Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3708946 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 9, 1973
Filing dateDec 1, 1970
Priority dateDec 1, 1970
Publication numberUS 3708946 A, US 3708946A, US-A-3708946, US3708946 A, US3708946A
InventorsCahill R
Original AssigneeItt
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Packaging for cylindrical and similar objects
US 3708946 A
Abstract
Packaging is provided using an outer tube selected to be one size larger than the objects to be packaged. Individual objects are held in position within the tube by foam discs. The ends of the tube are closed by fiber discs which are held in position by adhesive coated tape.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C United States Patent 1191 Cahill [451 Jan. 9, 1973 [541 PACKAGING FOR CYLINDRICAL AND 1,670,864 5/1928 Manin l 20s/65 R SIMILAR OBJECTS 1,992,950 3/1935 Homer et al. 20s/46 H 1,908,940 `5/l933 Weidel ..206/65 R [75] Inventor: Robe" Francis Cam", Westport 1,978,035 10/1934 Thom ..53/3 x Com- 3,630,349 12/1971 Rechberger ..206/46 H [73] Assignee: International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation, New York, N.Y. Primary Examiner-Robert C. Riordon Assistant Examiner--Eugene F. Desmond [22] Filed' Dec.' 1 1970 Attorney-C. Cornell Remsen, Jr., Walter J. Baum, [2l] Appl. No.: 94,117 Paul W. Hemminger, Charles L. Johnson, Jr., James B. Raden, Delbert P. Warner and Marvin M. Chaban [52] U.S. CI....; ..53/37, 206/46 H, 206/65 K [51] im. c1 nssb 1/04, B650 71/00 [57] ABSTRACT [58] Fichi 0f Search-53/3, 24, 37; 205/46 H, 46 FL, Packaging is provided using an outer tube selected to 206/65 K1 65 R be one size larger than the objects to be'packaged. lndividual objects are held in position within the tube by [56] References Cted foam discs. The ends of the tube are closed by fiber UNITED STATES PATENTS discs which are held in position by adhesive coated tape. 2,142,049 l2/l938 Erickson ..206/46 H UX 2,997,164 8/1961 Rue ..206/46 H 4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures }\f\X\N\NNN\N\N\\\\\\\NRNYe@ 5 /3 #1% PACKAGING FOR CYLINDRICAL AND SIMILAR OBJECTS The present invention relates to the packaging of a large variety of objects which have generally a cylindri-A cal shape. It relates particularly to packaging grinding wheels and similar manufactured components which factory. Typically, a large inventory of packing boxes of different sizes and shapes has been required. Also, large quantities of packing material have been required. This has meant that a large amount of space must be used for storing materials of use in packaging. Many of the materials used have been expensive from the internal insulating material to the heavy corrugated boxes and/oi wooden boxes for strong external support, Thercosts for space and personnel to complete the actual packaging have been high. The packages produced by such procedures have frequently been excessively bulky and heavy and thus have constituted a further source of inefficiency in terms of handling and shipping costs. l f

It is an object therefore of the present invention to provide for packaging cylindrical and similar shaped objects in an economical manner.

It is a further object to provide for economical packaging while assuring adequate shock protection to the material being packaged.

Itis yet another object to provide packaging for a variety of objects while minimizing the inventory of packaging material.

It is still another object of the invention to minimize the storage space required for packaging materials.

It is yet a further object to provide packaging which will'add a measure ofl common identity to a variety of packaged products. 1

The foregoing objects andothers ancillary thereto I prefer to accomplish by using outer packaging selected from a number of tubes ofv various dimensions which are madey of fiber or plastic with inner` packaging formed by fiber or plastic discs of selected sizes. An in.- ventory of tubing is secured in a range of diameters and wall thicknesses suitable to contain the objects to be packaged. An inventory of fiber and plastic discs that match the outside diameterof the selected tubes is also secured. An inventory of plastic foam discs, or foam packing in the shape of other plane figures, is selected to have outside dimensions larger than the inside diameters of selected tubes. Any inventory of adhesive coated paper is also secured.

