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Publication numberUS3714905 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 6, 1973
Filing dateFeb 16, 1971
Priority dateFeb 16, 1971
Also published asCA957564A, CA957564A1
Publication numberUS 3714905 A, US 3714905A, US-A-3714905, US3714905 A, US3714905A
InventorsBarber F
Original AssigneeStandard Car Truck Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dampened railway car truck
US 3714905 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 6, 1973 F. D. BARBER DAMPENED RAILWAY GAR TRUCK Z Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 16, 1971 Feb. 6, 19%3' F. D. BARBER 3,714,905

DAMPENED RAILWAY CAR TRUCK Q R IMAM/701?.

United States Patent 3,714,905 DAMPENED RAILWAY CAR TRUCK Franklin D. Barber, Flossmoor, 111., assignor to Standard Car Truck Company, Chicago, Ill. Filed Feb. 16, 1971, Ser. No. 115,184 Int. Cl. B611? /06, 5/12, 5/24 US. Cl. 105-197 DB 5 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE .A dampened bolster and side frame assembly for a railway truck including widened lands on the side frame and a plurality of spaced wedges on each side of the bolster and on opposite sides of the frame center line.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to railway car truck assemblies and particularly to a truck assembly having self-squaring means.

In the operation of a railway car various forces cause vibrations and other motion due to entry into curved track or traversing uneven track and the like and tend to urge the truck assembly into a parallelopipedal configuration, i.e., to urge one side frame in advance of the other and consequently to position the bolster out of perpendicular relation to the side frames. .Such nonsquareness contributes to wheel wear, Hence it is one purpose of the invention to provide a railway car truck assembly including means yieldingly urging the assembly toward a square relationship.

Another purpose is to provide a self-squaring railway truck structure wherein the elements are yieldingly urged toward a square relationship at a plurality of points.

Another purpose is to provide a railway truck structure wherein the geometry of resiliently supported wedges is such that when the truck is forced out of square the wedges will adjust to resiliently restrain against a distorted relationship of the truck members and the supporting wedge springs will tend to restore the wedges, through equilibrium of the several spring forces, to the required even elevation for again holding the truck square.

Another purpose is to provide a bolster supporting spring assembly effective to permit the employment of self-squaring elements while providing desired bolster support.

Other purposes may appear from time to time during the course of the specification and claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE The invention is illustrated more or less diagrammatically in the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side view with parts in cross section;

FIG. 2 is an end view taken on line 22 of FIG. 1 with parts in cross section; and

FIG. 3 is a top view with parts in cross section.

like parts are indicated by like numerals throughout the specification and drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Since railway truck side frames and bolsters are Well known to those skilled in the art, only those portions necessary for an understanding of the present invention are, for clarity and simplicity, illustrated herein. Hence the numeral 1 generally designates one side frame of a truck assembly. The window 2 is formed in the side frame. The floor 3 forms the lowermost boundary of the window 2. The opposite side walls of the window 2 are widened or expanded laterally of the frame 1, as indicated at 4, 5, the widened portions 4, 5 extending in 3,714,905 Patented Feb. 6, 1973 opposite directions from the frame 1 and laterally thereof. Beneath the portions 4, 5 the side walls are of greater separation to permit passage of the bolster end portion 6 through the window 2 and subsequent raising thereof to the position shown in the drawings. Bolster end portion 6 includes spaced side flanges 7 spaced sufficiently apart to receive therebetween, on each side of bolster and 6, the widened side wall portions 4, 5. Wear plates 8 are received in pockets '9 formed in the opposed faces of portions 4, 5, a pair of plates 8 being spaced on opposite sides of the linear center line of frame 1 on each of the portions 4, 5.

The opposite side walls of the bolster end 6 each have formed therein a pair of spaced pockets 10. Each pocket 10 has an inwardly, downwardly sloping wall 11 against which the similarly inclined wedge surface 12 of a wedge 13 is urged by a wedge spring 14. Each wedge 13 has a vertically disposed wear surface 15 provided for engagement with the opposed face of a wear plate 8.

Thus each end of the railway truck bolster has formed therein four wedge pockets, two on each side of each bolster end portion.

'Each bolster end portion 6 is of full unbroken width between each pair of pockets 10 for contact by the undersurface thereof with a set of spring assemblies 20 arranged on floor 3 and along the linear center line of side frame 1. Each of the assemblies 20 comprises a plurality of springs of varying strength. Between each set of oppositely disposed wedges 13 and the springs 14 in support thereof, spring assemblies 21 are positioned beneath the bolster and 6. The assemblies 21 are also formed of a plurality of springs of varying strength. Thus, as may be best seen in FIG. 3, the bolster is directly carried upon the springs 20, 21 and indirectly by the wedges 13 which are carried upon the springs 14. It will be realized that the grouping, arrangement and size of springs supporting the bolster may be varied in response to car capacity and desired spring travel.

