|Publication number||US3708656 A|
|Publication date||Jan 2, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 11, 1968|
|Priority date||Dec 11, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3708656 A, US 3708656A, US-A-3708656, US3708656 A, US3708656A|
|Original Assignee||Diamond National Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (10), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Fielder 1 Jan.2,1973
54] TABULATING TYPE BALLOT  Inventor: James C. Fielder, San Bruno, Calif.
 Assignee: Diamond National Corp., San Francisco, Calif.
22 Filed: Dec.1l,1968
 U.S. Cl. ..235/6l.12 R, 283/5  Int. Cl. ...B42d 15/00, 606k 19/00, G061: 21/00  Field of Search ..283/5; 235/61.12, 61.603
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 621,634 3/1899 Cunningham et al. ..235/6l.12 1,350,914 8/1920 Baker ..283/5 2,342,517 2/1944 Nevin ..235/6l.12 2,371,008 3/1945 Whittlesey ..235/61.12
FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 243,099 1 1/1925 Great Britain ..235/6l.12
Primary Examiner-Maynard R. Wilbur Assistant ExaminerThomas J. Sloyan Attorney-Edward D. OBrian  ABSTRACT A tabulating card type ballot is disclosed which has a tear-off section joined to a tabulating card section with perforations. Areas indicating items to be voted upon are indicated on the tear-off section and in a voting column located in the center region of the card section. Tabulating columns containing voting areas surrounded by perforations are located on each side of the voting column on the card section. These voting areas are positioned opposite areas indicating items to be voted upon on the tear-off section and in the voting column.
1 Claim, 1 Drawing Figure TABULATING TYPE BALLOT CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application contains subject matter which is related to the subject matter of the James C. Fielder et al. application Ser. No. 408,119 filed Nov. 2, 1964 entitled: ,Tabulating Type Ballot Construction.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Many different types of voting procedures have been and are being utilized. In elections where a large number of voters register their votes for many years it has been common to utilize so-called paper ballots which are marked and then manually counted. The expense of this type of procedure is frequently quite great. Further, with this type of procedure considerable time is frequently required to obtain a tabulation of the votes.
Although machines for automatically counting the votes recorded on such ballots have been developed and utilized, by and large such machines are considered to be undesirable for any one of several reasons. Such reasons concern the costs of such machines, the accuracy of their operation, and the reliability of such machines during their use for their intended purpose.
As the result of disadvantageous factors with respect to so-called paper ballots various types of so-called voting machines have also been developed. Many of such machines can be considered as disadvantageous because of their cost and because it has been alleged that when unscrupulously handled they are capable of being used so as to thwart intentions of those voting.
As a result of these and related factors, tabulating card-type ballots as are indicated in the aforenoted application Ser. No.408,119 have been developed. These ballots are considered to be effective structures which can be used soas to overcome problems encountered with various types of prior voting procedures and equipment as are briefly indicated in the preceding.
With ballots as set forth in this prior application items to be voted upon are indicated on both sides of a tabulating card type of structure and the card itself is structured so that the votes for items indicated on one side of the card cannot be confused with votes for items on the other side of the card. These ballots are intended to be tabulated by machine so as to effect substantial cost savings and so as to eliminate errors of manual ballot counting. v j
The acceptability of any ballot for use in elections of widespread import is of course governed by many factors such as various election laws, human desires and the like. Because of such factors, it is considered that, although ballots as set forth in the aforenoted application are very desirable and effective, they cannot or will not be accepted for use in all elections.
One factor involved in this contemplated lack of acceptance lies in the fact that all items to be voted upon are not indicated on a single side of the ballot. It is felt that because of this there is a chance that individuals utilizing the tabulating card type ballots as set forth in the aforenoted application may, through an inadvertence, not vote on the items indicated on both of the surfaces of the card.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An objective of this invention is to provide new and improved tabulating card type ballots which eliminate this objection to ballots of the type set forth in the aforementioned application. Another objective of this invention is to provide inexpensive tabulating card type ballots which may be easily and conveniently used because they contain appropriate voting areas and areas indicating items to be voted upon on a single one of their surfaces. A further objective of this invention is to provide tabulating card-type ballots which contain more usable area to indicate items to be voted upon and votes than is possible in a single tabulating card.
In accordance with this invention these objectives are achieved by providing a tabulating card-type ballot having a tabulating section joined to a tear-off section by perforations. Appropriate ballot-type areas arranged in rows or columns on the tear-off section and the card section are used to indicate items to be voted upon. Columns containing voting areas separated by perforations are located on the card section so that each of these voting areas is located adjacent to and opposite a ballot area containing an indication of an item to be voted upon.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The invention is best more fully explained by refering directly to the accompanying drawing in which:
the FIGURE shows a top plan view of a tabulating card-type ballot of this invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the drawing there is shown a tabulating card-type ballot 10 of this invention formed out of a single sheet of a material such as cardboard so as to have opposed surfaces. Only the upper surface of this complete card 10 is illustrated or shown in the drawing since the appearance of the rear surface is unimportant as far as this invention is concerned. This rear surface may be printed so as to contain voter instructions or the like if this is desired.
