US 3706106 A
A surgical knife including a base portion having an element removably mounting a surgical steel blade and a removable pin guard for the knife edge and point with a cylindrical tube removably surrounding the knife and pin and having a removable protective cover for the assembly. The base portion is adapted for connection with a utilitarian article and preferably one normally carried on the person.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Leopoldi 1 1 [451 Dec. 19,1972
 SURGICAL KNIFE  Inventor: Norbert Leopoldi, 4180 Marine Drive, Chicago, 111. 60613  Filed: Jun. 18, 1971  Appl. No.: 106,992
 [1.8. CI. ..7/14.l,-128/30,5, 30/286  Int. Cl. ..B26b 11/00, B67b 7/44 [58 Field 01 Search ....7/14.1; 30/339, 286; 128/305?-  I References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,307,551 3/1967 Violet ..128/30$ 4/1963 Ravbin ..so/3s9 3/1959 Matwiscow ..30/3'39 Primary Examiner-James L. Jones, Jr.
Attorney-Mann, Brown, Mcwilliams & Bradway  ABSTRACT A surgical knife including a base portion. having an element removably mounting a surgical steel blade and a removable pin guard for the knife edge and point with a cylindrical tube removably surrounding the knife and .pin and having a removable protective cover for the assembly. The base portion is adapted for connection with a utilitarian article and preferably one normally carried on the person.
31 Claims, Drawing Figures PATENTEilnmsmz 3.706.106
INVENTOR NORBERT LEOPOLDI ATT'Ys.
l SURGICAL xnrrs BACKGROUND 'OF THE INVENTION- The invention relates to a'surgical knife-for use by medical doctors and which is always available when an emergency is encountered. It is a well known fact that it becomes necessary frequently for a tracheotomy to be performed immediately, or an emergency appendectomy, or open-heart massage may be necessary, all
without benefit of hospital or other facilities where in- OBJECTS OF INVENTION .The principal object of this invention, therefore, is the provision of a doctors surgical steel knife that is always available to him for use, and which is mounted in association with 'a utilitarian article of a generally personal nature and preferably one that is-usually carried on the person.
It is an object of the invention to combine a doctors surgical knife assembly with a utilitarian article that may be carried in the pocket.
Another object of the invention is to provide a surgical knife assembly having a removable surgical steel blade for replacement or sharpening.
Still another object of the invention is the provision of a surgical knife assembly including a base member, a blade mounting extension, a surgical steel blade removably mounted on the extension, and a cylindrical tube enclosing the blade and the extension on the base.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a surgical steel knife assembly, including a base having a pin socket and a blade mounting extension, a blade on the extension anda pin in the socket and a cylindrical tube surrounding the extension, blade and pin, with a cover for the assembly.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a surgical steel knife assembly mounted on a base wherein the base is adapted for mounting in association with a utilitarian article which article serves as a handle for using the knife.
A more specific object of the invention is the provision of a surgical steel knife assembly for use in emergencies, and which includes a mount, a blade on the mount, a pin, and a cylindrical tube all supportedon a base and wherein the tube and pin'are removable and the pin is insertable through transversely aligned holes in said tube.
A further specific object of the invention is to provide a surgical steel knife assembly including a base, a blade mount on the base, a blade on the mount, a pin socket in the base, and a pin in the socket, with the pin extending in spaced parallel relation to the edge of the blade and beyond the point thereof to act as a blade guard.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The foregoing and other objects of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds and when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein 2 'FIGJ is an exploded perspective view of the surgical knife assembly as mounted in association with a ballpoint pen;
- v The surgical knife arrangement includes a base por- FIG. 2 also is an exploded perspective view showing the several parts of the surgical steel knife assembly with the surgical steel blade and pin member removed from their associated elements;
FIG. 3 is an edge elevational view of the blade mount illustrating the blade partially mounted thereon with the blade in an intermediate position before reaching its final installation;
- FIG. 4 also is an edge elevational view similar to FIG. 3 showing the steel blade in its'final position on the mount; and 1 FIG. 5 is an elevational view of the blade and mount showing the face of the blade as installed on the mounting element.
