|Publication number||US3704633 A|
|Publication date||Dec 5, 1972|
|Filing date||Jan 25, 1971|
|Priority date||Jan 25, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3704633 A, US 3704633A, US-A-3704633, US3704633 A, US3704633A|
|Inventors||Keith E Iverson|
|Original Assignee||Keith E Iverson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (18), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Iverson [451 Dec. 5, 1972 [s41 TENSION MEMBER OVERLOAD RELEASE MECHANISM  Inventor: Keith E. lverson, Box 334,
Hinesburg, Vt. 05461  Filed: Jan. 25, 1971  Appl. No.: 109,510
 US. Cl ..24/230 AL, 24/201 TR, 287/DlG. 5  Int. Cl. ..A44b 11/25, A44b17/00  Field of Search ...24/211 P, 244, 201 TR, 115 F, 24/230 SL, 230 NP, 230 AL, 230 AP, 230
AN, 230 R, 206; 287/DIG. 5, 64, 65;
 References Cited I UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,703,579 2/1929 Gaffner .24/230 LP 2,533,763 12/1950 Cacciotti .'.....339/254'R 3,098,278 7/1963 Cerniak ..24/230 SL 3,473,201 10/1969 Hopka ..24/230 AK FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 592,135 9/1947 Great Britain "339/254 Primary Examiner-Demand A. Gelak Attorney-Clarence A. OBrien and Harvey B. Jacobson [5 7] ABSTRACT A keeper component is fabricated from a plurality of juxtaposed metal plate members that have recesses formed therein for receiving a spring loaded spherical member that is adapted to engage an opening in a removable latch'member when the latch is connected with the keeper component thereby achieving detent connection. When a preselected minimum tension is applied to the latch, detent action between the spring loaded spherical member and a frusto-conical projection within the aperture formed in the latch is terminated whereby the latch becomes released.
4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENTEU 5 I97? 3 T04 63 3 Keir/2 lverson WW 3m 1 TENSION MEMBER OVERLOAD RELEASE MECHANISM FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a quick release restraining device and in particular to a quick release assembly for dog leashes wherebya dog may be quickly and completely released from restrain by the application of a force which exceeds that for which the tension member has been set to retain. Such force may be ap plied by a lurching animal or its attendant.
BACKGROUND OFTI-IE INVENTION A wide variety of releasable connectors have been designed for connection between a dog leash and .a dog collar. Generally, these previous designs suffer from two principal disadvantages. The first disadvantage resides in the relative complexity of the release mechanism. Frequently, multiple spring members are employed to achievereleasable latching. As will be appreciated, as a number of movable components increases, the desired releasing action at a predetermined minimum tension on the leash decreases in reliability. A second disadvantage of prior art devices becomes apparent due to the open design of many previous constructions that allow entry of dirt and debris which eventually clogs the moving parts of the mechanism thereby altering its ability to operate.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES.
FIG. 1 is a plan view illustrating the disposition of a latch when released from a corresponding keeper.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken upon a plane passing along section line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is an exploded view illustrating the components that make up the present invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to FIG. 1, reference numeral generally indicates a keeper component of the present invention which has an eye fastener portion 12 extending outwardly to connect a first end of the chain or leash 14. Slidably removable latch member 16 is held in the keeper 10 by detent action as hereinafter explained. The latch 16 is connected to a second chain 18 that has its free end connected to a dog's collar (not shown). It should be emphasized at this point that although the preferred embodiment of the present invention is being explained in terms of its use as a releasable connector between a dog leash and collar, the present connector assembly has general utility wherever a releasable co n nector is desired.
Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the assembly of parts for the invention is seen to include a plurality of overlying juxtaposed oblong shaped plates that are held together by rivets to form a laminated structure. A base plate 20 serves to underlie the remaining plates of the keeper 10. A second plate 22 abuts the base plate 20. The plate 22 has a frusto-conical projection 24 extending upwardly therefrom, the upper surface of the projection 24 having a semi-spherical depression 26 for seating a spherical member or ball 27 therein. The spherical member 27 forms a part of the detent when the latch 16 is removed. The spherical member 27 forms a part of the detent means which retains the latch 16 in the keeper 10.
