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Publication numberUS3718406 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 27, 1973
Filing dateMar 22, 1971
Priority dateMar 22, 1971
Publication numberUS 3718406 A, US 3718406A, US-A-3718406, US3718406 A, US3718406A
InventorsOnal H
Original AssigneeBorg Warner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Centrifugal pump with integral seal pressure balance
US 3718406 A
Abstract
An axially balanced multistage centrifugal pump having an impeller assembly of plural impellers fixed on a shaft which is rotatably and axially mounted within an elongated divided pump case formed of first and second cast metal housings and having fluid pressure stage dividers disposed between the impellers to form fluid pressure stages, whereby the pump in operation will contain fluid at a lower pressure at a first end of the housing and fluid at a higher pressure at the second end thereof; first and second rotary fluid flow restriction seals mounted between the assembled case and the impeller shaft at the first and the second ends of the casing respectively to restrict fluid flow therebetween; a rotary fluid flow restriction baffle mounted within the second end of the case containing the higher fluid pressure and around the shaft near the second rotary seal to define a seal pressure chamber. The improvement comprises an integral fluid pressure balance passageway integrally defined and incorporated within the wall of one of the housings, which passageway will be in fluid communication with the fluid under pressure contained in the seal chamber at the second end of the pump and with the lower pressure fluid contained at the first end of the pump, whereby fluid pressure exerted against the second seal and the first seal will be equalized at the same lower pressure contained at the first end of the pump.
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final ttes MI Feb. 27, 1973 CENTHFUGAL PUMP WHTH HNTEGRAL SEAL PRESSURE BALANCE [52] lU.S.Cl...... 415/111,415/199,4l5/2l9 [51] int. Cl ..F0]ld 11/00, FOld 1/02, FOld 25/24 [58] Field of Search ..4l5/104, 105, 106, 108, 134,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,221,822 4/l9l7 Bodinson ..4l5/lll l,485,504 3/1924 Hollander ..4l5/l 12 1,980,337 11/1934 Hollander ..4l6/l86 FOREIGN PATENTS COR APPLICATIONS 956,73l 4/1964 GreatBritain ..4l5/l99R Primary ExaminerI-lenry F. Raduazo Attorney-Donald W. Banner, William S. Mc Curry and John W. Butcher [57] ABSTRACT An axially balanced multistage centrifugal pump having an impeller assembly of plural impellers fixed on a shaft which is rotatably and axially mounted within an elongated divided pump case formed of first and second cast metal housings and having fluid pressure stage dividers disposed between the impellers to form fluid pressure stages, whereby the pump in operation will contain fluid at a lower pressure at a first end of the housing and fluid at a higher pressure at the second end of the housing and fluid at a higher pressure at the second end thereof; first and second rotary fluid flow restriction seals mounted between the assembled case and the impeller shaft at the first and the second ends of the casing respectively to restrict fluid flow therebetween; a rotary fluid flow restriction baffle mounted pressure and around the shaft near the second rotary seal to define a seal pressure chamber. The improvement comprises an integral fluid pressure balance passageway integrally defined and incorporated within the wall of one of the housings, which passageway will be in fluid communication with the fluid under pressure contained in the seal chamber at the second end of the pump and with the lower pressure fluid contained at the first end of the pump, whereby fluid pressure exerted against the second seal and the first seal will be equalized at the same lower pressure contained at thefirst end of the pump.

6 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures n 42 Q d E 2e 20 PATENTEU Z 975 SHEET 1 or 2 INVENTOR HA5/4/V F OA/AL inL.

CENTRIFUGAL PUMP WITH INTEGRAL SEAL PRESSURE BALANCE I,

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention generally pertains to multistage centrifugal pumps and more particularly to axially balanced multistage pumps having lower fluid pressure at the suction end of the pump than at the other end of the pump which pumps are equipped with a seal chamber at the high pressure end which is in fluid communication with the suction end of the pump whereby the fluid pressure differential across the low pressure seal and the high pressure seal remains equalized, creating an axial balance of forces imposed on the impeller assembly.