f SUMMARY OF TI-lEINVENTIQN tion, a mounting element for the knife blade, a removable knife blade, a plastic or non-metallic cylindrical tube having the multiple purpose of serving as a cover or guard for the knife blade and which may be removed from the knife and inserted in the trachea between the larynx and the bronchia, a removable steel pin or rod which also serves a multiple function of providing a guard for the knife edge and for the knife point when mounted in the base portion and also may be used to locate or fix the position of the plastic tube in the trachea. A removable cover normally protects the entire assembly. The knife blade is slotted and is slidably insertable over a complemental projection on the mounting element with which it interlocks against accidental or inadvertent removal. The projection for a portion of its length is provided with an underlying portion of reduced section capped by oppositely extending shoulders. The blade slot has a portion of its length ofa ,width to fit over the maximum width of the projection and a portion of its length is of reduced width complemental to the reduced section area of the projection and which is adapted to slide onto such reduced section area of the projection beneath the shoulders and is adapted to fit beneath and be retained in position by the shoulders. The reduced width slot portion fitted on the complemental reduced section of the projection maintains the alignment of the blade. The relatively wider slot portion fits over the maximum widthof the projection and springs over the rounded rear end thereof to lock the blade on the base portion. The surgical steel blade is thus readily removable and replaceable, but it is rigidly and securely maintained in operative position on the mounting element and in alignment lengthwise of the mounting element perpendicular to instances where the patient requires immediate surgical procedure in advance of full medical attention at a or on the person. Also, by way of example only, the'surgical steel knife might be mounted in association with a pencil or a pencil attachment such as'a lengthener, a
pocket comb, or a pocket knife, a key or key holder,
spectacles or a spectacle case, a money .clip or container, or it might be associated with the container in which a doctor carries a thermometer. Various other articles may also be adaptable for association with the knife but it is important that any such article he one that would normally be carried on the person or one that a doctor would likely carry at all times.
DESCRIPTION or PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the drawing represents a surgical knife and writing pen combination constructed in accordance with this inventive concept. The surgical knife assembly is identified generally at 11 and the writing pen which is a typical ball point type is indicated at 12. The pen includes a barrel 13 which is threaded onto an end member 14. A replaceable filler or cartridge 17 for the ball point pen is mounted in the end member 14 and extends centrally through the barrel 13 in the usual manner for pens of this type and is retractable also in the usual manner. A spring 15 functions both in retracting the ball point within the barrel 13 and in propelling the ball point beyond the barrel for-writing prescriptions or the like. Spring 15 surrounds the end-member 14 and is mounted between a spring seat 22 on the endmember and a spring seat 21 on the base portion 18 of the knife assembly 11. The base portion 18 has an open end for receiving the end-member 14 of the pen-assembly within the hollow stem portion 23 which is of smaller diameter than the main base element 18. The threaded end-member 14 is provided with a milled channel section guideway 16 at one side running lengthwise of the member and when the end member has been inserted in the open end of the base stem portion 23 an indentation is formed in the side wall of the hollow stem guideways 16 to secure the end member in operative relationship to base 18. The in- ,dentation 20 projects into the guideway and serves also to guide the end member 14 and thus the barrel 13 against turning as the ball point is propelled and retracted against the force exerted by the spring 15.
The foregoing is typical of the construction and operation of most ball point type writing pens.
