|Publication number||US3710707 A|
|Publication date||Jan 16, 1973|
|Filing date||Sep 28, 1971|
|Priority date||Sep 28, 1971|
|Also published as||DE2246603A1|
|Publication number||US 3710707 A, US 3710707A, US-A-3710707, US3710707 A, US3710707A|
|Inventors||Hanson E, Sausele G|
|Original Assignee||Compugraphic Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (7), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Hanson et a1.
 FONT STRIP STRUCTURE  Inventors: Ellis P. Hanson, Rockport; George J. H. Sausele, Lynnfleld, both of Mass.
 Assignee: Compugraphic Wilmington, Mass.
22 Filed: Sept. 28, 1971 [21 App1.No.: 184,357
' Related US. Application Data  Division of Ser. No. 804,466, March 5, 1969, Pat.
52 US. cl. ..'...9'5/ss, 355 47, 355/52 51 Int. Cl. ..G03b 15/00  Field of Search ..95/4.5, 85; 355/47, 52
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 8/1967 Broglio ..95/4.5
[ 1 Jan. 16,1973
3,485,150 12/1969 Tortorici et al. ..95/4.5
Primary Examiner-Samuel S. Matthews Assistant Examiner--R ichard A. Wintercorn AttorneyWatson, Cole, Grindle & Watson [5 7] ABSTRACT The font strip consists of a dimensionally stable photographic film on which have been developed timing marks and type characters. The font strip is accurately positioned on a rotating drum by guide posts which project through apertures on the font strip. The font strip is secured to the surface of the drum by the engagement of an end plate fastened to one end of the font strip, which end plate projects through pins mounted to the surface of the drum. The other end of the font strip is bent within a hooked end plate which engages a correspondingly tapered hook portion of the font drum. A tensioning mechanism associated with the font drum affords the necessary tension to maintain the font strip on the drum.
'5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PAT'ENTEDJAN 16 ms By M yuz xwk' This is a divisional application of application Ser. No. 804,466, filed Mar. 5, 1969, by the same inventors, now US. Pat. No. 3,610,121 issued Oct. 5, 1971.
The font strip of the present invention is used with the photocomposition machine described in the aforementioned patent application. That photocomposition machine accepts justified or unjustified text in the form of coded character identification signals from any communication media such as magnetic or paper tape, wire connected keyboard, telephone line, etc, and provides an output generally of phototypeset and justified text material to be used in the printing of newspapers, books, magazines or other similar publications. The output of such a photocomposition machine may also be used for advertising, records, drawings, etc.
The techniques of photocomposition in which a character image is projected from a rapidly rotating wheel or drum through a projection lens system onto a photosensitive medium have developed into an established technology. The ever increasing use and demand for photocomposing machines has created a need for improved structure for storing the characters. Along with the increasing use of photocomposing techniques there has also been generated a need for providing an increasing number of different type fonts and character styles. The versatility of photocomposing apparatus is considerably enhanced by improved font strip structure which enables such versatility to be obtained with a minimum amount of time and with improved reliability.
A feature of the present invention relates to the positioning of the font characters on a master film strip which is accurately mounted on a font wheel by readily detachable mountings, thereby enabling a number of different type fonts to be selected as desired.
Another feature of the font strip relates to the end plates which are attached to respective ends of the font strip to engage the fastening means on the font drum or font wheel.
An additional feature is the tensioning means, which form a part of the fastening means, and maintain the proper tension of the fontstrip on the font drum.
A primary object of this invention is to provide a reliable low-cost and simplified font strip structure which affords readily changeable set-ups for a number of different type text setting functions.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved structure for removably mounting a font strip to a font drum in .a phototypesetting machine.
A third objectv is to provide a font strip mounting structure having improved durability and reliability.
' These and other objects and features of the invention will become apparent in the following specification and the drawings which disclose an exemplary embodiment of the invention wherein:
.FIG. 1 is a detailed illustration of the font wheel assembly and the means for mounting the master font ing the photographic images of the characters and the timing slits.
