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Publication numberUS3713231 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 30, 1973
Filing dateJun 8, 1971
Priority dateJun 11, 1970
Publication numberUS 3713231 A, US 3713231A, US-A-3713231, US3713231 A, US3713231A
InventorsMochizuki Y
Original AssigneeHope Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ski boot
US 3713231 A
Abstract
A ski boot comprises a lower shell enclosing major parts of a foot and an upper shell in the form of an ankle cuff pivoted to the lower shell and movable back and forth. The boot has means for adjusting forward inclinations of the upper shell provided obliquely between the front surface of the upper shell and the upper surface of the lower shell.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 11 1 Mochizuki 1 Jan. 30, 1973 SKI BOOT [75] Inventor: Yoshinari Mochizuki, Tokyo, Japan [73] Assignee: l-lope Kabushiki Kaisha, Tokyo,

Japan 22 Filed: June8, 1971 21 Appl.No.: 151,106

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data June 11, 1970 Japan ..45/49858 Dec. 23, 1970 Japan ..4S/l3l 142 [52] US. Cl. ..36/2.5 AL [51] Int. Cl. ..A43b 00/00 [58] Field of Search ..36/2.5 R, 2.5 AL

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,486,247 12/1969 Franet ..36/2.5 AL

Hickmann et al ..36/2.5 AL Hanson et al. ..36/2.5 AL

Primary Examiner-Patrick D. Lawson Attorney-Eliot S. Gerber [57] ABSTRACT A ski boot comprises a lower shell enclosing major parts of a foot and an upper shell in the form of an ankle cuff pivoted to the lower shell and movable back and forth. The boot has means for adjusting forward inclinations of the upper shell provided obliquely between the front surface of the upper shell and the upper surface of the lower shell.

7 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTEUJAN30 I975 3, 7 l 3, 231

iNVENTOR. YOSH/ MAR/ Haul/20h AWE/ever SKI BOOT This invention relates to a ski boot which provides positive foot control, and more particularly to a ski boot comprising a lower shell and an upper shell both made of rigid material, wherein the upper shell, in the form of an ankle cuff, is connected to the lower shell, which lower shell is movable in the forwardly and rearwardly inclined positions.

Recently, in place of a ski boot made of relatively soft leather or the like, there has been developed a ski boot comprising an outer shell made of light and rigid materials such as plastics or metals, and an inner boot positioned within the outer shell which conforms the boot to a users foot. Such a ski boot is advantageous because it firmly secures the users foot to the ski without lateral and futile movements which are undesirable for positive ski control. However, the ski boot has to allow the users ankle to pivotally move to its forwardly and rearwardly inclined positions, which are the natural skiing attitudes. To accomplish such pivotable movements, the outer shell comprises a lower shell enclosing major parts of a foot and an upper shell in the form of an ankle cuff pivotally connected to the lower shell.

In order to hold the upper shell in a predetermined upright position on the lower shell, it is known to provide a tension spring at the back of the upper and lower shells. However, in such a known ski boot, since the upper shell is urged rearwardly to be held in the upright position on the lower shell, the user receives a backward load on his ankle and shin when he takes a largely forwardly inclined attitude for skiing a forwardly inclined steep slope. Thus, the ski boot causes an energy loss to the user and is not desirable for smooth operation for the ski.

In addition, since the tension spring holding the upper shell in the upright position on the shell is provided at the back of these shells, the shells open at their front or side portions to allow the users foot to be inserted therein. Therefore, while skiing, snow may pile on the closed portion and enter the shell as the closed portion is directly exposed to snow. In addition, when the shells are constructed to open at their front portions, the users toe has to be inclined forwardly about his ankle to insert his foot to the shells, such insertion being troublesome especiallywhen the user wears thick.

socks and when he puts on his boot in a cold place.

Accordingly, an objective of the present invention is to provide a ski boot in which forward inclinations of an upper shell in the form of an ankle cuff to a lower shell can be easily and visually adjusted to conform to inclinations of slopes to be skied.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a ski boot, as defined above, in which a skier's foot can be easily inserted into the boot from the back thereof.

A further objective of the present invention is to provide a ski boot which guards a user's ankle from injuries, such as sprain or fracture, even when the user forcefully falls down forwardly.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a ski boot which is very convenient to carry.

