US 3713630 A
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O Unlted States Patent 11 1 1111 3,713,630 Laprade et a1. 14 1 Jan. 30, 1973 1541 MULTICYLINDER CARBURETOR 3,259,378 7/1966 Menn'esso'n ..261/69 R 3,286,998 11/1966 Mennesson.... ..261/27  Inventors. Bernard Laprade, Arudy (64) L 125- 3,455,260 7/1969 Mennesson I I 261/50 A .rslsud qg gl 118111348, Arudy (64) 3,464,803 9/1969 Kimberley ..261/50 A Lesgayade; Pierre e e, O s- 3,475,011 10/1969 Cook ..261/50 A Tarbes (65) route de Lourdes, all 3,493,217 2/1970 Farley ..261/50A of Odos-Tarbes, France 3,512,508 5/1970 Winkler ..261/50 A  Filed: Aug. 3, 1971 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS  Appl. No.2 168,620 A2l,079 12/1919 France ..261/23 A 1,129,724 9/1956 France ..261/23 A  Foreign Application Priority Data Primary Examiner Tim R Miles Sept. 11, 1970 France ..7033001 Attorney-Pierce, Scheffler & a e
[521 US 01. ..261/23 A, 261/50 A, 123/119 R, ABSTRACT 3/139Aw A carburation system for multicylinder engines having  lnLCl ..F02m 9/08 an auxiliary throttle member in h intake pipe  Flew of Search "261/50 44 R, 23 A; stream of the main throttle member and controlled by 123/1 19R, 139 Aw the rate of air flow through the intake pipe and serving to control the rate of fuel delivery".  References Cited 2 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,893,508 7/1959 Baruch et al. ..55/276 EU 1 1 I, 1 4a 4 l i 3Z1 ,1! 213 5;; 1288a 19 2 10 1 --Il 71 9 1 1: 17 4 I J M PATENTEDJAN30 I975 3,713,630- sum 10F 2 w m fi 3N & K H a k MN E NW M\N wN 1 m1 mm E @N m m m H I Ilium 1 \dga. U a m Q m \V W m w m Q g Q Q MN MULTICYLINDER CARBURETOR This invention relates to improvements in carburation internal combustion engines for multicylinder systems.
When carburation devices of this kind are used, engine power can of course be increased if the inlet pipe for each cylinder has a main throttle member disposed at a short distance from the distribution element or intake valve of the cylinder, and an auxiliary throttle member actuating a fuel-dosing element to control fuel flow. It then becomes possible to make use of the pulsations produced in the inlet pipe by the consecutive engine aspirations to increase the feed of carburated mixture to the engine.
Also, if the fuel is delivered to a zone near the main throttle member, there is the advantage of having an inlet system for air not mixed with fuel which extends from the main throttle members to the auxiliary throttle members. The walls of such inlet systems are therefore completely dry, and so mixture distribution is unaffected. This feature is of course one .of the main advantages of fuel injection, since the fuel can more readily be controlled to cause minimum exhaust gas pollution of the atmosphere. Unfortunately a disadvantage of the known carburation facilities is that a complete carburation unit comprising the main throttle member, auxiliary throttle member and fuel-dosing facilities must be provided for each cylinder, so that assembly is of course costly and complex.
It is an object of this invention to obviate this disadvantage.
The invention is for improvements in or relating to carburation systems for multicylinder internal combustion engines of the kind in which an auxiliary throttle member is provided upstream of the main, drivercontrolled, throttle member in the intake pipe, the auxiliary throttle member opening automatically and progressively in proportion as the rate of air flow through the intake pipe increases, the auxiliary throttle member actuating a dosing element controlling fuel delivery, the fuel going to the air intake pipe through a passage which joins the intake pipe at a place where the negative pressure is substantially the same as in the chamber bounded by the two throttle members in the intake pipe, an individual pipe of length L being provided for each cylinder to make good use of the pulsations produced by consecutive engine aspirations, characterized in that the individual pipes of length L extend into a common chamber or enlarged manifold of predetermined volume, the manifold chamber having an air inlet in which one or two auxiliary throttle members are disposed, the same actuating a fuel-dosing element associated with a constant-level chamber, one or more main throttle elements being disposed downstream of the auxiliary throttle element, individual pipes for each cylinder for the dosed fuel and subject to the pressure in the chamber between the auxiliary throttle member and the main throttle member and extending from the dosing element to the engine inlet pipes near the inlet distribution element or inlet valve.
