Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3708941 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 9, 1973
Filing dateFeb 4, 1971
Priority dateFeb 4, 1971
Publication numberUS 3708941 A, US 3708941A, US-A-3708941, US3708941 A, US3708941A
InventorsE Cuckson
Original AssigneeRondo Building Services Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable suspension systems in ceilings
US 3708941 A
Abstract
A ceiling suspension system for edge-grooved lining panels or tiles, comprising a plurality of parallel spline assemblies between adjacent pairs of which the panels or tiles are supported by one pair of their opposite sides, means being provided for suspending the spline assemblies at a desired height. Each spline assembly extends substantially the entire length of one dimension of the ceiling and comprises a stationary supporting element of strip material, a ceiling panel-securing spline formed on one longitudinal edge, a longitudinal fold on the opposite edge portion of the element, a plurality of slidable elements, a ceiling panel-securing spline formed on one longitudinal edge portion of each slidable element, and a supporting flange extending along the other longitudinal edge portion of the slidable element slidably engaged within the fold of the stationary element with its spline oppositely directed to the spline of the stationary element.
Images(5)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Cuckson 1 Jan. 9, 1973 [75] lnventorz Eric Engel Cuckson, Penrith, New

South Wales, Australia [73] Assignee: Rondo Building Services Pty. Limited, St. Marys, New South Wales, Australia 22 Filed: Feb.4, 1971 21 Appl.No.:1l2,593

4/l969 Australia ..52/496 2/1970 Australia ..52/484 Primary Examiner--Price C. Faw, Jr. Attofney-Kimmel, Crowell & Weaver 57 ABSTRACT A ceiling suspension system for edge-grooved lining panels or tiles, comprising a plurality of parallel spline assemblies between adjacent pairs of which the panels or tiles are supported by one pair of their opposite sides, means being provided for suspending the spline assemblies at a desired height. Each spline assembly extends substantially the entire length of one dimension of the ceiling and comprises a stationary supporting element of strip material, a ceiling panel-securing spline formed on one longitudinal edge, a longitudinal fold on the opposite edge portion of the element, a plurality of slidable elements, a ceiling panel-securing spline formed on one longitudinal edge portion of each slidable element, and a supporting flange extending along the other longitudinal edge portion of the slidable element slidably engaged within the fold of the stationary element with its spline oppositely directed to the spline of the stationary element.

6 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTED JAN 9 I973 SHEET 1 BF 5 INVENTOR ERIC ENGEL CUCKSON /(M, (UM

A T TORNE'YS PATENTEDJAN 9 Ian 3,108,941

SHEU 2 BF 5 INVENTOR. ERIC M654 cucxspu law A TTORNE VS I mimanm slam Y 3,108.941

SW11 3 0F 5 INVENTOR- ER/C E/VGEL CWKSON PATENTEBJMI 9 ms 3.798.941

saw u or 5 INVENTOR ERIC ENGEL CUCKSON 2 ATTORNEYS .PATENTEDJAN 9197;

SHEEI 5 OF 5 FIG.8.

INVENTOR ERIC ENGEL cue/(501v wwzww ATTORNEY! ADJUSTABLE SUSPENSION SYSTEMS IN CEILINGS This invention relates to suspension systems for ceilings composed of panels or tiles, and more particularly to those systems which incorporate supporting splines engag'eable within edge grooves, or kurfing, of l the ceiling panels or tiles.

Suspension systems are known which include parallel runner bars supportable from hangers of adjustable length with parallel spline assemblies clipped to the un-, derside of the runner bars and extending at right angles thereto. Ceiling tiles having edge grooves are supported upon horizontal splines oppositely directed on the spline assemblies, the splines on'one side of the assemblies being fixed and continuous while those on the opposite side are formed on slidable elements of short length. This arrangement permits sliding of the latter for disengagement from an individual tile to facilitate its removal when required. The splines, themselves, have hitherto been provided with downwardly stepped longitudinal outer edge portions whereby each tile is supported within the entrance of its grooves upon the inner portion of respective splines and the outer edge portions thereof reduce the degree of vertical displacement of tiles, when assembled, which would otherwise be permitted.

In the transport and handling of ceiling tiles, which are of various softboard compositions, the kurfed edges are frequently damaged and with existing suspension systems this leads to faulty construction of the ceiling. Principally, this appears as firstly uneveness in the horizontal alignment of the tiles and/or secondly insufficient space between tiles and their supporting spline assemblies for the entry of a tool for sliding of the slidable elements thereof.

