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Publication numberUS3711903 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 23, 1973
Filing dateDec 11, 1968
Priority dateDec 11, 1968
Publication numberUS 3711903 A, US 3711903A, US-A-3711903, US3711903 A, US3711903A
InventorsBrown A
Original AssigneeBrown A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Slide fastener
US 3711903 A
Abstract
An interdigitating fastener having an extruded slit core strip embedded in an extruded slit carrier strip. The core strip is slit in a serpentine manner to define interdigitating exposed portions and includes mechanical interlocking means for retaining each half of the slit core strip in the corresponding carrier strip portion to define a pair of separable assemblies adapted to be connected together and separated selectively by means of an associated slider. In one form the slider is provided with a wedging diamond which extends sufficiently to engage the carrier above and below the core strip and in a second form the slider includes a diamond which engages only the carrier strip outwardly of one face of the core strip. The fastener is economically manufactured by extruding the core strip, slitting the extruded core strip to define the serpentine interdigitating portions, extruding a carrier strip about the slit core strip and slitting the carrier strip to define a pair of core and carrier strip assemblies.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

11] 3,711,903 Jan. 23, 1973 United States Patent 91 Brown SLIDE F ASTENER Primary ExaminerBernard A. Gelak Inventor: Alexander M. Brown, 715 S. Beach gf wegner Stenman & Mc-

St., 309-D, Daytona Beach, Fla. 32014 [22] Filed: Dec. 11, 1968 An interdigitating fastener havmg an extruded slitcore [2]] Appl. No.: 782,973

strip embedded in an extruded slit carrier strip. The

core strip is slit in a serpentine manner to define interdigitating exposed portions and includes mechanical interlocking means for retaining each half of the slit core strip in the corresponding carrier strip portion to define a pair of separable assemblies adapted to be mm 5 OHM 2 M3 2M 3 i .2% 0 91 I l b 9 J 5 o n 2 .n I e 4 n .n m h c u r u a u e S L .l C mh UIF 1.1. 2 00 555 [ill connected together and separated selectively by means of an associated slider. In one form the slider is [56] References Cited provided with a wedging diamond which extends suffi- S T N E T A P S E T A T S D E W N U ciently to engage the carrier above and below the core X X 55 U U 3223 4 M 5 5 0 J0 n 0 4 4 2 Heimberger .......24/205.1 C UX Sipe v .mw hm t. S flfie om PMJ 63948 35566 99999 11111 Ill/l 9 76 1 1 0 47 895 4 60724 slitting the extruded core strip to define the ser- FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS pentine interdigitating portions, extruding a carrier strip about the slit core strip and slitting the carrier strip to define a pair of core and carrier strip assemblies.

1,519,912 2/1968 France 741,033 11/1943 Germany..... 952,073 11/1956 Germany.........................

22 Claims, 15 Drawing Figures lillil SLIDE FASTENER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to fasteners and in particular to slide fasteners of the interdigitatin g type.

2. Description of the Prior Art A large number of interdigitating slide fasteners of and juxtapose the carrier portions along the slits to the zipper type are known in the art. The known interl0 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention comprehends an improved interdigitating fastener eliminating the disadvantages of the above discussed prior art fasteners in a novel and simple manner. The invention comprehends forming such an interdigitating fastener by extruding a core strip. The core strip is subsequently slit longitudinally in a serpentine manner to define interdigitated portions. The slit core strip is then embedded in an extruded carrier which further defines outwardly extending attaching portions. The carrier is then slit longitudinally. The core portions are each provided with means interlocking with the two carrier portions resulting from the slitting thereof permitting the slit core portions to be separated and to be retained one each in association with the separated respective carrier portions. Separation and joining together of the assembled core and carrier portions is effected by a slider having a diamond wedging portion which may extend sufficiently to engage the carrier outwardly at the outer face of the slit core or may be provided with a diamond which engages the carrier only outwardly of one face of the core. The confronting edges of the slit carrier effectively abut in the assembled condition of the fastener above and below the core to provide an improved double seal.

