US 3715700 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
o i I j United States Patent 1 [111 3,715,700 Gloeckler v [4 1 Feb. 6, 1973 [541 AUTOMATIC HEATDETECTOR 3,271,547 9/1966 See1y ..337 409 Inventor: Fr-ed A. w y g 3,569,892 3/1971 Ripamonti" ..337/320 7 Primary Examiner-Bernard A. Gilheany  Assignee: Star Sprinkler Corporation of i" -E-Bell Florida, Philadelphia, Pa. Att0rney-Zachary T. Wobensmith, II
] 153956 An automatic heat detector is provided which has one a or more electric circuits with spring metal contacts 52 us. Cl. .1..337/407,337/409;'3'37/414 and a diaphragm is a Closed .controlled vented  Int. Cl. ..H0lh' 37/76 m thecontacts being controlled by the P 58 Field of Search 37/320 407 409 414 416 of th?diaPhragm acmrdance with rapid t I 1 perature flris e or by the release of a spring at a 5 k ci' predetermined temperature, which spring engages the T I t I diaphragm and causes the contacts to move and conv UNITED STATES PATENTS trol the circuits. 3,188,434 6/1965 Numayama 337/320 X 7 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures 4/ 5 5 T 36 I /8 3 35 4 0 3 j ,/Z
PATENTEDFEH s 1915 AI'I'OP/VEK PATENTEDFEB 6 I975 3,715,700
SHEET 2 OF 2 M/VE/WWB FRED A. GLOECKLER 1 AUTOMATIC HEA'I DETECTOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION rise or by diaphragm spring engagement at a predeterl mined temperature.
2. Description of the Prior Art I Automatic heat detectors that respond to a sudden temperature rise or to a predetermined temperature are old in the art. One such detector is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 2,413,140 to Griffith and which includes a controlled vented chamber containing a diaphragm which expands with a sudden temperature rise and which chamber also contains a leaf spring which has one end held in an eutectic alloy mass ready for diaphragm engagement, when the alloy melts at its predetermined temperature and releases the spring to impinge on the diaphragm. This heat detector has proven satisfactory in use but is slow in operation at the leaf spring because the bronze casing or cover member commonly employed serves as an effective heat sink. The heat detector of the invention is very reliable and does not suffer from the shortcomings of previous designs.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An automatic heat detector is provided wherein a controlled vented chamber contains a diaphragm susceptible to movement by pressure variations due to rapid temperature rise or by release and diaphragm impingement of a coil spring which diaphragm movement moves metallic contacts and controls one or more circuits.
The principal object of the invention is to provide an automatic heat detector which is fast, positive and reli- I DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The nature and characteristic features of the invention will be more readily understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings forming part thereof, in which:
FIG. 1 is a bottom plan view of the heat detector in accordance with the invention and in condition for use;
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view, enlarged, taken approximately on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
' FIG. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken approximately on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view, still. further enlarged, taken approximately on the line 4-4 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a partial elevational view of a portion of the I heat detector illustrated in FIG. 4, and
I FIG. 6 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of the heatdetector shown in FIG. 2 with the apparatus in diaphragm engaging position.
It should, of course, be understood that the description and drawings herein are illustrative merely and I that various modifications and changes can be made in the structure disclosed without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now more particularly to the drawings the automatic heat detector includes a mounting plate 10 of circular cup shaped configuration with a face 11 and outside rim 12 which plate 10 may be secured'to a ceiling or wall 14 in any preferred manner such as by screws (not shown). The face 11 has an opening 15 therein in which a detector body 16 is engaged. The detector body 16 includes a central portion 17 which has its upstanding rim l8 engaged in the face 11, and an outer dish portion 19. The dish portion 19 has an outer wall 21 set back from the peripheral edge with a groove 22 separating it therefrom and which groove 22 has the rim 23 of a cover member 24 secured therein, such as by epoxy cement, and forming a chamber 25 with the detector body 16. Cover members have heretofore usually been made of bronze or aluminum, but it is preferred that stainless steel be employed for the cover member 24 to avoid any heat sink action on the part of the covermember 24. An inner rim 26 is provided spaced inwardly from the outer wall 21 with a circumferential groove 27 adjacent thereto and inward from the rim 25. A rim 28 of a metallic diaphragm 30 is engaged in the groove 27 and retained therein by an adhesive filler and seal strip 3l of well known type. The diaphragm 30 as illustrated is of double wall construction with circular ribs 32.