Actual packaging involves selecting a tube of greater inside diameter than the object to be packaged. A flat fiber disc selected to match the outside diameter of the tube, is placed on a table. An undersize foam disc is placed on the fiber disc and a grinding wheel is placed on the foam disc. An oversize foam disc is placed on the grinding wheel and a second grinding wheel is placed on the second foam disc. This procedure is re peated, using oversize foam discs, until all the grinding wheels to be packaged are held between foam discs. The tube is then cut to a length related to the height of the assembled pile so that the wheels ma'y be tightly held and the tube is placed over the stack. The top of the tube is covered by a fiber disc of the outside diameter of the tube. The top and bottom of the tube are then sealed, using adhesive coated tape, to form a solid package.

The above mentioned and other features and objects of this invention and the manner of obtaining them will become more apparent, and the invention itself will be best understood by reference to the following description of an embodiment of the invention taken in con junction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a tube in which elements have been assembled in accordance with the invention, and

FIG. 2 is another sectional view showing a variation of the invention.

Turn now to FIG. l for a detailed explanation of an embodiment of the invention. In FIG. l, element 2 represents a section of the wall of a tube made of fiber or plastic material. Fiber discs 4 and 5 are selected to have diameters equal to the outside diameter of the tube 2, sothat they can be used in sealing the ends of the tube. An undersize foam disc at 6 and a plurality of oversize discs at 8 are used to pack grinding wheels at 10 securely with the tube 2 between the discs 4vand 5. The discs are secured to the ends of the tube 2 by vuse of adhesive coated tapes, such as are indicated at 12, 13, 14 and 15.

The package indicated by FIG. 1 may be assembled by steps set out as follows. First of all, a packager working at a table selects from inventory atube 2 of a size next larger than the diameter of the grinding wheel l0. He places flat on the table a fiber disc 4 that matches vthe selected tubes outside diameter. An undersize foam disc 6 iscentered on the fiber disc. A grinding wheel 10 is placed on the foam disc. An oversize foam disc 8 is placed on the grinding wheel. Oversize foam discs and grinding wheels are then alternated in a stack until the desired number of grinding wheels is included. An oversize foam disc 8 is placed on top of the uppermost grinding wheel. The height of the stack of foam discsand grinding wheels is measured'(the stack may be compressed for this measurement). A length of the selected tube is cut to match the measured height of the stack. The cut tube is pushed-over the stack into'- contact with the bottom fiber disc. Another fiber disc S, of the same size as the bottom tiber disc 4, is placed on top of the tube. lAn adhesive coated tape (indicated at 12 and 13) is used to attach the tiber'discs 4 andS to the walls of the tube, thus sealing and completing the package.

FIG. 2 shows a variation over FIG. l in which similar parts are numbered as in FIG. 1. In the package represented by FIG. 2, cup-shaped grinding wheels are indicated at 20. In this embodiment oversize foam discs at 22, which are somewhat larger than thoseat 8 in FIG. 1, are used to provide additional needed packing. The steps involved in the assembly of the package indicated in FIG. 2 are identical except for the substitution of the larger foam discs for the oversize discs of FIG. 1.

Packaging in accordance with the present invention offers a number of advantagesas set out in the following paragraphs.

The packaging materials are readily available at low cost, requiring by way of special processing' only that they be pre-cut to the desired sizes.

Shock protection is provided for the packaged items by the oversize plastic discs whichvfold over the edges of the grinding ,wheels when the tube is pushed down over the, stack. The folds of the foam over the edges of the grinding wheels protect the periphery of the grinding wheels. Because the fiber tube is cut to the desired length, the foam discs may be compressed by the fiber discs to a suitable degree. The compressed foam will inhibit shifting of the contents of the package.

The inventory of packing'materials is minimal for use with this invention. The inventory consists of four basic items, three of which are used in varying diameters. Because the tubes are cut to the final package length, the inventory does not need to contain specific packages for various quantities. Wheel diameter is the only significant consideration'. lf desired, one or more packages may be strapped or otherwise attached to a standard size permanent or'disposable pallet.