Such pumps generally have a case comprised of a first and a second cast metal housing. The prior art manner of providing fluid communication to equalize the high pressure seal chamber with the suction fluid chamber is to drill holes in one of the pump housings and equip the housing with external piping connected togetherand into the shell by threaded pipe connection, soldering, brazing or the like. Such external piping may be subject to damage from impacts from extraneous sources and also to damage from fatigue and failure from vibration during operation of the pump and its coupled power source (such as a piston engine). Additionally, such external piping may cause inconveniences in installation and maintenance of the pump in limited spaces.

Summary of the Invention The principal object of this invention is to provide an axiallybalanced multistage pump having fluid pressure equalized seals in which the fluid equalizing passageway is substantially immune to damage from vibration or external sources of impacts.

Another object of this invention is to provide a multistage pump. with no external pressure equalizing piping which can be obstructive during installation or maintenance.

A further objectof this invention is to provide a multistage pump which can be fabricated without the usual labor and material expense required for external pressure equalizing piping.

The foregoing and other objects and advantages are attained with a multistage centrifugal pump having an impeller assembly of plural impellers fixed on a shaft which is rotatably and axially mounted within an elongated divided pump case formed of first and second cast metal housings. The pump case includes fluid pressure stage dividers disposed between the impellers to form fluid pressure stages, whereby the pump in operation will contain fluid at a lower pressure at a first end of the housing and fluid at a higher pressure at the second end thereof. First and second rotary fluid flow restriction seals are mounted between the assembled housing and the impeller shaft at the first and the second ends of the case respectively to restrict fluid flow thereacross. A rotary fluid flow restriction baffle is mounted within the second end of the case containing the higher fluid pressure and around the shaft near the second rotary sea] to define a seal pressure chamber. The case defines an integral fluid pressure balance passageway within the wall of one of the housings,

which passageway will be in fluid communication with the fluid contained in the seal chamber at the second end of the pump and with the lower pressure fluid contained at the first end of the pump. With the foregoing arrangement, the fluid pressure exerted across the second seal and across the first seal will be equalized at the same lower pressure contained at the first end of the pump.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a partially sectional plan view of a multistage centrifugal pump taken at the juncture of the upper and lower housings and along the axis of the pump impeller assembly.

FIG. 2 is a section taken along the line 2--2 in the direction of the arrows shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a section taken along the line 3-3 in the direction of the arrows shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a section taken along the line 4-4 in the direction of the arrows shown in FIG. 1

FIG. 5 is a partially sectional detail of the plan shown in FIG. 1 at the right and below the axis of the impeller assembly.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1, a partly sectional plan view of a multistage pump is shown having a case 10, an upper housing (not shown) and a lower housing 12. Lower housing 12 is seen to include a parting flange 14 which matches the parting flange of the upper housing. The housings are connected together in fluid tight relation by a pattern of fastener studs 16, shown in cross section. Case 10 is equipped with suitable journal boxes and bearings (not shown) which rotatably and axially support an impeller assembly 18 within the case. Impeller assembly 18 includes a plurality of impellers 20 mounted on an impeller shaft 22. Each impeller 20 is tightly fitted on shaft 20 and connected to the shaft by means of suitable keys and retainer rings and disposed in alignment within stage discharge chambers 1D to 6D as shown with the suction throat of each impeller in communication with respective suction chambers 18 to 68. Case 10 is equipped with a fluid suction inlet 24 and a fluid discharge outlet 26.

Passageways (not shown) are defined in case 10 to connect the successive stages of chambers as follows: chamber 1D to chamber 28; chamber 2D to chamber 35; chamber 3D to chamber 48; chamber 4D to chamber 58; and chamber 5D to chamber 68. Passageways (not shown) are also defined in case 10 to connect suction inlet 24 with suction chamber 18 and discharge chamber 6D with discharge outlet 26.

Grooved inserts 28 are mounted in case 10 between the suction and discharge chambers and about the throats and hubs of impellers 20. The hubs and throats of the impellers have complementary grooves as shown in FIGS. 1 and 5 to create fluid flow restriction labyrinths to limit fluid leakage from discharge chamberst o' suction chambers to a selected and acceptable rate..