In particular embodiments of the invention, the following features can be provided:
One main throttle member per cylinder is provided and is disposed near the inlet distribution element:
Each individual pipe joins, downstream of its corresponding main throttle member, passages connected to the chamber between the auxiliary throttle member and the main throttle member;
Each individual pipe joins the manifold chamber immediately upstream of its main throttle member;
A main throttle member may be disposed in the inlet of the manifold chamber; and the dosed fuel mixed with air at the pressure in the chamber between the main throttle member and the auxiliary throttle member goes through individual ducts to the inlet pipes near the inlet distribution elements;
The air inlet in the manifold chamber may be subdivided into two independent passages, one of which is of relatively small diameter and includes an auxiliary throttle member and a main throttle member while the other is of relatively large diameter and includes an auxiliary throttle member and/or a main throttle member, the latter being controlled mechanically and/or by a diaphragm which is subject to the pressure in the chamber between the auxiliary throttle member and the main throttle member in the relatively small diameter passage;
The channels which extend around the dosed-fuel pipes communicate with the chamber between the auxiliary throttle member and the at least one main throttle member by way of a distributor having means such as screws for adjusting each passages;
The dispensing element is disposed in an emulsifying chamber having an air inlet connected via an adjusting screw to an air pipe heated by the engine exhaust gases or by the cooling water;
The individual pipes and/or the passages connected to the chamber between the auxiliary throttle member and the main throttle member are heated by the engine exhaust gases or by the cooling water;
Closure means disposed in the individual pipes and/or the passages connected to the chamber between the auxiliary throttle member and the at least one main throttle member are controlled by the at least one main throttle member and/or by the pressure in the inlet pipes upstream of the inlet distribution elements, but downstream of the or each main throttle member, to interrupt the fuel and/or air flow in such pipes and passages when the at least one main throttle member is closed and/or when the pressure in the inlet pipes drops below a critical value; and
Acoustic filters in the manifold chamber may keep pulsations away from the auxiliary throttle member.
For a better understanding of the invention, further description will be with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 shows a first embodiment of a carburation system according to the invention, and
FIG. 2 shows a second embodiment of a carburation system according to the invention.
Referring first to FIG. 1, an engine 15 comprises in this example four cylinders 16, four inlet valves 17- i.e., the inlet distribution elements-and four inlet pipes 18. A main throttle member 2 is provided in each pipe 18 and is mounted on a spindle 2a common to the four main throttle members, spindle 2a havinga lever 2b connected to driver-operated control linkages. Each pipe 18 is extended by a pipe 19 which extends to a manifold 25 common to the four pipes 19. The combined lengths of the pipes 18, 19 are determined by cal culation and adjusted experimentally to a value L so as to make use of the pulsations produced by consecutive engine suction strokes. At the inlet of manifold chamber 25 is a dosing facility comprising an element 3 having a passage 30 receiving an auxiliary throttle member in the form of an offset lid 4 mounted on a spindle 44. Without departure from the scope of the invention, the auxiliary throttle member can of course take the form of a piston sliding in a cylindrical capacity whose top part communicates permanently via a passage with the negative pressure operative in the passage 3a.
In the example shown, lid 4 has a pivot 4b to which a rod 8 connecting a fuel-disposing needle 5 to the lid 4 is secured. Conical tip 5a of needle 5 co-operates with orifice 7a and jet 7 and is guided in a guide 6 mounted in cover 3d of float chamber 1. Also disposed in cover 3d are a fuel supply connection 21, secured by screw 20, and a connector 22 receiving a needle valve 24 operated by a float 23. The air goes to emulsifying chamber 1d through pipe 11 and leaves chamber 1d through emulsion tube 10 which is formed with small apertures 10a. The dosed fuel and the air which has entered through pipe 11 go through orifices 9 into pipes 13 extending to a T-union 26, each outlet of which is received in a passage 28, the same starting upstream of the main throttle members 2 and communicating via aperture 27 with pipe 18. At the ends of the unions 26 are apertures 26a, and the respective diameters of the apertures 27 and 26a are such that the apertures 26a are subject to substantially the same negative pressure as is present in passage 28 and also in the manifold chamber between the main throttle elements 2 and the auxiliary throttle element 4. The passages 28 can be omitted if the ends of the unions 26 terminate immediately upstream of the main throttle members 2, the ends being disposed if necessary, in an auxiliary venturi tube. Also, the passages 28 can, if required, have air adjusting screws giving individual air adjustment for each cylinder.
