Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3714660 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 30, 1973
Filing dateJul 23, 1970
Priority dateJul 23, 1970
Publication numberUS 3714660 A, US 3714660A, US-A-3714660, US3714660 A, US3714660A
InventorsErdmann M, Scrafford R
Original AssigneeItt
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Antenna mounting structure
US 3714660 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Scrafford et a1.

ANTENNA MOUNTING STRUCTURE Inventors: Robert L. Scrafford, Franklin Lakes; M. Otto Erdmann, Denville, both of NJ.

International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation, Nutley, NJ.

Filed: July 23, 1970 App1.No.: 57,660

Assignee:

U.S. Cl. ..343/757, 343/763, 343/837, 343/880, 343/882, 343/883 Int. Cl ..H0lq 1/10, H01ql/12, HOlq 3/08 Field of Searcl ..343/757, 758, 763, 765, 882-883, 343/880, 881

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Suliteanu et al. 343/757 X Tinsley ....343/883 X Selby et a1. ..343/765 Jarrett et al. ..343/765 Bryan ..343/882 X 3,714,660 Jan. 30, 1973 Primary ExaminerHerman Karl Saalbach Assistant Examiner-Marvin Nussbaum Att0rneyC. Cornell Remsen, Jr., Walter J. Baum, Paul W. Hemminger, Charles L. Johnson, Jr., Philip M. Bolton, lsidore Togut, Edward Goldberg and Menotti J. Lombardi, Jr.

[57] ABSTRACT A limited motion antenna mounting structure for use with synchronous satellites. The structure is a modified polar mount constructed of aluminum and steel having the advantage of being rigid, light-weight,

of low cost, highly transportable, of simple design,

14 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures SHEET NF 2 PATENTEU JAN 3 0 I975 INVENTORS R08R7 L. SCRAFFORO M. 071-0 ROMANN ,514 aw AGENT PATENTEUJAN 30 I975 $5 N3. w u

fokuwqw (on INVENTOR 7 ROBERT L. scRAFmm SHEET 2 OF 2 w svnorro RDMANIV AGENT ANTENNA MOUNTING STRUCTURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to antenna assemblies and more particularly to a mounting structure for an antenna assembly employed with synchronous satellites.

In the past, antenna systems employed at a ground station for communication with synchronous or near synchronous satellites are heavy, complicated in design and have required large complicated equipment for elevation and azimuth motion of the antenna assembly, on-site heavy equipment for erection and special optical alignment tools and procedures. These factors, among others, require excessive time, personnel effort and cost.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide an antenna mounting structure which overcomes the aforementioned difficulties of prior art antenna mounting structures.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a rigid, lightweight, and highly transportable antenna and an antenna mounting structure of simple design.

A further object of this invention is to provide an antenna mounting structure that results in low cost when compared to the prior art arrangement.

Still a further feature of this invention the provision of an antenna mounting structure which is self-erecting and thereby does not require on-site heavy equipment for erection.

Still another feature of this invention is the provision of an antenna mounting structure that is easily erected, aligned, and rendered operational within a short period of time without the use of any special tools, equipment or techniques.

A feature of the present invention is the provision of an antenna mounting structure comprising a base assembly; an antenna assembly; an antenna supporting assembly adjustably secured to the antenna assembly and pivotably secured to the base assembly; and a combined erection and elevation angle adjustment assembly pivotably secured to the base assembly and the supporting assembly.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The above-mentioned and other features and objects of this invention will become more apparent by reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an antenna assembly supported upon the antenna mounting structure in accordance with the principles of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a rear elevational view of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTIONOF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, there is illustrated an antenna assembly 1 supported on an antenna mounting structure in accordance with the principles of this invention. The antenna mounting structure includes-antenna supporting assembly 2 adjustably secured to antenna assembly 1 and pivotably secured to base assembly 3 and a combined erection and elevation angle adjustment assembly in the form of hydraulic jack or electric motor driven worm gear 4 pivotably secured to base assembly 3 and supporting assembly 2.

Base assembly 3 includes a horizontal frame work 5 having secured thereto leveling jacks 6 to enable leveling of base assembly 3 with respect to the terrain upon which the antenna mounting structure stands.

Antenna supporting assembly 2 includes an antenna support member 7 having a rectangular configuration as illustrated with the orientation thereof illustrated most clearly in FIG. 3. A pair of legs 8 each have one end thereof secured permanently to member 7 adjacent diagonally opposed angles 9 and the other end thereof pivotably secured to base 3 by pivot bearing 10. The lower angle of member 7 is supported by a pair of struts l 1 extending from legs 8 to member 7 as illustrated and permanently fastened at both ends thereof to their associated structural elements.