It is the main object of this invention to provide a ceiling suspension system which substantially overcomes these defects in a simple and efficient manner.

In one general form the invention provides a ceiling suspension system for edge grooved ceiling lining panels, tiles and the lik e,'-comprising a plurality of hanger assemblies attachable to a supporting structure, a plurality of runner bars suspended from the hanger assemblies at a selected height, a plurality of substantially parallel spline assemblies for holding ceiling panels between adjacent spline assemblies, said spline assemblies extending beneath, and in lines crossing, the runner bars, a clip device at each of at least some of the positions of intersection of the spline assemblies and runner bars whichis carried by one of said runner bars and detachably connected. with a respective spline assembly, each of said spline assemblies extending substantially the entire length of one dimension of the ceiling and comprising a stationary supporting element of the strip material having a longitudinally extending intermediate web portion which is substantially straight and upright, a ceiling panel securing spline formed on one longitudinal edge portion beneath the web portion, a longitudinal fold on the opposite edge portion above the web portion, and a plurality of strip-form slidable elements supported by the stationary supporting element, each of said slidable elements having a longitudinally extending intermediate web portion confronting the web portion of the respective stationary supporting element'and deformed outwardly therefrom to hold an ing element, a ceiling panel securing spline formed on one longitudinal edge portion beneath said deformed web and a supporting flange extending along the other longitudinal edge portion of the slidable element and above said deformed web and slidably engaged within the fold of the stationary element so that the spline of each slidable element is substantially coplanar with an oppositely directed to the spline of the stationary element, each of the ceiling panel securing splines on the stationary supporting elements and the slidable elements having a longitudinal edge portion bent upwardly out of the plane of the spline to form a lip for the support of at least one ceiling panel.

It will be appreciated, therefore, thatthe spline assemblies of this system avoid the two problems stated above. The first problem is met by providing upwardly bent edge portions on the splines whereby the support for tiles is located well within the edge grooves where little damage occurs, and the second problem is met by providing confronting web portions on the two elements of each spline assembly in which an outwardly deformed portion is formed only in the web of the slidable element. This deformation engages the adjacent edge of a respective tile to ensure that it is spaced from its associated stationary element to permit at all times unobstructed entry of a tool for engagement with an end of the slidable element for movementthereof when desired.

The invention will now be described with reference to a preferred embodiment in respect of each-of its several features referred to above.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which: I

' FIG. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of part of a suspended ceiling constructed according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged perspective view of a channel member and stationary and sliding spline members holding ceiling tiles;

' FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a clip device used for securing the stationary spline members to the channel members; I

FIG. 4 is an exploded elevation of a channel member, a clip device, stationary and sliding spline members and ceiling tiles;

FIG. 5 is a view of the parts shownin FIG. 4-in an assembled condition but shown at right angles to the plane of FIG. 4, and with the tiles omitted;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of asupporting hanger used for supporting the ceiling;

FIG. I is a perspective view of a supporting strip' secured directly to a spline member;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a spline member connecting piece and also showing a part of a sliding spline member; and e FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a supporting hanger supported on a threaded rod.

The invention is applied to the improvement of ceiling suspension systems constructed cheaply principally of sheet metal and providing for ready adjustment of the supporting level for the ceiling while permitting assembly of all of their components in situ. An important provision, furthermore, is that it is possible for the ceiling panels 10 themselves to be assembled or disassembled when desired.

According to the invention with reference to the drawings the complete structure 11 (FIG. 1) is suspended from fixing points (not shown) on a roof or upon floor beams of a room of higher level by means of suspension hangers12 or 13.

The suspensionhangers'are of two preferred forms. In the first form .12 shown in FIGS. 1 and 6 a U-shaped spring clip 14 with diverging free arms 15 is rivetted at its base 16 to a vertical plate 17 forming the body of the hanger 12. Holes 18 are provided near the ends of the arms 15 and a ceiling suspension rod 19 is passed through said holes so that the hanger 1 2 is locked upon said rod by the impinging action of the spring arms 15 on said rod. If the arms 15 are displaced towards one another the rod will be released so that the hanger 12 can be slid up or down said rod 19.

The lower end of the body plate 17 is slotted to form inwardly'directed hooks 20. One hook 20A is normally twisted at an angle. to the principal plane of the body plate 17 for a purpose to be described later.