More specifically, the invention comprehends the provision of an interdigitating fastener including a core strip formed of relatively rigid material and having a substantially constant external cross-section. The core strip is provided with a longitudinally extending serpentine through-slit, defining a pair of separably interdigitated core portions. A carrier strip formed ofa relatively resilient material is extruded about the core strip to extend substantially the length of the core strip, the carrier strip being provided with a pair of longitudinally extending through-slits one each at opposite faces of the core strip in overlying relationship to the serpentine through-slit of the core strip, the carrier strip defining a pair of separable carrier portions retained one each with the core portions to define a pair of separable core and carrier portion assemblies. The core portions further define complementary distal parts exposed outwardly of the carrier portions when one core and carrier portion assembly is separated from the other core and carrier portion assembly. The carrier portions sealingly abut each other along the carrier slits when the core and carrier. portion assemblies are joined with the core portions interdigitated. The fastener further includes a slider having means for selectively urging the assemblies together to interdigitate the distal core parts define effectively a sealed fastener, and means for urging the assemblies apart.

Further, more specifically, the invention comprehends the provision in such a fastener of means mechanically interlocking the core portions to the respective carrier portions. The core portions may extend substantially fully to the laterally outer portions of the carrier to provide a relatively rigid support for the slider thereon. The invention further more specifically comprehends providing attaching portions which may extend outwardly from the opposite sides of the fastener at the flatwise centerline plane of the core strip. Alternatively, the attaching portions may be spaced from one face of the core portion whereby the carrier may define a cross-section adapted for mounting ofa C-shaped slider thereon.

Further more specifically, the invention comprehends a new and improved method of forming an interdigitating fastener including the steps of extruding a core strip of relatively hard material, slitting the core to define a longitudinally extending serpentine slit fully therethrough defining interdigitated core strip portions, extruding a carrier about the slit core strip, slitting the carrier strip at opposite faces of the core strip to define a longitudinally extending slit fully therethrough and crossing in overlying relationship the serpentine core strip slit, and separating the carrier strip along the slit to concurrently separate the core strip portions.

Still further, the invention comprehends the provision of complementary mechanical interlocking means on each core strip portion and the carrier whereby the fastener defines a pair of sealingly joined core portion and carrier strip portion assemblies, the assemblies being selectively separable. The interlocking means may comprise an enlargement at the outer edges of the core strip portions. Further, the mechanical interlocking means may comprise an arrangement of the core strip portions to define an opening between a base portion of one core strip and the interdigitating teeth of the other portion in which opening a portion of the car-v rier extends to provide an enclosure of a portion of the base by the carrier.

The invention further comprehends the forming of the core strip of a plastic material as by extrusion thereof with a substantially inextensible reinforcement extending longitudinally of the core strip. The reinforcement may comprise a textile cord or the like and may be disposed within the enlarged interlocking portion.

The interlocking of the core strip portions to the carrier may further be effected by a fusing of the materials of the core strip and carrier strip at the interfaces therebetween. The portions of the core strip projecting from the carrier defining the interlocking teeth may have mold release material applied thereto prior to the fusing operation thereby to assure a maintained separation of these portions for subsequent selective interdigitation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary top plan view of the slit core I strip having a slit carrier strip associated therewith;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary transverse section taken substantially along the line 44 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary top plan view of an interdigitating fastener embodying the invention utilizing the core strip and carrier strip assembly of FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary transverse section taken substantially along the line 66 of FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary transverse section taken substantially along line 7-7 of FIG. 5;

FIG. 8 is a top plan view of a modified form of interdigitating fastener embodying the invention;

FIG. 9 is a fragmentary transverse section taken substantially along the line 9-9 of FIG. 8;

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary top plan view of the slit core strip having a slit carrier strip associated therewith;

FIG. 11 is a fragmentary top plan view of an interdigitating fastener embodying the invention utilizing the core strip and carrier strip assembly of FIG. 10;

FIG. 12 is a fragmentary transverse section taken substantially along line 12-12 of FIG. 1 1;

FIG. 13 is a fragmentary transverse section taken substantially along line I3 13 of FIG. 11;

FIG. 14 is a fragmentary plan view of a modified form of interdigitating fastener embodying the invention; and

FIG. 15 is a fragmentary top plan view of one end of the assembled core strip and carrier strip of a further modified form of fastener embodying the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In the exemplary embodiment of the invention as shown in FIGS. 17 of the drawings, an interdigitating fastener generally designated 10 is shown to comprise-a core strip 11 formed of relatively hard material such as a plastic. The core strip 11 may be extruded to have a transverse cross-sectional configuration, as shown in FIG. 2, wherein the mid-portion 12 is enlarged and the opposite base portions 13 and 14 are enlarged to define relatively rigid projections comprising effectively turned edge flanges. The core strip 11 is provided with a serpentine through-slit 15, as shown in FIG. 1, to divide the strip 11 into two portions 11a and 11b having interdigitated distal portions, or interlocking teeth, 16 and 17 respectively. As shown, the portions 16 and 17 interlock as a result of the distally enlarging configuration thereof to define interdigitated coupling means.

