|Publication number||US3716178 A|
|Publication date||Feb 13, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 9, 1971|
|Priority date||Dec 9, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3716178 A, US 3716178A, US-A-3716178, US3716178 A, US3716178A|
|Original Assignee||Copley Press Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (4), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 11] 3,716,178 Shimmin Feb. 13, 1973  WEB GUIDING AND CORNER 3,204,949 9/1965 Kieslich ..270/68 R FOLDING APPARATUS 9 Primary Examiner-Richard A. Schacher [75 Inventor. gxggfrence E. Slnmnnn, San Diego, Attorney cafl R Brown et aL  Assignee: Copley Press, Inc., La Jolla, Calif. ABSTRACT 22 Filed, 9 97 Apparatus for guiding a moving web of material, such as paper, film, or the like, and folding the corners of n PP 206,334 the leading edge of the moving web to stiffen the leading portion and facilitate automatic feeding through 52 us. (:1. ..226/11, 226/49, 226/91, Preeeeshtg meahe- Folding is accomplished by a guide 270/68 R 270/86 plate having shaped apertures into which the leading 511 Int. Cl. ..B65h 17/20 eemers of the web are guided es the Web edvehees-  Field of Search ..226/90, 91, 196, 11,49; with the comets retarded in the apertures, eehtihued 271/19 21 22; 270 R, 68 A, 86 motion of the web causes the corners to be folded back. The folding action is assisted by deflection of 56] References Cited the web by moving the guide plate.
UNITED STATES PATENTS 10 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures 2,899,198 8/1959 Krueger ..270/68 R A 44 24 78 l 54 5s I 4 I t I so 1e 20 22 42 PATENTEDFEB13 I975 3.716.178
SHEET 20F 2' Hlll.
Fig. 5 I
LAWRENCE E. SHIMMIN BY QM amm ATTQRNEYS curate guiding of the web path.
WEB GUIDING AND CORNER FOLDING APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In apparatus for handling a strip or web of material, such as paper, film, or the like, various arrangements of rollers, guides and other such means are used to carry the web through the different stages. When the mechanism is accessible, threading the web is a simple matter. In some instances it is desirable to have automatic threading of the web through at least part of the mechanism. A particular example of this is an automatic photo-processing unit for developing paper or film, in which the sensitized material must be threaded in the dark. For continuous processing of a long length of web material, a prepared leader may be used to ensure proper threading. However, when strips of material are cut from a supply roll contained in the apparatus and fed through as needed, it is impracticalto attach a leader to each end. Thin web material, particularly paper, tends to cling and wrap around developer rollers, and may not feed through reliably in the correct path, so some means is necessary to prepare the web and automatically to ensure proper threading and processing.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The apparatus described herein accepts a length of web material from a supply source, directs the web to a subsequent destination and, in doing so, folds the corners of the leading edge of the web to stiffen the material and ensure proper threading. Web material is passed through a closely confining track, in one portion of which is a guide plate that performs the directing and corner folding action. The guide plate has apertures which are spaced at the width of the web to intercept the corners of the web end as it passes over the plate. The apertures are shaped so that the corners of the web material are trapped and retarded as the web moves,
causing the corners to be folded back diagonally. By.
positioning the guide plate so that the'web is deflected from its normal plane of travel into a take-off track leading to a processing unit, the web is forced to bear against the guide plate, ensuring that the corners enter the apertures properly.
The diagonally folded corners stiffen the .leading edge ofthe web in a flattened wedge-like configuration, which resists wrapping around rollers and facilitates acthrough a predetermined The primary object of this invention, therefore, is to provide a new and improved web guiding and corner folding apparatus.
It is another object'of the invention to provide a new and improved apparatus which folds back the leading corners ofa moving web.
4 It is another object of the invention to provide a new and improved apparatus which directs a web along a specific path while simultaneously folding the corners.
It is another object of the invention to provide a new and improved web guiding and corner folding ap paratus which is adaptable to a variety of web handling and processing devices.
.Other objects and manyattendant advantages of this invention will become more apparent upon a reading of the following detailed description together with an exrotatable back-up rollers 38, which amination of the drawings wherein like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout and in which:
FIG. I is a side elevation view, with portions cut away, of the corner folding and guiding mechanism incorporated in a web handling structure.
