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Publication numberUS3708208 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1973
Filing dateNov 2, 1970
Priority dateNov 2, 1970
Also published asDE2154199A1
Publication numberUS 3708208 A, US 3708208A, US-A-3708208, US3708208 A, US3708208A
InventorsFuss G
Original AssigneeFree Flow Packaging Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
System for selective distribution of light weight materials
US 3708208 A
Abstract
A system (method and apparatus) for rapidly and selectively conveying and distributing light weight materials in subdivided free flowing form. The system operates in conjunction with blower and air dissipating means to selectively deliver predetermined amounts of light weight materials to various remote distribution outlets associated with a generally closed air conveyance system. The system makes use of volumetric air dissipating means at each such outlet which operate both to discharge predetermined amounts of the subdivided light weight materials at such outlets and to replace from a central source only the amounts of material discharged. The system has utility in the distribution of predetermined amounts of subdivided materials (e.g., cushioning and packaging materials, dry cereals, chemicals and similar light weight materials) to localized filling and packaging operations.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Fuss SYSTEM FOR SELECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF LIGHT WEIGHT MATERIALS [75] Inventor: Gunter G. Fuss, Daly City, Calif.

[73] Assignee: Free-Flow Packaging Corporation,

Redwood City, Calif.

[22] Filed: Nov. 2, 1970 211 Appl. No.: 86,112

i [52] US. Cl ..302/28 [51] Int. Cl ..B65g 53/04 [58] Field of Search .222/193, 189; 302/28; 239/346; 19/105 CF [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,597,438 8/1926 Ennis ..302/28 3,520,447 7/1970 Hawk, Sr..... .222/193 X 3,332,582 7/1967 Tills ..222/l93 X 898,689 9/1908 Sawyer ..222/503 51 Jan. 2,1973

Primary Examiner-Stanley H. Tollberg Attorney-Flehr, Hohbach, Test, Albritton & Herbert [57] ABSTRACT A system (method and apparatus) for rapidly and selectively conveying and distributing light weight materials in subdivided free flowing form. The system operates in conjunction with blower and air dissipating means to selectively deliver predetermined amounts of light weight materials to various remote distribution outlets associated with a generally closed air conveyance system. The system makes use of volumetric air dissipating means at each such outlet which operate both to discharge predetermined amounts of the subdivided light weight materials at such outlets and to replace from a central source only the amounts of material discharged. The system has utility in the distribution of predetermined amounts of subdivided I materials (e.g., cushioning and packaging materials, dry cereals, chemicals and similar light weight materials) to localized filling and packaging operations.

16 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTEnJAn ems 3,708,208

SHEET 1 BF 3 I NVENTOR.

BY Gunter G. Fuss dz Attorneys PATENTED 2W5 3,708,208

SHEET 2 OF 3 INVENTOR.

Gunfer G. Fuss 30 1 74 ZA AW PATENTED A 2191s 3.708.208 SHEET 3 BF 3 &

IN VENTOR.

46 5 Gunter G. Fuss w BY I SYSTEM FOR SELECTIVE DISTRIBUTION OF LIGHT WEIGHT MATERIALS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to methods and apparatus for the rapid conveyance and selective distribution of subdivided light weight materials and more particularly to methods and means making possible the rapid selective distribution of predetermined amounts of light weight subdivided materials at desired localized distribution outlets.

The present invention has particular application in the'conveyance and selective distribution of free-flowing cushioning and packaging materials of the type disclosed, for example, in the U. S. Pat. Nos. 3,074,543, 3,l88,464,3,400,037, and 3,481,455. Cushioning and packaging materials of the type disclosed in these patents are formed of a foamed expanded plastic material with a unit size and shape adapted to facilitate a free-flowing characteristic. Such cushioning and packaging materials are very light in weight, having a bulk density of the order of 0.5 to 1.0 pounds per cubic foot and ranging from about 0.3 to 4.5 pounds per cubic foot. Such materials are consequently not easily conveyed as they have insufficient bulk to effect rapid effective conveyance and distribution by conventional means such as endless conveyors and the like. The extreme light weight of such materials also presents problems in conjunction with proposals for fluid or air conveyance due to a susceptibility to channeling or blow through of the pressurized gas used as a conveyance medium (e.g., compressed air). A further problem is presented by the difficulty of delivering predetermined amounts of such materials to a specified packaging or filling operation, particularly where such packaging and filling operations are at widely dispersed points in a plant operation.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION AND OBJECTS use of alternative operating conditions or stages. ln a first stage, static equilibrium or hold conditions are created with respect to a supply of light weight material to be distributed and a source of conveyance gas under pressure. The conveyance gas is continuously introduced from the pressure source to a generally closed conveyance system, adjacent to which is positioned a relatively large supply of the light weight material. The flow of conveyance gas is vented or dissipated at a point beneath the material supply to thereby create a positive gas pressure which normally holds the light weight material in a suspended or rest position for subsequent feeding into the conveyance system. In a second or demand stage, a substantial portion of the conveyance gas is diverted to a desired distribution outlet in the closed system so that the positive gas pressure I is converted to negative gas pressure (i.e., suction) which causes part of the supply of light weight material to be drawn into the conveyance system. The latter isthus freed for conveyance in the closed system and discharge at the point of diversion adjacent the selected distribution outlet.

