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Publication numberUS3710138 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 9, 1973
Filing dateMar 15, 1971
Priority dateMar 15, 1971
Publication numberUS 3710138 A, US 3710138A, US-A-3710138, US3710138 A, US3710138A
InventorsCotton C
Original AssigneeMaytag Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dryer control
US 3710138 A
Abstract
This control system for a clothes dryer includes a fabric dryness sensing circuit comprising a resistance-capacitance circuit portion, a neon tube, and a thyristor in the form of an SCR operable for initiating termination of the dryness sensing operation. A chime indicating the end of the drying or sensing operation is operable during the cool-down operation in a repeating manner under control of the resistance-capacitance timing circuit.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 91 Cotton [451 Jan. 9, 1973 541 DRYER CONTROL 3,180,038 4/1965 Chafee ..317/DIG.3

3,271,878 9/1966 Martin ..307/1l8 X [75] Inventor. Curran D. Cotton, Newton, Iowa 3,273,018 9/1966 Goldberg man/45 DT {73] Assignee: The Maytag Company, Newton, 3,404,466 10/1968 Reid ..34/45 Iowa Filed: March 1971 Primary Examiner-Robert K. Schaefer Appl. No.: 124,042

Related US. Application Data Division of Ser. No. 803,687, March 3, 1969.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/1970 Beller ..34/45 Assistant Examiner-William J. Smith Attorney-William G. Landwier and Richard L. Ward [57] ABSTRACT This control system for a clothes dryer includes a fabric dryness sensing circuit comprising a resistancecapacitance circuit portion, a neon tube, and a thyristor in the form of an SCR operable for initiating termination of the dryness sensing operation. A chime indicating the end of the drying or sensing operation is operable during the cool-down operation in a repeating manner under control of the resistancecapacitance timing circuit.

11 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures "z //3 /00 ll/ PATENTED JAN 9 I975 SHEET 3 BF 3 M w m I J M 5 ll/ 0 O O 3 5 H 4 O O F't'gr3 X CONTACT CLOSED D mMENTARY- CLOSED WHEN PUSH ROD FULLY DEPRESSED VCONTACT cLos'Eo ONLY OCONTACT OPEN FOLLOWING PERM. PRESS DRYER CONTROL CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a dryer control system and more particularly to a circuit for terminating the drying operation.

2. Description of the Prior Art One type of dryer control becoming more frequently used for effecting automatic termination of the drying operation ofa fabric drying apparatus includes a pair of electrodes for sensing the electrical conductivity of the fabrics in the fabric tumbling container. The prior art patents show a number of specific control circuits for determining fabric dryness by means of a sensing circuit including a resistance-capacitance circuit portion responsive to the resistance of the fabrics across the electrodes and operable for terminating the drying operation at a preselected dryness condition These moisture sensing systems must be operable with a wide variety of fabric types including the synthetic fabrics, or treated fabrics, sometimes referred to as having permanent press characteristics. Furthermore, it is necessary-to remove the permanent press fabrics from the drying apparatus immediately upon completion of the tumbling to prevent the setting of new wrinkles in the fabrics. It is therefore desirable and advantageous to provide an audible or visual indicator means observable by the operator upon completion of the cycle so that the fabrics may be immediately removed from the dryer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the instant invention to provide an improved fabric dryness sensing circuit operable for terminating the dryness sensing operation at a desired fabric dryness condition.

It is a further object of the instant invention to provide an improved fabric dryness sensing circuit comprising a thyristor uniquely adaptable for energizing actuation means to terminate the dryness operation.

It is a further object of the instant invention to provide an improved fabric dryness sensing circuit and to provide indicator means associated with the dryness sensing circuit operable on completion of the sensing operation for signalling the termination thereof.

It is a still further object of the instant invention to provide a combined dryness sensing circuit and repeating end-of-cycle indicator means utilizing common components to achieve the sensing of dryness and the timing of the repeating indicator means.

It is yet a further object of the instant invention to provide an improved dryer control including a solenoid responsive to operation of a dryness sensing circuit at a selected fabric dryness condition for terminating the dryness sensing operation ad also operable responsive to a timing circuit for actuating an indicator means signal completion of the drying operation.