The complete ballot 10 includes a tabulating card section 12 and a tear-off section 14. These sections 12 and 14 have adjacent ends 16 and side edges 18. It will be noted that adjacent side edges 18 of the card section 12 and the tear-off section 14 are joined by perforations 20 so that the tear-off section 14 may be easily manually removed from the card section 12. This card section 12 preferably has its ends 16 and edges 18 dimensioned so as to correspond to the dimensions of a card capable of being easily machine tabulated. A conventional diagonally shaped corner 22 is provided on the card section 12 for the purpose of facilitating the orientation of this section 12 during machine tabulation.
The card section 12 is divided into two tabulating columns 24 and 25, each of which extends generally between the ends 16 adjacent to the edges 18 and into a voting column 26 located between these columns 24 and 25 and parallel to them. The tear-off section 14 includes a voting column 28 corresponding to the voting column 26 extending between itsends 16. It will be noted that the column 28 extends to the edge 18 of the section 14 connected by perforations to the card section 12. Preferably heavy printed borders are used on the complete ballot 10 so as to indicate a correspondence of the voting column 28 on the tear-off section 14 with the tabulating column 24 and a correspondence of the voting column 26 with the tabulating column 25.
The voting columns 26 and 28 are subdivided by lines 30 into various ballot areas 32 adapted to contain printing indicating items to be voted upon. In the tabulating columns 24 and 25 directly opposite each of these areas there is located a voting area 34 of a circular configuration surrounded by perforations. These areas 34 are adapted to be easily and manually removed from the card section 12 by being pushed with an appropriate stylus-type instrument so as to indicate items voted upon.
During the use of the complete ballot 10, selected of the areas 34 are removed in the indicated manner so as to indicate votes for various items indicated on the complete ballot 10. After this is done, the tear-off section 14 may be easily manually severed from the card section 12 so that this card section may be machine processed. After such a voting operation the tearoff section 14 may be thrown away or given to the voter as a receipt indicating that a ballot has been cast. When the tear-off section 14 is used for this purpose, its rear surface may contain a ballot serial number or the like.
l. A tabulating card-type ballot formed out of a single sheet of material having surfaces, which ballot comprises:
a tabulating card section and a tear-off section,
said card section having ends and sides having the dimensions of a card capable of being machine tabulated,
said tear-off section having ends and sides, a side of said tear-off section being contiguous with a side of said card section and being attached to said card section by perforations,
a surface of said card section being divided into two tabulating columns and a voting column, said tabulating columns extending along the sides of said card section said voting column being located parallel to and between said tabulating columns,
said tear-off section and said voting column being subdivided into a plurality of ballot areas indicating items to be voted upon,
said tabulating column adjacent to said tear-off sec-.
tion containing a plurality of voting areas separated from the remainder of said card section by perforations, each of said voting areas being located opposite one of said ballot areas on said tear-off section,
the other of said tabulating columns adjacent to said voting column on said card section containing a plurality of other voting areas separated from the remainder of said card section by perforations, each of said other voting areas being located opposite one of the said ballot areas on said voting column,
said voting areas being capable of being severed from said card section manually so as to indicate items yoted u on as shown by said lallot areas, said tearff section being capa le of being manually detached from said card section so as to separate said card section from said tear-off section so that said card section is capable of being tabulated by machine.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US621634 *||Feb 1, 1898||Mar 21, 1899||Josiah Q||Setts|
|US1350914 *||Mar 6, 1919||Aug 24, 1920||Baker John S||Ballot|
|US2342517 *||Jan 28, 1943||Feb 22, 1944||Donald A Nevin||Card and the like for sequence sorting|
|US2371008 *||Dec 26, 1942||Mar 6, 1945||Whittlesey Harold M||Business instrument and preparation of the same|
|GB243099A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3906192 *||Feb 15, 1974||Sep 16, 1975||Cidade Humberto Jose De Carval||Card used on electronic computer for recording and collection of data intended for betting contests and similar contests|
|US4097068 *||Oct 14, 1976||Jun 27, 1978||Garnier Sr Robert C||Feed-back communication card|
|US4717177 *||Aug 27, 1985||Jan 5, 1988||R. F. Shoup Corporation||Absentee balloting system|
|US4813708 *||Mar 6, 1987||Mar 21, 1989||Business Records Corporation||Ballot for use in automatic tallying apparatus and method for producing ballot|
|US6457643 *||Dec 22, 1998||Oct 1, 2002||Ian Way||Voting system|
|US6726090||May 18, 2001||Apr 27, 2004||David Kargel||Method and system of voting|
|US7210617 *||Jan 21, 2003||May 1, 2007||David Chaum||Secret-ballot systems with voter-verifiable integrity|
|US7617978||Nov 17, 2009||Leonard N Albrecht||Integrated ballot assembly|
|US20030158775 *||Jan 21, 2003||Aug 21, 2003||David Chaum||Secret-ballot systems with voter-verifiable integrity|
|US20060249578 *||May 1, 2006||Nov 9, 2006||Fernando Morales||Method of confidential voting using personal voting codes|
|U.S. Classification||235/487, 283/5|