|Publication number||US3716650 A|
|Publication date||Feb 13, 1973|
|Filing date||May 28, 1971|
|Priority date||May 29, 1970|
|Also published as||DE2125087A1|
|Publication number||US 3716650 A, US 3716650A, US-A-3716650, US3716650 A, US3716650A|
|Inventors||De Mecquenem R|
|Original Assignee||De Mecquenem R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (17), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [1 1 de Mecquenem Feb. 13, 1973  CLAMP WITH RESILIENT GRIPPING UNIT FOR USE WITH OVERHEAD CONDUCTOR SPACERS AND A SPACER INCLUDING THE SAME  Inventor: Robert de Mecquenem, Chateau de la Roare, Roche la Moliere, France  Filed: May 28, 1971 21] Appl. No.: 147,793
 Foreign Application Priority Data May 29, 1970 France ..7018891  11.8. CI. ..174/42, 24/125 K, 24/135 R, I 24/7262 R, 174/146  Int. Cl. ..II02g 7/12, H02g 7/14  Field of Search ..l74/40 R, 42, 146, 155; 1 24/125 K, 132 CS, 135 R, 135 K, 262R  References Cited FOREIGN PATENTS 0R APPLICATIONS 1,554,379 12/1968 France ..l74/l46 1,042,699 11/1958 Germany ..'.....24/l35 R 718,384 10/1966 Italy 396,125 1/1966 Switzerland "174/146 Primary Examiner-Laramie E. Askin Attorney-Waters,'Roditi, Schwartz & Nissen  ABSTRACT A spacer for overhead conductors is disclosed. The spacer comprises a unit for resiliently gripping directly about the conductor, the unit being constituted essentially by a pair of jaws adapted to be encircled about the conductor and connected one to another by clamping means. Pads of flexible and resilient material are arranged onto half-sheaths made of metal which directly encircles the conductor.
The jaws are provided with recesses having an eccentric bottom surface which differs from the external surface of the pads whereby the pads are engaged in a compression effect when they are inserted therein, and the jaws are brought together by one or more clamping means.
8 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTEI] FEB 1 3191s SHEET 2 UF 2 CLAMP WITII RESILIENT GRIPPING UNIT FOR USE WITH OVERHEAD CONDUCTOR SPACERS AND A SPACER INCLUDING THE SAME The invention relates mainly to a spacer for overhead conductors having an improved unit for resiliently gripping electrical cables, and notably the cables of high-voltage electrical lines comprising a plurality of conductors.
Spacers of this type are required'not only to maintain the spacing of the cables but additionally to damp vibrations and oscillations, while at the same time preventing the deterioration of the cables, in particular at the points of attachment.
Such spacers are mainly characterized in that they comprise a connecting and spacing means or portion and a unit having at least means or jaws for attachment and resilient gripping directly about the cable, the unit being constituted essentially by pads of elastomeric material or flexible and resilient material, subjected to suitable compression interposed between the cable and the jaws which are brought together by one or more clamping or gripping means.
The elastomer is employed in the form of at least two half-elements of a sleeve of appropriate length, or possibly a plurality of angular fractions of the said sleeve, each of the half-elements or fractions being adhesively secured, moulded or otherwise secured on a corresponding sheath made of metal, or a rigid substance or material, and which directly contacts the cable, the profile and external dimensions of the half-elements orfractions of elastomeric material being-so establishedas to afford a fit within corresponding hollow profiles of the jaws, thesaid hollow or recessed profiles optionally being. different" from .the elastomer, at the same .time making provision for uniform and suitable compression of the half-elements or'fractions of the elastomer, during gripping or tightening.
The subject of the invention is related to the technical sector concerned with installations involving cables or electrical lines and, if appropriate, also other cables or the like.
According to the invention, it has been endeavoured to very substantially improve the qualities in respect of 45 strength and service life' of the spacers, and also the behavior of the electrical lines.