The core strip 11 is embedded in a carrier strip generally designated 18 which, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, includes a body portion 19 provided with a first through-slit 20 extending upwardly from the upper face 21 of the core strip mid-portion 12 and a second through-slit 22 extending downwardly from the opposite core strip face 23. In the illustrated embodiment, slits 20 and 22 are rectilinear and extend along the longitudinal centerline 24 of the carrier strip 18 in overlying crossing relationship to the serpentine slit 15 of the core strip 11. As shown in FIG. 1, the slit 15 is symmetrically related to the longitudinal centerline 25 of the core strip 11.

As further shown in FIG. 4, the carrier 18 is further provided with laterally outwardly projecting web portions 26 and 27 defining attaching means.

The enlarged edge portions 13 and 14 of the core strip 11 cooperatively define, with the carrier strip 18, mechanical interlock means. Thus, as shown in FIG. 5, when the fastener 10 is separated along the longitudinal centerline thereof, as by means of a slider 28, the carrier strip 18 is divided into a pair of carrier strip portions 18a and 18b with the enlarged distal portions 16 and 17 of the core strip portions 11a and 11b projecting inwardly therefrom to be exposed inwardly of the edges 18a and 18b defined by slit 20 of the carrier strip 18. The interlocking portions 13 and 14 effectively positively retain the respective core strip portions 11a and bin the respective carrier strip portions 18a and 18b thereby to define separable core strip and carrier strip portion assemblies 29 and 30.

As best seen in FIGS. 1 and 6, the core strip 11 defines a plurality of openings 45 disposed between the longitudinally extending base portions 13 and 14 and the confronting distal portions 16 and 17 of the interdigitating teeth. The carrier includes portions 46 as best seen in FIG. 6 which extends through the openings 45 thereby completely enclosing the base portions 13 and 14 outwardly of the respective openings 45 and thereby providing further positive mechanical interlocking means maintaining the core strips in positive retained association with the carrier strip portions and 18b.

The slider 28 includes a conventional flared guide portion 31 defined by an upper section 32 and a lower section 33 embracing the carrier body portion 19, as shown in FIG. 6. Slider portions 32 and 33 are provided with inturned legs 34 for urging the assemblies 29 and 30 forcibly together to effect interdigitation of the core strip portions 16 and 17, as shown in FIG. 6. For facilitated manipulation of the slider, a pull 35 is connected thereto in the conventional manner to effect such interdigitation as by upward movement of the slider, as seen in FIG. 5.

To effect separation or opening of the fastener 10, the slider is manipulated in an opposite manner to move the slider downwardly, as seen in FIG. 5. The slider includes a diamond wedge 36 which enters between the core portions 16 and 17 to effect a separation thereof, as showr. in FIG. 5, as a result of a downward movement therebetween. As seen in FIG. 6, the diamond 36 extends the full height of the assemblies 29 and 30 between the upper and lower portions 32 and 33 of the slider whereby the diamond acts on all slit portions of the fastener concurrently to effect the desired opening of the fastener.

Illustratively, the carrier strip 18 may be formed of a soft resilient plastic, such as vinyl plastic, which is preferably thermally resistant to maintain the physical characteristics thereof under a wide range of temperature conditions. In one excellent example of the fastener, the carrier strip was formed of a polyvinyl chloride having an A-scale durometer hardness of approximately 75. The invention comprehends a further interlocking of the core and carrier strips as by fusing of the plastic material of the core strip portions to the plastic material of the carrier strip portions during an extrusion of the carrier strip onto the core strip. To preclude fusing of the interdigitating tooth portions 16 and 17 of the core strip to the carrier strip, a mold release agent may be applied to portions 16 and 17 prior to the forming of the carrier strip thereto.

Thus, the fastener may be extremely economically formed. The extrusion of core strip 11 may be continuously effected with the slitting being effected therein by a suitable shear of proper serpentine configuration. The carrier strip 18 maybe extruded onto the core strip 1 l substantially continuously and the slits 20 and 22 effected therein substantially continuously by a suitable slitting knife. As the edges 18a and 18b of the slit carrier 18 are in abutting relationship in the assembled condition of the fastener 10, a seal across the fastener is obtained both above and below the core strip 11, as seen in FIG. 7. The attaching portions 26 and 27 may be secured to suitable adjacent portions of the structure to be fastened as by stitching, stapling, etc. As best seen in FIGS. 4 and 7, the body 19 of the carrier strip 18 may be slightly undercut, as at 37, adjacent the attaching portions to provide low friction in the movement of the slider 28 thereover.

