|Publication number||US3719412 A|
|Publication date||Mar 6, 1973|
|Filing date||Aug 27, 1970|
|Priority date||Aug 27, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3719412 A, US 3719412A, US-A-3719412, US3719412 A, US3719412A|
|Original Assignee||Reiback E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (3), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
[4 1 March 6, 1973 United States Patent 1 Reiback BACKLIGHTED PROJECTION SCREEN 12/1966 Marn..................................353/74 x 3,292,287 3,035,836 5/1962 McCalley  Inventor: Earl M. Reiback, 20 East 9 Street,
New York, NY. 10003 Aug. 27, 1970 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,159,076 7/1969 GreatBritain........................350/ll7 245,812 6/1959 Australia.............................350/117  Filed:
 Appl.N0.: 67,310
Primary ExaminerS. Clement Swisher Assistant Examiner-Daniel M. Yasich Attorney-Hubbell, Cohen & Stiefel .350/117, 353/77 ....G03b 21/56 .350/117 R, 123, 124; 240/10;
 U.S.  Int Cl  Field of Search....
ABSTRACT Apparatus for projecting continuously variable, mul-  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS ticolored, random patterns of light onto a translucent screen, and includes a lamp and the translucent screen. The screen is preferably transparent plastic containing a light absorbent dye and havin front and sandblasted rear surface.
.350/117 g a matte 6 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures 12/1944 Jelley et 7/1945 "Jelley et al....
1 1/1952 Stableford 3/1965 Kapilow et III/ I I! [III III/II I I [III jII/IIIII III! II PATENTEDHAR 6M3 IN VENTOR EARL M. REIBACK ATTORNEYS.
BACKLIGHTED PROJECTION SCREEN FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention is related to a translucent screen for displaying variable light patterns projected onto the rear surface thereof.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The apparatus of the present invention produces variable, multicolored decorative patterns of light on a screen, which preferably appears as a neutral dark background. Slowly, the images move across the screen, continually changing in size, shape and color, thereby creating an overall pleasing esthetic effect. The present apparatus may be employed in the home or elsewhere to enhance the decor and create a soothing mood with its unique effect.
The screen of the present invention produces a most striking effect of contrast due to the background which appears dark, nearly black. Such a screen may be made of plastic having a suitable amount of a dye, preferably neutral in color, incorporated therewith. The front of 3 the screen preferably is a matte surface, thereby minimizing reflections from stray light hitting the front, and the rear surface is preferably sandblasted for maximum diffusion of the light projected thereupon.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view, with hidden parts shown in phantom, of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the apparatus illustrated in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is a view taken along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A variable light projection apparatus preferably comprises a boxlike enclosure 12, having five opaque wall elements with dull black interior surfaces to minimize reflection. A translucent screen 14 forming the present invention, to be described in more detail hereinbelow, forms the sixth side, or front, of the enclosure 12.
A light box 16 is secured within the enclosure 12, preferably in a corner thereof, so that the rear, bottom, and one side of the light box 16 are formed by portions of the corresponding wall elements of the enclosure 12. A front element 18, side element 20 and top element 22 of the light box 16 are secured within the enclosure 12.
A light source 24 is secured within the light box 16. The light source 24 preferably comprises a clear lightbulb, without reflector, the filament of which approximates a point source so that sharp images are produced upon reflection, as described hereinbelow.
The side element 20 of the light box 16 has an aperture 26 which is so disposed with respect to the light source 24 that the screen 14 receives no direct illumination. Instead, the rays from the light source 24 are directed toward a vertically disposed transparent color wheel 26, which is rotatably supported by a bracket 28 fixed to the enclosure 12.
The color wheel 26 may comprise a disk of a colorless, transparent material 30, e.g., glass or polymethylmethacrylate, having transparent dyes or paints .32 of various colors applied thereto either in random manner or in any desired overall pattern. Particularly desirable effects are obtained by permitting adjacent areas of paint 32 to overlap or fuse into one another, giving rise to gradual changes of color at the interfaces. Alternatively, colored cellophane or glass could be substituted for the paint 32.
A turntable 34 is disposed horizontally within the enclosure 12 in tangential contact with the edge of the color wheel 26. The. turntable 34 preferably comprises a supporting base plate 36 covered with a layer of friction material 38, e.g., urethane foam, which engages the edge of the color wheel 26 for simultaneous rotation. 1
The base plate 36 of the turntable 34 is centrally supported on a shaft 40, which extends vertically from a drive train 42. The drive train 42, which may be a single reduction gear, is driven by an electric motor 44, e.g., of the type used in clocks.
When the motor 44 is in operation, the shaft 40 extending from the drive train 42 rotates the turntable 34, which in turn rotates the color wheel 26. As the color wheel 26 rotates, the several colors of the light rays emerging therefrom are thereby varied in accordance with the colors of the paint 32 on the areas of the color wheel 26 through which the rays pass.
A vertically disposed reflective disk 46 is mounted for rotation on a bracket 48 secured to the enclosure 12. The reflective disk 46 preferably comprises a support disk 50 and a reflective element 52 secured thereto, although these two elements could be combined in one integral piece. The edge of the reflective disk 46 is also in tangential contact with the frictional layer 38 of the turntable 34, and, like the color wheel 26, is so disposed that rotation of the turntable 34 induces rotation in the reflective disk 46.
The reflective element 52 of the reflective disk 46 has a plurality of surfaces that are not coplanar. Preferably the reflective element is made from a thin sheet of highly polished metal having fold lines, or wrinkles, randomly distributed thereover, so that the surface is two-dimensionally corrugated in an uneven manner, or crinkled.