For this purpose, it has been endeavored to improve and limit the molecular working of the elastomer or flexible material under the forces resulting from the angular displacements of the cables subjected to such gripping action, in such manner as to preserve for a long period of time the resilient damping properties thereof, without thereby producing destructive mechanical forces which the elastomer will not be able to withstand and which do not comply with the properties thereof.
It has also been desired to provide optimum conditions with respect to assembly and positioning of the spacers, at the same time achieving a gripping or clamping effect which is more uniform and perfectly distributed, circularly, about the cable.
According to a major feature of the invention, the half-sheaths interposed between the elastomer and the cable to be gripped have their ends profiled in the form of external projections for co-operation with the corresponding end seating portions of the jaws which have stops for the said profiled ends of the sheaths, in such manner as to limit the deformation and compression effect of the sleeves or rings made from elastomeric or plane and starting from the said plane, inclined flats which converge on the inner side of the half-sheaths, and the purpose of which it is to co-operate, with a retaining effect, with the approached ends of the half rings or half-sleeves.
According to yet a further feature, the outer faces of the half-sheaths, bearing againstthe half-rings or half sleeves, are eccentric relative to the inner faces and to the ends which are profiled in the form of projections.
These features and still further features will be clear from the following description.
In order to render the subject of the invention specific without, however, limiting it, in the accompanying drawings:
FIG. 1 shows, in separate perspective views, before assembly, a mode of embodiment of the various means of the device for the resilient gripping of the cables at the spacer ends;
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal axial section through the device for the resilient gripping of a cable, at one end of the spacer;
FIGS. 3 and 4 are similar views in plan and in section as seen along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2, showing, respectively, the cable in the normal position between the jaws and the cable angularly displaced;
FIG. 5 shows a lateral view of a half-ring and a crosssection through a jaw, before assembly thereof;
FIG. 6 shows the half-ring engaged inthe recess in the jaw and the half-sheath in section, shown before fitting;
FIG. 7 illustrates the half-sheaths fitted in the halfrings and the jaws, before the approaching together of the said jaws and securing on the cable;
FIG. 8 is a partial section, drawn to a larger scale, illustrating the conditions in respect of mutual engagement of the jaw, the ring and the sheath.
The subject of the invention is rendered more specific by describing it in the form of the embodiment illustrated non-limitatively in the figures of the drawings.
FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 show the end of asingle clamp bar 20 which may be tubular.
At each end of the spacer bar or bars 20 there are to be mounted pairs of jaws 21,22 for the gripping and resilient securing of cables C.
The said jaws have, mainly, half bearing faces 21a, 22a for assembly and securing on the end of the bar 20, and half end seating portions 21b, 22b.
The end portions 21b, 22b are formed with recesses 21c, 22c having the shape of an annulus and the purjecting portions 21d, 22d constituting stops near the ends of the end portions 21b 22b.
in this way, the limitation is achieved (as illustratedin FIG. 4) of the deformation and compression effect of the rings 23, in such manner as to cause the said rings to act solely as damping means, without ever subjecting them to destructive mechanical forces which the elastomer would not withstandand which do not suit the properties thereof.
The conditions involved in mounting and positioning the spacers on the electrical cables (and optionally other cables) have been improved substantially with achievement of an improved clamping or tightening effect. In this arrangement the bottom or end face of the recesses 21c, 22c designed to receive the half rings 23 is eccentric in such manner that, as it will be seen notably in FIG. 5, the bottom or end face is deeper than it would be if it were concentric with the other circularprofilesof the jaws.
Consequently, when the half-rings 23 are so positioned within the bottom of the recesses 21c, 22c, the ends 23a of said half-rings 23 must be approached to each other slightly. Due to the resilient reaction effect, the rings are thus firmly positioned and retained in the recesses 2lc,22c.
n the other hand, the external faces 24b of the halfsheaths 24 contacting the half-rings 23 is eccentric in such manner that the thickness of the sheaths is increased relativeto what it would be if the faces 24b were concentric to the other semi-circular profiles of the sheaths.
- Formed onthe faces 24b, starting from the diametral junction plane, are flats 24c inclined to converge on the inner side of the sheaths.