These objects are achieved in a fabric drying apparatus having a dryness sensing circuit comprising a resistance-capacitance circuit portion operable for sensing the moisture of the fabrics and initiating termination of the drying operation. The resistance capacitance circuit portion is also operable for timing a repeating indicator operator upon completion of the dryness operation. The dryness sensing circuit and the indicator timing circuit are each operable for energizing an actuation means for terminating the dryness operation and energizing the indicator means.

Operation of the device and further objects and advantages thereof will become evident as the description proceeds and from an examination of the accompanying three pages of drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The drawings illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention with similar numerals referring to similar parts throughout the several views, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a view of a dryer partially broken away and sectioned and incorporating the control system of the instant invention;

FIG. 2 is an electrical schematic diagram of a preferred circuit embodying the dryness sensing circuit portion and the indicator circuit portion of the instant invention;

FIG. 3 is a chart indicating the operation of various switches of the circuit of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a view of a portion of the control components of the circuit of FIG. 2 including the preselection switch, the solenoid, and the indicator chime.

In FIG. 1 of the accompanying drawings is shown a clothes dryer apparatus having a base 10 that serves as a support for upstanding channel members 11 and 12 which together with cross-piece 14 support the hollow blower housing casting 17. The housing 17 includes a tubular portion 21, a divider wall 20 having a rearwardly flared inner portion defining an intake into an impeller chamber, and radially directed longitudinal webs 22 that converge toward a central axis and join with a cylindrical bearing retainer member 23. A plurality of segmental passageways are therefore defined by the tubular member 21, the bearing retainer member 23, and the supporting webs 22.

Journalled within member 23 is a revoluble drum drive shaft 31 which projects from both ends of the housing 17. Fixed to the drum drive shaft 31 adjacent the rear of the dryer is a large pulley 33 which is driven by motor 34 through a motor pulley 36, main drive belt 37, a speed reduction system (not shown) driven by the main drive belt 37, and belt 40 driven in turn by the speed reduction system.

The forward end of the drum drive shaft 31 is rigidly connected to the drum spider member 46 which has radiating spokes 51 that support a rim 52.

A horizontally mounted fabric tumbling drum has a rear wall 61 which is secured to rim 52 for support and rotation by shaft 31. Rear drum wall 6] is imperforate except for a central exhaust opening defined by the circular shoulder 55 that is aligned with the blower tubular member 21. The outer periphery of the rear wall 61 is flanged to form a supporting shoulder for the imperforate cylindrical sidewall 65 .which carries the clothes elevating vanes or baffles 66 for tumbling clothing within the drum 60 during rotation thereof. Cylindrical sidewall 65 is also connected to the front drum wall 67.

The front wall 67 has a centrally located access opening defined by flange 68 and an annular perforate portion 69 located concentrically around the annular flange 68. This perforate portion 69 formed by several concentric rows of holes serves as the air intake to drum 60.

Cabinet 70 is fastened to the base and encloses the entire drying machine. The cabinet has an access opening defined by flange 71 and aligned with the drum access opening thereby allowing both of the flanges 68 and 71 to receive a rearwardly extending portion of the door gasket 72. The door 73 is hinged and forms a substantially airtight seal with the gasket 72.

Fastened to the cabinet 70 is a shroud or cowling member 74. Located between the shroud 74 and the front drum wall 67 is an open coil electric heating element 75 which extends around the inside of the cowling member 74 to raise the temperature of the air passing through the perforate portion 69 into the drum 60. A gas heater may be used in place of the electrical heating element 75.

Airflow into drum 60 through the perforate area 69 and into the blower housing 17 is produced by rotation of the revoluble impeller member 76 located in the blower housing 17. The fan pulley 77 formed integrally with the impeller 76 is driven directly by the driving motor 34 through the main drive belt 37. A felt air sealing member 78 encircles the front periphery of blower housing 17 and the circular shoulder 55 to prevent air from being drawn in at the junction and thus bypassing the heater 75 and drum 60.

The blower housing casting 17 supports at least one thermostat 82 which is connected in series with the heating element 75 to maintain the interior drum 60 at the proper selected drying temperature. Also connected in series with the heating element 75 is the high limit thermostat 79 which is mounted on an upper part of the shroud member 74 so as to disconnect heating element 75 from its source of power in case the temperature near the front of the drum should rise above a predetermined selected temperature during the operation of the clothes dryer, for instance, in the event of reduced airflow through the drum 60.