The second form of hanger 13 shown in FIGS. 1 and 9 is formed from a body 17A similar to the body 17, with the exception that its upper end 21. is bent at right angles and drilled to receive a threaded suspension rod 19A. Nuts 22'adjustably clamp the body 17A to the rod 19A. The low'end of said body is provided with hooked projections 20 and 20A as before- A runner bar: 23 of any desired form providing it has a longitudinal base of suitable enlarged dimension, is held by the hanger 12 or 13 between itsconfronting end hooks 20 and 20A (FIGS. 6 and 9). In a complete ceiling suspension system 11 several or many parallel runnerba'rs 23 will be suspended by spaced hanger assemblies 12m 13 toform the foundation from which the ceiling tiles 10 will be supported.

It is the usual practice to provide the runner bars 23 of the system with a longitudinal slot 24 (FIGS. 2, and 6) bordered by inturned longitudinal jaws 25. A suitable form of spline bar 26 for the supporting of the ceiling panels is supported at right angles to the runner bars 23 by individual clip devices 27 (FIGS. 3, 4 and 5). By the invention eachrclip device 27 is formed as -a plate of sheet metal folded approximately U-shaped with a flat base 28 and approximately parallelarms 29.

At an intermediate position the two arms 29 may have I maybe positioned with the spline bar at right angles to the runner bar 23 by inserting this base portion 32 obliquely between the two hooks 31 of the clip 27 and then turning the spline bar 26 to its correct assembly position with respect to the runner bar 23. It is preferred, that previous to this the clip device 27 is forced upwardlyinto the slot 24 of the runner bar 23 with itsbase portion 28 leading, as shown in FIG. 5, so that the clip 27 will be held by the tabs 30 in its arms 29 between the longitudinal jaws 25 of the runner bar 23. From this assembly a 'very rigid connection between components results.

Furthermore, according to this invention, the spline bar (shown in detail in FIGS. 4 and 6) is of novel construction and consists of a first strip 260i sheet metal formed with one longitudinal edge portion 33 extending at right-angles to its main body portion 41 to form a spline engageable within the edge slot 34 of a ceiling panel 10 for supporting same in position. This strip, for convenience is herein referred to as the stationary supporting element 26 of the slide bar. Its opposite longitudinal edge portion 35 is folded into an oval shape one and its other longitudinal portion formed into a hook-' like. flange 39. The sliding element 37 may be mounted with its main body portion 40 located back-to-back with the main body portion 41 of the stationary element 26 and its hooked flange 39 extending through the slot 36 in the stationary element 26 and its spline 38 oppositely facing to the spline 33 of the stationary'e lement 26. v

' In this assembled condition both the elements 26 and 37 of the spline bar may be supported from runner bars 23 by engagement of the oval shaped edge portion 32 of the stationary element 26 between the hooks 31 of the clip device 27. This connection althoughsupporting the stationary element 26in a rigidcbnditionwill not impede sliding of the slidable element 37 with respect thereto for the purpose of assembly and disassembly of individual ceiling panels 10 In some instances where it is desired to utilize a cheaply formed type of ceiling tile or panel 10 and it is therefore necessaryto conceal, by covering, the joints 42 (see FIG. 4) between these panels 10, provision is made by this invention for the support of a T-shaped cover strip 43 the head 44 of which will overlie the marginal edges 45 of respective ceiling panels 10. The stem 46 of this strip 43 terminates at its vouter end in a longitudinal enlargement, forexample, of teardrop section 47. This strip 43 may be readily assembled to the 0f. the ceiling. 11 by forcing its stem 46 upwardly between the slidable and stationary elements 37 and 26 of the spline bar. The'intermediate web of the body portion 40 has an outward deformation 48 with respect to an upright intermediate web of the stationary element 26. The enlarged edge 47 of the cover strip 43 may be supported in the pocket so formed between'the two web portions.

In some cases where only a narrow ceiling is required, the runner bar 23 may be dispensed with. In this case (shown in FIG. 7) a suspension strip 49 is attached by screws 50 to a ceiling beam 51. The lower end of the strip 49 is provided with inturned hook projections 52 which engage the enlarged base portion 32 of a stationary spline member 26. Sliding spline members 37 are also used as already described. After assembly of the hangers 12 or 13 (FIGS. 1', 6 and 9) the angularly bent hook 20A may be bent into the plane of 1 the body 17 or 17A with pliers or the like so that its inner edge 53 bites into the runner bar 23.to lock the hanger thereon.