According to the present invention, a ski boot comprises a rigid lower shell enclosing major parts of a foot, a rigid upper shell in the form of an ankle cuff, means connecting the upper shell to the lower shell to move said upper shell to forwardly and rearwardly inclined positions, and means connected obliquely between the front surface of the upper shell and the upper surface of the lower shell for adjusting forward inclinations of the upper shell.

The aforementioned and other objectives and features of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of specific embodiments thereof, when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a partially sectioned perspective view of a ski boot according to a first embodiment of the present invention, in which rear portions of an upper shell are open;

FIG. 2 is a side view of the ski boot shown in FIG. 1 in which the rear portion of the upper shell is closed;

FIG. 3 is a back view of the ski boot shown in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a partially sectioned side view showing upper portions of an upper shell of a ski boot according to another embodiment of the present invention.

Referring now to an embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, a ski boot 1 has a lower shell 2 and an upper shell separated into a front shell 3 and a rear closure shell 6. The lower shell 2 is integrally made of rigid materials such as fiber reinforced plastic, aluminum alloy or the like and is formed on a sole 4 integrally therewith. As shown in the drawings, the lower shell 2 encloses the major portions of a users foot. The upper front shell 3 and rear closure shell 6 are also made of rigid materials, such as mentioned above. The front upper shell 3 encircles and holds substantially the front half of the upper portions of a users ankle and lower portions of a users shin. The rear closure shell 6, when closed, encircles and holds substantially the rear half of the upper portions of a users ankle and the lower portions of a users calf. Thus, the front upper shell 3 and the rear closure shell 6 form the upper shell in the form of an ankle cuff.

The front upper shell 3 and the rear closure shell 6 are pivotally connected to the upper portion of the lower shell 4 by pivots 9 so that the rear closure shell 6 may be outside of the front upper shell 3. Interposed between the upper end of the lower shell 2 and the lower end of the front upper shell 3 is an elastic sheet member 14. This sheet member 14 is adhered at its both ends to the shells 2 and 3 to close an opening between them, thus serving to preventsnow from entering into the shells 2 and 3 while skiing.

A heel supporting shell Sis hinged at 7 to the rear upper end of the lower shell 2 and is located between v the front upper shell 3 and the rear closure shell 6, so

that the heel supporting shell 5 pivotally moves back and forth between them. The inner free end of the heel supporting shell 5 contacts to and closes the rear free end of the front upper shell 3 when the rear closure shell 6 is rotated forwardly about the pivots 9. The rearward rotation of the heel supporting shell 5 is restricted by the inner surface of the rear closure shell 6 which is substantially horizontal inits rearwardly rotated position. The heel supporting shell 5 is provided at its outer surface with two spaced projections 8 which are snugly fitted into recesses 10 formed in the inner surface of the rear closure shell 6 when the latter closes the rear opening of the front upper shell 3. Therefore, the heel supporting shell is prevented from lateral movements.

The rear closure shell 6 is clamped to the front upper shell 3 by known clamping members 11 and 12 fixed on the side surfaces of the rear closure shell 6 and the front upper shell 3, respectively.

Attached inside of the front upper shell 3, rear closure shell 6, and heel supporting shell are soft pads 13 which surround an inner boot (not shown) conforming to an individual user.

Provided obliquely between the front surface of the front upper shell 3 and the upper surface of the lower.

shell 2 is means for adjusting forward inclinations of the front upper shell 3. The adjusting means comprises a screw rod 19 connected at its one end to the front surface of the upper shell 3 and another screw rod 18 connected at its one end to the upper surface of the lower shell 2, both screw rods 18 and 19 being threaded in the opposite directions and connected to the shells 2 and 3, respectively, by ball joints (universal joints). The screw rods 18 and 19 are threaded into cylindrical cap members 16a and 16 at their other ends, respectively. The cylindrical member 16 is reduced at its free end which encloses an enlarged free end of the other cylindrical member 16a which diameter is smaller than that of the cylindrical member 16. Within the cylindrical members 16 and 16a a compression spring 15 is provided which both ends are received by annular synthetic rubbers l7 surrounding, with a slight space, the screw rods 18 and 19. The inner ends of the screw rods 18 and 19 pass through the annular synthetic rubbers 17 and partially pass into the compression spring 15.

