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Publication numberUS3718039 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 27, 1973
Filing dateDec 2, 1971
Priority dateDec 2, 1971
Publication numberUS 3718039 A, US 3718039A, US-A-3718039, US3718039 A, US3718039A
InventorsBacon J, Lindenmuth C
Original AssigneeSteel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pail bail ear tester
US 3718039 A
Abstract
Device of the invention functions to apply pulling pressure on the bail ear of a pail to determine if the ear is securely affixed to the pail. The device includes a pressure plat attached to a leg extending at an angle from a lever having a spring-loaded bar with an ear-engaging end projecting therefrom, and indicating means connected with the bar to indicate the amount of pressure exerted on the ear when the end of the bar is engaged with the ear as the pressure plate is pressed against the body of the pail by exerting downward pressure on the end of the lever.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

te States atent [191 Bacon et al. 1 Feb. 27, 1973 [541 PAIL BAIL EAR TESTER 2,450,188 9/1948 Graaf ..73 141 AB Inventors: James A. Bacon, Cherry Hill NJ; 2,821,080 1/1958 Genmgnani ..73/88 B Charles J. Lindenmuth, Levittown, Pa.

[73] Assignee: United States Steel Corporation [22] Filed: Dec. 2, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 203,992

[52] US. Cl. ..73/141 AB, 73/88 B, 73/95 [51] Int. Cl. ..G01l 5/00 [58] Field of Search..73/141 AB, 88 B, 139, 95,130, 73/131 [56] References Cited UNITEDSTATES PATENTS 1,848,487 3/1932 Linendoll ..73/131 1,961,368 6/1934 Larson ..73/14l AB Primary ExaminerCharles A. Ruehl Attorney-Donald S. Ferito [57] ABSTRACT Device of the invention functions to apply pulling pressure on the bail ear of a pail to determine if the ear is securely affixed to the pail. The device includes a pressure plat attached to a leg extending at an angle from a lever having a spring-loaded bar with an earengaging end projecting therefrom, and indicating means connected with the bar to indicate the amount of pressure exerted on the ear when the end of the bar is engaged with the ear as the pressure plate is pressed against the body of the pail by exerting downward pressure on the end of the lever.

3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PAIL BAIL EAR TESTER The present invention relates generally to testing apparatus and more particularly to apparatus for testing pail ears to determine if they are securely affixed to the pail body.

In the manufacture of pails having bail ears affixed by welding to the pail bodies, it is essential that the ears be tested to determine whether they are affixed to the pail body securely enough to prevent separation from the pail body when a full pail is lifted by its bail. Prior to our invention such testing was done periodically during production by removing a pail from the production line at intervals and pulling the cars off the pail body with a pair of pliers, channel locks or similar tools. Such testing obviously was crude, inaccurate and time consuming.

It is, accordingly, the primary object of our invention to provide a novel testing apparatus whereby bail ears can be tested non-destructively to determine their resistance to predetermined pressures.

It is a more specific object of our invention to provide an apparatus as set forth by the above statement of object which includes a pressure plate attached to a leg attached to and extending from a lever having a slidable spring-loaded bar therein formed with an ear-engaging end projecting from the lever, and indicating means connected with the bar to indicate the amount of pressure exerted on the car when the end of the bar is engaged with the ear as the pressure plate is pressed against the body of the pail by exerting downward pressure on the end of the lever.

These and other objects will become more apparent after referring to the following specification and drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view partly in section of the apparatus of the invention;

.FIG. 2 is an elevational view of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is an elevational substantially schematic view showing the device of the invention in operating position.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, reference numeral 2 designates an elongated hollow handle or lever having a cap 4 at one end which is provided with a center aperture 6 for slidably accommodating a bar 8. The bar 8 extends longitudinally in the handle 2 with a portion thereof projecting outwardly of the handle through aperture 6. The outwardly projecting end of the bar 8 is provided with an upturned end 10 adapted to enter the bail hole of a pail bail ear and engage the inner surface of the bail ear. The opposite end of the bar 8 is rigidly connected with an elongated guide plug 12 slidably disposed in the handle 2. Bar 8 is spring-loaded and is constantly urged inwardly of the handle 2 by means of a coil spring 14 which surrounds the bar 8 and bears at one end against the cap 4 and at its other end against the plug 12.

The handle 2 is formed with a longitudinally extending slot 16 intermediate its ends for accommodating a peg 18 which is attached to and projects normal to the plug 12 to project outwardly of the slot 16. When the bar 8 is in resting position, the peg l8 rests against the end of the slot 16 remote from the cap 4. Indicia marking 20 are provided spaced along the slot 16 to indicate pressures exerted by the bar 8 in use. The spring-loaded bar is calibrated to determine what position the peg 18 will be in as the bar exerts various predetermined pressures.

