US 3707061 A
A snap trim molding or facing held in place by means of a resilient spring clip having inwardly turned coils and an inner saddle portion for engaging a beaded end of a retainer rib on the molding or facing. Also, corner molding elements for inside and outside corners are held in place by means of dowel pins engaging respective bores in the adjacent molding.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Collette et al. 1 1 I Dec. 26, 1972 541 SNAP TRIM MOLDING 2,312,673 3/1943  I Inventors: Harold J. Collette, l5 Chadwick iggggfi 34132;
Street; flil'ly W-GI'OSSQI', .Fofrest Avenue, Ext, both of Jamestown, N.Y. 14701 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS  Filed: April 23, 1971 675,986 12/1963 539,191 7/1955  App]. No.: 136,785 382,967 12/1964 Switzerland ..52/718 52 US. Cl. .....s2/2ss, 52/717, 24/81 Primary Examiner-Alfred Perham 51 1111.01. ..E04c 2/38, E04f 19 02 Attorney-Watson, Cole, Grindleil Watson  Field of Search ..52/287, 288, 716+7l8,
52/242 512, 211, 212, 714; 24/257 R, 81 B, ABSTRACT 81 BN A snap trim molding or facing held in place by means of a resilient spring clip having inwardly turned coils Rdennces Cited and an inner saddle portion for engaging a beaded end of a retainer rib on the molding or facing. Also, corner UNITED STATES PATENTS molding elements for inside and outside corners are 958,570 5/1910 Watson ..24/257 R held in place by means of dowel pins engaging respec- 1,026,406 5/1912 Nichols ..52/288 five bores in the adjacent molding, 1,250,594 12/1917 Knapp ..52/287 2,097,988 11/1937 Ross et a]. ..52/288 X 11 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures QZMfl/(IIIIO.
SNAP TRIM MOLDING This invention relates generally to molding assemblies and more particularly to baseboard and cove moldings, siding, trim, etc., and means for retaining them assembled in place.
Installation of various types of moldings, especially in the building arts, has become increasingly more costly from the standpoint of both labor and materials in general and, more specifically, due to the many additional finishing operations which must be attended to before any given job is completed. For example, if wooden cove and baseboard moldings are used, they must be cut and properly mitered at their ends after which they must be nailed in place and their nail holes spackled or filled in. Sometimes these moldings are warped before installation or they shrink or expand after assembly so that unsightly gaps appear along the wall and at the mitered joints thereby detracting immensely from an otherwise ,neat appearance. Moreover, molding materials are wasted because of breakage, warping, knots, etc., and the moldings are not easily removable for redecoration, nor can they be quickly painted or varnished without consuming precious labor time. Installation is generally slow, while rotting and termite problems may require early replacement, which only, of course, adds to the cost.
Extrudable moldings of plastic or other non-wooden materials are therefore beginning to replace the conventional wooden moldings although these substitute moldings are not without their significant drawbacks. For example, such moldings are not readily removable after installation so that for any recarpeting or re-flooring job the baseboard is not reusable after it is removed, especially if it must be mutilated during removal. Besides, the fastening or retainer means used to hold these moldings in place must normally be relocated on the wall after the installation of a different flooring thickness, and special fasteners must be used, or nails for retaining the moldings in place must be carefully inserted, in order to adequately secure the moldings in place. Most importantly, cold-flow deformation of these extrudable moldings in the vicinityof the fasteners or retainers shows up in the form of cracks or depressions so that not only the useful life of the moldings is greatly reduced but its appearance is affected as gaps and separations arise along the wall and at the corners. In addition, cold-flow deformation of this type of molding may cause loosening to such an extent that rattling of the moldings may occur.
The present invention obviates these many drawbacks present in the prior art moldings and molding-installation techniques by providing an extrudable molding of plastic or other extrudable material secured firmly in place with the use of resilient spring clips easily nailed in place so that no filling of nail holes for the molding, or painting thereover, is required. Baseboard, cove, siding, trim and other type moldings may be easily extruded to have standardized dimensions in accordance with the woodworking industry so that dimensional uniformity will be possible for the first time. Such moldings will be suitable for outdoor applications since they are weatherproof and termite proof, and may be extruded to any length to satisfy the needs of the production builders. All edges of the molding surfaces in contact with the walls, ceilings and floors may be feathered so that irregularities in surfaces will not show visible departure from walls, floors or ceilings. Moreover, the presently designed moldings are hollow to an extent that electrical wiring may be easily accommodated behind the baseboards since no nailing thereof is required. Also, injection-molded corner pieces have been devised for perfect alignment of the moldings at inside and outside corners thereby avoiding the need for mitered joints. Moreover, a retainer clip has been designed for easy installation and a snap-in assembly of the moldings in such a way as to substantially avoid cold-flow deformation at the molding surfaces.