' In order to measure the electrical conductivity or resistance of the fabrics within the drum 60, as a measure of the condition of dryness of the fabrics, electrodes or probes 80 and 81 are mounted within the drum 60. In a preferred embodiment, the electrodes are in the form of a pair of elongated conductor members mounted on the crown of each of the baffle members 66 to provide a contacting surface engageable by the fabrics tumbling within the drum. It will be realized that different forms of electrodes, or probes, may be used, although the type disclosed herein is a preferred construction.

Electrical energy is supplied to electrode 80, for example, by lead 84 that is connected to a brush 85 that engages the stationary slip ring 86 while the drum 60 is rotating. The slip ring 86 is mounted on the electrically insulative air sealing member 78. The slip ring 86 is in turn connected to a lead 90 which runs to the control unit 92. The electrode 81 is connected by lead 83 to the rotatable drum 60 and through the drum 60, the drive shaft 31, and blower housing 17 to the chassis including the base 10. The chassis is then connected to earth ground through a conductor 87 electrically connected with the base 10, for example. Electrode 81 is thus connected to earth ground.

The automatic control unit 92 may be secured to an upper portion of the cabinet. The lead enters the control unit and is connected to the control unit to be described hereinafter.

The baffles 66 are formed of an electrically non-conductive material in order to insulate the electrodes. The electrodes, however, are electrically shorted by the contact of wet fabrics during tumbling. A plurality of baffles may be mounted within the drum and each may be provided with electrodes 80 and 81 with the electrode pairs being connected in parallel for achieving a greater sensitivity of control.

Referring now to FIG. 2 which illustrates the control circuitry for the fabric drying apparatus, there is shown diagrammatically a manually operable preselection means 100, which is also shown in outline form in FIG. 4. The preselection means includes a plurality of switches 101 through 108 actuable between open and closed positions, according to the chart of FIG. 3, under control of a plurality of manually actuatable push buttons 110 through 113 indicated as Regular, Permanent Press," Damp Dry," and Air Fluff," respectively. The switches 101 through 108 are shown collectively at the right side of the diagram of FIG. 2 under control of the push buttons 110 through 113 and are shown schematically in the circuit for controlling initiation and termination of the fabric drying apparatus as will be more fully shown hereinafter. Operation of the group of switch members 101-108 between open and closed positions is also under the control of a selectively energizable solenoid 116, shown in FIG. 4 and indicated schematically in FIG. 2, to terminate the drying cycle.

The control circuitry of FIG. 2 includes three conductors 118, 119, and that are selectively connectable with a conventional three-wire 220 volt, alternating current supply. For the explanation of the circuitry ofFIG. 2, it will be assumed that the conductors 118 andr119 are connected with the power lines and that the other conductor 120 is connected to the neutral line.

The chart of FIG. 3 indicates the electrical posture of the preselection switches 101-108 upon selection of each of the selectable cycles corresponding to the push buttons 110-113 and upon operation of the resetting solenoid 116. It is noted, for example, that the preselection switch 101 in the heater circuit is closed for each of the Regular, Permanent Press, and Damp Dry cycles. In the explanation of the circuit of FIG. 2, it will be assumed that a Permanent Press cycle has been selected by the operator and thus selection switches 101, 102, and 108 are closed and preselection switches 104, 105

and 106 are open while preselection switches 103 and 107 are momentarily closed during the preselection and machine energization process.

The heater 75 is connected between the first and second conductors 118 and 119 by a circuit portion including the preselection switch 101, a cycling thermostat 82, a high limit thermostat 79, and a centrifugal switch 123 in the motor 34. The centrifugal switch 123 is normally open but is operable to a closed position upon energization of the motor 34.

The drive motor 34 is energized by a circuit extending from the conductor 118 through a door switch 124, closed preselection switch 102, a conductor 125, and momentarily closed preselection switch 103 to junction 127 at one side of the motor 34. The other side of the motor 34 is connected to neutral conductor 120. Subsequent to initial energization of the motor 34, centrifugal switch 126 within the motor 34 will operate and 1 a circuit for maintaining operation of the motor will be completed from the conductor 118 through the door switch 124, preselection switch 102,. and conductors 125, 130, and 131 to the motor 34.

