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Publication numberUS3709263 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 9, 1973
Filing dateSep 8, 1970
Priority dateSep 8, 1970
Also published asCA935285A, CA935285A1, DE2141781A1
Publication numberUS 3709263 A, US 3709263A, US-A-3709263, US3709263 A, US3709263A
InventorsC Jackson, M Katz
Original AssigneeThiokol Chemical Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Woven fabric for nursery plant root balls
US 3709263 A
Abstract
A fabric woven of polyolefin ribbons is used for "balling" or wrapping the roots of plants and trees and the like. The fabric of the invention comprises a woven material having a set, or series of deteriorable strips or yarns woven in at pre-selected intervals, to provide spaces or "windows" for passage of the roots to the fabric and into the surrounding soil.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 Jackson et al.

[ 51 Jan. 9, 1973 [54] WOVEN FABRIC FOR NURSERY PLANT ROOT BALLS [75] Inventors: Charles A. Jackson, Stirling, N.J.;

Martin B. Katz, La Due, Mo.

[73] Assignee: Thiokol Chemical Corporation [22] Filed: Sept. 8, 1970 [21] Appl. No.: 70,262

[52] US. Cl ..l39/420, 47/37 [51] Int. Cl. ..D03d 15/00, AOlq 9/10 [58] Field of Search ..l39/420, 383, 426, 389;

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,375,607 4/1968 Melvold ..47/37 3,415,012 12/1968 Stubbmann 47/37 3,482,609 12/1969 Neckerman ..139/383 3,439,865 4/1969 Port et a1 ..139/389 X 3,470,928 10/1969 Schwartz 139/420 X 3,544,404 12/1970 Johnson et a1 ..139/389 X 3,033,239 5/1962 Kenin ..139/420 X 2,365,315 12/1944 Williams ..28/76 T FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,186,730 4/1970 Great Britain ..47/37 1,908,392 9/1970 Germany ..47/37 660,255 2/1964 Italy ..28/76 T 877,542 9/ 1961 Great Britain 1,559,879 2/1969 France ..139/420 Primary Examiner--James Kee Chi Att0rney--Thomas W. Brennan [57] ABSTRACT A fabric woven of polyolefin ribbons is used for balling or wrapping the roots of plants and trees and the like. The fabric of the invention comprises a woven material having a set, or series of deteriorable strips or yarns woven in at pre-selected intervals, to provide spaces or windows for passage of the roots to the fabric and into the surrounding soil.

6 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure PATENTEU JAN 9 I973 Martin 5, Kat; Charles A. Jac

INVENTOR- WOVEN FABRIC FOR NURSERY PLANT ROOT BALLS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION organisms found in most types of soil which is modified l0 by weaving into its fabric mesh spaced apart strips of biodegradable or deteriorable yarns. Such yarns when contacted by the soil in which the fabric wrapped plant root is placed will rot or otherwise deteriorate to provide spaces or windows for the roots to penetrate and enter the surrounding soil.

Prior art fabrics in use are well represented by the socalled burlap or jute bag. This fabric is also a woven fabric and contains the root and the necessary soil complement thereto. However nursery artisans are sometimes subjected to unwanted extra expense when using this fabric since it rots even when stored in nurseries above ground over long periods of time. Other fabrics both woven and non-woven have found limited use in plant balling and wrapping, but have been found wanting in one or more ways. For instance, as noted above the jute wrapping is subject to moisture deterioration as well as to attack by the organisms and chemical materials always present in the soil surrounding the roots within the ball. Synthetic products woven or unwoven have found limited use for balling or wrapping nursery plants but have been found wanting because of their inability to permit the plant roots to penetrate therethrough and enter the surrounding soil. Other synthetic fabrics suffer from many of the same defects as jute when used in this application and therefore have not been extensively used.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a woven synthetic fabric useful as a nursery plant wrapping which is modified to permit penetration thereof by the roots within the wrapping when said nursery plant or tree is placed in the ground.

A still further object is to provide a woven fabric of the character referred to wherein strips, or yarns of deteriorable material are woven into the fabric at spaced apart intervals thereby providing windows for passage therethrough of the roots within the wrapping.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a nursery wrap or ball material woven of polyolefin ribbons to form a closely woven fabric and in which are woven a series, or set of strips of yarns of degradable material such as paper or jute and the like, and which, when placed in the soil, gradually rots away to provide necessary spaces or windows" for the roots of the plant to pass through and into the surrounding soil.