To achieve these objectives, the present molding assembly comprises a retainer clip and a molding strip, the clip having'a pair of outwardly extending spaced legs which are inwardly turned at their ends defining coils and further having an inner saddle portion disposed between the legs, the molding strip including a web having a beaded portion at its free end for maintaining the strip against the wall as the beaded portion is engaged by the coils and is seated against the saddle portion so as to present a three-point contact between the clip and the strip whereby any distortion of the strip after it is assembled is substantially avoided.
Another object of the present invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein the molding strip may be easily snapped into place and thereby easily removed by reason of the retainee clip coils, the clip saddle portion being concave to thereby snugly accommodate the seating of the molding strip beaded portion.
A further object of the present invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein the clip legs are disposed about degrees apart before installation so that they are made to lie flatly against an inner'corner upon assembly, the coils thereby serving alone to urge the beaded portion against the saddle portion-so as to substantially reduce any strain in the molding material at its outer surface.
A still further object of this invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein the means for mounting the retainer clips in place is formed integrally with one of the clip legs.
A still further object of this invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein the mounting means for the clip is a plate of some predetermined length to thereby position the clip along the wall at some predetermined location from the floor.
A still further object of this invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein a corner molding element is provided having dowel pins along perpendicularly related surfaces thereof, the pins mating with suitably provided bores in the molding strips or strips.
A still further object of this invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein such bores are defined by a hollow beaded portion extending throughout the length of the molding strip whereby the strip may be cut along any portion of its length without destroying the effectiveness of such bore.
A still further object of this invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein the comer element is designed to accommodate either an inside or an outside comer.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide such a molding assembly wherein individual dowel pins are provided for aligning molding strips endto-end by being conveniently inserted within adjacent bores of such strips.
Other objects, advantages and novel features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a resilient spring clip shown mounted on a wall against a ceiling, in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a resilient spring clip mounted on a wall near the floor, in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view showing a cove molding snapped in place with the use of a resilient spring clip of the type shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3A is a partial side view of the spring clip of FIG. 1 emphasizing the angular disposition of the spring legs;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a baseboard molding shown snapped inplace by means of a spring clip of the type shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a quarter-round type molding shown snapped in place by means of a spring clip shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a perspective exploded view of a pair of baseboard moldings and an inner corner element to be assembled therewith in accordance with the present invention; I
FIG. 7 is a perspective exploded view of a pair of cove moldings and an outside corner element to be assembled therewith;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of an individual dowel pin for aligning a pair of molding strips end-to-end;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view'of an individual dowel pin for aligning a pair of molding strips at a corner; and
FIG. 10 is a sectional view of the outside corner element taken along the line 10-10 of FIG. 7.
Turning now to the drawings wherein like reference characters refer to like and corresponding parts throughout the several views, there is shown in FIG. 1 a resilient spring clip 10 having nail holes 11 to facilitate mounting of the clip by means of nails 12 to a wall W in abutment with the ceiling C. The spring clip 10 is made of metal, plastic, or some other suitable material designed as having a pair of legs 13 extending outwardly and separated by an angle of about 95 degrees in its relaxed condition (see FIG. 3A) and joined by a concave saddle portion 14 having a pair of short. flanges l5 integrally connected therewith. At the free ends of each leg 13, inwardly turned end portions 16 are provided spaced a slight distance apart as shown at 17, the inwardly turned ends defining coils for the clip.
In FIG. 3 it can be clearly seen that legs 13 of the clip are made to lie fully in contact with the wall W and the ceiling C, after being secured in place, inasmuch as the legs 13 are spaced apart slightly greater than 90 degrees, i.e., the angle between the wall W and the ceiling C. In this way, the legs 13 of the clip are bowed slightly toward one another after installation and are made to lie' flatly against the wall and the ceiling or, as shown in FIG. 5 of the drawings, against the wall and the floor F.