A cool-down thermostat 133 is also provided in the circuit to the motor 34 and is operable to a closed position at a predetermined temperature within the drum 60 of, for example, 135 F. After the dryer apparatus has operated for a period of time with the heat on, the cool-down thermostat 133 will close and maintain the motor 34 energized until the temperature within the drum 60 is reduced to 135 F. This cool-down thermostat 133, therefore, provides a fabric cool-down operation following a heat-on drying operation.

The fabric dryness sensing circuit is energized from the conductor 118, through the door switch 124, selector switch 102, conductor 125, and momentary switch 103 to junction 127 and then through conductor 134 to the junction point 132. After the momentary switch 103 opens, a bypass circuit around switch 103 includes conductors 130 and 131, a motor switch 126. Thejunction point 132 connects with a resistance network including resistors 136 and 137 and selection switches 104, 105, and 106. The circuit continues through the junction 138 to one side of a rectifier 135. The other side of the rectifier 135 is connected to a resistor 139 which is in turn connected to ajunction point 141. Extending from the junction point 141 is one circuit portion including a resistor 143 in series with the electrode 80. The other electrode 81 is connected to the drum 60 and through various electrically conductive portions of the apparatus, indicated as 144 in FIG. 2, and to an earth ground through the earth ground conductor 87. Also connected to the junction point 141 is a resistor 140 that is in turn connected to ajunction 142.

Connected to the junction point 142 is a resistor 146 and a selector switch 107 that is connected at its other side to the neutral conductor 120 to provide a shunt circuit across the capacitor 145. The capacitor 145 is connected to junction 142 on one side and to the neutral conductor 120 on the other side. It will be noted that during the Permanent Press cycle the capacitor 145 may be charged, as the fabrics across the electrodes 80, 81 become dry, by the d.c. circuit extending through resistors 136 and 137, and through the rectifier 135 and resistors 139 and 140. The rate of charging of the capacitor is selected to give the desired dryness condition of the fabrics and is determined, in this embodiment, by the amount of resistance in series with the capacitor 145. The circuit portion including selector switch 107 provides a closed loop path for selectively discharging the capacitor 145 at the beginning of a cycle through the momentarily closed switch 107 to insure a consistent relationship of the charge on capacitor 145 to the dryness of the fabrics across the electrodes 80, 81.

A gaseous discharge tube, such as a neon lamp 149, is connected in series with resistors 155 and 157 and in turn across the capacitor 145. The neon tube 149 normally has an effectively infinite resistance; however, when the charge on the capacitor 145 reaches a predetermined value, the gas is ionized and a circuit is conducted therethrough. A thyristor, in the form of silicon controlled rectifier, or SCR 159, includes a gate portion electrically connected to one side of the neon lamp 149. The gate may be directly connected as in FIG. 2 or alternately through a resistor. Upon the firing of the neon lamp, a circuit is completed to the gate of SCR 159, which in turn becomes conductive and completes a circuit between the anode 160 and cathode 161 to effect energization of the solenoid 116 for resetting the selector switches l0l108 and thereby initiating termination of the drying operation. The solenoid energizing circuit is completed from the conductor 118 through the door switch 124, selection switch 102, a conductor 163, and selector switch 108 to one side of the solenoid 116. The other side of the solenoid 116 is connected by conductors 164 and 165 to the anode 160 of the SCR 159. The cathode 161 of the SCR 159 is connected to the neutral conductor 120. A filter capacitor 169 ad resistor 170 is connected in parallel to the SCR 159.

Energization of the solenoid 116 resets the preselection means 100. The resetting effects opening of the selection switches 101, 102, and 108, to terminate the sensing operation for the Permanent Press cycle and to de-energize the heater 75. It will be seen from a further analysis of FIGS. 2 and 3 that even after actuation of the solenoid 116 the motor 34 will'remain energized through an auxiliary circuit to effect continued tumbling of the fabrics within the drum 60'for a cool-down operation under control of the cool-down thermostat 133. Upon the temperature ofthe air within the drum reaching a predetermined lower temperature, the thermostat 133 will open for de-energizing the motor 34 to terminate the cycle of operation.