FIG. 2 is a similar view, but with the guide plate actuated to direct the web and fold the corners.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4-4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 3, showing initial engagement of the web for folding.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 6- 6 of FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a similar sectional view showing the corner folding action.
FIG. 8 is a similar sectional view showing the corner folding completed.
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the end of a web with the corners folded.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The web handling structure illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 includes a supply track 10 leading into a storage track 12, with a branching delivery track 14 curving up wardly in the general direction of the supply track. Each portion of the track has a thin flat cross section for enclosing a web 16 in a closely controlled path. The structure is typical of a web reversing junction in a machine-such as a photographic paper or film processor, the arrangement and operation of which are well known. In such a machine, sensitized web material is drawn from a supply roll, exposed to the required image material and cut off beyond the end of the exposed portion. The cut length of web is temporarily stored in a suitable light tight container, then is extracted and fed through a chemical processing unit for development. In some instances the web is fed incrementally through the processor, so that individual frames can be cutoff.
Inset in the lower portion or floor 18 of supply track 10 is a guide plate 20, pivotally mounted on a hinge 22 extending across the width, of the track. Guide plate 20 can swing through a short distance from a position coplanar with floor 18 to a raised position in alignment with the exit lip 24 of delivery track 14, as in FIG. 2. When passing from the supply track 10 to storage track 12, the web 16 slides over guide plate 20. In the reverse direction the web is deflected by the raised guide plate into the delivery track I4. The existing drive means in the machine, not shown, is used to drive the web into the storage track. To propel the web in the opposite direction into the delivery track, a drive roller 26 is mounted above storage track 12 and protrudes downwardly into the track through an opening 28 in the top panel 30. Drive roller 26 is rotatably mounted on a support -32 and is driven by a belt 34 from a motor 36. Any suitable drive means may be used, that shown being an example. Below the drive roller are freely protrude upwardly through openings 40 in floor 42. Drive roller 26 has a flat face 44 which, when the web is moving into storage track 12, is disposed parallel to the web with the drive roller stationary, as in FIG. 1. This leaves clearance for the web to pass freely.
Guide plate is actuated by means such as the solenoid 46, having a plunger 48, which is connnected to an arm 50 depending from the guide plate. A stop 52 on the plunger 48 limits the motion so that the guide plate is properly aligned with exit lip 24.
The web reversing and deflecting action is controlled by a microswitch mounted below floor 18, the switch having a resilient actuating arm 56 with a feeler 58 which protrudes through an opening 60 in the floor. Web 16 normally holds the feeler 58 down, keeping switch 54 open. A suitable power supply, not shown is connected through switch 54 to the solenoid 46 and motor 36, as indicated by wiring 62 in FIG. 2. When the cut end of web 16 passes opening 60, the feeler 58 is free to rise and actuating arm 56 closes the switch 54. This causes solenoid 46 to be energized, lifting the guide plate 20, and motor 36 is started to rotate the drive roller 26, as indicated by the directional arrow in FIG. 2. The web is gripped between back-up rollers 38 and the cylindrical portion of drive roller 26 and driven back over the guide plate 20, which deflects the web into delivery track 14. Spacing of feeler 58 from the guide plate and the timing of the solenoid and drive motor will depend on the speed of motion of the web. The reverse drive must start before the cut end of the web passes beyond the drive roller. With the flat face 44 on the roller, drive will be incremental and by making the roller 26 with a suitable circumference, each increment can be equal to one image frame length on the exposed web.
To prepare the web for entry into the processing unit, the guide plate 20 is provided with means for folding the corners of the cut end, which becomes the leading edge 64 of the web 16. At opposite sides of guide plate 20 are trap slots 66 and 68, which are similar in configuration but oppositely handed. The outside edges 70 and 72 of the trap slots are spaced apart slightly greater than the width of the web 16. Each trap slot has an entry edge 74 on the side adjacent hinge 22, the entry edges being inclined and converging away from the hinge. The trap slots also have stop edges 76 opposite the entry edges, also converging away from hinge 22, in the direction of motion of the web. Entry edges 74 arecurved downward slightly to allow the corners of the web to enter the trap slots. Stop edges 76 are bowed upward, as indicated at 78 in FIG. 4, so that the web corners slide underneath. Since the web is deflected upwardly by the guide plate, the web leading edge 64 will be presses against the guide plate and will tend to slide into the trap slots. A further trap slot 80, comparable to slot 68, is shown as being spaced closer to trap slot 66, to accommodate a narrower web. Other arrangements of trap slots may be used for standard web sizes.