After any number of resilient spring clips 10 are secured in place along the wall-ceiling corner or along the wall-floor comer, a cove molding strip 18 or a quarter-round molding strip 19 of any predetermined length may be simply snapped into place. These moldings are similar except for their outward configuration inthat they are each provided with an integral, inwardly extending retaining web 21 having at its free end an integral beaded portion 22. It can he therefore seen that the molding strips may be conveniently snapped in place simply by inserting the beaded portion 22 into space 17 between the coils of the clip so as to be retained and snugly embraced thereby as the free end of the bead is seated against the concave saddle portion 14 and urged thereagainst by means of coils l6 pressing against opposite sides of the bead near the web 21. In this way a three-point contact is established between the clip and the strip, thereby substantially eliminating any strain between the two members. Although the bead is constantly urged inwardly the molding is not placed under any undue strain since the web 21 is of a sufficient length as to permit the portions 18a of molding 18 (on the portions 19a of molding 19) to lie against the wall and ceiling or wall and floor without causing any molding deformation along its outer surface. Consequently, the possibility of any cracks or depressions arising along the surface of the molding is substantially minimized. Moreover, since the coils are never'in contact with the web, but only with the beaded portion, any likelihood for the bead unseating itself from the saddle portion is avoided. The full and flat engagement by each leg 13 with each wall at the corner permits the holding force of the clip to be derived solely from the rolling action of the coils. Accordingly, an inward pulling force on the bead will be constantly exerted by the coils to seat it against the concave saddle portion. Moreover, the wholly flat engagement between the legs 13 and the walls positively positions the spring clip at the wall-ceiling comer or at the wallfloor comer whereby the spread between clip legs 13 is always degrees apart, thereby avoiding the possibility of any distortion or movement of this angle.
The spring clip 23 shown'in FIG. 2 of the drawings is similar in many respects to the spring clip 10 but is provided for baseboard or similar molding applications as having a pair of elongated flanges 25, each with a nail hole 11 provided therein to accommodate a conventional nail 12, the length of flanges 12 being determined by the desired location for the spring clip 23 from the floor F. In this way, any number of spring clips 23 may be secured to the wall W with the ends of flanges 25 abutting the top of floor F without the possibility of any misalignment of the baseboard molding which is easily snapped in place. Instead of being flat, legs 13' of clip 23 are slightly arcuate, while concave saddle portion 14' is likewise disposed behind spacing 17 between coils l6. Saddle portion 14' is provided with integral flange legs 15' so that the concave saddle portion 14 and its flange legs 15' may constitute a separate element which is spring biassed in place within a cutout portion 26 or otherwise struck from the main body portion of the spring clip 23.
As can beclearly seen in FIG. 4 of the drawings, a baseboard 27 may be conveniently snapped in place by means of a plurality of spring clips 23, the baseboard having an integral web 21 terminating in a beaded portion 22 similar in all respects to the web and beaded portion described for cove molding 18 and quarterround molding 19. In this embodiment the beaded portion is snapped in place between the spacing 17 until it comes to rest against the concave saddle portion 14'. Coils 16 of the spring clip 23 function in the identical manner as described with respect to the embodiments of FIGS. 3 and 5 in that each coil contacts only the beaded portion 22 thereby establishing a three-point contact between the beaded portion and the spring clip. Again, the coils 16 are out of contact with web 21 so as to always exert an inward pulling force on the bead. As before, any cold-flow deformation of the exterior of the baseboard is substantially minimized by reason of the three-point contact and the length of web 21 which is selected to permit the end portions 27a of the baseboard to rest snugly against the wall and floor without any distortion of the baseboard.
In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, reference is made to FIG. 6 of the drawings wherein an exploded perspective view of a pair of baseboards 27 is shown before being assembled in place with a floating comer molding element 28 designed for an inside corner between inside walls W, as clearly shown. Although spring clips 23 are not shown in this figure, it should be understood that any number of such clips are first secured in place along each wall W after which each baseboard 27 may be snapped in place and slid in a direction toward the corner molding element 28. The corner molding element may be produced by injection molding from plastic, for example, and is designed specifically to avoid the need for mitering the ends of baseboards 27 as would normally be necessary for a comer joint of this type. In order to assure a perfect alignment between corner molding element 28 and each baseboard 27, the molding element is provided with perpendicularly related surfaces 29, each substantially parallel to each adjacent end of the baseboards 27. Dowel pins 31 are provided on each surface 29 of the corner molding element to be received within hollow bore 32 provided within beaded portion 22. In this way, members 27 and 28 may be conveniently assembled in perfect alignment and, since bore 32 extends throughout the length of baseboards 27, the baseboard may be transversely cut to any predetermined length so that the bore 32 will always be exposed to the dowel pin 31. Therefore, if the length of baseboard 27 exceeds the distance between one of surfaces 29 and another of such surfaces on a corner molding element in an opposite corner on the same wall W, the baseboard 27 may be conveniently cut in a transverse direction while preserving the exposure of bore 32 at each end of the baseboard since it extends throughout the baseboards entire extent.
FIG. 7 illustrates a type of outside comer arrangement for cove moldings 18 which are each secured in place by means of spring clips (not shown) secured along the walls W after which moldings 18 may be snapped in place for cooperation with a floating outside corner molding element 33. This corner molding element is, of course, designed to conform to the shape of each cove mold at an outside corner and therefore serves to avoid the need for any mitering of the cove mold ends as would otherwise be the case. The corner mold 33 is provided with perpendicularly relates surfaces 34 (see FIG. 10) on each of which dowel pins 35 are provided to be received within suitably provided bores 36, each extending along the entire length of each cove molding through thickened portions thereof. In addition, another dowel pin 35 maybe provided on each surface 34 of the corner mold to be received within bore 32, if so desired. In this way, perfect alignment is insured between each cove molding and the outside corner molding element 33 and, as described with respect to the FIG. 6 embodiment, each cove molding may be transversely cut to some desired length while still maintaining each bore 36 in tact at each end of the cove molding for cooperation with dowel pins 35.