It will also be seen that upon the firing of the neon tube 149 responsive to a predetermined dry condition, actuation of the solenoid 116 will effect operation of the chime 174 which is shown schematically in FIG. 2 and in outline form in FIG. 4. This one-time operation of the chime will occur at the end of each cycle of operation. Subsequent to the-completion of the sensing. operation and during the cool-down operation for a Permanent Press cycle of operations, however, the solenoid 1l6will be periodically re-energized for effecting a repeating chime under control of a timing circuit operable during the cool-down operation as will be more fully explained hereinafter. This repeating chime during the cool-down portion of the Permanent Press cycle of operations in this embodiment signals the operator so that the fabrics may be immediately removed following the end of the tumbling to prevent the forming of wrinkles in the fabrics.

Referring to FIG. 4, the structure and interrelationship of the solenoid 116, preselection means 100, and chime 174 will now be more fully described. The preselection means 100, the solenoid 116; and the chime 174 are mounted to a panel 175 of the dryer'apparatus through a bracket 176 attached to thepanel 175 with a plurality of screws 179. The preselection means 100 is mounted to the bracket 176-so that the push buttons 110-113 are accessible to theoperator and selectively operable for initiatinga desired cycle of operations. The solenoid 116' is mounted to the bracket 176 and is linked to a switch actuating member 180 through the linkage 181. The chime 174 includes a bell member 183 engageable by a hammer 184 that is attached through a spring member 185 to the mounting bracket 176. Actuation of the solenoid 116 will move the switch actuating member 180 toward the solenoid for resetting the switches within the preselection means 110. The actuation of the solenoid 116 will also move the chime hammer 184 for effecting engagement thereof with the chime bell 183.

During the cool-down operation a timing circuit is completed to the resistance-capacitance portion of the circuit of FIG. 2 and an actuation circuit is periodically completed to the solenoid 116 through the currentlimiting resistor 189 connected in parallel with the selector switch 108. More specifically, a timing circuit is completed to the junction 127 through the door switch 124, cool-down thermostat 133, conductor 131, and switch 126. From junction 127, the circuit is completed to junction 132 through conductor 134. It will be seen from FIG. 3 that selection switch 106 is closed during the cool-down operation of a Permanent Press cycle only, so that a circuit is completed from the junction 132 to the resistance-capacitance portion of the circuit including rectifier 135.

Thus during the cool-down operation ofa Permanent Press cycle, and with the fabrics substantially dry as sensed by the dryness sensing control, there will be a charging of the capacitor 145 in a manner as previously described except that less resistance is in series with the capacitor 145, since resistors 136 and 137 are bypassed. The capacitor 145 will therefore charge over a relatively short predetermined time period for actuating the neon tube 149 and gating the SCR 159. The gating of the SCR 159 will complete a circuit to the solenoid 116 for energizing the solenoid at a reduced power level, however, because of the open switch 108 resulting in the completion of the circuit through the current limiting resistor 189. The circuit extends from the conductor 118 through the door switch 124, the cool-down thermostat 133, the conductors 130, 125, and 163 and the resistor 189 to one side of the solenoid 116. The other side of the solenoid is connected to the neutral conductor 120 through the anode-cathode path of the SCR 159. The charging of the capacitor 145 and the firing of the SCR 159 for energizing the solenoid 116 will continue during the cool-down operation in the Permanent Press cycle for repeatedly energizing the solenoid with a frequency of energization determined by the R-C constant of the resistance- .capacitance circuit portion.

As previously indicated, the solenoid 116 is periodically actuated at a lower power level during the cooldown operation under timing control of the resistancecapacitance circuit portion. Since the switches l01-108 are already in the reset position, the lower 1 power output of the solenoid 116 is sufficient for overcoming the spring pressure on the chime hammer 184 and effecting actuation of the chime 174 for issuing an audible signal.

Thus it is seen that a repeating chime indicating the end of a Permanent Press cycle of operations, for example, is achieved with substantially no addition of components. Solenoid 116 is operable for achieving the dual operation of terminating the operation by resetting the preselection means 100 while also being operable at a reduced power level for actuating the repeating chime 174 during the cool-down operation. Furthermore, the use of the resistance-capacitance portion of the sensing circuit provides timing of the chime and thus eliminates the need for an auxiliary timer. Still further, the use of the SCR permits an energization of the solenoid at the completion of the sensing operation and also a cyclic energization for operating the repeating chime, and thus the need for an auxiliary circuit for cyclically energization the solenoid is eliminated.

in the drawings and specification, there has been set forth a preferred embodiment of the invention and although specific terms are employed these are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation. Changes in form and the proportion of parts as well as the substitution of equivalents are contemplated as circumstances may suggest or render expedient without departing from the spirit or scope of this invention as further defined in the following claims.