Referring now to FIGS. and 6, the web leading edge 64 is illustrated as being caught in trap slots 66 and 68, with the corners 82 and 84 under the stop edges 76. Further motion of the web against the inclined stop edges 76 will cause the corners to be rolled downwardly and inwardly, as in FIG. 7. Continued motion of the web will drive the leading edge 64 beyond the trap slots, causing the corners to be folded diagonally inwardly, as in FIG. 8. Confinement of the web within the enclosing track will prevent the folded corners from re-opening, and friction from motion along the track will tend to keep the corners folded under.
The resultant leading edge configuration is illustrated in FIG. 9. Sharp corners have been eliminated and the leading edge portion has been stiffened. In the processing unit, an untreated web of thin material will tend to wrap around certain of the rollers, particularly those wet with chemical solutions. The stiffened leading edge, however, will pass through the various stages of rollers and other guide means without curling or jamming. In use the entire structure will be enclosed in a light tight housing, so the various slots and openings in the track do not require sealing.
The structure as illustrated is adaptable to a particular type of machine, in which the motion of the web material is reversed. It will be obvious that the trap slot arrangement in the guide plate can be incorporated in a web guiding track in which web motion is unidirectional. The leading corners of each length of web material will thus be intercepted and folded as the web passes over the trap slot position.
Having described my invention, 1 now claim.
1. Web guiding and corner folding apparatus, comprising,
a web guiding track having enclosing walls including a web supporting wall,
drive means for moving a strip of web material along said track,
a guide plate inset in the web supporting wall of said track,
said guide plate having trap slots therein spaced to receive the web strip therebetween,
and said trap slots having stop edges for intercepting the leading edge corners of a web strip and folding the corners inwardly as the web strip moves past the slots.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said stop edges are inclined and converge in the direction of motion ofthe web.
3. Apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said stop edges are raised above the web supporting surface of said track.
4. Apparatus according to claim 3, wherein said trap slots have downwardly turned entry edges opposite the respective stop edges.
5. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said track has a branching portion diverging from the side opposite said web supporting wall and having an exit lip at thejunction thereof,
said guide plate being pivotally mounted in said track to swing between a position coplanar with said web supporting wall and a position in planar alignment with said exit lip,
and actuating means for moving said guide plate between the two positions.
6. Apparatus according to claim 5, and including a sensing means for sensing the passage of the end of a web strip adjacent said guide plate, said sensing means being connected to operate said actuating means for moving the guide plate and diverting the web into said branching portion of the tack.
7. Apparatus according to claim 6, and including driven roller means mounted on said track for engageedges are bowed upwardly above the web supporting surface of said guide plate.
10. Apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said trap slots have downwardly turned entry edges opposite the respective stop edges.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2899198 *||Sep 17, 1957||Aug 11, 1959||Tape dispenser and folder|
|US3204949 *||Jul 15, 1963||Sep 7, 1965||Horst Kieslich||Dispenser for adhesive-coated tape|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4213602 *||Jun 9, 1978||Jul 22, 1980||De Staat Der Nederlanden, Te Dezen Vertegenwoordigd Door De Directeur-Generaal Der Posterijen, Telegrafie En Telefonie||Switching device for letters and the like|
|US4565462 *||Nov 15, 1983||Jan 21, 1986||Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Paper loading apparatus for printer including plural feed paths|
|US4671441 *||Apr 24, 1985||Jun 9, 1987||Mannesmann Ag||Monitoring plural feeding in printers|
|US5584474 *||Apr 11, 1994||Dec 17, 1996||Siemens Nixdorf Informationssysteme Aktiengesellschaft||Single sheet feed device for an electrophotographic printer or copier|
|U.S. Classification||226/11, 493/24, 226/91, 493/419, 226/49, 271/3.19, 271/902|
|Cooperative Classification||G03D13/003, Y10S271/902|