ENVIRONMENT OF THE FONT STRIP cludes a continuously rotating font wheel, a Xenon I flash lamp, an optical diffuser, a master font strip, and a photocell lamp assembly or font timing generator. The font strip has negative images or characters of one or more complete type fonts and is attached to the surface of the font wheel. Timing slits or marks are accurately positioned alongside the font images so that as the font wheel is rotating, the photocell assembly senses the slits to provide character alignment information to a computer to activate a Xenon flash lamp at the proper instant.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF FONT STRIP With reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, font wheel 10 includes a plurality of font strip guide posts, three of which, l2, l4 and 16, are shown in FIG. 1, for the purposes of accurately positioning font strip 18 on the outer surface of the font wheel. Guide 12, 14, 16 project through respective guide apertures 20, 22, 24 which are precisely located on font strip 18. One end of font strip 18 includes metal end plate 26 having holes 28, 30 which respectively engage securing pins 32, 34 mounted to block 36 of font strip tensioning mechanism 38. Block 36 is mounted on the free end of spring rod 40, the other end of which is mounted on font wheel 10 by bracket assembly 42.
The other end of font strip 18 includes hooked end plate 44 which engages tapered hook 46 of the font wheel. Font strip 18 is placed on the drum by engaging hooked end plate 44 with tapered hook 46, inserting the apertures in the font strip over guide posts l2, l4, l6 and then securing end plate 26 over pins 28, 30. Font strip tensioning mechanism 38 provides the necessary tension to secure the font strip to the font wheel.
Finger hole 48 in flanged rim frame 50 affords a means by which spring rod 40 may be depressed to aid in engaging or disengaging pins 28, 30 from their respective apertures in end plate 26.
Front strip 18 is preferably a strip of dimensionally stable photographic film on which have been developed negative timing marks 52 and negative type characters 54 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3. A typical'font strip will have or more characters which is sufficient to provide two different fonts of type on each font strip. Timing marks 52 and type characters 54 are transparent, thereby enabling light to be projected through them. Timing marks 52 are aligned with respect to the type characters 54 so as to provide the necessary timing signals to the computer to enable a selected type character to be illuminated at the proper time and projected in the proper position on the line being set on the film as font wheel 10 rotates continuously.
The relationship of the circuitry necessary to provide the timing indications to the computer and for projecting the image from the font strip to the photographic film is described in the patent identified above.
What is claimed is:
l. A font strip for mounting to a frame support in phototypesetting machines, comprising;
guide apertures for mounting said font strip to said frame support, negative font characters and timing slits locatedalong respective opposite sides of said font strip in aligned relationship with respect to each other, one end of said font strip includes means for engaging said frame support and the other end of said font strip includes end apertures, and said frame support further includes resilient means engaging said end apertures to secure'said font strip to said frame support. v 2. A font strip as in claim 1 further comprising additional timing slits interleaved between said timing slits to indicate different vertical alignments of said font characters.
I 3. A font strip as in claim Zwherein said timing slits are divided into, two groups, one of said groups representing top of body alignment'and the other group representing base line alignment.
4. A font strip as in claim- 1 wherein said means for engaging is a hooked end clip and said frame support end portion for retaining said folded end and attaching said font strip end to said hooked end clip.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3336849 *||Apr 19, 1965||Aug 22, 1967||Photon Inc||Photographic composing apparatus|
|US3485150 *||Dec 29, 1966||Dec 23, 1969||Fairchild Camera Instr Co||Control for photocomposing apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4027313 *||Jun 18, 1975||May 31, 1977||Eltra Corporation||Photocomposing machine and font strip therefor for kerned characters|
|US4051487 *||Feb 27, 1976||Sep 27, 1977||Leonard Storch Enterprises, Inc.||Film font for photocomposing apparatus|
|US4363271 *||Sep 2, 1980||Dec 14, 1982||Armstrong World Industries, Inc.||Pattern registration control bars|
|US4400069 *||May 15, 1981||Aug 23, 1983||Compugraphic Corporation||Phototypesetter font disk|
|US5473407 *||Sep 2, 1994||Dec 5, 1995||Dainippon Screen Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Sheet fixing device for a drum of a scanner|
|US8052589 *||Feb 9, 2007||Nov 8, 2011||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Sheet conveying roller, sheet conveying apparatus, and image forming apparatus|
|US20070194523 *||Feb 9, 2007||Aug 23, 2007||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Sheet conveying roller, sheet conveying apparatus, and image forming apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||396/559, 396/555, 355/47, 355/52|
|International Classification||B41B17/00, B41B17/34|