1 claim:

1. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit, the combination comprising: manually actuatable means for initiating a dryness sensing operation; electrode means engageable with fabrics for completing an electrical current path to said fabrics during said dryness sensing operation; resistance means and capacitance means in circuit with said electrode means; electrical supply means connected in circuit with said electrode means, said resistance means, and said capacitance means; a normally non-conductive electronic discharge device in parallel connection to said capacitance means and operable to a conductive condition at a predetermined voltage, said capacitance means being chargeable to said predetermined voltage at a preselected dryness condition of the fabrics engageable with said electrode means and operable at said predetermined voltage for energizing said discharge device; and control means including a control member for operating said manually actuatable means and a thyristor having a gate portion in circuit with said discharge device and an anodecathode portion in circuit with said control member, said thyristor being operable at said predetermined voltage from a normally non-conductive posture across said anode-cathode portion to a conductive posture for in turn energizing said control member to operate said manually actuatable means for terminating said dryness sensing operation.

2. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit, the combination comprising: manually actuatable means for initiating a fabric dryness sensing operation; electrode means engageable with fabrics for completing an electrical current path to said fabrics during said fabric dryness sensing operation; resistance means and capacitance means in circuit with said electrode means; electrical supply means connected in circuit with said electrode means, said resistance means, and said capacitance means; a normally non-conductive electronic discharge device in parallel connection to said capacitance means and operable to a conductive condition at a predetermined voltage, said capacitance means being chargea' ble to said predetermined voltage at a preselected dryness condition of the fabrics engageable with said electrode means and operable at said predetermined voltage for energizing said discharge device; and control means for terminating said dryness sensing operation at said preselected fabric dryness condition and including electromechanical actuation means for operating said manually actuatable means and a thyristor for energizing said actuation means, said thyristor having an anode-cathode portion in series with said actuation means and a gate portion electrically connected to said discharge device and responsive to said predetermined voltage for triggering said thyristor to terminate said dryness sensing operation through energization of said actuation means for operating said manually actuatable means.

3. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit as defined in claim 2 wherein said actuation means includes a solenoid controlled by said thyristor and operable for effecting termination of said dryness sensing operation.

4. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit as defined in claim 2 wherein said thyristor is in the form of a normally non-conductive SCR operable to a conductive condition responsive to energization of said discharge device. 5

5. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit as defined in claim 2 wherein said actuation means includes a solenoid having a coil and wherein said thyristor is in the form of a normally non-conductive SCR in series with said solenoid coil and responsive to energization of said discharge device for energizing said solenoid coil.

6. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit as defined in claim 4 wherein said discharge device is in the form ofa neon tube.

7. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit, the combination comprising: manually actuatable means for initiating a fabric dryness sensing operation; electrode means engageable with fabrics for completing an electrical current path to said fabrics during said fabric dryness sensing operation; resistance means and capacitance means in circuit with said electrode means; electrical supply means connected in circuit with said electrode means, said resistance means, and said capacitance means; a normally non-conductive electronic discharge device in parallel connection to said capacitance means and operable to a conductive condition at a predetermined voltage said capacitance means being chargeable to said predetermined voltage at a preselected dryness condition of the fabrics engageable with said electrode means and operable at said predetermined voltage for energizing said discharge device; solenoid means energizable for operating said manually actuatable means to terminate said dryness sensing operation; and circuit means including a thyristor operable for effecting energization of said solenoid means at said preselected fabric dryness condition, said thyristor having a gate portion electrically connected to said discharge device and operable at said predetermined voltage for triggering said thyristor to energize said solenoid means for operating said manually actuatable means and terminating said dryness sensing operation.

8. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit, as defined in claim 7 wherein said thyristor is in the form of an SCR in series with said solenoid means and responsive to said discharge device for energizing said solenoid means.

