyano ferrates, there are mentioned other compounds which involve complex 'iron cyanides of aliphatic bases, of aromatic bases, of heterocyclic bases, of alkaloids, and of other basic compounds. In general, the organic ferrocyanides are also colored crystalline compounds which are usually infusible, insoluble; or slightly soluble in cold water, and relatively stable at room temperature. Ferrocyanides of diamino compounds tend to be relatively unstable and more insoluble.
Among the cyanogen compounds, those with iron in the anion are to be recommended. Of the hexacyano compounds, the ferrocyanides, including ferrocyanic acid, H [Fe(CN)e], are preferred over the ferricyanides, including ferricyanic acid, H;.;[Fe(CN) for use in the denture cleanser products. The ferrocyanides are more stable and cheaper. The ferricyanides are generally less stable and more expensive. Incidentally, in the case of cobalt, the reverse is true as to stability, cobalto cyano complexes being less stable than the cobalti.
The most desirable hexacyano compounds are the soluble alkali prussiates including sodium and potassium ferrocyanides. These form substantially permanent, clear solutions with a pleasing yellow color, in the presence of the required proportion of the denture cleanser material in water. Ammonium ferrocyanide is mentioned but its liberation of ammonia is not always desirable.
The prussiates vary considerably as to solubility. Both the soluble and insoluble cyano ferrates are generally equally effective catalytically. The insoluble ones chemically react with alkaline solution of a ceanser mix in such a fashion that a soluble prussiate is formed from the anionic portion of the insoluble catalyst and the alkali components of the cleanser mix, soluble ferroor ferricyanide being formed depending on the derivation and origin of the insoluble catalyst. For instance, if a blue, solid catalyst is made from a Water-soluble ferrocyanide, then a ferrocyanide is formed in the cleanser solution. If an insoluble blue is made from a soluble ferricyanide, then a water-soluble ferricyanide is formed by reaction with the cleanser solution. In either case, the polyvalent metal comprising the cation of the insoluble blue is split off in the cleanser solution with formation of the corresponding hydroxide, carbonate, phosphate, or mixture thereof, depending on what anions are represented in the denture cleanser solution.
Among the water-soluble prussiates, calcium ferrovyanide, Ca [Fe(CN) provides good gassing; barium ferrocyanide, Ba [Fe(CN) provides very excellent gassing; calcium potassium ferrocyanide, CaK [Fe(CN) provides excellent gassing, but in each case a flocculent precipitate keeps rising in the cleanser solution during gassing.
Where desired gassing and other results are obtainable, but turbidity, or coudiness is found objectionable, as in the use of prussiates as the catalysts and in which H of the acids is partially or wholly replaced by calcium or other alkaline earth or other polyvalent metal, for example, CaK [Fe(CN) with which only slightly turbidity in a cleanser solution is likely, such turbidity is lessened or prevented by appropriately changing the cleanser formulation to include a sequestering agent such as hexametaphosphate, tripolyphosphate, or pyrophosphate, or even EDTA (ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid) or related chelating agents.
-It is advantageous to use catalysts, or catalyst mixtures, that have the least amount of water of crystallization. This is also preferred as to other constituents of the cleanser. The reasons are mainly that caking of the cleanser product is prevented, and premature catalysis or local decomposition is substantially avoided, leading to increased shelflife of the denture cleanser product. In general, the insoluble prussiates are advantageous in this respect because they are usually free of water of crystallization.
Solid cleanser mixes of the present invention contain solid catalysts that may be soluble or insoluble in water.