The invention herein therefore resides in certain novel constructions for wrappings, or balls, for the roots of plants and trees and the like wherein long term storage above ground in nurseries prior to planting is easily and economically accomplished. Other objects and novel characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description and accompanying drawing in which:

the single FIGURE is a plan view of a portion of the fabric of the invention and is illustrative of the inventive concept.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Referring to the drawing there is shown in its preferred embodiment a portion of a fabric 10 having warp yarns ll of ribbon-like form and having a substantially rectangular cross-section. The ribbons are preferably made of a polyolefin material such as polypropylene or polyethylene. Woven with warp yarns 11 are fill yarns 12 of similar form and made from a similar material. Interspersed within the fabric 10 is a set, or series of warp yarns 13 being substantially round in cross-section, although the cross-sectional shape of these yarns is a matter really of convenience and therefore, of no particular consequence with respect to operation of the invention.

Yarns 13 are spaced apart at intervals 14 as shown in the drawing, intervals 14 being a distance of from about 1 inch to about 8 or even 10 inches, depending upon the end use of fabric 10. In a slightly altered embodiment warp yarns 11 can all be made of material similar to that of yarns 13, as for example, when fabric 10 is intended to be used for a ball or wrapping material for larger plants and trees having rapid growth. Thus, in this instance as strips 13 rot or decay due to the chemical or biological action of the soil in which the plant or tree is planted, the roots are provided with larger openings and can more readily penetrate the soil for proper nourishment and growth. However, in most instances, intervals 14 of soil degradable yarns 13 in accordance with the above mentioned distances will suffiee in the practical application of this invention.

Soil degradable or deteriorable strips 13 made from material such as well known jute or burlap, treated or untreated, treated cotton, paper, synthetics such as rayon, certain polyvinyl alcohol polymeric substances such as slit films thereof, are all within the purview of the present invention. Obviously, any material which is degradable under the action of soil and capable of being formed into yarns for weaving can be utilized and are also contemplated as being within the scope of this invention.

As herein above mentioned warp yarns 11 are made from a synthetic thermoplastic substance relatively impervious to soil or earth action, the preferred materials being any of the polyolefins, polypropylene and polyethylene. Filling yarns 12 are similarly made, and of course, soil degradable yarns 13 can also be placed in the fill direction, although their use in the warp most economical and easier in construction when viewed in the light of present day weaving techniques.

Yarns I] and 12 are preferably ribbon shaped to provide a tighter" weave to minimize soil loss from the plant root ball before planting. Also, fabric strength is maximized with ribbons and moisture loss is minimal, while at the same time, when fabric 10 is provided with inventive strips or yarns l3, moisture can penetrate therethrough to the interior of the root ball. In addition, when the plant after balling with fabric 10 is stored above ground in nurseries or at the planting site fabric 10 will not deteriorate, hence can be readily transported after long periods without fear of losing the ball.

From the foregoing description it will be seen that the invention herein presented provides a woven fabric for covering plant roots and their soil complements, wherein the warp and filling yarns, relatively impervious to chemical or biological action of soil, include intervals of soil degradable yarns which decay in the soil and leave openings, or windows, through which plant roots pass to penetrate the surrounding soil.

While there has been shown a preferred embodiment of a woven root balling fabric for nursery plants having intervals of soil degradable yarns woven thereinto, it will be appreciated that other changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the essential spirit of the invention. Thus, the yarns can be other than ribbon shaped, they can be monofilaments, multi-sectional yarns, or multifilaments, and the soil degradable yarns can be strings or cords of hemp, or animal hair and the like. Therefore the invention for which Letters Patent of the United States is desired is not subject to limitation except as defined in the claims annexed hereto.

What is claimed is:

l. A wrapper for root and earth balls of nursery plants and products comprising:

a woven fabric of thermoplastic, polymeric ribbon yarns, said polymeric yarns being highly resistant to soil or earth degradation when buried therein;

said ribbon yarns being closely woven in a weave configuration which renders said fabric capable of containing said earth or soil substantially without loss in storage above ground; and;

spaced apart sets of soil degradable yarns woven into said fabric for providing spaced apart openings when said degradable yarns deteriorate by chemical or biological action of said earth or soil in contact therewith. 2. The fabric of claim 1 wherein the polymeric ribbon yarns are polyolefin.