Hydraulic jack or electric motor driven worm gear 4 includes a hydraulic cylinder or electric motor'12 and an extendable rod or worm gear 13. Item 12 is pivotably secured to base assembly 3 by pivot bearing member 14 and item 13 is pivotably secured to member 7 at its upper end by pivot bearing member 15. When item 4 includes the single solid extendable rod 13 as illustrated, provision must be made at the site to receive rod 13, such as depression 16 in the terrain, when member 7 is lowered, or prior to erection, since rod 13 extends from the rear of item 12 when the mounting structure is in a lowered position. Alternatively, rod 13 can be formed of telescoping sections, and in this case, these sections would be self-contained within item 12. A further alternative arrangement would be to employ different length rods for rod 13 and a short stroke hydraulic jack. The stroke of jack 4 would be sufficient to increase the elevation a given number of degrees, for

instance, in the order of 10. At the end of the strokes of the hydraulic jack a longer rod would be substituted for the shorter rod after the supporting assembly 2 has been shored up and the hydraulic jack returned to its lower position. This process would be continued until the antenna mounting structure has been elevated to approximately the desired elevational angle.

Once assembly 2 has been raised to the desired elevational angle out riggers 17 are placed in position, one end thereof being pivotably secured to member 7 by pivot bearing member 18 and the other end thereof being locked in position by bolt 19 engaging adjustment slot 20 in member 20a carried by base assembly 3 include therein an adjustment slot 20. In addition, the fail-safe locking device of item 4 is engaged. This failsafe device may including a hydraulic circuit including a hydraulic check valve or a rotor brake in the case of an electric motor drive system, and a mechanical pinning.

In accordance with the illustration antenna assembly 1 includes a main reflector 21 formed from ring 22 and hub 26 between which is secured a rigid, light-weight lattice framework composed of radial components 23 and circumferential components 24. To this framework is added reflector panels 25 of proper shape to form a Cassegrain shaped reflective surface. Hub 26 also supports the conical antenna feed 27 extending from the front surface of the main reflector toward the subrefiector 28 support by a tripod structure including legs 29. Extending from the rear of hub 26 is a water-tight enclosure 30 (FIG. 2) which includes support members for both the antenna feed transmission lines and the low noise receiver assembly. The main and sub-reflector assemblies due to the rigid, light-weight lattice framework ensures operation of the reflector within specification tolerances during operational wind conditions. In addition, antenna assembly 1 has secured to the back of the hub 26 a backing member 31 which is pivotably secured to support member 7 by means of pivot bearing members 32 disposed on a line between diagonally disposed angles of members 7 and 31 and a reversible motor driven worm gear arrangement 33 which is spaced from the diagonally disposed bearings 32 such as at a point on member 7 adjacent angle 9 intermediate the two pivot bearings members 32. This arrangement of bearings 32 and reversible motor driven worm gear arrangement 33 provides an hour angle adjustment arrangement interconnecting member 31 and supporting member 7 to permitting hour angle adjustment of antenna assembly 1. The hour angle adjustment enables the scanning of antenna assembly 1 at a fixed elevational angle and is in contrast to an azimuth angle adjustment which requires also a variable elevational angle.

As should be apparent from the foregoing, the antenna assembly and the antenna mounting structure is composed of four separate main assemblies formed from separable components and, as a result, renders the antenna assembly and the antenna mounting structure readily disassembled for transportation from one location to another location by either an aircraft, such as a cargo DC8 or 707, or tractor-trailer.

The maximum weight of any one piece will not exceed 400 pounds thereby permitting easy moving and positioning by erection personnel without the use of special or heavy equipment.

The erection of the antenna assembly 1 and the antenna mounting structure is accomplished as follows.

All the components and parts of each assembly is match-marked and dowled for simplicity and repeatability of assembly. Base assembly 3 is assembled and coarse leveled on the terrain by leveling jacks 6. Antenna supporting assembly 2 is then assembled, mounted in pivot bearing members 10 and secured to hydraulic jack or electric motor driven worm gear 4 near the elevational position. Member 31 is secured to member 7 by bearing members 32 and worm gear arrangement backing 33 prior to assembling the main and sub-reflector sub-' assemblies. The supporting assembly 2 and the antenna assembly 1 is then raised by item 4 to approximately the desired elevational angle. The out riggers 17 are then secured in position and locked in place and at the same time the fail-safe locking device of item 4 is engaged. Additional guying, if required during dynamic wind loading, of supporting assembly 2 from member 7 to ground anchors completes the erection procedure.

No critical optical alignment or any heavy equipment is required to erect the antenna assembly and align the antenna for operational use. Fine hour angle adjustment is accomplished by the reversible motor driving worm gear arrangement 33 with coarse hour angle adjustment being accomplished prior to assembly and erection by appropriate positioning base assembly 3. Item 4 is sensitive enough in its motion to provide for both coarse and fine elevation angle adjustment. Both of the fine adjustments would be required to compensate for the synchronous satellite drift.