FIG. 8 shows another form of clip device 27A to replace the device 27 when used with the construction of FIG. 7. The device 27A, however, although simple is inferior to the earlier embodiment. Its use merely assures better attachment between a hanger 17A (FIG. 9), or 49 (FIG. 7) and the stationary supporting element 26 of the spline assembly.

Other forms of the apparatus besides those described above will become apparent from a reading of the above description and it is to be understood that these forms also fall within the scope ofthis invention.

What I claim is:

l. A ceiling suspension system for edge grooved ceiling lining panels, tiles and the like, comprising a plurality of hanger assemblies attachable to a supporting structure, a plurality of runner bars suspended from the hanger assemblies at a selected height, a plurality of substantially parallel spline assemblies for holding ceiling panels between adjacent spline assemblies said spline assemblies extending beneath, and in lines crossing, the runner bars, a clip device at each of at least some of the positions of intersection of the spline assemblies and runner bars which is carried by one of said runner bars and detachably connected with a respective spline assembly, each of said spline assemblies extending substantially the entire length of one dimension of the ceiling and comprising a stationary supporting element of strip material having a longitudinally extending intermediate web portion which is substantially straight and upright, a ceiling panel securing spline formed on onelongitudinal edge portion beneath the web portion, a longitudinal fold on the opposite edge portion above the web portion, and a plurality of strip form slidable elements supported by the stationary supporting element, each of said slidable elements having a longitudinally extending intermediate web portion confronting the web portion of the respective stationary supporting element and deformed outwardly therefrom tohold an adjacent panel spaced from the said stationary supporting element, a ceiling panel securing spline formed on one longitudinal edge portion beneath said deformed web and a supporting flange extending along the other longitudinal edge portion of the slidable element and above said deformed web and slidably engaged within the fold of the stationary element so that the spline of each slidable element is substantially coplanar with and oppositely directed to the spline of the stationary element, eachof the ceiling panel securing splines on the stationary supporting elements and the slidable elements having a longitudinal edge portion bent upwardly out of the plane of the spline to form a lip for the support of at least one ceiling panel.

. 2. A ceiling suspension system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the longitudinal fold on said opposite edge portion of the stationary element of each spline assembly is in the form of a hollow enlargement which overhangs the intermediate web portion of the said stationary element.

said enlargement on its leg is forced between the two elements forming any spline assembly.

4. A ceiling suspension system as claimed in claim 1,

wherein each hanger assembly comprises attachment plates having means for anchorage to the supporting structure, said runner bars are channelled on their underside, each said clip device being approximately U- shaped and insertable base first into the channel of the respective runner bar, and having hooks to hold the respective spline assembly at the said intersection.

5. A ceiling suspension system as claimed in claim 4, wherein the hooks on said clip device are formed in arms of the U-shaped clip device at spaced longitudinal positions thereof with their hooked portions confronting each other, and wherein the clip device has one or more outwardly directed tabs in each open arm of the body for locking with flanges in the respective runner bar.