As also shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, a seal pressure chamber 30 is defined by case 10, shaft 22, a fluid flow restriction bafile structure 32 and a seal structure 34. As later discussed, pressure chamber 30 is provided with fluid communication to suction chamber 18 whereby fluids leaking through baffle structure 32 from suction chamber 48 (which, in operation of the pumps, is at the same pressure as discharge chamber 3D) may flow back into suction chamber 18 to permit the fluid pressure in pressure chamber 30 (which is imposed across seal structure 34) to be equalized with the suction pressure found in suction chamber 15 and at suction inlet 24.

Baffle structure 32 is comprised of a sleeve 36 mounted in sealed relation on shaft 22 and an insert 38 concentrically mounted about the sleeve and within case 10. The exterior of sleeve 36 and the interior of insert 38 are equipped with complementary grooves as shown to define a fluid flow restriction labyrinth which serves to limit fluid leakage from suction chamber 48 into pressure chamber 30 to a selected and acceptable rate.

At the other end of shaft 22 adjacent suction chamber 18 is a seal structure 40 concentrically mounted about the shaft and within case 10. The construction and operation of seal structures 34 and 40 are alike and as shown in FIG. 5. A sealing sleeve 42 is concentrically mounted about shaft 22 and-within case 10. The portion of shaft 22 confined within sleeve 42 and the interior of the sleeve are provided with complementary grooves which form a fluid flow restriction labyrinth to limit fluid leakage through each seal to an acceptable minimum rate. Labyrinth seals of the type shown are exemplary only and could be substituted by lapped face mechanical seals, packed glands, etc., as appropriate under suitable conditions conditions.

Referring now to FIGS. 1 4, fluid communication between seal pressure chamber 30 and suction chamber 18 is shown to be provided by a passageway 44 opening through a port 46 into pressure chamber 30 and through a port 48 into suction chamber 18. As shown, passageway 44 is defined as an integral element of lower housing 12 of case which is formed by a core during the casting of the housing. As best shown in FIG. 3, passageway 44 may be formed within a boss 50 extending generally along and below the edge of parting flange 14. With passageway 44 defined within case 10 as shown, no external piping is necessary to provide equalization of fluid pressure across seals 34 and 40 and consequent equalization of opposing axial forces created by such fluid pressure on the cross-sectional area of shaft 22. This provision not only eliminates the possibility of external piping which might be damaged but also eliminates the space requirements of such piping.

The foregoing description and drawing may suggest other embodiments or variations to those skilled in the art, all of which are intended to be included in the spirit of the invention as set forth herein.

That being claimed is:

l. A multistage centrifugal pump having an impeller assembly of at least two impellers fixed on a shaft which is rotatably and axially mounted within an elongated divided pump case formed of a first unitary, cast metal housing and a second unitary, cast metal housing and having at least one pressure stage divider disposed between the impellers to form fluid pressure stages, whereby said pump in operation will contain lower pressure fluid at a first end of said case and a higher pressure fluid at a second end thereof; a first and a second rotary fluid seal mounted between said case and said impeller shaft at said first and said second end of said case, respectively; a rotary fluid flow restriction baffle mounted within said second end of said case and around said shaft near said second rotary seal to define a seal pressure chamber, the improvement comprising:

a. one of said unitary, cast metal housings having a continuous portion cast integrally therewith and defining a fluid pressure balance passageway entirely within a wall of said one of said unitary, cast metal housings; and

b. said passageway being in fluid communication with fluid contained in said seal chamber and with said lower pressure fluid contained at said first end of said pump, whereby the fluid pressure exerted against said second seal and said first seal will be substantially equalized at said lower pressure.

2. The pump of claim 1 wherein said one of said housings includes a parting flange, and said passageway is defined in association with said parting flange.

3. The pump of claim 1 wherein said one of said housings includes a boss, and said passageway is defined within said boss.

4. The pump of claim 1 wherein said one of said housings is disposed below the other, and said passageway is defined within the lower housing.