In accordance with the antenna mounting structure of the present invention, the mounting structure and the antenna assembly can be assembled and oriented to position with a minimum of three men and without the aid of additional mechanical equipment, such as a crane or hoist. The same elevation-axis drive is used for erection and for elevation adjustment. Both adjustable axes, elevation and hour angle axes, are orthogonal to each other and in a plane perpendicular to the nominal line of sight to the satellite. Initial azimuth positioning of the antenna mount at the normal operating angle is not critical and can be coarse set to within a few degrees using simple alignment devices, as the line adjustment range in hour-angle has sufficient lattitude to compensate for this initial misalignment. The resulting antenna mounting structure due to the foregoing has a substantially reduced cost with respect to the prior art arrangements mentioned above under the heading Background of the Invention. I

The antenna mounting structure of this invention may be employed in permanent installations as well as non-permanent installations. In a permanent installation, all horizontal structural members of base assembly 3 can be eliminated and the mounting structure set on three concrete piers resulting in a further lowering of cost without sacrificing performance.

The components of the antenna mounting structure and antenna assembly above the pivot point in member 10 are made of aluminum and the members of base assembly 3 are made of steel.

While we have described above the principles of our invention in connection with specific apparatus, it is to be more clearly understood that this description is made only by way of example and not as a limitation to the scope of our invention as set forth in the objects thereof and in the accompanying claims.

We claim:

1. An antenna mounting structure comprising:

a base assembly;

an antenna assembly;

an antenna supporting assembly adjustably secured to said antenna assembly and pivotably secured to said base assembly at at least a pair of given pivot points; and

a combined erection and elevation angle adjustment assembly pivotably secured to said base assembly and said supporting assembly to pivotably raise said antenna assembly and said supporting assembly from said base assembly about said pair of given pivot points to a desired operating elevational angle for said antenna assembly and to enable adjustment of said elevation angle after said antenna assembly is raised to said desired operating elevational angle.

2. A structure according to claim 1, wherein said combined assembly includes a hydraulic jack pivotably secured to said base assembly.

3. A structure according to claim 2, wherein said hydraulic jack includes therein a fail-safe locking device.

4. A structure according to claim 1, wherein said combined assembly includes an electric motor driver worm gear pivotably secured to said base assembly. 5. A structure according to claim 4, wherein said electric motor driven worm gear includes therein a fail-safe locking device. 6. A structure according to claim 1, wherein said supporting assembly includes at least a pair of legs each have one end thereof pivotably secured to said base assembly, an antenna support member secured to the other end of said legs, and an hour angle adjustment arrangement disposed between and interconnecting said antenna assembly and said support member. 7. A structure according to claim 6, wherein said antenna assembly includes a backing member; and said hour angle adjustment arrangement includes a pair of pivoting devices interconnecting said backing member and said support member at two spaced points, along a given line, and a motor driven worm gear arrangement interconnecting said backing member and said support member at a third point spaced from said given line and disposed intermediate said two spaced points. 8. A structure according to claim 1, further including a pair of outriggers each pivotably secured at one end thereof to said supporting assembly and adjustably secured at the other end thereof to said base assembly. 9. A structure according to claim 8, wherein said combined assembly includes a hydraulic jack having a fail-safe locking device pivotably secured to said base assembly. 10. A structure according to claim 8, wherein said combined assembly includes an electric motor driven worm gear having a failsafe locking device pivotably secured to said base assembly. 11. A structure according to claim 8, wherein said supporting assembly includes at least a pair of legs each having one end thereof pivotably secured to said base assembly, an antenna support member secured to the other end of said legs, and an hour angle adjustment arrangement disposed between and interconnecting said antenna assembly and said support member. 12. A structure according to claim 8, wherein said antenna assembly includes a backing member; and said hour angle adjustment arrangement includes a pair of pivoting devices interconnecting said backing member and said support member at two spaced points along a given line, and

a motor driven worm gear arrangement interconnecting said backing member and said support member at a third point spaced from said given line and disposed intermediate said two spaced points. 13. A structure according to claim 8, wherein said supporting assembly includes at least a pair of legs each having one end thereof pivotably secured to said base assembly, an antenna support member secured to the other end of said legs, and an hour angle adjustment arrangement interconnecting said antenna assembly and said support member; said antenna assembly includes a backing member; said hour angle adjustment arrangement including a pair of pivoting devices interconnecting said backing member and said support member at two spaced points along a given line; and a motor driven worm gear arrangement intercom necting said backing member and said support member at a third point spaced from said given line and disposed intermediate said two spaced points; and said combined assembly includes a hydraulic jack having a fail-safe locking device, one end of said jack being pivotably secured to said base assembly and the other end of said jack being pivotably secured to said support member. 14. A structure according to claim 8, wherein said supporting assembly includes at least a pair of legs each having one end thereof pivotably secured to said base assembly, an antenna support member secured to the other end of said legs, and an hour angle adjustment arrangement interconnecting said antenna assembly and said support member; said antenna assembly includes a backing member; said hour angle adjustment arrangement including a pair of pivoting devices interconnecting said backing member and said support member at two spaced points along a given line; and