The method of the present invention is particularly adaptable to plant operations where it is desirable to distribute a predetermined quantity of a light weight subdivided material (e.g., foamed expanded plastic cushioning and packaging material) to a remote packaging or filling operation.

Apparatus for carrying out the foregoing method generally comprises a closed conveyance system in communication with means to effect the desired fluid conveyance (e.g., a blower) together with a hopper or other means to contain a supply of the light weight material. The hopper has a screened outlet which functions to dissipate the flow of air from the blower and also to create a positive gas pressure which holds the light weight material in supported or suspended relation within the hopper. The closed circulatory system is further provided with one or more distribution outlets which function to effect a controlled conveyance and discharge of predetermined volumes of the light weight material at points remote from the hopper. To this end the portion of the conveyance system adjacent the hopper outlet can be formed as a flattened venturi of variable cross section, such construction providing control of the negative pressure inducing flow of the light weight material to a particular remote distribution outlet. ln a preferred embodiment, each of the distribution outlets comprises an elongate section of screening material of an area substantially greater than that of the screened hopper outlet, and of a volume substantially equilvalent to the volume of material to be discharged. As hereinafter explained in detail, the distribution system and method of the present invention makes possible a rapid selective distribution of predetermined volumes of the light weight material, on demand, at each distribution outlet. The apparatus thus includes additional means to insure that the material withdrawn from the hopper will be delivered only at a selected distribution outlet and not bypass such outlet in favor of a more remote distribution outlet.

It is a general object of the present invention, therefore, to provide an improved method and means for the rapid selective distribution of predetermined volumes of light weight subdivided materials to remote distribution outlets, for example in packaging, filling or like plant operations.

Another object is to provide a relatively simple, inexpensive, highly effective means for carrying out the method of the present invention.

A further object of the invention is to provide a method and means of such character capable of use with a wide variety of light weight subdivided materials.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved method and means of such character that does not require complicated procedures or machinery, and which is adaptable to virtually any present-day system for air conveyance of light weight materials.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved system for accomplishing the selective delivery of light weight subdivided materials which can be rapidly and effectively employed by a single operator, moving between widely spaced distribution outlets.

Additional objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description in which the preferred embodiments have been set forth in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING tion of the apparatus of FIG. 1, illustrating a particular feature thereof.

FIG. 3 is a view in horizontal section along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a view in transverse section along the line 4-4 of FIG. 2.

FIG. Sis a like view along the line 5-5 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 6 is a view in section and elevation of another portion of the apparatus of FIG. 1, illustrating a further feature thereof.

FIG. 7 is a like view, illustrating a further portion of the apparatus of FIG. 1.

FIG. 8 is an enlarged exploded view, in perspective, illustrating details of a particular distribution device useful in carrying out the present invention.

FIG. 9 is a view partly in section, illustrating another embodiment of portions of the apparatus shown in FIGS. 1 and 6. 1

DESCRIPTION or PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates a particular system of apparatus in accordance with the present invention. As noted above, the apparatus is particularly useful in the selective conveyance and distribution of predetermined amounts of lightweight cellular packing materials (e.g., foamed expanded polystyrene) and similar light weight materials, for example, in plant filling and/or packaging operations.

Assuming a plant distribution operation involving the filling of cartons 10 with a light weight packaging and cushioning material 12, the system operates to feed the material from a suitable hopper 14 through a closed conveyance system 16 to one or more distribution outlets generally represented at 18. Air pressure for conveyance of the light weight material is generated by a blower or other suitable device 20, which continuously introduces air under pressure to the upstream or inlet side of the closed circulatory system, generally represented at 22.