The latch member 16 isgenerally tear-shaped and has a narrowed portion which is adapted for insertion in the keeper 10. The insertion is effected by the formation of a generally sector shaped slot 30 extending inwardly from the edge of plate 28. The shape of slot 30 coincides with the periphery of the narrowed portion of latch 16. As will become apparent from FIG. 2, the spherical member 27 partially resides in the slot 30 when the spherical member is seated on the projection 24.
As indicated in the figures, an aperture 34 is formed in the narrowed apex portion of latch 16. The aperture 34 receives the spherical member 27 after the latch 16 has been inserted in slot 30. The engagement of latch 16 between the spherical member 27 and the frustoconical projection 24 within aperture 34 of the latch 16 constitutes detent-action which releasably retains the latch 16 in the keeper 10. The aperture 36positioned oppositely from the aperture 34 serves to retain the chain 18 in FIGS. 1 and 2.
A fourth plate 38 is disposed in-juxtaposition with the plate 28. Theplate 38 includes a countersunk opening 40 therein which restricts the lateral movement of the spherical member 27. Thus, the spherical member 27 will not stray from its proper position wherein detent action occurs.
A fifth plate 42 is juxtaposed atop the plate 38. A threaded aperture 44 is formed in the plate 42, the threaded aperture 44 being in axial alignment with the countersunk aperture 40 in plate 38. The threaded aperture 44 serves to receive a threaded member that constitutes part of a release adjustment mechanism, as hereinafter explained.
A final cover plate 46 is juxtaposed on the plate 42.
A large opening 48 is formed in the plate 46, this opening being in axial alignment with the apertures 44 and 40. The openings 44 and 48 must have sufficiently large diameters to allow admittance of the spherical member 27 in addition to a coil spring 56 that has its lower end abutting the spherical member 27 thereby biasing the spherical member into engagement with the projection 24. The opposite end of spring 56 is received within a hollow cylindrical chamber 52 in the threaded member 50. On the external surface of the hollow chamber 52 are threads that engage mating threads in aperture 44 of plate 42. As clearly indicated in FIG. 2, the opening 48 must be large enough to allow passage of the threaded portion of member 50 therethrough so as to allow threading engagement between the member and the threaded aperture 44.
The threaded member 50 has an enlarged head 54 which receives the driving end of a screwdriver for causing adjustment of the threaded member. By adjusting the head, which is disposed in concentric relation with the opening 48, the compression of spring 56 is adjusted so as to vary the force that the spring 56 exerts against the spherical member 27. As a resultof this adjustment, the amount of tension required'to break detent action between the spherical member 27 and the frusto-conical projection 24 within the aperture 34 in latch 16 can be varied.
As shown in the figures, the plurality of juxtaposed plates described have coinciding peripheral edges and are clamped together to form a laminated structure by a number of peripherally disposed rivets 60 that pass through aligned apertures 58 in each of the juxtaposed plates.
In operation of the device, the spherical member 27 is seated in the depression 26 of projection 24. When the latch 16 enters the slot 30, the leading peripheral edge of the latch 16 forces the spherical member 27 upwardly into the chamber-52 of the threaded member 50. As the spherical member 27 and the projection 24 separate, the latch is forced into more intimate engagement with the mating slot 30 formed in the plate 28. When the latch 16 is firmly seated in the slot 30, the spherical member 27 passes through the aperture 34 in the latch 16 andby so doing, detent securement between the latch 16 and the keeper is effected. This ofcourse connects the chain 14 and the chain l8.
the latch means, said detent means comprising a projection formed in a first plate component, the slot being formed inwardly of the-edge of a second plate component which is juxtaposed with the first plate component, the projection projecting into the slot for engaging the latch member, a spherical member positioned in aligned relation to the projection, the spherical member residing in an aperture formed in a third plate component juxtaposed vwith the second plate component, and means "for biasing the spherical member into engagement with the latch member whereby the latch member is clamped between the spherical member and *he rojection.
2. The structure 0 calm 1 wherein thebiasing means comprises a coil spring received in an aperture fonned in a fourth plate component juxtaposed with the third plate component, the spring having one end thereof contacting the spherical member while the opposite spring end engages a stationary abutment.
