|Publication number||US3705464 A|
|Publication date||Dec 12, 1972|
|Filing date||Oct 2, 1970|
|Priority date||Oct 2, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3705464 A, US 3705464A, US-A-3705464, US3705464 A, US3705464A|
|Inventors||Dahl Ernest A Jr|
|Original Assignee||Dahl Ernest A Jr|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (5), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1 3,705,464 [451 Dec. 12, 1972  MIC ROFILM HOLDER  Inventor: ErnestfA. Dahl, Jr., 729 Greenwood Ave., Wilmette, 111. 60091 221 Filed: oci.2,197o
21 Appl. No.: 77,581
521 u.s.c| ..4o/10s.s,40/1's9 5 1 lnt.Cl. ..G09f 1/12 53-] Field oiSearch ..40/159, 105.5
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1/1971 Dorman 3,238,655 3/1966 Engelstein ..,.:40/159 3,363,631 1/1968 Dahl, Jr ..40/l05.5 2,722,936 11/1955 Mathiesen ..40/l05.5 2,762,373 9/1956 Rosenberg. ..40/ 105.5 3,224,824 12/1965 Remke ..40/105.5 2,656,091 10/1953 Mathiesen ......40/ 105.5
Primary Examiner-Robert W. Michell Assistant ExaminerJ. H. Wolff Attorney-Olson, Trexler, Wolters & Bushnell  ABSTRACT A transparent holder fora plurality of microfilm strips arranged in parallel pocketed array thereacross and including thin magnetic strip means carried by a pocket of the holder in a position adapting the assembly for use in a fanning magnetic type of filing system wherein a storage file tray or drawer includes magnet means along the sides thereof acting through the magnetic strip means to cause fanning out 'or separation of the upper margins of a prearranged group of holders by magnetic repulsion in order to facilitate visual survey of the fanned holders for selective holder removal from the storage file or insertion thereof at a predetermined, proper location.
4 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures MICROFILM HOLDER SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION visual identification of any particular subject matter desired. Suchmicrofilm holders are not used only for projection of the included microfilm strips on a screen as in a microfilm reader, but also to produce reference copies therefrom by so-called contact printing. Thus a sensitivefilm is exposed contact with the holder through which exposing light passes. to the sensitive filmfFor such reproduction of sharp images, the film contacting portions of the holder, that is, the portions covering the included microfilm strips, should be extremely thin. r
Thus, for example, it has heretofore been common practice to provide microfilm strip holders in which the A still further object of the invention is to provide a microfilm holder which may have interchangeably associated therewith one or more magnetic strips depending upon the degree of extent of fanning action desired in the filing system and the location of such magnetic strips may be selected in accordance with the type of filing drawer or tray.
The invention still further aims to provide a magnetic stripof relatively inexpensive construction lending itself to mass production techniques and which may be selectively located as desired in a conventional pocketed microfiche holder.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above and other objects and advantages of the present invention will be more apparent from the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
panel facing the camera has a thickness of approximately of a mil, whereas the opposite or back panel has a thickness of 2% mils. The microfilm varies in thickness from 5% to 6 mils. It has also been common practice to separate these panels bythe use of strips having a thickness of approximately 5% mils, and a width in the neighborhoodof l/ 16 of an inch.
The microfilm holder of the present invention is adapted for the above and other related uses, but is also particularly adapted for convenient storage in a fanning magnetic storage system from which individual holders from afannedgroup of holders may be conveniently removed for use and replaced in storage with minimum amount of handling and manually contacting of. adjacent holders in the storage file. With the present tendencytoward reducing great volumes of information to microfilm, the storage space for such material also becomes important. Storage alone is not the only problem. The matter of retrieving stored material in a minimum amount of time is also of great significance.
,The stored material should also be protected against damage resulting from repeated use.
The present invention aims to satisfy the above requirements by providing a holder which includes extremely thin magnetic sheet or strip means at the side edges thereof for cooperation with fanning magnets in a drawer or tray type filing system resulting in fanning of a prearranged group of holders for'ready access to a desired holder which is appropriately titled for view by the user.
Another object of the invention is to provide a microfilm holder having parallel microfilm accommodating pockets wherein the magnetic strip or insert means may be carried within at least one of the pockets. Thus the magnetic strip means may be used with conventional pocketed microfilm holders.
More specifically, the invention contemplates the provisionof magnetic strip means without sacrificing any substantial amount of film storage space.
FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a microfiche type holder for microfilm strips, with magnet members disclosed in section at opposite extremities thereof and with a portion of the front panelbroken away to disclose the spacer strips; 4 I
FIG. 2 is an enlargedfragmentary vertical sectional view taken substantially along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view showing the end edges of a plurality of microfilm strip holders mounted within a magnet equipped supporting tray;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the right extremity of the microfilm strip holder of FIG. 1, disclosing a microfilm strip and magneticstrip means partially inserted within complementary holder pockets;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the present invention wherein the magnetic strip means .consists of strip sections secured to opposite extremities of a transparent elongate carrier member;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a conventional microfilm strip;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view similar to FIG. 5 as seen from the opposite side thereof;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a microfilm strip which is shortened to be accommodated between the magnetic strip sections shown in FIGS. 5 and 7;
.FIG. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view similar to FIG. 4 showing a magnetic strip section as it v is being initially inserted within a complementary holder pocket;
FIG. 10 is a sectional view taken substantially along the line ,10-10 of FIG. 9, disclosing the partial insertion of the magnetic strip section andassociated carrier therefor within the holder pocket;
FIG. 11 is a sectional view similar to FIG. 10, with the magnetic strip section and carrier inverted and par tially inserted within the holder pocket; and
FIG. 12 is a fragmentary sectional view similar to FIGS. 10 and 11 disclosing a microfilm strip partially inserted within the holder pocket containing a previously inserted magnetic strip section and the elongate carrier therefor.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings more in detail, wherein like numerals have been employed to designate similar parts throughout the various figures,
it will be seen that a microfilm strip holder embodying the present invention is designated generally by the numeral 14. Front and rear panels 16 and 18 respectively are spaced apart to accommodate a plurality of microfilm strips 20. Horizontally disposed thin spacer strips 22 cooperate with panels 16 and 18 to define horizontal microfilm accommodating pockets 24. A series of five pockets for each holder is illustrated, but this number and the size of each pocket may vary according to particular dictated circumstances. The pockets may be open at each end and the front panel 16 has portions thereof removed between adjacent spacer strips 22 adjacent at least one edge to provide access openings 26 facilitating the insertion and removal of the microfilm strips. One of the panels may be extended slightly above the other panel to provide a title or other identifying strip 28 for the particular microfilm holder.
A selected number of the pockets 24 receive microfilm strips of conventional form with a series of frames such as the seven frames shown in the drawings. The access openings 26 facilitate the insertion-of such strips into the corresponding pockets. If desired, the inserted microfilm strips may be projected slightly beyond the opposite end of a pocket and then retracted with the initially trailing end of the inserted microfilm strip lying to the outside of the corresponding access opening and beneath the front panel. In this case, where there is some degree of permanency to the material included in the holder, that end of the pocket may be closed by sealing the adjacent edges of the front and back panels.
As illustrated in FIG. 1, the top and the third, fourth and fifth pockets from the top each accommodate a microfilm strip 20 containing seven frames. The second pocket from the top of the holder 14 has inserted therein magnetic strip means designated generally by the numeral 30. The magnetic strip means 30 may include a transparent carrier strip 32 (FIG. having adhered to the ends thereof magnetic sheets or strips 34 of extremely thin soft iron or suitable magnetic material. A microfilm strip 200 of a shorter length than the strips may be inserted in the second pocket from the top without substantially increasing the thickness, thus to permit viewing in a reader or contact printing of the shorter microfilm strip. It is to be understood that the magnetic strip may be inserted in any selected pocket 24, depending upon the desired fanning action. Due to the transparency of the carrier portion extending between the magnetic inserts, a microfilm strip may be included in the pocket with very minimum loss of film holding space. Because of the selectivity of the placement of the magnetic strip means in the holder pockets, these holders may be conveniently adapted or customized to a variety of requirements of individual users.
With reference to FIG. 3, a fanning type of file drawer or tray is illustrated with a bottom wall 36 and inclined end walls 38 and 40, and with permanent bar magnets 42 (shown in dotted lines) extending along the opposite side between handles 44. Assuming the file tray to be relatively filled and that a microfilm holder in the Title H area (FIG. 3) is desired; the operator shifts the A to G groups forwardly and the I to Z groups rearwardly. This permits the holders in the H group to fan out, as illustrated, in response to the magnetic repulsion induced in the magnetic strip sections. Thus the title strips 28 in the H group are exposed to view, permitting a desired microfilm holder to be conveniently removed for viewing in a reader or for printing, as the case may be.