6. A ceiling suspension system for supporting edge grooved ceiling lining panels or tiles at a desired height, and being assemblable at'the construction site to corn prise a plurality of attachment plates having means for anchorage to downwardly directed supports, substantially parallel runner bars each extending across one dimension of the ceiling and each having a longitudinal channel, at least one hook element on each attachment plate engaged with a runner bar, a plurality of substantially parallel spline assemblies each extending across another dimension of the ceiling and at right angles to the runner bars, and clip devices at at least some of the points of intersection of the runner bars and spline assemblies, each clip device being of U-shape with at least one outwardly flared lug on each of the arms of the U-shaped device and a pair of longitudinally spaced hooks on the lower ends of respective ones of the arms confronting each other along the length of the clip device, each said clip device having its base forced into the channel of the respective runner bar with its flared lugs locked therein, each said spline assembly having a stationary part of strip material, a spline formed on one longitudinal edge portion engaging within the edge groove of a ceiling panel to support same and a hollow fold extending longitudinally on its other edge portion and engaged by the hooks of respective clip devices, and having a slidable part with a spline formed on one longitudinal edge portion and a supporting flange on the other longitudinal edge portion,-said flange being hooked within the hollow fold of the stationary part and slidable therealong, the spline on the slidable par t being oppositely directed from the spline of the stationary part to engage part of the edge groove of at least one ceiling panel, whereby by sliding ofthe slidable part one edge of a ceiling panel may be disengaged from the suspension system for removal of the panel,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3053359 *Mar 21, 1960Sep 11, 1962Duo Flex CorpDemountable acoustical ceiling
US3381437 *Apr 21, 1964May 7, 1968Bruce W. KidneySlip spline suspended ceiling structure
AU243921A * Title not available
AU250558A * Title not available
AU281386A * Title not available
AU290070A * Title not available
AU400994A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3841048 *Jan 29, 1973Oct 15, 1974Chicago Metallic CorpConcealed grid system
US3969865 *Aug 26, 1974Jul 20, 1976Finn AndersenCeiling structure
US3998020 *Nov 3, 1975Dec 21, 1976United States Gypsum CompanyAdjustable suspension systems for ceilings
US4034531 *Apr 2, 1976Jul 12, 1977United States Gypsum CompanyCeiling system
US4089146 *May 6, 1976May 16, 1978Vincent MartinezSuspended ceiling
US4160344 *Dec 15, 1977Jul 10, 1979Hunter Douglas International N.V.Suspension device for a support
US4408427 *Oct 3, 1980Oct 11, 1983Donn IncorporatedFraming system for demountable walls or the like
US4545166 *Nov 21, 1983Oct 8, 1985Manville Service CorporationCeiling insulation system
US4614072 *Jul 25, 1985Sep 30, 1986Edison Price, Inc.Drop-ceiling support system
US7743572 *Nov 10, 2005Jun 29, 2010Soprema, Inc.Anti-vibration sound insulator for suspended ceiling
US8327591 *Mar 24, 2010Dec 11, 2012Wilkinson Jr Edgar LOverhead panel and installation system
US8341913 *Dec 11, 2007Jan 1, 2013Rockwool International A/SCeiling suspension system
US8453989 *Jul 16, 2008Jun 4, 2013Uhchida Yoko Co., Ltd.Suspension device
US8596008 *Jun 9, 2008Dec 3, 2013Awi Licensing CompanyCanopy system and group suspension system therefore
US8596009 *Oct 31, 2011Dec 3, 2013Awi Licensing CompanySuspended ceiling system, securing members, and process of installing a suspended ceiling system
US8720147 *Apr 22, 2010May 13, 2014Roman Empire AsMethod and apparatus for attaching objects on and above a ceiling with unattached ceiling panels and ceiling beams
US8950146 *Dec 3, 2013Feb 10, 2015Awi Licensing CompanyCanopy system and group suspension system therefore
US20090000248 *Jun 9, 2008Jan 1, 2009Waters James RCanopy system
US20100095627 *Dec 11, 2007Apr 22, 2010Oskar MeresCeiling suspension system
US20100252704 *Jul 16, 2008Oct 7, 2010Takashi KunishitaSuspension Device
US20110232219 *Mar 24, 2010Sep 29, 2011Wilkinson Jr Edgar LOverhead panel and installation system
US20120036806 *Apr 22, 2010Feb 16, 2012Roman Empire AsMethod and Apparatus for Attaching Objects on and Above a Ceiling with Unattached Ceiling Panels and Ceiling Beams
US20120055109 *Mar 10, 2010Mar 8, 2012Bionansheeter Co., Ltd.Clip assembly for use with a suspended ceiling
US20120102865 *Oct 31, 2011May 3, 2012Armstrong World Industries, Inc.Suspended ceiling system, securing members, and process of installing a suspended ceiling system
US20130125500 *Jul 25, 2011May 23, 2013David McGrathTemporary Support Bracket
CN100570096CSep 6, 2006Dec 16, 2009张慕贞;苏朗星Track type moveable light steel keel
EP0055677A2 *Dec 30, 1981Jul 7, 1982Isover Saint-GobainFastening of construction panels
EP1132540A1 *Mar 10, 2000Sep 12, 2001Rockwool International A/SA method of installing a set of ceiling panels
WO2001066868A1 *Mar 9, 2001Sep 13, 2001Henrik FloeystrupA method of installing a set of ceiling panels
WO2014135056A1 *Mar 4, 2014Sep 12, 2014MA, ZiliAssembled-type light steel beam plasterboard irregularly-shaped dropped ceiling system
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/506.8, 52/779
International ClassificationE04B9/06, E04B9/20, E04B9/16, E04B9/18
Cooperative ClassificationE04B9/065, E04B9/205, E04B9/16, E04B9/28, E04B9/18
European ClassificationE04B9/20C, E04B9/18, E04B9/16, E04B9/28, E04B9/06F