9. In a fabric dryness sensing circuit as defined in claim 8 wherein said discharge device is in the form of a neon TG. in a drying apparatus control circuit, the

combination electrode means engageable with fabrics for completing an electrical current path to said fabrics during a fabric dryness sensing operation; resistance means and capacitance means in circuit with said electrode means; electrical supply means connected in circuit with said electrode means, said resistance means, and said capacitance means; a normally non-conductive electronic discharge device in parallel connection to said capacitance means and operable to a conductive condition at a predetermined voltage, said capacitance means being chargeable to said predetermined voltage at a preselected dryness condition of the fabrics engageable with said electrode means and operable at said predetermined voltage for energizing said discharge device; SCR means including a gate portion electrically connected to said discharge device and responsive to energization of said discharge device for actuating said SCR means to a conductive condition; solenoid means connected in series with said SCR means and operable to an energized condition upon actuation of said SCR means; and preselection means manually actuatable for initiating a drying operation of said drying apparatus and for initiating said dryness sensing operation and further operable to a reset condition responsive to energization of said solenoid means for initiating termination of said drying and said dryness sensing operations.

said manual actuation for initiating a selected one of said drying operations and responsive to energizaton of said solenoid means for action to said reset condition for terminating the selected drying operation.

mums STATES PATENE OFFECE @F CORRECTICN Patent No. ,71 ,138 Dated January 9, 19-73.

In Curran D. Cotton I It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Col. 1, line 64 "ad" should be and Col. 1, line 65 after "means" add to Col.- 2, line 5 "operator" should be operable Col. 4, line 18 "actuable" should be actuatable Col. 5, line 26 "a" should be and Col. 6, line 21 "ad" should be and Col 8 line 10 "energization" should be energizing Claim 7, line 43 afterr'z"voltage" insert Claim 9, line 13 after "neon" add tube Claim 10, linelS after "combination" add eoinprisingr -r.

Claim 11, line 50 "action" should be actuation Signed and sealed this 29th day of May 1973.

LSEAL) Attest! EDWARD M.FLET( IHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSC HALK A Attestlng Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PO-lOSO (10-69) USCOMM'DC @037",

* ".8. GOVERNMENT HUNTING OI'ICI I"; 0-!

UNETED STATES PATENE OFFKCE CEE'IWECATE CF CCEECTICN Patent No'. 3,710,138 Dated January 9, 19 73.

Inventor) Curran D. Cotton It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Col. 1, line 64 "ad" should be and Col. 1, line 65 after "means" add to Col. 2, line 5 "operator" should be operable.

Col. 4, line 18 "actuable" should be actuatable Col. 5, line 26 "a" should be and Col. 6, line 21 'ad should be and Col.- 8 line 10 "energization" should be energizing Claim 7, line 43 afterr': "voltage" insert Claim 9, line 13 after "neon" add tube Claim 10, line 15 after "combination" add qomprising z I Claim ll, line 50 "action" should be actuation Signed and sealed this 29th day of May 1973.

( SEAL) Attestz EDWARD M.FLBT( IHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK A Attesting Off cer Commissioner of Patents- FORM PC4050 ($69) uscoMM-Dc 90376 ".5. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1 0-3

Patent Citations
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US3271878 *Oct 14, 1963Sep 13, 1966Controls Co Of AmericaMoisture sensing control
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4477982 *Sep 27, 1982Oct 23, 1984The Maytag CompanyMicrocontroller-based dryer control
US5467077 *Dec 16, 1993Nov 14, 1995Maytag CorporationMethod and means for indicating an appliance condition
US5737852 *Aug 5, 1996Apr 14, 1998White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Dryness control for clothes dryer
US7975400 *Dec 20, 2003Jul 12, 2011Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhDevice for determining the conductance of laundry, dryers and method for preventing deposits on electrodes
US8051578 *Jun 11, 2007Nov 8, 2011Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhReduced noise dryer fan and impeller and producing method thereof
US8286369Jan 27, 2011Oct 16, 2012Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhDevice for determining the conductance of laundry, dryers and method for preventing deposits on electrodes
EP1997951A1 *May 30, 2007Dec 3, 2008Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Laundry machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification307/118, 34/533
International ClassificationF26B25/22, D06F58/28
Cooperative ClassificationF26B25/22, D06F2058/2838, D06F2058/2896, D06F2058/2803, D06F58/28
European ClassificationF26B25/22, D06F58/28