3. The structure set forth in claim 2 wherein the abutment comprises a threaded member adjustably disposed in the fourth plate component and having a When a preselected tension is applied to the latch 16,
such as by a lurching animal whose collar is connected to chain 18, the latch 16 is urged outwardly thereby causing the spherical member 27 to withdraw into the chamber 52 of the threaded member 50. As this withdrawal increases, the latch 16 is free from engagement with the keeper 10 thereby freeing the animal.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. A releasable dual part connector assembly comprising a keeper component having a slot therein for receiving a latch member, detent means positioned in the keeper component and extending into the slot for engagement with the latch member, the detent means being designed to release the latch member upon the exertion of a preselected minimum tension applied to shoulder for contacting the spring, adjustment of the threaded member causing variation of spring compres-' sion thereby permitting variation of the preselected tension required to release the latch member.
4. A releasable connector assembly comprising first and second bodies, said first body including opposite end portions, one of said end portions having an aperture formed transversely therethrough, the other of said bodies having a first recess formed therein opening outwardly of one marginal portion of said other body and in which said one end portion of said first body is telescopingly receivable with said aperture opening outwardly, at its opposite ends toward opposite sides of said first recess, one side of said recess including a frusto-conical projection extending toward, but spaced from the opposite side of said first recess and projecting at least into and partially through said aperture when said one end of said first body is telescoped in said first recess, the minor diameter end of said projection including a generally centered second semi-spherical recess opening toward said other side of said recess, said second body including a passage including a first end opening endwise into said first recess through the other side thereof registered with said projection, and a spherical detent member disposed at least partially within said passage for shifting axially thereof and spring urged toward said projection with said spherical detent member seated in said second semi-spherical recess and projecting less than one-half its diameter into said first recess.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1703579 *||May 16, 1928||Feb 26, 1929||Gaffner Charles H||Separable coupling for ropes|
|US2533763 *||Apr 6, 1948||Dec 12, 1950||Vincent E Cacciotti||Quick detachable battery connector|
|US3098278 *||Oct 16, 1961||Jul 23, 1963||Wilbert W Haase Co||Holder construction|
|US3473201 *||Jan 3, 1967||Oct 21, 1969||Robbins Seat Belt Co||Seat belt buckle|
|GB592135A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3795030 *||Mar 21, 1972||Mar 5, 1974||Firestone Tire & Rubber Co||Buckle|
|US3911236 *||Feb 12, 1974||Oct 7, 1975||Allied Chem||Laminated buckle housing|
|US3919508 *||Feb 12, 1974||Nov 11, 1975||Allied Chem||Buckle housing|
|US3969795 *||Sep 16, 1974||Jul 20, 1976||Allied Chemical Corporation||Safety belt buckle|
|US3974589 *||Mar 28, 1975||Aug 17, 1976||Penn Fishing Tackle Mfg. Co.||Fishing line retention device|
|US3982747 *||Apr 11, 1975||Sep 28, 1976||Joseph Stamm Kg||Ski pole|
|US4071929 *||Oct 14, 1975||Feb 7, 1978||Allied Chemical Corporation||Mounting for buckle|
|US4228567 *||Sep 11, 1978||Oct 21, 1980||Nsk-Warner K.K.||Buckle assembly for seat belt|
|US4240308 *||Feb 10, 1977||Dec 23, 1980||Berggren Gosta E||Combined pedal mechanism for combined accelerator and brake pedal for motor-cars|
|US4532681 *||Mar 23, 1981||Aug 6, 1985||Baker Edward H||Restraining belts|
|US4571788 *||Nov 21, 1983||Feb 25, 1986||Hazeltine Corporation||Double action pressure release|
|US4662041 *||Jan 14, 1985||May 5, 1987||Geypa Gmbh & Co. Kg||Belt lock|
|US4693199 *||Dec 2, 1985||Sep 15, 1987||Ludwig Omachen||Release means for sailboard footstraps|
|US4742605 *||Oct 8, 1986||May 10, 1988||Ritacco Gerald E||Safety release device|
|US5125859 *||Mar 6, 1991||Jun 30, 1992||Spurgeon Edward V||Adjustable release for sailboard footstraps|
|US20040074133 *||Oct 21, 2002||Apr 22, 2004||Hampton Robert A.||Fisherman's helper|
|EP0188170A1 *||Dec 2, 1985||Jul 23, 1986||Stephen Janson||Release means for sailboard footstraps|
|WO2009140785A1 *||May 22, 2009||Nov 26, 2009||Stmz Schweizerische Tiermeldezentrale Ag||Locking mechanism for a safety collar for a domestic animal|
|International Classification||A44B11/25, A44B17/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A01K27/005, A44B17/00, A44B11/25|
|European Classification||A01K27/00D, A44B11/25, A44B17/00|