'The diaphragm 30 on its inner face 33 has an interposed insulating disc 36 of mylar or the like in contact with one or more opposed spring contacts 34 which are respectively secured to terminal posts 35, and extend transversely of the body 16. The posts 35 are threaded internally and have screws 36 for attachment of terminals (not shown) extending to alarm circuits (not shown).
As seen particularly in FIGS. 4 and 5 the posts 35 are engaged in plates 38 each of which has a lower metal arm 40 extending centrally to and engaging a center terminal screw 41. The screw 41 is in threaded engagement in a bushing 42 which is held in body 16 and rotational movement of the screw 41 adjusts the position of the arm 40 with respect to the spring contacts 34.
As shown in FIG. 3 the body 16 is provided with a passageway 45 which contains a valve 46 which valve permits air flow into and out of chamber 25 at a specified rate and which for a specific embodiment is 49 on the cover 24 and-a sleeve 50 in the opening 48 and secured in lip 49 extending radially outwardly from the cover 24, and terminating in a flat disc member 51. Within the sleeve 50 a cup 52 is provided, preferably of brass or bronze for effective heat absorption and transmission to the eutectuc alloy ring 54 with an outer lip or abutment 53 secured to the sleeve 50 by the ring of eutectic alloy 54 which is of well known type with a melting temperature of the order of 135 F.,The use of brass or bronze for the cup 52 and of stainless steel for the cover member 24 provides effective heat transfer to the ring 54 with a minimum of dissipation into the cover member 24. A coil spring 55 is provided and normally held in compression between the cup 52 and the cover 24 but effective to move cup 52 inwardly if released. A coil spring 56 is provided between the over member 24 and the disc member 51 for release of the disc member 51 upon release of the cup 52.
The mode of operation will now be pointed out.
Assuming that a flash fire occurs in the vicinity of the heat detector and that the temperature rises at a predetermined rate, at say F. per minute or more, then valve 46 will restrain exhausting of air from chamber 24 and diaphragm 30 will more inwardly due to pressure build up until the spring contacts 34 are in engagement and the circuits therethrough are completed.
If the fire is extinguished without release of the cup 52 then valve 46 will permit air to flow back into chamber 24 and diaphragm 32 will contract so that contacts 34 areno longer engaged and the circuits will become open and the detector is again ready for use.
Should a smoldering fire occur in the vicinity of the heat detector and the temperature rise to 135 degrees .F. or more, the eutectic alloy 54 will melt, releasing cup 52 from sleeve 50 and spring 55 will expand toward diaphragm 30 and cup 52 bear against diaphragm 30 until the diaphragm 30 closes contacts 34 and completes the circuits.
It will thus be seen that apparatus has been provided with which the objects of the invention are attained.
1. An automatic heat detector that comprises a mounting plate,
a detector body secured to said mounting plate,
a' cover member employed with said body and forming a closed chamber therewith,
said cover member having a central flange with a central opening therein,
a diaphragm carried by said body inside said chamber,
circuit control means in said body and controlled by the position of said diaphragm,
a sleeve detachably held in said central opening by an eutectic alloy and having connected thereto a heat transmitting disc portion exteriorly disposed with respect to said cover member,
a cup shaped member detachably mounted in said sleeve and connected thereto by said eutectic alloy,
said cup shaped member having an abutment portion normally disposed contiguous to said cover member, and
resilient means in engagement with said abutment portion urging said cup shaped member toward said diaphragm for operating engagement with said diaphragm upon melting of the eutectic alloy. 2. An automatic heat detector as defined in claim 1 in which said cup shaped member provides a closure for said cover member. 3. An automatic heat detector as defined in claim 1 in which said circuit control means includes at least two circuits. 4. An automatic heat detector as defined in claim 1 in which said resilient means comprises a spring carried on said sleeve between said cover and said cup. 5. An automatic heat detector as defined in claim 1 in which said resilient means is a spiral spring in engagement with said cover and said cup. 6. An automatic heat detector as defined in claim 1 in which said cover member and said cup member are of materials of different heat transmission characteristics. 7. An automatic heat detector as defined in claim 6 in which I said cover member is of a material of lesser heat transmission characteristics.
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