a motor driven worm gear arrangement interconnecting said backing member and said support member at a third point spaced from said given line and disposed intermediate said two spaced points; and said combined assembly includes an electric motor driven worm gear arrangement having a fail-safe locking device, one end of said worm gear arrangement being pivotably secured to said base assembly and the other end of said worm gear arrangement being pivotably secured to said support member.

a: a? i i

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3945015 *Nov 12, 1974Mar 16, 1976Michel GueguenSatellite tracking antenna having a dish moveably supported at three points
US4231044 *Sep 18, 1978Oct 28, 1980Vereinigte Flugtechnische Werke-Fokker GmbhPositioning and orienting a mobile equipment carrier for an antenna mast
US4251819 *Jul 24, 1978Feb 17, 1981Ford Aerospace & Communications Corp.Variable support apparatus
US4563687 *Feb 6, 1984Jan 7, 1986Gte Communications Products CorporationAdjustable antenna mount
US4654670 *Feb 27, 1985Mar 31, 1987Tracker Mounts Inc.Tracker mount assembly for microwave dishes
US4672385 *Jan 3, 1984Jun 9, 1987Mel-Du Inc.Satellite tracking system
US4692771 *Mar 28, 1985Sep 8, 1987Satellite Technology Services, Inc.Antenna dish reflector with integral azimuth track
US4710778 *Aug 7, 1985Dec 1, 1987Radov Mitchell CSatellite earth station
US4716416 *Mar 28, 1985Dec 29, 1987Satellite Technology Services, Inc.Antenna dish reflector with integral declination adjustment
US4761655 *Nov 29, 1985Aug 2, 1988British Telecommunications PlcTransportable antenna for an earth station
US4799642 *Feb 3, 1987Jan 24, 1989Rt/Katek Communications Group, Inc.Antenna mounting
US4821047 *Jan 21, 1986Apr 11, 1989Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.Mount for satellite tracking devices
US4998114 *Jun 3, 1988Mar 5, 1991Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaPortable parabolic antenna apparatus
US5233809 *Oct 3, 1991Aug 10, 1993Gropper Daniel RPortable antenna mast support system
US5392057 *Mar 24, 1993Feb 21, 1995Lin; Ming T.Dish type antenna
US5531419 *Feb 26, 1993Jul 2, 1996Cue Dee Produktor AbMast base, especially for a temporarily erected mast
US6195060 *Mar 9, 1999Feb 27, 2001Harris CorporationAntenna positioner control system
US6351249Mar 29, 2000Feb 26, 2002Jack B. Wolfe, Jr.Roof-mounted dish antenna housing
US6462718 *Mar 20, 2001Oct 8, 2002Netune Communications, Inc.Steerable antenna assembly
US7374137Jan 4, 2006May 20, 2008Wayne StaneyDirectional support structure
US9118106 *Mar 7, 2012Aug 25, 2015Verizon Patent And Licensing Inc.Variable orientation antenna platform
US20070152124 *Jan 4, 2006Jul 5, 2007Wayne StaneyDirectional support structure
US20100180884 *Jul 22, 2010Kenneth OostingActuated solar tracker
US20100185333 *Jan 22, 2010Jul 22, 2010Kenneth OostingFeedforward control system for a solar tracker
DE2809158A1 *Mar 3, 1978Sep 6, 1979Dornier System GmbhSatellite communication tracking antenna support system - includes base carrying framework permitting antenna to be swung about two axes
DE4317923A1 *May 28, 1993Dec 1, 1994Kreuzer Gmbh & Co OhgZwischengestell für die Befestigung eines Deckenstatives
EP0032227A1 *Dec 19, 1980Jul 22, 1981Siemens AktiengesellschaftAntenna for earth receiving station
EP0293877A2 *Jun 1, 1988Dec 7, 1988Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaPortable parabolic antenna apparatus
EP1338728A1 *Feb 25, 2003Aug 27, 2003Birgit BattelSupport structure
Classifications
U.S. Classification343/757, 343/763, 343/883, 343/880, 343/882, 343/837
International ClassificationH01Q15/16, H01Q15/14, H01Q1/12
Cooperative ClassificationH01Q15/161, F24J2002/5437, H01Q1/125, F24J2/54
European ClassificationH01Q15/16B, H01Q1/12E
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 22, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: ITT CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004389/0606
Effective date: 19831122