When any of such solid mixes is introduced into water for cleansing a denture, the water-soluble constituents, including a peroxidized compound such as perborate or persulfate or percarbonate, proceed to go into solution and the bubbling or gassing commences. While the catalyst continues to be in a solid state the catalytic effect is most pronounced and the evolution of gas is most vigorous for a given catalyst. Such evolution takes place most vigorously at the points of contact between the solid particles and the liquid. Around each solid particle of catalyst, the action is localized and there is a zone or layer that has the highest concentration of catalytic material in a given system, and therefore the catalytic effect is greatest in such zone or layer closest to the catalyst surfaces, thereby providing a lively local gas evolution which in general prevents caking of the soluble constituents of the cleanser in the cleansing operation. These conditions continue so long as prussiate anion or catalytic material is still contained in the solid particles of catalyst in the cleansing solution. The bubbling continues to be most vigorous in the initial stage while the catalyst is in process of dissolving. After solid particles of a catalyst are no longer present, the catalytic effect is lessened, and bubbling or gassing continues but it is less vigorous for a period and finally ceases when all the peroxidized material is exhausted. In other words, a gradual diffusion takes place, gassing is initially accelerated, and utimately becomes more uniform and continuous.
With certain mixed catalysts, a cyalno ferrate or metal cyanogen complex of low solubility may be mixed with one of higher solubility so that a more highly vigorous evolution of gas is initially obtained. This found useful especially in tablets containing the ingredients of a denture cleanser including a peroxidized compound plus a catalyst mixture which will cause an initial gassing of sufficient vigor to disrupt or disintegrate such tablets when placed in water. In tablets, this can also be brought about by mixing with a ferrocyanide catalyst that is included in a dental cleanser solid mix, a small proportion of complexes of EDTA salts with a heavy metal (iron, manganese, copper, or cobalt), or a cobaltic nitrite, or a cobalti cyanide. The initial catalytic effect desired may be predetermined by the nature of a catalyst or by the ratio of a more active catalyst to a less active catalyst in a catalyst mixture.
A single catalyst compound may be mixed with a denture cleaner composition in the proportion by weight of substantially 0.1 to 1% (or up to 5%) of the total cleanser composition. The total proportion of the above-described catalyst mixture, and other catalysts herein described, on the other hand, may be as low as 0.01 to 0.2 percent of the total cleanser mixture by weight. The size of the soluble catalyst particles ranges preferably from 20 to 60 mesh, or even 20 to mesh, while the water-insoluble catalysts, being often colloidal in nature, may comprise particle sizes as small as several microns or a fraction of a micron.
The following examples serve to illustrate catalytically affected cleansers:
When the above mixture is added to about 8 ounces of warm water in the amount of about /2 teaspoon, the water is at first colored violet, then it changes it changes to magenta, then to pink, and finally becomes colorless. A very small amount of pale tan flocculent solid appears eventually in the solution. The gas evolution in the cleansing solution is excellent.
EXAMPLE 2 Parts by weight Sodium perborate 30 Potassium persulfate 20 Trisodium phosphate 30 Sodium carbonate 20 Phenolphthalein 0.01 Nacconol NR 0.2 Sodium hexametaphosphate 0.25 Cab-O-Sil n 0.5 Potassium ferricyanide 0.5
One half teaspoon of the above mixture is added to about 8 ounces of warm water (approximately 110 F.). The water is colored a rose pink in the beginning, then the color changes to a lighter pink, and eventually the solution becomes clear and faintly yellow. The gas evolution is very excellent.
EXAMPLE 3 A formulation similar to that in Example 1 is provided except that the Prussian Blue as catalyst is replaced by 1 part by weight of sodium nitroprusside. The initial color of the solution after addition of the cleanser composition is an orange pink which gradually turns to a pinkish tan and eventually to a clear, intense yellow. The gas evolution is extremely vigorous, especially in the beginnmg.
The solution, after addition of /2 teaspoonful of the above mixture to about 8 ounces of Warm water becomes a strong pink which eventually in time fades out to colorless. The gassing is very good in the beginning and especially when there is still solid salt in the container adjacent to the bottom.