Referring specifically to FIG. 1, the hopper 14 may be formed of any suitable material, depending to some extent on the nature of the light weight material 12 being distributed. Thus, in conjunction with foamed expanded polystyrene packaging materials, the hopper can be formed of canvas, duck, or similar light weight fabric. In the case of light weight chemicals, the hopper can be formed of inert plastic material, sheet metal, or other rigid or semi-rigid material. When appropriately filled with a substantial quantity of the material 12, the hopper 14 provides a source of supply of light weight material for distribution through the closed conveyance system 16.

It is a featureof the invention that the hopper 14 is provided with a screened discharge outlet or vent section 24 which functions to normally dissipate the air pressure generated by the blower 20. As will be understood, the blower produces a positive air pressure in the closed system 16 which tends to induce an upward flow of air within the vent section 24. However, this upward flow is dissipated by venting to the at mosphere through the screen section 26, which may be formed of suitable screening material such as cloth, plastic or metal screening. During such operation, the weight of the material 12 in the hopper produces sufficient back pressure that the screen outlet 26 serves to divert and reduce the upward pressure of the air flow, thereby preventing blow-through or channeling of air from the blower through the material in the hopper. As a consequence, the light weight material in the hopper is held and supported in a rest position above the screened outlet section 24 by the gentle upward pressure of the gases dissipating outwardly through the section 26 (FIG. 2).

As best illustrated in FIGS. 2 through 5, the screened outlet 24 is preferably in fluid communication with a flattened venturi section 30, forming a part of the closed conveyance system 16. As hereinafter described, the flattened venturi 30 functions, upon demand, to induce a negative air pressure (i.e., suction) within the hopper outlet 24, making possible the discharge of relatively large volumes of light weight material into the closed conveyance system 16.

As represented in FIG. 1, the conduits 32 and elbow connections 34 of the conveyance system may have a circular cross-section, thus facilitating use of commercially available components (e.g., fabricated of sheet metal, plastic, etc.). However, it will be appreciated that a conventional venturi restriction of circular crosssection would greatly reduce the internal dimensions of the screened outlet section 24, and thus undesirably restrict the volume of material capable of being gravity fed into the closed conveyance system 16. In the illustrated apparatus, this problem is overcome by the use of a flattened venturi restriction 36 which, as best seen in FIGS. 3 and 6, permits a much larger diameter connection between the hopper outlet 24 and the venturi 30. The flattened cross-section of the venturi also facilitates the passage of relatively high volumes of conveying air through the venturi restriction 36.

As noted previously, the closed circulatory system 16 is provided with a series of remote distribution outlets 18. As particularly illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 6, each of these distribution outlets comprises an elongate conduit 38 formed of screening means and terminating in a valved discharge outlet 40. The elongate conduit sections 38 functions generally as air dissipating, dispensing reservoirs of desired predetermined volume, which may be selectively discharged by operation of a particular valve means 40. Thus, assuming that a selected distribution outlet 18 contains a charge of light weight material within the screened portion 38, for example as in FIG. 6, operation of the discharge valve 40 will cause the entire contents of the conduit 38 to fall by gravity into the container 10. However, as a result of such operation, the screened section 38 will function immediately to dissipate air pressure from the blower and to induce a high volume of air flow through the restricted venturi section 30. This, in turn, produces a low or negative pressure zone within the discharge outlet 24 of the hopper, which causes a relatively large volume of light weight material to 12 to be sucked downward through the outlet 24 into the rapidly moving air stream within the venturi restriction 36. The material passing from the hopper into the venturi restriction is rapidly conveyed by the pressure of the blower through the conduit sections 32, 34 to the empty screen section 38. This operation continues at a rapid rate until the light weight material again fills the screen section 38, thus preventing the continued dissipation of air pressure through the screened portion 38. The flow of conveyance air thus being blocked by the new charge of light weight material within the screened section, the system reverts to its previous or normal state, wherein the air pressure from the blower is again dissipated through the screened hopper outlet 24. At this point, the light weight material remaining in the hopper 14 is again held and supported in a rest position by the flow of air dissipating through the outlet 26.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the construction of the distribution outlets l8 permits a rapid selective delivery of predetermined volumes of the light weight material, as may be desired, from any one (or more) of the distribution outlets 18. In this regard, each of the elongate screen sections functions as a reservoir for a charge of material of preselected volume. At such time as a screened outlet section 38 is opened to the surrounding atmosphere, due to discharge of its contents, the blower will immediately function to deliver a new charge to such sectionuntil it again is full. This operation of the blower in conjunction with the feed hopper 14 will continue so long as any of the distribution outlets 18 are in use, for example in a filling and/or packaging operation.