Accordingly, the cylindrical cap members 16 and 16a are normally urged to be separated from one another, though not disengaged with each other by the enlarged and reduced free ends thereof. But, when a forward thrust is applied to the front upper shell 3, the cylindrical cap member 16 slides forwardly to enclose the opposite cylindrical cap member 16a and, thereby, compresses the spring. 15. Further, when an abnormal forward thrust strong enough to fully compress the springylS is applied, the annular synthetic rubber 17 is compressed after the compression of the spring and, thereby, absorbs the dangerous forward thrust.

The cylindrical cap members 16 and 16a are respectively threaded by the screw rods 19 and 18 threaded in the opposite directions, so that the rotation of the cylindrical cap members 16 and 16a in either direction increases or decreases the degree of forward inclination of the upper shell 3. I

In a second embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the rear closure shell 6 has an elastic calf supporting member 6a attached to the upper end thereof. The calf supporting member 6a'is made of soft synthetic resin plate, so that the user does not feel pain on his calf even when he wears the boot for a long time in skiing. Except for this point, the second embodiment is substantially the same as the first embodiment.

The ski boot according to the present invention is so constructed that the forward inclinations of the upper shell are adjustable by operating the cylindrical cap members 16 and 160 so as to conform to the inclinations of the slopes to be skied.

In addition, when an abnormal severe forward thrust is applied to the user's leg, the spring 15 and then the synthetic rubbers 17 in the cylindrical'cap members 16 and 16a are compressed to absorb the forward thrust.

The synthetic rubber is such that it will become compressed after the spring 15 is fully compressed, so that dangerous forward thrust is positively absorbed by the synthetic rubbers 17.

Furthermore, since the upper shell is opened and closed at its rear portion, not only is the insertion of a users foot into the boot easy but also snow will not come into the boot, while skiing, through connecting portions of the front upper shell 3 and the rear closure shell 6.

Furthermore, since the cylindrical cap members 16 and 16a and screw rods 18 and 19, which are elements for adjusting forward inclinations of the upper shell, are obliquely provided between the upper and the lower shells, the boot can easily be carried by gripping the cylindrical cap members or by inserting a ski pole between the cap members 16 and 16a and the elastic sheet member 14.

In addition, when the rear upper end of the upper shell is made of soft synthetic resin plate 60, the user will not feel pain on his calf even when he wears the boot for a long time.

Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments shown in the figures, many modifications and alterations may be made within the spirit of the present invention.

lclaim:

1. A ski boot comprising a rigid lower shell enclosing major portions of a foot, a rigid upper shell in the form of a shell enclosing an ankle, means connecting said upper shell to said lower shell and permitting their relative movement so that the upper shell inclines toward and away from the lower shell, and an adjustment means obliquely extended between the front-surface of said upper shell and the upper surface of said lower shell, said adjustment means adjusting the forward inclination of the upper shell and being compressible by a forward inclined movement of said upper shell.

2. A ski boot as claimed in'claim 8 wherein said forward inclinations adjusting means comprises a first rod connected at its one end to the front surface of said upper shell by a universal joint, a second rod connected at its one end to the upper surface of said lower shell by a universal joint, and a resilient adjusting means interconnecting the other ends of said first and second rods and threaded to at least one of said rods to restrict a rearward inclined movement of said upper shell.

3. A ski boot'as claimed in claim 1, wherein said upper shell comprises a front upper shell and a rear closure shell both pivoted to the upper portion of said lower shell; and a heel closure shell is located between said front upper shell and said rear closure shell and is hinged to the rear upper end of said lower shell, whereby said ski boot can be fully opened at its rear portion to easily insert a users foot therein and can be easily closed only by clamping said rear closure shell to said front upper shell.