5. The pump of claim 2 wherein a boss extends from said parting flange, and said passageway is defined within said boss.

6. The pump of claim 5 wherein said one of said housings is disposed below the other, and said passageway is defined in the lower housing.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1221822 *Jun 22, 1911Apr 10, 1917American Well WorksCentrifugal pump.
US1485504 *Jun 30, 1922Mar 4, 1924Aladar HollanderCentrifugal pump
US1980337 *Jul 14, 1933Nov 13, 1934Byron Jackson CoImpeller mounting
GB956731A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4121839 *Aug 9, 1977Oct 24, 1978Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Inc.Sealing system for use in composite multi-stage pump
US4684318 *Nov 25, 1985Aug 4, 1987Borg-Warner CorporationHydrostatic bearing for pumps and the like
US4708587 *Feb 25, 1986Nov 24, 1987Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaCentrifugal compressor
US5340272 *Aug 19, 1992Aug 23, 1994Bw/Ip International, Inc.Multi-stage centrifugal pump incorporating a sealed thrust bearing
US5445494 *Nov 8, 1993Aug 29, 1995Bw/Ip International, Inc.Multi-stage centrifugal pump with canned magnetic bearing
US6884031 *Jul 24, 2002Apr 26, 2005Weir Pumps LimitedPump assembly
US7558040 *Apr 26, 2007Jul 7, 2009Eaton CorporationTrip indicator member, and limiter and electrical switching apparatus including a plurality of trip indicator members
US20030021681 *Jul 24, 2002Jan 30, 2003Weir Pumps LimitedPump assembly
US20080266732 *Apr 26, 2007Oct 30, 2008Malingowski Richard PTrip indicator member, and limiter and electrical switching apparatus including a plurality of trip indicator members
CN102606525A *Mar 27, 2012Jul 25, 2012上海阿波罗机械股份有限公司Balance structure of rotor for starting water feeding pump
CN102705262A *Apr 26, 2012Oct 3, 2012山东星源矿山设备集团有限公司Multistage high-lift single suction submersible electric pump with configuration of three-flow-direction structured impeller
CN102705262B *Apr 26, 2012Aug 12, 2015山东星源矿山设备集团有限公司一种叶轮三流向结构配置的多级高扬程单吸潜水电泵
CN103270308A *Jan 19, 2012Aug 28, 2013尼克森公司High pressure multistage centrifugal pump for fracturing hydrocarbon reserves
WO2012097440A1 *Jan 19, 2012Jul 26, 2012Nexen Inc.High pressure multistage centrifugal pump for fracturing hydrocarbon reserves
Classifications
U.S. Classification415/111, 415/199.1, 415/213.1, 415/97
International ClassificationF04D1/00, F04D29/04, F04D1/06
Cooperative ClassificationF04D29/041, F04D1/06
European ClassificationF04D29/041, F04D1/06
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 6, 1993ASAssignment
Owner name: CITIBANK, N.A., NEW YORK
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:BW/IP INTERNATIONAL INC. (FORMERLY KNOWN AS BORG-WARNER INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC.);REEL/FRAME:006376/0881
Effective date: 19910831
Feb 2, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: BORG-WARNER CORPORATION, A DE. CORP.
Effective date: 19880215
Owner name: BW/IP INTERNATIONAL, INC., ("BW/IP"), 200 OCEANGAT
Feb 2, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: BW/IP INTERNATIONAL, INC., ("BW/IP"), 200 OCEANGAT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. EFFECTIVE MAY 20, 1987;ASSIGNOR:BORG-WARNER CORPORATION, A DE. CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004836/0834
Effective date: 19880215
Owner name: BW/IP INTERNATIONAL, INC., ("BW/IP"),A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BORG-WARNER CORPORATION, A DE. CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004836/0834
May 29, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: BORG-WARNER INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC., 200 OCEANGA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:BORG-WARNER CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004745/0469
Effective date: 19870514
Owner name: CITIBANK, N.A., 641 LEXINGTON AVE., NEW YORK, NY 1
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BORG-WARNER INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC.,;REEL/FRAME:004745/0480
Effective date: 19870520
Owner name: CITIBANK, N.A., NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BORG-WARNER CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004745/0469
Owner name: BORG-WARNER INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS, INC., CALIFORNIA