, These arrangements produce the following effects:
it is possible to force-engage the half-sheaths 24 between the ends 23a, which are only slightly approached to each other, of the half-rings 23 (FIG. 6). The ends 23a close resiliently on the flats 24c and the sheaths are retained perfectly with the rings 23 and their jaws (FIG; 7). The manipulations involved in the assembly of each jaw for positioning about the cables are thus facilitated, without any risk of losing members or means during such manipulations;
the compression of the half-rings 23 is effected in rational fashion, in two stages: (a) placing the halfsheaths 24 in position, the ends 230 are compressed (FIG. 7); (b) assembling the jaws by gripping with the aid of a bolt'25 and due to the effect of the eccentricity of the recesses 21c, 22c and of the faces 24b (FIG. 2), firm, uniform compression, satisfactorily circularly distributed entirely about the rings 23, is achieved.
Furthermore, in order to ensure convenience of mountingand assembly of the end of the bar and the jaws, 21, 22, according to the non-limitative example illustrated there is provided a screw 26 extending through the end of the bar 20 and screwed into the half bearing face 210.
The face 22a of the other jaw is formed with a recess 22c the purpose of which it is to enclose, with the necessary clearance, the head of the screw 26 while affording the relative axial positioning of the spacer and the jaw. Other positioning means or arrangements could be adopted.
At least one bolt 25 is provided for the assembly of the jaws in their thick, strong portions.
The bolt 25 extends freely through the jaw 22 and co-operates by screwing in the jaw 21.
In order to facilitate manipulation and mounting or 1 assembly, a retaining means such as a clip ring 27 surrounds the bolt 25,(shown in FIG. 1 in detached condition) and prevents the separation thereof from the jaw 22. Similarly, the previous assembly of the bar 20 and of its jaws 21, 22 on the cable C facilitates the operations involved in the assembly of the further jaws, which are frequently of rod-stud type.
It will be observed that the assembly bolt 25 is a double-acting bolt, effecting:
the gripping under compression of the jaws and elastomeric rings, and the locking of the cable C;
a resilient reaction for supporting and locking the bearing faces 21a, 22a against the end of the bar 20.
- The resilient reaction for compressing the rings 23 on the bolt 25 guarantees that the latter cannot become loose.
Of course, this mounting of the jaws is applied to the electrical lines and cables.
The significance and the advantages of these arrangements are clear from the description and drawings.
The invention is in no way limited to that one of the modes of application thereof nor to those of the modes of carrying the various parts thereof into effect which have more especially been discussed; on the contrary, it covers all variants.
What is claimed is: I
1. A clamp for overhead conductors, comprising, a resilient gripping unit for encircling a longitudinal portion of a conductor, said unit including means for compression and attachment of the same directly about the conductor, a pair of jaws connected one to another, and pads of flexible and resilient material interpositioned between said jaws and adapted to be subjected to compression between said conductor and said jaws, said unit further including half-sheaths mounted between said pads and having their ends profiled so as to define external projections, said jaws including 4. The clamp as defined in claim 3, wherein the outer faces of said half-sheaths have, near the diametral junction plane and starting from said plane, inclined retaining flats which converge on the inner sides of said halfsheaths, co-operating with said adjacent ends of the half-rings.
5. The clamp as defined in claim 4, wherein said halfsheaths include inner faces, and said outer faces hearing against said half-rings are eccentric relative to said inner faces and to said external projections of the halfsheaths.
6. The clamp as defined in claim 5 in combination with a spacer bar member, wherein said jawsinclude hearing faces and one end has a hole therein receiving a 5 constituting part of said means for compression and attachment, said bolt extending freely through one of said jaws and being screwed into the other jaw.
8. The combination as defined in claim 7, wherein said bolt is fitted with a retaining clip ring adjacent to said bearing face of the jaw which carries it.
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|U.S. Classification||174/42, 74/502.4, 174/146, 24/546, 74/502.6, 24/535, 403/228, 24/135.00R|
|International Classification||H02G, H02G7/12|