Fastener 10 is extremely simple and economical of construction, while yet providing an improved sealing fastening means. Forming of the core from a relatively hard material provides high strength in the fastener while yet the relatively softer carrier may have improved sealing effect and provides facilitated attachment of the fastener. The slitting of the relatively rigid hard core strip causes the core strip to become relatively flexible in a direction perpendicular to the flatwise extent of the fastener.

ln illustrating fastener 10, the slits 20 and 22 are illustrated in the closed arrangement of the fastener as being sealingly closed by the abutting edges of the carrier strip portions. The improved rigid core strip means maintains this desirable positive sealed association. However, as will be obvious to those skilled in the art, where a sealed fastener is not required, the slit edges may be spaced apart as desired. Because of the extreme simplicity and economy of construction, however, fastener 10 may provide the desirable feature of a sealed carrier whileyet being lower in cost than the conventional nonsealing fastener.

The invention comprehends the forming of the core strip and carrier strip by many suitable materials. In the preferred form, the strips are extruded for minimized cost. As will be obvious to those skilled in the art, suitable formulations to provide desirable characteristics such as increased strength, hardness, flexibility, and the like, may be used as desired. Further, the fastener may be formed in different colors as desired and may be made in a wide range of sizes including large sizes for use in heavy duty applications, such as with tarpaulins, boat covers, fumigating and pressurized enclosure means, etc. By forming the fastener completely out of plastic materials, maintenance problems such as mildew, corrosion, and the like, are effectively eliminated. Further, as the carrier strip may be formed of a suitable plastic, the carrier strip may be attached to the structure to be interconnected by the fastener by heat sealing, or the like, eliminating the relatively costly conventional sewing operation.

Turning now to the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 8-13, a modified form of fastener embodying the invention generally-designated is shown to comprise a fastener generally similar to fastener 10 but having a core strip 111 and a carrier strip 118 which are modified in cross-section to provide further improved sealing in the installed fastener. The core strip 111 is generally similar to core strip 11 of fastener 10 and functions to provide an interdigitating releasable closure of the fastener in a substantially similar manner. However, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the core strip 111 is provided with a longitudinal, substantially inextensible reinforcing means herein comprising a pair of textile cords 144 for precluding stretching of the core strip. As shown in FIG. 9, the reinforcing cords 144 may be disposed within the enlargements 113 and 114 at the opposite sides of the core strip 111. Within the scope of the invention, the reinforcing means 144 may be similarly provided in the core strip 11 as desired. The reinforcing means provides the additional feature of preventing stretching of the core strip during the forming of the carrier strip thereon as may occur where the core strip is formed of a heat stretchable material and the core strip is applied in a heated form such as by extrusion. As shown in FIG. 8, the distal portions, or interdigitating teeth, 116 and 117, may be provided with offset shoulders 149 and 150 providing a positive interdigitated engagement between the teeth. The teeth extend only partially to the base potions 113 and 114 thereby defining openings 145 through which a portion 146 of the carrier strip may extend to provide the desirable encircling interlocked relationship of the carrier strip to the base portions as discussed above relative to fastener 10. The openings 145 may be formed by concurrent removal of the material during the slitting of the core strip. Alternatively, the core strip may be slit to define teeth corresponding directly with the recess of the opposite strip portion and after separation of the core strip portions, the distal end of the teeth may be removed so that upon subsequent interdigitation the openings 145 result.

As best seen in FIGS. 10 and 1], carrier strip 118 is provided with attaching webs 126 and 127 extending from a lower portion 138 of the carrier strip 118 which is spaced from the body portion 119 thereof by a thin spacer portions 139. Lower portion 138 and spacer portion 139 are provided with a slit 122 along the longitudinal centerline thereof and body portion 119 is provided with a slit along the longitudinal centerline thereof, as shown in FIG. 13.

Body portion 119 may be somewhat thinner than body portion 19 of fastener 10 whereby the interlocking portions 113 and 114 of the core strip 111 are disposed closely adjacent the laterally outer surfaces 140 of the carrier strip body 119, thereby providing a relatively rigid guiding surface for the slider legs 134.