3. The fabric of claim 1 wherein the soil degradable yarns are made from a material selected from the group consisting ofjute, paper, hemp, animal hair, cotton, rayon, and polyvinyl alcohol.

4. The fabric of claim 1 wherein the soil degradable yarns are made from a soil degradable synthetic plastic.

5. The fabric of claim 1 wherein the soil degradable yarns are in the warp and said intervals range from 1 inch to about l0 inches.

6. The fabric of claim 1 wherein the soil degradable yarns are made from a polyvinyl alcohol acrylate copolymer.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2365315 *Apr 10, 1942Dec 19, 1944Du PontManufacture of fabrics
US3033239 *Mar 17, 1961May 8, 1962Dow Chemical CoWeaving unsized yarns
US3375607 *Jan 9, 1967Apr 2, 1968Me Kox IndBriquette for growing of plants
US3415012 *Aug 10, 1966Dec 10, 1968Albert StubbmannBulb planting and recovery device and method
US3439865 *Dec 17, 1964Apr 22, 1969Parker Pace CorpWoven plastic bags
US3470928 *Oct 26, 1967Oct 7, 1969Avisun CorpPolypropylene fabric with modified selvage
US3482609 *Jun 27, 1967Dec 9, 1969Kendall & CoCovering for seed bed or plant
US3544404 *Jan 5, 1968Dec 1, 1970Burlington Industries IncMethod of making polypropylene bags
DE1908392A1 *Feb 20, 1969Sep 10, 1970Ernst BuschTissue or mesh for wrapping roots of young - trees or shrubs
FR1559879A * Title not available
GB877542A * Title not available
GB1186730A * Title not available
IT660255A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4706411 *Feb 20, 1986Nov 17, 1987Strumpfabriken Vinetta AktiebolagPlant guard
US4750292 *Apr 10, 1987Jun 14, 1988Strumpfabriken Vinetta AktiebolagPlant guard and a method and machine for its manufacture
US4786550 *May 6, 1985Nov 22, 1988Kimberly-Clark CorporationMeltblown and coform materials having application as seed beds
US5852941 *Mar 26, 1997Dec 29, 1998Natura Verpackungs GmbhMethod of producing a starting material for producing biologically degradable sacks and bags
US5937577 *Nov 27, 1996Aug 17, 1999Butler; Jason TrentPlant ring for use in nurseries
US6637155 *Jun 3, 2002Oct 28, 2003Jason Trent ButlerPlant container
US8663277 *Jun 29, 2005Mar 4, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Braided barbed suture
US8715320Sep 17, 2012May 6, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Braided barbed suture
US9237688 *Mar 13, 2012Jan 19, 2016Plant Sciences, Inc.Root rope for planting plant root material, and method of use
US20070005110 *Jun 29, 2005Jan 4, 2007Collier John PBraided barbed suture
US20080281357 *May 9, 2007Nov 13, 2008An-Min Jason SungLooped tissue-grasping device
US20110314731 *Dec 29, 2011Extenday Ip LimitedPlant treatment material
US20120255473 *Mar 13, 2012Oct 11, 2012Matthew James AndrosRoot rope for planting plant root material, and method of use
USD645259 *Sep 20, 2011Dsm Ip Assets B.V.Film sheet for use in antiballistic articles
Classifications
U.S. Classification139/420.00R, 47/74, 47/65.8
International ClassificationD03D25/00
Cooperative ClassificationD03D25/00, D03D2700/0155
European ClassificationD03D25/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 14, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., VIRGINIA
Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WAYN-TEX INC.;REEL/FRAME:012973/0458
Effective date: 20020531
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. 1111 EAST MAIN STREET RICHMO
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. 1111 EAST MAIN STREETRICHMON
Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WAYN-TEX INC. /AR;REEL/FRAME:012973/0458
Apr 20, 2000ASAssignment
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., VIRGINIA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WAYN-TEX INC.;REEL/FRAME:010557/0463
Effective date: 20000323
Owner name: WAYN-TEX INC., VIRGINIA
Free format text: RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BANK AUSTRIA CREDITANSTALT CORPORATE FINANCE, INC.;REEL/FRAME:010557/0451
Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. 1111 EAST MAIN STREET RICHMO
Owner name: WAYN-TEX INC. 901 S. DELPHINE AVENUE WAYNESBORO VI
Sep 28, 1992ASAssignment
Owner name: WT ACQUISITION, INC., NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:WAYN-TEX, INC.;REEL/FRAME:006268/0648
Effective date: 19920824