The use and operation of the invention are as follows:

As the railway truck is operated the spring grouping formed of assemblies 20, 21, as well as springs 14 and wedges 13, effectively provide desirable, balanced, yielding resistance to relative vertical movement between each bolster end 6 and its associated side frame. At the same time the wedge means 13 yieldingly urge the bolster into square relationship with the side frames 1. In the form of the present invention two such wedge means in spaced relation and on opposite sides of the linear center line of frame 1 are provided for urging the bolster end 6 in both directions linearly of the frame 1. Thus forces tending to urge the bolster out of square relation with the frames 1 will be resisted by four of the wedge assemblies above described, two on one side of one bolster end and two on the opposite side of the opposite bolster end (not shown). Since the wedge means 13 are yieldingly urged into position, it will be realized that extensive or abnormally strong forces tending to urge the truck out of square relationship will be accommodated and undue strains otherwise transmitted to the side frames and bolster by such abnormal forces can be avoided. At the same time, normal forces tending to nonsquareness will be overcome by the number and positioning of the plurality of wedge means 13.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. A railway truck assembly including a pair of parallel side frames, a window in each of said side frames, a bolster extending perpendicularly between said side frames and having each of its opposite ends received in one of said windows, each of said windows having widened side walls, said side walls having portions extending in opposite directions laterally of their associated side frame, said side walls paralleling each other and carrying a plurality of wear plates, said wear plates being positioned on opposite sides of the linear center line of their associated side frame, each of said wear plates having a portion positioned inwardly of said extending side wall portions, each of said bolster end portions having'a P111?- rality of spaced pockets positioned in its sides, each of said pockets having a wall inclined downwardly away from and opposed to one of said wear plates, an individual wedge element received in each of said pockets, each of said wedge elements engaging the inclined wall of its associated pocket and engaging the wear plate opposed to its associated pocket and yielding means for each of said wedge elements, each said yielding means being positioned in said window and urging its associated wedge element toward its associated pocket.

2. The structure of claim 1 characterized by and including a spring grouping positioned in each said window and beneath each said bolster end portion to resist movement of each said bolster portion toward the bottom of each said window, said spring grouping comprising a first spring group formed of a plurality of spring assemblies and positioned along the linear center line of its associated window and a second spring group formed of a plurality of spring assemblies positioned on opposite sides of said first spring group.

3. In a railway truck bolster and side frame assembly, a side frame having a window, a bolster having an end portion penetrating said window, said side frame having parallel window side wall portions extending laterally in opposite directions from the linear center line of said side frame, a first pair of wedge means engaging one side of said bolster end and one of said side wall portions,

said wedge means of said second pair being positioned on opposite sides of said center line of said side frame, each of said wedge means of said first pair being opposite and aligned with a wedge means of said second pair.

4. A railway side frame and bolster assembly including a side frame having a window, the vertical side walls of said window including parallel portions extending laterally in opposite directions from the longitudinal center line of said side frame and substantially beyond the main body of said side frame, said bolster having an end portion penetrating said window and wedge means engaging the opposite sides of said bolster end portion and said laterally extending side wall portions on opposite sides of the longitudinal center line of said side frame.

5. The structure of claim 4 characterized by and including a horizontal bottom wall defining the bottom of said window, said bottom wall extending between said side walls and laterally in opposite directions from the longitudinal center line of said side frame and substantially beyond the main body of said side frame, first spring means carried on said bottom wall and engaging the undersurface of said bolster end portion and second spring means carried on said bottom wall and engaging the undersurface of said wedge means.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,338,857 1/1944 Light 197 DB 2,169,715 8/1939 Webb 105197 DB 2,159,138 5/1939 Duryea 105197 D 2,574,348 11/1951 Orr et a1. 105197 DB 2,986,101 5/1961 Tack et a1. 105197 DB DRAYTON E. HOFFMAN, Primary Examiner H. BELTRAN, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 105206

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3834320 *Jan 5, 1973Sep 10, 1974Transdyne IncSprung mounted snubber wear plate
US4244298 *Apr 11, 1979Jan 13, 1981Railroad Dynamics, Inc.Freight car truck assembly
US4295429 *Mar 24, 1980Oct 20, 1981A. Stucki CompanyRailway truck bolster friction assembly
US5511489 *May 17, 1994Apr 30, 1996Standard Car Truck CompanyDual face friction wedge
US6659016Aug 1, 2001Dec 9, 2003National Steel Car LimitedRail road freight car with resilient suspension
US6874426 *Feb 3, 2003Apr 5, 2005National Steel Car LimitedRail road car truck with bearing adapter and method
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Classifications
U.S. Classification105/198.4
International ClassificationB61F5/06, B61F5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB61F5/06
European ClassificationB61F5/06