In conventional microfilm holders, the rear panel 18 may have a greater thickness than the front panel 16, thus giving some strength to the microfilm holder for filing and for proper fanning action as mentioned above. On the other hand, the extreme thinness of the front panel 16 lends itself to contact printing of the retained microfilm strips. The thickness of the rear panel may be of the order of 2% to 3 mils, and that of the front panel of the order of mil. The thickness of the spacers 22 may be in the order of 5% mils, so that the pockets defined thereby may be substantially filled by an inserted microfilm strip, and the same is substantially true of the available film pocket space extending between the magnetic strip sections which accommodate the shorter microfilm strip 20a. The spacer strips 22 also resist curling of the microfilm holders, as does the rear panel, but they are still sufficiently flexible for the intended uses. With further reference to the filing, the location of the tray magnets 42'may dictate the location of the magnetic strip means 30 in the microfilm holders. For example, if the magnets 42 are relatively higher than illustrated, the magnetic strips may be placed in the first or top pocket of the microfilm holder to obtain proper fanning action.
It has been the practice heretofore to feed the microfilm strips from individual rolls thereof into telescopic association with complementary pockets of the holders. The microfilm strips are severed after complete insertion and in some instances it has been the practice to employ a tool, such as the tool 46 illustrated by dotted lines in FIG. 11, to facilitate initial insertion of the film strips. Film inserting machines of the type which may be used for the above purpose are illustrated in US. Pat. No. 2,937,483. The magnetic strip means 30, like the microfilm strip 20, may be similarly fed from rolls into telescopic association with a holder pocket.
Attention is directed to the fact that by having the magnetic means 30 in strip form with the magnetic strip sections 34 positioned at the opposite extremities of the transparent carrier strip 32, the tray magnets 42 exert magnetic forces which counteract any tendencies for the combined carrier and magnetic strip sections adhered thereto to become longitudinally dislodged. Hence once the magnetic strip sections and carrier have been properly positioned within the holder, magnetic forces will function to fan the upper margins of the holders in Group H and at the same time function to secure the metallic magnetic strip material against longitudinal dislodgment. In some instances it may be desirable to employ magnetic strip material having a width which is less than the width of the complementary holder pocket in order to assure sufficient pocket space to accommodate both the microfilm and the magnetic strip means. In any event, the thickness of the magnetic strip means may be held to a degree of thinness sufficient to assure telescopic reception of both the microfilm strip and said magnetic strip means in a given holder pocket. It has been found, for example,
that a carrier strip having a thickness of approximately 1 mil and magnetic sections adhered thereto having a thickness of approximately 2 mils will function satisfactorily when used with conventional microfiche master type microfilm holder pockets.
The invention is claimed as follows:
1. A microfilm strip holder adapted for use in a fanning magnetic filing system, and comprising two rectangular panels of transparent relatively thin plastic sheet material in superposed relation, elongate horizontal spacer strips secured between said panels at spaced intervals providing a plurality of horizontal pockets for receiving microfilm strips, magnetic strip means enclosed within at least one of said pockets including magnetic sections positioned within and substantially filling opposite extremities of said last mentioned holder pocket, and relatively thin further strip means approximating the width of the holder pockets interconnecting said magnetic sections and maintaining said sections selectively and removably in spaced relation thereby' rendering said sections shiftable longitudinally as a unit within one of said pockets.
2. A microfilm holder as set forth in claim 1, wherein the interconnecting mounting strip is nonmagnetic.
3. A microfilm strip holder as set forth in claim 1, wherein the magnetic strip means comprises sections of magnetic strip stock secured to opposite extremities of a thin transparent mounting strip.
4. A microfilm strip holder as set forth in claim 6 wherein the magnetic strip sections and transparent mounting strip are so dimensioned as to assure the reception of a microfilm strip within the holder pocket in the space between said magnetic sections.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2656091 *||Mar 6, 1951||Oct 20, 1953||Mathiesen Nicolaus Per||Card index device|
|US2722936 *||Sep 4, 1953||Nov 8, 1955||Per Mathiesen Nicolaus||Card filing devices|
|US2762373 *||Sep 12, 1950||Sep 11, 1956||Simpla Res And Mfg Co||Card filing device|
|US3224824 *||Sep 30, 1963||Dec 21, 1965||Remke Milton E||Card filing devices|
|US3238655 *||Apr 3, 1964||Mar 8, 1966||Nb Jackets Corp||Microfiche master|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4170081 *||Feb 14, 1978||Oct 9, 1979||Kiejzik Paul A||Novel microfilm jacket|
|US4173837 *||May 13, 1976||Nov 13, 1979||Kiejzik Paul A||Microfilm jacket microfilm feeding device and process|
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|US5788075 *||Sep 16, 1996||Aug 4, 1998||Wrabel; George W.||Jackets and methods for making same|
|EP0619512A1 *||Apr 5, 1994||Oct 12, 1994||AGFA-GEVAERT naamloze vennootschap||Holder for two-dimensional image|
|U.S. Classification||40/372, 40/776|
|International Classification||G03B21/54, B42F17/00, G03B21/64, B42F17/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B42F17/02, G03B21/64|
|European Classification||G03B21/64, B42F17/02|