The slider diamond 136 may extend only above the upper surface of the core strip. The slider legs 134 connect the upper portion 132 to the lower inturned flange portion 133 underlying the carrier strip body portion 119. The inturned legs 133 extend to closely adjacent the narrow spacer portion 139 whereby the slider effectively is mounted on the carrier strip body portion 119. As shown in FIGS. 12 and 13, the spacing of the attaching portions 126 from the lower face 141 of the carrier strip body portion 119, and thus below the core strip 111, is substantially greater than the thickness of the legs 133 to permit free sliding movement of the slider on the core strip body.

As shown in FIG. 15, the upper end 142 of the carrier strip 118 is provided with a triangular shaped recess 143 which is complementary to the diamond 136 so that when the slider 128 is brought fully to the upper end of the fastener 110, the diamond may be received in the recess 143 permitting the carrier strip edges at 120 and 122 to be sealingly closed along their entire longitudinal extent.

A highly desirable advantage of the construction of fastener 110 is the improved sealing thereof as the result of forces tending to pull the attaching portions 126 and 127 apart, as may occur in the conventional fastening functioning. Thus, as best seen in FIG. 13, forces Fr and Fl acting concurrently to the right on attaching portion 126 and to the left on attaching portion 127 tend to pivot the carrier body about the relatively rigid core strip 11] whereby more forceful abutment of the carrier strip portions along slit 120 is effected. While such pivoting may tend to urge the lowermost portion of the carrier body 119 slightly outwardly, the slider may be moved relatively easily on body 119 as a result of the relatively rigid mounting means defined by the hard core portions 113 and 114 adjacent the outer surface of the carrier strip body. Thus, fastener 110 provides improved sealing while yet assuring-facilitated simple operation thereof by selective opening and closing movements of the slider 128.

As shown in FIGS. 12 and 13, the attaching portions 126 and 127 may be somewhat rounded to provide improved resiliency in the fastener 110 relative to the forces Fr and Fl. The attaching portions 126 and 127 may be provided with fabric reinforcements 147 for improved strength in joining the fastener to the structures to be connected thereby. Referring to FIG. 14, a further modified form of fastener generally designated 210 is shown to comprise a fastener similar to fastener 110 but having fastening portions 226 and 227 provided with fabric reinforcements 248 which extend laterally outwardly from the portions 226 and 227 for use in joining the fastener to fabric and the like.

The elements of fasteners 110 and 210 may be formed similarly to the elements of fastener by simple and economical extrusion and shearing operations. Thus, the fasteners 110 and 210 may be similarly made by continuous manufacturing steps effectively minimizing the cost thereof. Elements of fasteners 110 and 210 corresponding to similar elements of fastener 10 are identified by similar reference numerals but 100 or 200 higher. Fasteners 110 and 210 function similarly to fastener 10, except as otherwise noted above.

While I have shown and described certain embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that it is capable of many modifications. Changes, therefore, in

the construction and arrangement may be made within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

lclaim:

1. An interdigitating fastener comprising: a core strip formed of relatively rigid material and having a substantially constant external cross-section along the length thereof and provided with a longitudinally extending serpentine through-slit, said strip defining a pair of separably interdigitated core portions; a carrier strip formed of a relatively resilient material positioned about said core strip and extending substantially the length of said core strip, said carrier strip being slit longitudinally to define a pair of separable carrier portions forming a pair of separable core and carrier portion assemblies having slit, accurately corresponding edges in overlying and underlying relationship to the longitudinal centerline of said serpentine through-slit of said core strip, said core portions further defining longitudinal edge portions secured in said carrier portions and complementary distal parts exposed outwardly of said carrier slit edges when one core and carrier portion assembly is separated from the other core and carrier portion assembly, said carrier slit edges being juxtaposed when said core and carrier portion assemblies are joined with said core portions interdigitated, cooperating aperture portions of said core strip and integral projecting portions of said carrier strip positioned therein and defining interlock means mechanically locking the paired core and carrier strip portions together; and means for selectively urging said assemblies together to interdigitate said core portions and juxtapose said carrier slit edges.

2. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said core strip defines a plurality of through openings and said carrier strip includes portions formed as'one piece with the carrier strip and extending through said through openings to define said interlock means.

3. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said interlock means further comprises a rigid enlargement unitary with said respective core portions.

4. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said interlock means further comprises a turned flange unitary with said respective core portions.

5. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said carrier strip slit extends along the longitudinal centerline of the carrier strip.

6. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said core strip slit is substantially symmetrically disposed relative to the longitudinal centerline of said core strip.

7. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said core strip has a transverse cross-section widening to the longitudinal centerline of said core strip.

8. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said core strip is formed of a relatively hard plastic.

9. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said carrier strip includes opposite web portions projecting laterally outwardly to define attachment means.

10. The interdigitating fastener of claim 9 wherein said web portions are disposed at the transverse centerline plane of the fastener.

11. The interdigitating fastener of claim 9 wherein said web portions are disposed in flatwise alignment spaced from one face of said core strip.

12. The interdigitating fastener of claim 9 wherein said web portions are disposed in flatwise alignment and spacer means is provided on one carrier strip portion at said slit thereof supporting said web portions in spaced relationship to said core strip.

13. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 further including substantially inextensible reinforcing means extending longitudinally of the core strip portion.

14. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said core strip portions extend to adjacent the laterally outer surfaces of said carrier portions.

15. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein said assemblies are sealingly abutted along said carrier strip slit edges.

16. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein a slit of said carrier strip is provided with a V-shaped recess at one end of the fastener, and said means for urging said assemblies together comprises a slider including a diamond complementary to said recess, said diamond being received in said recess when said slider is disposed at said one end of the fastener permitting said assemblies to be sealed together fully to said one end by the abutment of the carrier strip portions at the carrier strip slit.

17. The interdigitating fastener of claim 1 wherein each of said carrier strips includes a portion extending about a portion of the associated core strip portion to positively lock the core strip portion in the assembly 18. An interdigitating fastener comprising:

a core strip including a pair of separable interlocked portions each defining an elongated base, and a series of spaced teeth projecting from and integral with said base portion, the teeth of one portion being spaced from the base of the other portion when said portions are interlocked to define a plurality of openings therebetween; and

a carrier strip of material softer than the core strip material supporting said core strip, said carrier strip including integral portions extending through said openings and portions outwardly of said core strip base interlocking the core strip portion to the carrier strip 19. The interdigitating fastener of claim 18 wherein said base is provided with a substantially inextensible longitudinal reinforcement effectively precluding undesirable elongation of the core strip portion.

20. The interdigitating fastener of claim 19 wherein said reinforcement comprises a textile cord.

21. The interdigitating fastener of claim 19 wherein said core strip is formed of a thermoplastic material.

22. An interdigitating fastener comprising: a core strip formed of relatively rigid material and having a substantially constant external cross-section along the length thereof and provided with a longitudinally extending serpentine through-slit, said strip defining a pair of separably interdigitated core portions; a carrier strip formed of a relatively resilient material positioned about said core strip and extending substantially the length of said core strip, said carrier strip being slit longitudinally to define a pair of separable carrier portions forming a pair of separable core and carrier portion assemblies having slit, accurately corresponding edges in overlying and underlying relationship to the longitudinal centerline of said serpentine through-slit of said core strip, said core portions further defining complementary distal parts exposed outwardly of said carrier slit edges when one core and carrier portion assembly is separated from the other core and carrier portion assembly, said carrier slit edges being juxtaposed when said core and carrier portion assemblies are joined with said core portions interdigitated; and means for selectively urging said assemblies together to interdigitate said core portions and juxtapose said carrier slit edges said core strip having a thick mid-portion with sa1 distal parts narrowing outwardly to preclude facial engagement of the distal parts with the overlying and underlying surfaces of the carrier strip until said distal parts are fully received in the opposing core portion in the interdigitated arrangement thereof.

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US2651091 *Jul 30, 1947Sep 8, 1953Alfred Priestley FrederickEdge to edge fastening
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3885276 *Sep 18, 1972May 27, 1975Textron IncSlide fastener and method and apparatus for making the same
US3892016 *Aug 9, 1974Jul 1, 1975Brown Alexander MInterdigitated sealing closure
US4139938 *Feb 23, 1976Feb 20, 1979Textron Inc.Apparatus for making slide fasteners
US4308644 *Dec 14, 1978Jan 5, 1982Brown Alexander MSealing zipper
US4505008 *Apr 23, 1984Mar 19, 1985Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Adjustable fastener
US4604774 *Feb 22, 1985Aug 12, 1986Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Sliding clasp fastener
US4941238 *Feb 11, 1988Jul 17, 1990Allison E. AndersonSlide fasteners and the like
US6622351 *Oct 24, 2001Sep 23, 2003Ykk CorporationSlider for airtight and watertight slide fastener
US8447062 *May 17, 2011May 21, 2013Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Earphone assembly
US20120170789 *May 17, 2011Jul 5, 2012Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Earphone assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/401, 24/389
International ClassificationA44B19/40, A44B19/14
Cooperative ClassificationA44B19/14
European ClassificationA44B19/14