A leg 22 is attached, by welding or similar means, to the handle 2 adjacent its capped end and extends at an acute angle, preferably approximately 45, to the longitudinal axis of the handle. An arcuate plate 24, which may be lined with a padding 26 of rubber or other resilient cushioning material, is welded or otherwise fixedly attached to the end of the leg 22. The curvature of the plate 24 conforms to the outer contour of the pail body whose bail ears are to be tested. If desired, the end portion of the handle 2 remote from the cap 4 may be knurled to facilitate handling the device during operation.

In operation, the device is used by inserting the upturned end 10 of the bar 8 into the bail hole of a bail ear E to be tested and the plate 24 is rested against the side of the pail body B. A predetermined pressure is then applied downwardly manually on the end of the handle 2 remote from its capped end while the opposite side of the pail is held down manually. When the peg 18 reaches the indicia mark indicating the predetermined pressure the bail ear is required to withstand and the bail ear remains affixed to the pail body, the ear is considered adequately secured to the pail body and passes inspection. If the weld affixing the bail ear to the pail body is faulty, the car will become detached from the pail body without damage to the pail body before the peg reaches the mark indicating the predetermined pressure.

While we have shown but one embodiment of our invention, other adaptations and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the following claims.

We claim:

1. Apparatus for testing a pail bail ear having a bail hole therein attached to a pail body to determine if the ear is securely affixed to the pail body which comprises an elongated hollow handle, an elongated leg member attached to said handle adjacent one end thereof and projecting therefrom at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of said handle, an arcuate pressure plate affixed to the end of said leg, said plate being curved to conform to the outer contour of said pail, said one end of said handle having an aperture therethrough substantially coincidental with the longitudinal axis of said handle, an elongated bar slidably disposed in said handle extending longitudinally thereof with one end of said bar projecting through said aperture, the projecting end of said bar having an upturned end adapted to fit into the bail hole of said bail ear and engage the inner surface of said bail car, a coil spring surrounding said bar in said handle, an elongated plug affixed to the inner end of said bar slidable in said handle, said spring bearing against said plug at one end and against the surface around said aperture at said one end of said pipe at its other end to constantly urge said bar inwardly of said handle, said handle having a longitudinal slot intermediate its ends and a peg connected with said plug at one end and extending normally therefrom to project slidably through said slot, said peg engaging the end of said slot remote from said one end of said handle when said bar is in retracted position, said peg being adapted to move toward the end of said slot toward said one end of said handle when said upturned end of said bar is in said bail hole of said bail ear engaging the inner surface thereof and said pressure plate is pressed against the outer surface of said pail by the application of marks on the surface of said handle spaced along said slot to indicate the distance moved by said peg from its position at the end of said slot to thereby indicate the amount of pressure being exerted by the upturned end of said bar on said pail bail ear.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1848487 *Sep 21, 1927Mar 8, 1932 Bbake testing device
US1961368 *Dec 3, 1932Jun 5, 1934Teletype CorpForce measuring device
US2450188 *Mar 24, 1945Sep 28, 1948De Graaf BastiaanPush and pull load gauge
US2821080 *May 6, 1954Jan 28, 1958Western Electric CoTension gage for testing the bond between brazed parts
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4679444 *May 15, 1985Jul 14, 1987Fried. Krupp Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter HaftungInstrument for measuring the cohesion force in dental cone crowns
US5783754 *Feb 28, 1996Jul 21, 1998Integrated Device Technology, Inc.Apparatus and method for measuring the gripping strength of a vacuum wand
US5798467 *Aug 2, 1996Aug 25, 1998Scovill Japan Kabushiki KaishaPluck resistance measuring instrument for snap members
US6393905Oct 14, 1999May 28, 2002Jonathan M. SteeleAdhesive testing apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification73/827, 73/862.1
International ClassificationG01L5/00
Cooperative ClassificationG01L5/0033
European ClassificationG01L5/00D2
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 31, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: USX CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE, STATELESS
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION (MERGED INTO);REEL/FRAME:005060/0960
Effective date: 19880112
Dec 9, 1987AS06Security interest
Owner name: C.P.I. PLASTICS, INC., A CORP. OF DE.
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS NATIONAL BANK OF DETROIT
Effective date: 19871106
Dec 9, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS NATIONAL BANK OF DETROIT
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:C.P.I. PLASTICS, INC., A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004797/0987
Effective date: 19871106
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS NATIONAL BANK OF,DELAWARE
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:C.P.I. PLASTICS, INC., A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:4797/987
Apr 23, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: SANWA BUSINESS CREDIT CORPORATION, ONE SOUTH WACKE
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC., A MI CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004711/0213
Effective date: 19861112
Nov 17, 1986AS17Release by secured party
Owner name: CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT, INC.
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.
Effective date: 19861110
Nov 17, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004645/0124
Effective date: 19861110
Feb 23, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT, INC., BOND COURT BLDG.
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004227/0354
Effective date: 19831231
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC., A MI CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION,;REEL/FRAME:004227/0350
Effective date: 19831220
Feb 23, 1984AS06Security interest
Owner name: CITICORP INDUSTRIAL CREDIT, INC., BOND COURT BLDG.
Owner name: CONTAINER PRODUCTS, INC.
Effective date: 19831231