US 3716161 A
A safety closure for a medicine bottle or the like. The closure and bottle neck have cooperating lug and ramp means of the bayonet type. The closure is placed over the bottle neck, depressed onto the neck and rotated relative to the neck to engage the lugs and ramps. To remove the closure, it is pressed downwardly to disengage the lugs and then rotated in the opposite direction. The closure is biased upwardly relative to the bottle neck by the engagement of an annular conical shoulder on the closure with upwardly turned fingers on a disc-like biasing element that is positioned between the top of the closure and the end of the bottle neck.
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1 Julian et a1.
 SAFETY CLOSURE on A MEDICINE BOTTLE .OR THE LIKE  lnventors: Randall K. Julian, Elberfeld; Peter R. Gach, Evansville, both of Ind.
[ Feb. 13, 1973 Attorney-Carl F. Schaffer et al.
[5 7] ABSTRACT A safety closure for a medicine bottle or the like. The closure and bottle neck have cooperating lug and ramp means of the bayonet type. The closure is placed over the bottle neck, depressed onto the neck and rotated relative to the neck to engage the lugs and ramps. To remove the closure, it is pressed downwardly to disengage the lugs and then rotated in the opposite direction. The closure is biased upwardly relative to the bottle neck by the engagement of an annular conical shoulder on the closure with upwardly turned fingers on a disc-like biasing element that is positioned between the top of the closure and the end of the bottle neck.
4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures  Assignee: Sunbeam Plastics Corporation,
 Filed: Oct. 26, 1971  Appl.No.: 192,417
 U.S.Cl...' ..215/9  1nt.Cl. ..B6 5d 55/02  FieldolSearch ..2l5/9,44
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,394,829 7/1968 Peterson ..2l5/9 2,964,207 12/1960 Towns ..2l5/9 PATENTEDFEB 13 I975 III/I IIIIIIIII [III II INVENTORS: RANDALL K. JULIAN BY PE TEE P. EACH. @114 f .ATTZYS SAFETY CLOSURE FOR A MEDICINE BOTTLE OR THE LIKE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION order to make the bottles significantly difficult to open 1 by a child of the age of, say, five or six years, yet readily openable by an older child or an adult. Many of these suggestions have been complex, comprising mazes and combination locks; others have been useable only for dry materials such as pills and tablets; others have required numerous engageable pieces which must be assembled by the cap manufacturer and thus which are expensive and raise the cost of the closures beyond the price which can reasonably be included in the sale price of the container and its contents.
Numerous suggestions have also been made of socalled push-and-turn" closures comprising ramps and lugs formed on the outer sides of the container necks and inner sides of the caps, such ramps and lugs being of the bayonet type which are engageable and disengageable by relatively moving the cap and bottle axially and then turning. Some of these push-and-turn closures have been relatively satisfactory for dry products but have not been capable of providing a seal at the end of the container neck so as to satisfactorily contain liquids. Some closures of this type have also been a wkward and unsatisfactory because the means for providing a biasing force to hold the bayonet lugs and rampsin engagement have been inefficient so that, even after the caps are in place on the containers, they are relatively loose and can easily be removed. I
It is, therefore, the principal object of the instant invention to provide a relatively simple safety closure for a bottle containing either solid or liquid materials and comprising a cap which is retained on the bottle neck by bayonet type interfitting locking means and a simple biasing means positioned between the end of the neck of the bottle and the inner surface of the cap which is effective to bias the cap upwardly relative to'the container neck with sufficient force to retain the cap in closed position when onthe bottle, to enable the sealing of the end of the bottle for retaining liquids, and to provide a force which is significantly difficult to over-, come in order to remove the cap so as to make the cap very difficult to removal by a small child.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a fragmentary, vertical, sectional view of a container equipped with a safety closure embodying the invention and illustrated in closed position;
FIG. 2 is a'view similar to FIG. 1 but illustrating the closure and the bottle in an intermediate position duringeither the closing or openingof the bottle;
FIG. 3 is a vertical,sectional view of a cap and biasing means embodying the invention;
FIG. 4 is a bottom view takenalong the line 4-4 of FIG. 3,; 7
FIG. 5 is a view in perspective of a biasing means constructed according to the instant invention; and
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary view in perspective of the cap shown in FIG. 3.
2 DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A safety closure embodying the invention is generally indicated by the reference number 10 and comprises an inverted, generally cup-shaped cap 11 and a biasing means 12. The cap 11 in this embodiment has a plurality of inwardly directed lugs 13 formed on the inner surface of its annular skirt 14. The lugs 13 are cooperating elements of interfrtting locking means also 0 comprising a similar number of ramps 15 formed on the outer cylindrical surface of a container neck 16 with which the closure 10 is to be employed. The lugs 13 and ramps 15 provide locking means of the bayonet type which function to retain the cap 10 on the neck 16 when the closure is in place. As in the case of other bayonet type closures, engagement and disengagement of the lugs 13 and ramps 15 is accomplished by relative axial movement of the cap 11 and the bottle neck 16 preceded or followed by relative rotation of the two and then further axial movement of the cap 11.
Biasing force for retaining the lugs 13 in engaged position (FIG. 1) and for resisting the axial movement necessary to disengage the lugs 13 from recesses 17 in the ramps 15 (movement from the position of FIG. I to the position of FIG. 2) is provided in this embodiment of the invention by the biasing means 12. The biasing means 12 has a disc-like body 18 and a plurality of axially extending resilient fingers 19.
The cap 11 has a generally flat, circular top 20 and an annular, inwardly and upwardly directed shoulder 21 which joins the circular margin of the top 20 to the upper portion of the cap skirt 14. Although the shoulder 21 is shown in the drawings as being conical, the specific shape is not critical and it is only necessary that the shoulder 21 be inclined inwardly and upwardly so as to be engageably by the upper ends of the fingers 19 in order to flex the fingers l9 inwardly when the cap 11 is forced downwardly thus to apply biasing force against the cap 11 tending to urge it upwardly. The lengthof the fingers l9 and the relative positions of the lugs 13 and ramps 15 must be such that the fingers are held in inwardly flexed position (FIG. 1) even after the engagement of the interfitting lugs 13 and ramps 15 thus to continue to exert biasing force for retaining these interfitting means in engagement.
The fingers 19 must also be of such length and so positioned vertically relative to the other elements of the device that when the cap 11 is pressed downwardly to the limit of its movement (FIG. 2) space still remains between the uppermost end of the container neck 16 .and the disc-like body 18 of the biasing means 12, to
provide for the interposition of a seal 22 if the container'is to contain liquids. Ofeourse, if the container is merely to contain tablets or the like, the seal 22 may be eliminated.
What we claim is: I. A safety closure for a pill bottle or the like, said closure comprising l. a generally cup-shaped cap having a tubular skirt adapted to telescope over the end of the bottle neck, there being cooperating interfitting locking means on the exterior of the bottle neck and on the interior of said skirt, said cap having a generally flat top and an annular generally inwardly and upwardly extending shoulder at the junction between said top and said skirt and the bottle neck a further distance for disengaging said interfitting locking means.
3. A closure according to claim 1 in which the interfitting locking means are radially extending lugs and recessed ramps of the bayonet type.
4. A closure according to claim 3 in which the lugs are on the inner side of the skirt of the cap and also act as retainers for the biasing element.