EXAMPLE 5 Parts by weight Trisodium phosphate 20 Sodium tripoly-phosphate 20 Sodium perborate 20 Sodium carbonate 20 Potassium persulfate 20 Phenolphthalein 0.02 Duponol C 0.5 Sodium hexametaphosphate 0.5 Cab-O-Sil 0.5
Calcium potassium ferrocyanide CaK [Fe(CN) On addition of /2 teaspoon of the above mixture to warm water, the solution turns an intensive pink, and very excellent gas evolution starts immediately. The gas bubbles are very fine and a foam layer appears at the surface of the liquid, because of the relatively high concentration of the surfactant. Occasional stirring is helpful in breaking up the foam layer and in expediting clarification of the liquid. Within 20 minutes the pink color disappears and the solution is crystal clear.
8. EXAMPLE 6 Parts by weight Trisodium phosphate 20 Sodium hexametaphosphate (adjusted) 20 Sodium perborate 20 Sodium carbonate 20 Potassium persulfate 20 Phenolphthalein 0.02 Duponol C 0.1 Cab-O-Sil 0.5 Calcium potassium ferrocyanide 0.1
The same observations are made in this example as in Example 5, except that gas evolution is somewhat less vigorous and the foam layer is less dense and less in volume than that observed in Example 5.
It has been found that heavy metal compounds of a chelating amino polycarboxylic acid, and heavy metal compounds of :a cation exchange resin can be highly effectively employed as the activating agents in the present cleanser product.
Products such as heavy metals in chelated form and thus very little ionized, as in a heavy metal salt of a noncyclic amino polycarboxylic acid, can be obtained very readily without water of crystallization. They are much less likely to cause premature oxygen release in denture cleanser compositions and thus provide better shelf-life for solid cleansers. The heavy metals compounded with the amino polycarboxylic acids, such as ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (known as EDTA, and sold, for instance, under the name Sequestrene), nitrilotriacetic acid, diethylene-triamine pentaacetic acid, hydroxy-ethyl ethylenediamine triacetic acid, hydroxyethylaminodiacetic acid, methylaminodiacetic acid, aminotriacetic acid and others function as activating agents in solution and therefore as homogeneous catalysts. Compounds such as sodium-cobalt EDTA, sodium-copper EDTA, sodium-nickel EDTA, sodium-ferric EDTA, sodium-ferrous EDTA, and sodiummanganese EDTA, mono sodium ferrous hydroxyethyl ethylene diamine triacetate, and mono sodium cuprous hydroxyethyl ethylene diamine triacetate, when substituted for the metal complexes listed as catalysts in the above Examples 1 to 6, in the same proportions or in catalytically effective amounts up to 5%, provide varying degrees of gassing. The cobalt, copper and ferric metals so compounded give excellent gassing. The gassing with the other metals varies from fair with nickel to mostly very good with ferrous and manganese chelates.
Importance is placed on the use of heavy metal chelates which are prepared with a chelating agent and a heavy metal salt in stoichiometric proportions without an excess of either the chelating agent or the heavy metal salt. Any metal salt, such as copper sulfate, iron sulfate, manganese sulfate, etc., which is not properly chelated, is apt to be prematurely reactive in the denture cleanser solid mix containing an oxygen-generating ingredient, and this results in poor shelf-life of the cleanser composition. When the chelates are made in appropriate stoichiometric proportions, such metal salts are absent. When a denture cleanser composition containing a heavy metal chelate prepared as noted above, is added to water for the purpose of cleaning removable dentures, the initial gassing is usually relatively slow, but in a very short time the gassing increases rapidly to a desired high level, and the gassing is as vigorous as it would be when unchelated metal is present.
The presence of an excess of a chelating agent in denture cleanser compositions described herein is disadvantageous in that the gassing remains at a minimal rate until the excess is destroyed by the oxidizing action of the denture cleanser bath. Excesses of the chelating agent, particularly when large, suppress the formation of heavy metal cations that catalyze the gassing action, and the desired increased, undiminished bubbling for a combined bleaching, cleaning and food dislodging action is not obtained.