To facilitate rapid delivery of a charge of packaging materials or other light weight materials through the distribution outlets l8, itis desirable that the valve means 40 be adapted to rapid operation by a single operator. In the illustrated apparatus, the valve means is of the scissors type operates upon squeezing the opposed handles 42 together to discharge the contents of the screen section 38. As shown in the exploded detail view of FIG. 8, the valve 40 may comprise a pair of half valve segments 44 which are mounted in coplanar relationship with respect to pivot pin 46 by means of offset pivot mounts 48. The'valve segments 44 are normally biased into .a position of mating,,coplanar contact by I means of a torsion spring 50. The latter is mounted on the pin 46'and has upstanding ears 52 which, for such purpose, engage the outer edges of the opposed valve segments 44. In a rest position, the valve segments 44 are held in closed position beneath the cylindrical discharge orifice 54 which is mounted and held on the valve plate 56. The screen sections 38 are secured between the end of the plate 54 and airconveyance system by any suitable means, such as conventional clamp members 58. It will be appreciated that a squeezing pressure to bring the valve handles 42 together will swing the valve segments 44 apart, against the pressure of the torsion spring 50. Such operation can easily be accomplished by the operator, using only one hand so that the other hand is free to move the carton 10 into position, or to perform other operations. Opening the valve 40 will operate to discharge all or part of the contents of the screened section 38, as may be desired by the operator.

As noted, opening of the valve 40 immediately acts to uncover at least the upper portionof an elongate screened conduit 38, thereby releasing the air pressure within the closed conveyance system at such point. The release of air pressure immediately causes the light weight material in the hopper 14 to be conveyed by the blower to the point of pressure release. To insure that such material flows directly to the point of discharge, the interconnecting or branching conduits 60 between the separate distribution outlets 18 are constructed to provide an axial, non-branching flow of material to the discharge outlet. Thus, as particularly shown in FIGS. 6

and 7, the interconnecting conduit 60 is provided with.

a main or axial portion 62 and a branching portion 64. Upon operation of valve 40 to cause dissipation of air through the screen section 38, the movement of conveying air will naturally follow the direct path along the axial conduit portion 62, as represented by the arrows,

68. Consequently, adjacent thepoint of discharge there will be little tendency for the; light weight material to move into the branching conduit portion 64. However, where a more distant discharge outlet is actuated, as suggested in FIGS. 6 and 7, the movement of conveying air will naturally follow the branchingconduit 64 as represented by the arrows 70. In this way, the system acts to insure the maintenance of predetermined volumes of the light weight material in each of the discharge sections 38.

Since the degree of negative pressure (suction) at the venturi restriction 36 will depend on the cross sectional area at this point, means are-provided to vary and thereby adjust the cross sectional area of the venturi.

As particularly illustrated in FIGS. 2 through 5, such means may simplycomprise one or more adjustable clamps or like means which squeeze andreduce the cross sectional area of the venturi restriction. Thus as will be readily apparent from the dotted line configuration of FIGS. 2, 3 and 5, the flattened cross section represents a substantial reduction in area as respects the original or full line configuration. In general the negative pressure of suction required within the venturi for satisfactory conveyance will depend upon the overall size and volume of the conveying system itself (i.e., the size or diameter of the conduits 32, 34, the number of dispensing stations 18, the distance toand between separate stations, and so on). Thus by adjustment of the clamp means 80, or other suitablemeans; any desired amount of negative pressure can be obtained as may be necessary for a particular conveyance system 16. i I

The operation of the above described system paratus can be summarized as follows:

The blower 20 (which functions as a source of gas under pressure) discharges conveyance air at relatively high volume through the venturi-restriction 30 to the dissipating screen of the hopperoutlet 24. Through start up and prior operation of the closed conveyance system 16, eachof the elongatesections 38 at the dis,- tribution outlets 18 is full of light weight packaging material 12, thus preventing dissipation of appreciable volumes of conveyance air through these screened reservoirs. However, upon operating one of the. scissors-type discharge valves 40, to dischargethe volume of a section 38 to a localized-packaging operation, etc., the downward movement of the material allows conof apveying air to be rapidly dissipated through the uncovered portions of the particular screen-section 38 being discharged. This in turn causes a venturi action at the restriction 30 to draw additional light weight material down from the hopper 14 into the low pressure high volume air stream within the venturi restriction. Due to the dissipation of air at the local filling operation, the material flowing into the venturi restriction moves rapidly with the flow of conveying air through the conduit sections 32, 34, and 62 to the point of dissipation. The net result is that the material from the hopper quickly finds its way to the screen unit being discharged where it rapidly replaces the material passing through the discharge outlet 18. As a practical matter, there is a slight delay prior to movement of replacement material from the hopper 14 to the point of discharge, at 18, so that the discharge or filling operation is substantially completed before the replacement material arrives to replenish the contents of the screen section 38. Therefore, the length and diameter of the screen sections 38 provides a relatively precise degree of control over the amount of material actually delivered through the distribution outlet 18. This control function is assisted by. the particular construction of the interconnecting conduits 60, which act to prevent 'overfilling through bypass of material to discharge outlets downstream from the filling operation. The illustrated apparatus thus facilitates rapid, controlled filling or packaging operations at localized positions around the plant, represented by the individual distribution I outlets 18, with immediate makeup of lost material by movement from the hopper 14 to the screen section 38 immediately adjacent the filling operation.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the system of apparatus and the method of the present invention makes possible the" rapid selective delivery of predetermined volumes of light weight materials at.

various remote locations, upon demand, and in response to an easily controlled discharge or filling operation. The present invention also enables such results to be easily and rapidly accomplished through use of readily available standard components, which may be easily assembled to meet a wide variety of requirements. The system functions effectively to use the air pressure from a conventional blower to hold and support a source of supply of light weight subdivided materials, while permitting periodic diversion of a substantial portion of such materials to distribution outlets in response to localized demand. The utility of the concepts of the present invention in the rapid selective distribution 'of light weight materials in subdivided form is thus readily, apparent.

It will be further understood that'many variations are possible in the method and apparatus described, without departing from the scope of the invention. To illustrate, while conduits and connections of cylindrical cross-section have been illustrated, the invention is clearly not limited to such construction as conduits of rectangular, oblong or like regular cross-section can be used with equal facility. Thus HO. 9 particularly illustrates a conduit 90 of rectangular cross section. This figure also illustrates-the use of a venturi restrictionv92 at the'point of branching between two adjacent distribution outlets 18, to effect a reduction in the static To those skilled in the art to which this invention per- 7 tains, the foregoing and other similar variations are clearly within the scope of the present invention, the disclosure herein being intended as purely illustrative rather than limiting.

I claim:

1. In a system of apparatus for the selective distribution of light weight materials in subdivided form, a hopper containing a substantial quantity of said material, said hopper having a screened gas dissipating outlet, substantially closed conduit means in fluid communication with said hopper outlet, said substantially closed conduit means including a venturi positioned immediately adjacent and in communication" with. said hopper outlet, means to adjust the cross-sectional area of said venturi, blower means'in fluid communication with said conduit means and said gas dissipating hopper outlet, said conduit means being provided with at least one remote distribution outlet, and gas dissipating discharge means at said distribution outlet to effect a controlled discharge of a predetermined volume of said material from said distribution outlet. Y

2. In a system of apparatus forthe selectivedistribution of light weight materialsin subdivided form, a feed hopper containing a substantial quantity of said materi-' al, said hopper'having an outlet, substantially closed conduit means 'in fluid communication with said hopper outlet, said conduit means including venturi. means in fluid communication with said hopper outlet, gas dissipating screen means positioned in said hopper outlet between said hopper and said venturi means, blower means in fluid communicationwith ,saidfsubstantially closed conduit means and normally adapted to vent through said screen means in'said hopper outlet,-said substantially closed conduit means being pro v vided with at least one remote distribution outlet, gas dissipating means at each remote distribution outlet, and discharge valve means cooperating with the gas dissipating means at each said distribution outlet to effect a controlled discharge ofmaterial on opera'tion of the valve means.

3. A system of apparatus as in claim 2 wherein said substantially closed conduitmeans is provided with branch conduitmeans to effect fluid communication with a series of remote distribution outlets. 4 i I 4. A system of apparatus as in clair'n'3wherein each of said branch conduit means is in fluidcommunication with said conduit means along an axis-which is coexten-- sive with the axis of the conduit meansat a point of branching. 3 I

5. A system of apparatus as in claim 3 whereinrsaid branch conduit means include venturi means positioned at a point of branching. a v 6. A system of apparatus as in claim 3 wherein each of said distribution outlets is provided with valve means to separately effect a controlled discharge of a1 predetermined volume of said material.