Referring now to FIG. 2, the inlet of manifold chamber 25 is supplied through two different passagesa relatively narrow passage 3a having a main throttle member in the form of a driver-controlled flap or lid or the like 2 disposed on a spindle 2'a, and an auxiliary throttle member in the form of an offset flap or lid or the like 4 disposed on its spindle 4a and, as in the embodiment in FIG. 1, controlling needle 5. The relatively large passage 3a has another main throttle member in the form of flaps or lids or the like 2" mounted on a spindle 2"a, the lid being adapted to be opened by a diaphragm 31 which communicates via passage 32 with the pressure operative in the chamber between the main lid 2 and the auxiliary lid 4. The air entering the emulsifying chamber 1d comes from a passage 33 having an adjusting screw 34, the passage 33 passing through heating means 35 heated by the engine exhaust gases. The emulsion in mixing chamber la is sucked in by the engine through the apertures 9, flexible pipes 13 and pipes 26 formed with apertures 26a. As in the first embodiment, the pipes 26 deliver into passages 28 formed with apertures 27 and connected to a distributor 29 having an individual adjusting screw for each passage 28. Distributor 29 communicates via passage 28a with the chamber between the main throttle member 2' and the auxiliary throttle member 4. Consequently, the emulsion issuing through the apertures 26a is subject to substantially the same pressure as is operative in the chamber between the members 2' and 4, provided of course that the aperture 27 is chosen appropriately. The aperture 27 is disposed very near the inlet valve 17, but if the aperture 27 is disposed upstream of the members 2 (see FIG. 1), the same must be disposed very near the inlet valves 17.
In connection with FIG. 2 there is a disclosure of exhaust heating of the air entering the passage 33. The heating can of course be provided by any other means, such as the engine cooling water. Also, the passages and pipes 13, 28' can be heated by the same means, to enhance the evaporation of gasoline without impairing proper engine filling, since there is no need to heat the main air arriving through the pipes 19 and 18.
According to another feature (not shown) of the invention, the pipes 13 and/or the passages 28 or 28' can have closure facilities which are connected to the main throttle member and/or to the negative pressure upstream thereof to stop the arrival of fuel and air through the passages 28' or 28 when the main throttle member is fully closed and/or when the pressure downstream thereof drops below a critical value. This step helps to reduce the toxic gas content of the exhaust on overun with the main throttle member closed and is very advantageous in this system; it causes no difficulties with pick-up since delivery can restart instantaneously and, the pipes 19 and 18 always being dry, there is no risk of any disturbance. Since the pulsations in the pipes l9, l8 depend upon the length or distance L between the valves 17 and the place where the pipes 19 join the manifold chamber 25, any element disposed either in the manifold chamber 25 or further upstream cannot affect the pulsations. Consequently, in the system according to the invention acoustic filters may be provided at the inlet of the manifold 25 to keep the pulsations caused by the repeated suctions of the engine away from the auxiliary throttle member. The same then has less tendency to oscillate and so does not have to have a damper; consequently engine response during acceleration is faster since the auxiliary throttle member can more quickly follow pressure variations in the chamber between the main and auxiliary throttle members.
In FIG. 2, an auxiliary throttle member is provided only in the relatively narrow passage 3a, fuel dosage being the result solely of the association between the auxiliary throttle member 4 and the needle 5. Of course, the invention is not limited just to this example, for if circumstances warrant it, an auxiliary throttle member 4 can be provided in the relatively large passage 30 and also be connected to the dosing needle 5, the whole being so adjusted that the main throttle member and the auxiliary throttle member in the passage 3a start to open only when the corresponding throttle members in the relatively narrow passage 3'a are already fully open or are almost fully open, the system then virtually corresponding to the compound double-barrel carburator used for some engines.
Clearly, therefore, the carburation system according to the invention provides the same advantages as an installation comprising one carburator per engine cylinder, but with much less complication, the means used corresponding substantially to a single-barrel carburator or to a compound double-barrel carburator such as are now often used on GT vehicles.
What we claim is:
l. A carburation system for multicylinder internal combustion engines comprising an intake means including an enlarged manifold and a large diameter and a small diameter air inlet to said enlarged manifold, a main throttle member in said small air inlet, an auxiliary throttle member in said small air inlet and upstream of said main throttle member, the space between said throttle members defining a chamber, a second main throttle member in said large air inlet, the position of said auxiliary throttle means in the small air inlet varying in proportion to the rate of air flow through said small air inlet, individual inlet pipes of predetermined length leading from said enlarged manifold to the individual cylinders, inlet valve means for each cylinder,
a dosing element for controlling the delivery of fuel to the engine, means actuated by said auxiliary throttle member for controlling said dosing element, passage means for conducting the fuel from said dosing element to each individual inlet pipe adjacent each inlet valve means, and means actuated by the pressure in the chamber between the auxiliary throttle means and the main throttle means of the small air inlet for controlling the position'of the second main throttle member in the large air inlet.
2. A carburation system as claimed in claim 2 and further comprising air passage means connecting the chamber with each individual inlet pipe downstream of said main throttle members and including a passage for each inlet pipe and adjustment means for controlling the amount of air passing through each passage.