The requirements'for lstorage space for packaging l materials are minimized by the'invention. Tubes of ditferentl diameter may benest'edone inside another for storage so as to minimize stored volume. All thediscs may be stacked to minimize volume.

A measure of common identity .may be provided among various products. All the packages are cylindrical with flat ends. In addition, both tubes and fiber discs may be distinctly colored'a'nd/or printed to identify, caution and instruct. A contrasting colored sealing tape may be used Vfor further identification. y

While.` the lprinciples of the invention have been described above in connection with specific apparatus and applications, it is to be understood that this description is made only by way of example and not as a limitation onthe scope of the invention. lclaim: l. A method for packaging objects of various sizes comprising:

selecting atube having vanv inside diameter larger than l the maximum'dimension of an object to be I 'packaged,v

selecting a fiber disc of substantially the same outside diameter as the tube,

placing the ber disc flat on a support,

selecting `a foam packing of substantially smaller outside dimension than the inside diameter of the tube, l

centering the foam packing flat on the fiber disc,

placing' the object to be packaged on the lfoam packing.

selecting an oversize foam packing having a substantially larger outside dimension than the inside diameter ofthe tube,

placing the oversize foam packing on the object,

measuring the height of the resulting stack of discs,

packing and the object,

cutting the tube off to a length matching the measured height of the stack of discs, packing and the object,

pushing the tube over the stack,

selecting a secondtiber disc of substantially the same outside diameter as the tube,

la in the second b r isc on to fthe tube, and gealzingg the tube with e oam, pagking, discs and the object inside,thereby forming a package for shipping. l 2. A method as claimed in claim 1,'.in'which sealing the tube comprises placing adhesive coated tape over joints between the tube andthe fiber discs. 3. A method as claimed in claim 1,'including the adf ditional steps of placing a second object on thev loversize foam packing,

placing a second oversize `foam packing on the second object, f

repeating these last two steps, alternating objects and oversize foam packings until the desired number of objects is included.

4. A method as claimed in claim 1, in which the object is a grinding wheel and Athe grinding wheel is placed flat on the foam packing which issmallerv than the inside diameter of the