The cation exchange resin materials compounded with the above heavy metals have an excellent activating effect on the aforesaid cleansers in Water, which can be adapted to the control of gassing by varying the particle size of the salts. The salts are insoluble in Water and serve as heterogeneous catalysts. They are obtainable finely divided (100 to 200 mesh and to 400 to 600 mesh) or in granules to 50 mesh). Various mesh ranges are usable including that of a so-called micro powder. Catalysis is less vigorous with the coarser grades. When the dry particles are diflicut to wet in Water, a rinse with a dilute solution of a cationic, anionic, or non-ionic surfactant, overcomes such difiiculty.
There are two classes of cation exchange resins, both being suitable in preparing the activating agents as heavy metal compounds, namely, the strong acid resins and the weakly acid resins.
The strongly acidic cation exchange resins, such as the polystyrene nuclear sulfonic acid type, are mostly those in which divinyl benzene is cross-linked with polystyrene sulfonic acid. The weakly acidic cation exchange resins are those of the carboxylic acid type such as those prepared by copolymerization of methacrylic acid and divinyl-benzene. When used in a hydrogen or a sodium cycle operation, they may be compounded, in a Wellknown ion exchange column, or in a batch operation, with any of the aforesaid heavy metals. It is also possible to compound a heavy metal EDTA salt with an anion exchange resin (such as a basic, quaternary amine-type anion exchange resin), because in such a chelated form the metals are anionic and thus react with anion exchange resins. These various resins are produced under the name Amberlite (by Rohm & Haas Company), DOWEX (Dow Chemical Co.), and others. In numerous gassing tests in which the above agents were substituted for the activating agent in Examples 1 to 6 in substantially the same proportions, or added to compositions A, B, C or D above, the gassing was good to very excellent.
Other material having cation exchange capacity is useful for the above purpose, as for instance, various natural and synthetic zeolites.
A denture to be cleaned is introduced in a water solution serving as the cleanser and is permitted to remain therein for a relatively short time. The denture is removed and washed with fresh water and inserted in the mouth. The cleanser is distinctive in that no after-taste is noticeable on a denture so treated. The color from the indicator usually fades within twenty-four hours and this serves as a warning that the solution has been used and that it is no longer sufliciently fresh for reuse. Certain of the ingredients, such as the perborates, act as strong disinfectants, and the treatment of dentures as described 10 tends to counteract denture breath that develops when the dentures are in use.
In the use of the above-described products in cleansing dentures, a denture to be cleansed may be left in a solution of the selected composition for as long as desired without injury to the denture. One-half hour to one hour or less is usually suflicient to obtain thorough cleansing. Brushing of a denture with the solution is not necessary and should be avoided where certain plastics used in a denture structure are likely to be injured thereby. Application of a solid cleanser or of a solution thereof and rubbing of the denture by hand are generally sufficient for softening and removing scaly debris in the most difiicult instances.
What is claimed is:
1. A denture cleanser consisting of a particulate, solid mix having a water-soluble, inorganic peroxy oxygen-liberating compound adapted to evolve gas bubbles upon addition of said mix to an aqueous medium for cleaning a denture, and a heavy metal chelate, the said chelate consisting of an activating heavy metal selected from a group consisting of manganese, iron, copper, cobalt, and nickel, chemically combined with a chelating compound in substantially stoichiometric proportions, the said chelating compound selected from a group consisting of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid, diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid, hydroxy-ethyl ethylene-diamine triacetic acid, hydroxyethylamino-diacetic acid, methylaminodiacetic acid, and aminotriacetic acid, and the said mix being substantially free from an excess of the said heavy metal over its stoichiometric proportion, and substantially free from an excess of the said chelating compound over its stoichiometric proportion.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,211,658 10/1965 Hirtz et al 202---99 3,337,466 8/1967 Puetzer et al. 20 299 3,398,096 8/1968 Das 202-99 3,156,654 11/1964 Konecny et al. 202-99 FOREIGN PATENTS 984,459 2/ 1925 Great Britain 202-99 OTHER REFERENCES Sequestrene, Geigy Ind. Chem., 1952, pp. 5, 21, 36, and 48 relied on.
MAYER WEINBLA'IT, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.