4. A ski boot as claimed in claim 2, wherein said other ends of said first and second rods are threaded in the opposite directions; and said resilient adjusting means comprises a first cylindrical cap through a closed end of which said first rod is threaded, a second cylindrical cap through a closed end of which said second rod is threaded, said first and second cylindrical caps being slidably engaged with each other at their free end portions, and a compression spring compressed between said closed ends in said first and second cylindrical caps, whereby when said cylindrical caps are rotated in either direction, the forward inclinations of said upper shell are increased or decreased, and when said upper shell is forwardly inclined by a forward thrust applied to the users leg, the cylindrical caps move to the opposite direction by compressing said spring and absorb said forward thrust.

S. A ski boot as claimed in claim 3, wherein said rear closure shell is provided at its upper end portion with a

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3486247 *May 23, 1967Dec 30, 1969Franet Francis LSki boot construction
US3609887 *Mar 18, 1970Oct 5, 1971Head Ski Co IncSki boot construction
US3619914 *Feb 13, 1970Nov 16, 1971Lange & CoBoot tensioning device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3832792 *May 14, 1973Sep 3, 1974M KastingerSkiing boot
US3861067 *May 14, 1973Jan 21, 1975Hope KkSki boot
US3868783 *Jan 14, 1974Mar 4, 1975Norstar Ski Corp LtdSki boot
US3948253 *Jan 27, 1975Apr 6, 1976Burke Murray GOrthopedic shoe
US4008532 *Jul 12, 1976Feb 22, 1977Olin CorporationSki boot
US4095356 *Oct 15, 1976Jun 20, 1978Scott Usa, Inc.Boot with pivoted upper
US4222184 *Feb 12, 1979Sep 16, 1980Hermann KastingerSki boot
US4523395 *Aug 16, 1982Jun 18, 1985Nordica S.P.A.Adjusting device particularly for ski boots
US4565017 *Oct 26, 1984Jan 21, 1986Ottieri EnterprisesSki boot
US4570364 *Feb 17, 1984Feb 18, 1986Raichle Sportschuh AgArticle of athletic footwear, especially a ski boot
US4575957 *Jun 4, 1984Mar 18, 1986Salomon S.A.Rear entry ski boot
US4669202 *Sep 28, 1984Jun 2, 1987Ottieri EnterprisesSki boot
US4677771 *Jun 10, 1986Jul 7, 1987Lange International S.A.Ski boot
US4719709 *Mar 16, 1987Jan 19, 1988Nordica S.P.A.Rear entrance ski boot
US4901455 *Apr 22, 1988Feb 20, 1990Salomon, S.A.Alpine ski boot
US5068984 *Jul 9, 1990Dec 3, 1991William H. Kaufman Inc.Downhill ski boot assembly
US5353528 *Nov 12, 1993Oct 11, 1994Salomon S. A.Alpine ski boot with an energy stirrup journalled on the rear spoiler
US5394628 *Mar 20, 1992Mar 7, 1995Salomon S.A.Alpine ski boot with an energy flap journalled on the shell base
US5426871 *Feb 16, 1994Jun 27, 1995Spademan; Richard G.Ankle flexion limiting device
US5640787 *Apr 5, 1995Jun 24, 1997Spademan; Richard G.Ankle tightening and flexion limiting device
US6543793Oct 3, 2000Apr 8, 2003The Burton CorporationHighback formed of multiple materials
US7204495Apr 4, 2003Apr 17, 2007The Burton CorporationHighback formed of multiple materials
US7516976Aug 29, 2005Apr 14, 2009The Burton CorporationStrap for snowboard boots or bindings
US7566062Jan 8, 2007Jul 28, 2009The Burton CorporationHighback formed of multiple materials
US7669880Aug 29, 2005Mar 2, 2010The Burton CorporationStrap for snowboard boots or bindings
US7694994Dec 21, 2006Apr 13, 2010The Burton CorporationStrap for snowboard boots or bindings
US7766364Feb 25, 2009Aug 3, 2010The Burton CorporationStrap for snowboard boots or bindings
US7836612 *Jun 29, 2007Nov 23, 2010Brian Michael AgnewSki boot
DE4303969A1 *Feb 10, 1993Aug 11, 1994Oped GmbhShoe, in particular ski boot
DE4303969B4 *Feb 10, 1993Jan 19, 2006Oped GmbhSchuh, insbesondere Skischuh
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/118.8
International ClassificationA43B5/04
Cooperative ClassificationA43B5/0458
European ClassificationA43B5/04E14F2