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1670864 *Sep 14, 1925May 22, 1928Martin Frederick WContainer
US1908940 *Nov 19, 1931May 16, 1933Weidel VaughnPackage for china
US1978035 *Sep 20, 1932Oct 23, 1934Us Tobacco CoPackage and method of making the same
US1992950 *Oct 14, 1932Mar 5, 1935Barber Colman CoPacking of rotary cutters
US2142049 *Aug 24, 1938Dec 27, 1938Norton CoMethod of increasing the efficiency of resin bonded grinding wheels
US2997164 *Nov 24, 1958Aug 22, 1961West Virginia Pulp & Paper ComContainer for packaging grinding wheels
US3630349 *Feb 16, 1970Dec 28, 1971Norton CoGrinding wheel package and method of packaging them
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4209091 *Aug 10, 1978Jun 24, 1980Gould Inc.Button cell package and method of making same
US4603780 *Dec 12, 1984Aug 5, 1986Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Carton for housing fragile containers
US4658567 *Feb 19, 1982Apr 21, 1987Arada Carl TMulti-density polyurethane foam packing unit and method of making same
US4692704 *Feb 6, 1986Sep 8, 1987Mayo Medical ResourcesSlice thickness and contiguity phantom for a magnetic resonance imaging scanner
US4712676 *Mar 3, 1986Dec 15, 1987Stanley-Bostitch, Inc.Shipping package containing coiled fastener packages
US4903827 *Apr 12, 1989Feb 27, 1990Menasha CorporationSuspended load container
US4934126 *Jan 6, 1989Jun 19, 1990Emerson Electric Co.Method of transporting and packaging unassembled components
US5522205 *Jul 6, 1994Jun 4, 1996The Family Trust U/T/AMethod for transporting items in a carton
US5816402 *Nov 13, 1997Oct 6, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5836448 *Feb 5, 1997Nov 17, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping device with bondable foam layer
US5860524 *Sep 18, 1997Jan 19, 1999Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping device with bondable cushion layer
US5878883 *May 19, 1998Mar 9, 1999Southpac Trust Interational, Inc.Thermoplastic shipping device and method
US5921393 *Oct 4, 1996Jul 13, 1999Besin B.V.Separator for sheets
US6016912 *Jan 27, 1999Jan 25, 2000Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc.Shipping device
US6039179 *Feb 17, 1998Mar 21, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Retaining flap for shipping cartons
US6136393 *Aug 28, 1997Oct 24, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for packaging and displaying a floral grouping
US6302272 *Nov 24, 1999Oct 16, 2001Nippon Shokubai Co., LtdPackage, packing method and transporting method for brittle sheets
US6458396 *Jul 6, 2000Oct 1, 2002Hormel Foods, LlcHard taco shell protective packaging
US6564944Jan 15, 2002May 20, 2003Southpac Trust Inc'ln Inc.Shipping device with bondable cushion layer
US6935088 *Mar 25, 2004Aug 30, 2005Xiamen Great Stone Inc.Method of packaging stone cell plate
US7661247 *Jun 30, 2005Feb 16, 20103M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article packaging and method of making same
US7686165May 1, 2008Mar 30, 2010Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US7811614May 9, 2005Oct 12, 2010Cadbury Adams Usa LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US7901719May 9, 2005Mar 8, 2011Cadbury Adams Usa LlcGum slab package with flap retention
US7913846Feb 26, 2010Mar 29, 2011Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US7971718Dec 28, 2007Jul 5, 2011Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcPackage for dispensing and retaining gum slabs with adhesive securement
US8172086Jan 6, 2011May 8, 2012Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US8221812Feb 17, 2010Jul 17, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US8252352Mar 3, 2011Aug 28, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package with flap retention
US8393469May 4, 2009Mar 12, 2013Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcReclosable consumable product package assembly
US8607980Jan 29, 2010Dec 17, 2013Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcOpenable and reclosable sealed package for confectionery products
US8658229Jun 26, 2012Feb 25, 2014Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US9149145 *May 17, 2013Oct 6, 2015John ElhageFood dispenser
US20040089573 *Jun 25, 2003May 13, 2004Weder Donald E.Method for displaying decorative objects
US20050255197 *May 9, 2005Nov 17, 2005Cadbury Adams Usa Llc.Gum slab package having insertable product retention member
US20050255198 *May 9, 2005Nov 17, 2005Cadbury Adams Usa Llc.Gum slab package with flap retention
US20060003121 *Jun 30, 2004Jan 5, 2006Scheller Joseph AAbrasive article packaging and method of making same
US20060027483 *Jul 5, 2005Feb 9, 2006Cadbury Adams Usa LlcReclosable consumable product package assembly
US20070000214 *Jun 30, 2005Jan 4, 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article packaging and method of making same
US20070199849 *Mar 22, 2007Aug 30, 2007Cadbury Adams Usa Llc.Package for accommodating an array of consumable products
US20070209954 *May 14, 2007Sep 13, 2007Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US20080142392 *Dec 28, 2007Jun 19, 2008Cadbury Adams Usa Llc.Package for dispensing and retaining gum slabs with adhesive securement
US20090211938 *May 4, 2009Aug 27, 2009Cadbury Adams Usa LlcReclosable consumable product package assembly
US20100143548 *Feb 17, 2010Jun 10, 2010Cadbury Adams Usa LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US20110151050 *Mar 3, 2011Jun 23, 2011Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package with flap retention
US20140175132 *May 17, 2013Jun 26, 2014Elhage JohnFood Dispenser
US20160039554 *Aug 5, 2015Feb 11, 2016Robert Bosch LlcBrake Pad Kit Including an Absorbent Fabric Article
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/472, 206/445, 206/585, 206/523, 206/593
International ClassificationB65B55/00, B65D81/127, B65B55/20, B65D81/05
Cooperative ClassificationB65B55/20, B65D81/127
European ClassificationB65B55/20, B65D81/127
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 22, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: ITT CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004389/0606
Effective date: 19831122