7. A system of apparatus for the rigid selective delivery of predetermined volumes of light weight subdivided materials, comprising: a feed hopper adapted to contain a substantial volume of said material, a screened outlet for said hopper adapted to discharge light weight material therefrom by gravity flow, substantially closed conduit means in fluid communication with said hopper, said conduit means including a flattened venturi section immediately adjacent and in fluid communication with said substantially closed hopper outlet, blower means in fluid communication with said screened conduit means and normally adapted to vent through said screened hopper outlet, a series of remote distribution outlets forming a part of said substantially closed conduit means, each of said distribution outlets including branch conduit means terminating in an elongate portion formed of screening means, valve means associated with said branch conduit means and operable to selectively effect a controlled discharge of material from said branch conduit means, each of said valve means being selectively operable to successfully effect discharge and replacement of a predetermined volume of said light weight material.

8. A system of apparatus as in claim 7 wherein the screen area of each of said branch conduit means, within the screened portion thereof, is substantially greater than the screen area of the screened hopper outlet.

9. A system of apparatus as in claim 7 wherein each of said valve means comprises a scissors valve adapted to manual operation with a single hand.

10. In a method for the rapid selective delivery of predetermined volumes of light weight subdivided materials at remote locations, the steps of creating a source of gas under pressure, introducing gas from said source to a generally closed conveyance system, positioning a source of supply of said light weight material adjacent said closed conveyance system, normally directing gas from said pressure source to a zone of gas dissipation between said source of supply of light weight material and said closed conveyance system to thereby effect a holding and supporting of said source of light weight material in suspended relation, and selectively diverting a substantial portion of the flow of gas from said pressurized source to a distribution outlet in said closed conveyance system to both interrupt the flow of gas to said'zone of dissipation and to reduce the gas pressure therein, whereby a portion of said supply of light weight material is caused to pass through said closed conveyance system to said distribution outlet.

11. A method as in claim 10 wherein said diversion of the flow of gas from said pressurized source is effected by discharge of substantially all.the gas flow through said distribution outlet.

12. A method as in claim 11 wherein the 'divertin flow of gas to said distribution outlet produces a negative gas pressure at said zone of dissipation.

13. A method as in claim 10 wherein said light weight subdivided material comprises a multitude of individual cushioning and packaging units.

14. A method as in claim 13 wherein said cushioning and packaging units are formed of foamed expanded plastic material having a bulk density of about 0.3 to

4.5 Eounds per cubic foot.

l In a system of apparatus for the selective distribution of light weight materials in subdivided form, a hopper containing a substantial quantity of said material, said hopper having a gas dissipating outlet, substantially closed conduit means in fluid communication with said hopper outlet, said substantially closed conduit means including a venturi positioned immediately adjacent and in communication with said hopper outlet, said venturi being flattened to provide an-inside dimension substantially equivalentto the inside diameter of said hopper outlet, blower means in fluid comm unication with said conduit means and said gas dissipating hopper outlet, said conduit means being provided with at least one remote distribution'outlet, and gas dissipating discharge means at said distribution outlet to effect a controlled discharge of a predetermined volume of said material from said distribution outlet.

16. In a system of apparatus for the selective distribution of light weight materials in subdivided form, a hopper containing a substantial quantity of said materi-. al, said hopper having a gas dissipating outlet, substantially closed conduit means in fluid communication with said conduit means and said gas dissipating hopper outlet, said conduit means being provided with at least one remote distribution outlet, and gas dissipating discharge means at said distribution outlet to effect a controlleddischarge of a predetermined volume of said material from said distribution outlet, said last named means being in the form of an elongated conduit formed of screening means and having a volume substantially equivalent to the volume of material to be discharged from said-distribution outlet.

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US4081044 *May 10, 1977Mar 28, 1978Kenneth Martin AllenFeed control system for multiple packaging machines
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US8784013 *Jan 7, 2011Jul 22, 2014The Gsi Group, LlcPneumatic grain conveying apparatus and method for selectively discharging grain or by-passing the discharge of grain into a grain bin
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CN100545064CMar 29, 2004Sep 30, 2009杭州中科管道物流工程有限公司Appliance for conveying oxidable powder material in fluidization mode
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Classifications
U.S. Classification406/144, 406/155, 406/195, 406/154
International ClassificationB65G53/40, B65G53/60, B65G53/34, B65G53/06, B65G53/04, B65G53/46
Cooperative ClassificationB65G53/46, B65G53/06, B65G53/60
European ClassificationB65G53/60, B65G53/46, B65G53/06