The surgical knife base element 18 comprises the central supporting structure from which both the ball point pen 12 and the surgical knife assembly llextend in opposite directions and to which they are mounted with the knife assembly forming a' cooperative part of the base whereby the pen or the pen barrel 13 may be utilized as a handle when using the knife. The base 18 has an integrally formed blade mounting element or extension 24 which extends outwardly from the base in a direction opposite a; u of the pen assembly 12. The
extension 24 has a flat face 25 on one side, which as showh, is disposed approximately in line with the axis through the assembly combination 10. Since the surgiat its rearmost end as at 27 while the opposite or front end is squared off for apurpose which will now appear. For a substantial portion of its length extending rearwardly from its squared frontend the projection 26 is undercut as provided by the reduced section 28 which provides oppositely extending shoulders 29. The surgi-. cal steel blade 30 is provided with a relatively widermounting portion 32. A lengthwise mounting slot 33 is provided in the area of this mounting portion of the blade and a reduced width portion 34 of the slot is approximately coextensive with the length of the undercut reduced section 28 of the mounting element 24. The slot portion 34 of reduced width extends from the front end thereof, which is squared off to complement the square end of projection 26 at this point, for ap- I proximately the same length as that of the reduced section 28 and is adapted to be slid on to the undercut reduced section 28 beneath the shoulders 29. The square end of this slot portion abuts the squared end of the projection 26 in the final mounting position.
The rounded rear end of the slot fits closely around the rounded rear end 27 of the projection and snaps into this position as the blade is slid home to its final position. As the blade is slid onto the projection 26 from the front end the rear portion of the blade 30 be hind the narrow slot portion 34 is sprung-upwardly to permit the wider portion of the slot to pass over the shoulders 29 and the full width rear-portion of the projection. When the final position is reached the spring pressure inherent in the blade causes it to snap downwardly around the projection 26. The relatively wider rear blade portion 32 is provided with'an angled rear edge 35. A complementally angled abutment 31 on the face 25 of the mounting element engages the blade rear edge thus effectively preventing the blade from shifting lengthwise on the mounting element. The engagement of the slot portions 33 and 34 over the projection 26 and particularly the narrow slot portion 34 in engagement with the undercut reduced section 28 socket is so located in the base that the rod 37 extends parallel to and generally adjacent to the cutting edge ofthe surgical steel knife blade thus acting as a guard to protect the knife edge and also prevent accidental contact with the edge when handling the various parts of the knife assembly. The rod 37 extends beyond the end. of the knifeblade thus also protecting the point of the knife. A cylindrical tube 38 surrounds and is removably mounted over the blade 30 and its mounting element 24 and the rod 37 inserted in the socket 36 so that these parts are enclosed within the tube when thus assembled. The cylindrical tube may be made of plastic and is provided with a series of transversely aligned holes 39 at longitudinally spaced intervals through opposite walls thereof and of a size to take the rod 37 which may be inserted therethrough when the tube 38 and the rod are both removed from their assembled position on the base 18. This enables placement of the tube 38 in the trachea through an incision made with the knife and insures that the tube will remain properly placedsince the pin 37 inserted through the holes 39 prevents its shifting once it has been placed.
When all of the parts are assembled on the base a removable cover 40 may be placed over the assembly and engaged on the base 18. This cover is made to fit the base portion 18 tightly enough to hold in place by friction but the opening therein that thus fits the base is too large to fit the ball point pen portion 12 so that the cover cannot accidentally be placed on the pen and leave the surgical knife exposed. Therefore, the exposed knife cannot be placed in the pocket since it is not possible to apply the cover in other than its proper position over the knife assembly onto the base 18. The cover is provided with a spring clip 41 to support and securely hold the knife in a pocket.
The surgical knife of this invention may be used for emergency surgery such as a tracheotomy, open heart massage, appendectomy or any operation where it must be performed immediately beforeproceeding to a hospital or other place where medical facilities are available and emergency care may be had.
Although a particular embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, it will be understood that various modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
The embodiments of this invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
'1. A utilitarian article including a surgical knife assembly comprising a base portion having a-lengthwise extending blade mounting element, a surgical steel blade removably secured on said mounting element, a
lengthwise extending pin in said socket positioned along the cutting edge of said blade, and said cylindrical tube surrounds the mounting element, steel blade and said pin.
2. The surgical knife assembly of claim 1 wherein said pin mounted in said socket extends parallel to the edge of said blade and beyond the point of the blade.
3. The surgical knife assembly of claim 1 wherein said cylindrical tube is provided with a series of laterally extending pairs of aligned holes through the walls thereof in longitudinally spaced relation, and said pin is disposed through an aligned pair of such holes.