If the lengthwise direction of the wall to be trimmed is greater than the length of the available cove, baseboard, or quarter-round moldings, such moldings may be conveniently aligned end-to-end with the use of individual dowel pins 36, shown slightly enlarged in FIG. 8, in a manner whereby opposite ends of dowel 36 are simply inserted within adjacent bores 32 of the moldings to be aligned or within adjacent bores 36. On the other hand, if it is desired to avoid the use of corner molding elements such as 28 and 33, the ends of the moldings at such corners may simply be mitered and maintained in perfect alignment by means of an individual dowel pin 37, shown in FIG. 9. In this case, the opposite ends of dowel pin 37 will be received within adjacent bores 32 or 36.
It should be noted that the various types of moldings disclosed herein may be made of extrudable plastic or extrudable aluminum material, the moldings being designed for use not only inbuildings wherein they may be used as sidings, casings, trim strips, etc., but the moldings may be used as well on furniture and marine applications in accordance with the present invention. Also, the resilient spring clips may be of spring metal or plastic.
From the foregoing, it can be seen that a highly effective molding assembly has been devised making use of resilient spring clips in such a manner as to avoid the many difficulties found in the prior art. For example, the spring clips alone may be secured to the wall after which the molding strips are simply'snapped in place. As a result, no mutilation of the strips can occur from nailing or from a setting of nails and loss of material is held to a minimum since the molding strips may be precut to standard dimensions set up by the industry. Since the strips are of extruded plastic, or other similar extruded material, they are weatherproof, termiteproof, and are readily suitable for indoor as well as any of the outdoor applications for molding. Besides, the molding strips will not shrink or warp, are lightweight, afford easy handling and low shipping charges, and may be made available in pre-finished wood grains and paintable surfaces. The molding strips may be quickly installed without the need for mitering at the corners in that floating comer molding elements are simply used and are precisely aligned with the molding strips at the comers. Electrical wiring may be disposed in the spaces behind the baseboards since there are no exposed nails within such spaces which would prohibit such a location for the wiring.
place by means of a three-point contact with the spring clips, thereby significantly avoiding the possibility of cracks and indentations from a cold-flow deformation normally caused by spring clips of the prior art type. The molding strips may be easily removed for redecorating and recarpeting operations and, although not shown in the drawings,'all edges of the molding surfaces which contact the wall, ceiling and floor, and which contact other molding strips end-to-end, and which contact the corner molding elements, may be conveniently feathered so that any irregularities in these surfaces will not show a visible departure therefrom.
Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.
What is claimed is:
1. A molding assembly comprising the combination of a resilient retainer clip and a molding strip;
said clip having means for being mounted to a wall, a
pair of outwardly extending spaced legs having inwardly turned ends defining coils and an inner saddle portion disposed between said legs;
said molding strip including a web having a beaded portion at its free end for maintaining said strip in place against the wall;
said beaded portion being engaged near said web by said coils and being seated against said saddle portion, thereby presenting a three-point contact between said clip and said strip as said coils urge said bead against said saddle portion, and said web being of such a length as to permit said strip to rest lightly against the wall, whereby any distortion after assembly of said strip is substantially avoided.
2. The molding assembly according to claim 1 wherein said retainer clip saddle portion is concave to thereby snugly accommodate the seating of said mold- 8 ing strip beaded portion.
3. The molding assembly according to claim 1 wherein said clip legs are separated by an angle slightly in excess of 90 whereby they may be made to lie flatly against an inner comer upon assembly, said coils thereby serving alone to urge said beaded portion against said saddle portion after assembly.
4. The molding assembly according to claim 1 wherein said mounting means are integral with one of said legs extending outwardly of at least one side thereof.
5. The molding assembly according to claim 4 wherein said mounting means comprises a flange plate of a predetermined length to position said retainer clip along the wall at a predetermined location from a floor.
6. The molding assembly according to claim 1 further including a corner molding element having a dowel pin extending outwardly therefrom, said molding strip having a bore therein for the reception of said dowel pin during assembly whereby said molding strip serves to maintain said corner element in place.
7. The molding assembly according to claim 6 wherein said bore extends throughout the entire length of said molding strip whereby said strip may be reduced to some predetermined length while still preserving the effectivenesso said bore.
8 he mo ding assembly according to claim 7