The reflective disk 46 and color wheel 26 are disposed within the housing 12 such that the light from the lamp 24 passes first through the colorwheel 26 and then impinges on the reflective disk 46, to be reflected as irregular, colored images, or patterns, onto the screen 14 by the crinkled surface of the reflecting element 52.
As noted hereinabove, as the motor 44 causes the turntable 34 to rotate, the color wheel 26 is rotated thereby, so that the colors of the 'light patterns projected onto the screen vary continually. Because the reflective disk 46 is also in frictional engagement with the turntable 34, it is also rotated therewith. Thus, the light impinges on moving, continually changing reflective surfaces; and being reflected therefrom, the colored images of light projected onto the screen thereby appear to move and change configuration continually.
Depending upon the effect desired, the turntable 34 may be rotated at any desired speed. It is preferred, however, to produce a light display in which the predominant effects are slow movement and change. Conversely, it is not desired that the patterns repeat after a short period of time. Thus, the motor 44 and gear ratio of the drive train 42 are preferably selected to provide slow rotation of the turntable 34 so that movement of the images on the screen 14 is just perceptible. Furthermore, to lengthen the period of time between pattern repeats, it is preferable that the angular velocity of the color wheel 26 be different from that of the reflective disk 46, so that when the reflective disk 46 has rotated once and begins to repeat the patterns previously displayed, the color wheel 26 will not be in its original position, and the colors displayed on the screen will be different from those originally shown in corresponding patterns. This can be accomplished either by making disks 26 and 46 of different diameters, as shown, or by having them engage the turntable 34 at different distances from its axis of rotation, or both. Preferably, the angular velocities of disks 26 and 46 are not integral multiples of one another.
To add further variety, an additional reflective member is preferably employed in the present apparatus. As shown in the drawings, a reflective strip 54, crinkled in the same manner as the reflective element 52. of the disk 46, is mounted upright on the turntable 34 in such position that as the turntable 34 is rotated, the strip 54 alternately crosses the path of light from the lamp 24 and moves away therefrom. Thus, when 'the turntable 34 is so disposed that reflective strip 54 lies across the light path, the light is reflected from the reflective strip 54 onto the screen 14. When the reflective strip 54 has rotated out of the light path, the light then travels to the reflective disk 46 and is reflected therefrom onto the screen. Inasmuch as the reflective disk 46 would form a different pattern of light from that formed by the reflective strip 54 because the corresponding reflective surfaces are different, it is clear that the alternation of reflection by first one reflective member and then another will increase the variety of patterns ultimately produced by the apparatus 10. When the rotationperiod of the turntable 34 is different from that of the reflective disk 46, it is clear that, for the same reason as discussed hereinabove with respect to the color wheel 26, the use of a reflective strip 54 on the turntable 34, increases the time for one apparatus to go through one complete cycle.
While the light projection apparatus previously described is preferred, it will be recognized that any light projection apparatus, and especially any apparatus for projecting slowly changing images of light may be employed with the screen of my invention.
The viewing screen of the present invention is preferably of transparent plastic, most preferably polymethylmethacrylate. The light transmittance on the screen is reduced, as by incorporating a transparent dye in the plastic, or by sandwiching a sheet of transparent light absorbent material between two sheets of plastic. The light transmittance of the plastic must be reduced by at least approximately 10% to produce the desirable dark field effect. Preferably, the light absorbent substance is neutral, so that all colors are absorbed to approximately the same extent. Most preferably, sufficient light absorbent substance is utilized to reduce the overall amount of light transmission through the plastic sheet to about 40 percent or less. In
the presently preferred embodiment, the light transmission is between about 25 and 30 percent.
To enhance the dark field effect produced by the light absorbent substance, it is desirable that the front surface of the screen, through which the images are viewed, have an irregular, or matte finish. With such a finish, it appears that the irregularities do not have sharp radii of curvature. A matte surface such as this may be obtained by appropriate casting of the plastic or by sandblasting and subsequent oiling. In a preferred embodiment, the matte finish utilized is a cast finish, designated by Rohm and Haas Co. as P-80. A matte finished surface appears to enhance the dark field effeet by minimizing reflections from stray light in the surrounding environment. However, it does not give enough light diffusion so that the images may be observed from various positions at different angles with respect to the screen.
To obtain sufficient light diffusion so that the images can be seen from a wide variety of angles, the rear surface is made rough, as by sandblasting or other means conventionally employed to obtain a finish like that of ground glass. Such a rear surface, on which the images are projected, appears gray, which is believed to be indicative of small, very sharp surface discontinuities. The front, however, appears black because of the high light absorbence of the plastic and the matte finish.
As shown in FIG. 2, the screen 14 preferably forms a front wall for the enclosure 12. The rough, preferably sand-blasted, surface 56 of the screen is disposed toward the inside of the enclosure and receives the images projected directly upon it from the reflective members 52 and 54. The matte surface, preferably a P- surface, is disposed toward the outside of the apparatus 10, so that the black appearance of the matte surface 58 presents itself to the viewer.
Thus, in the preferred embodiment of the present apparatus 10, multicolored images appear to move about and change in form and color on the contrasting black background of the screen 14.
l. A translucent dark field substantially black screen for viewing from the front thereof images projected upon the rear thereof, said screen comprising a transparent sheet having a matte front surface through which said images are viewed and a rough rear surface onto which said images are projected, said images projected upon said rear surface substantially being the images viewed through said front surface, both said front and said rear surface diffusing the light associated with said projected images and said matte front surface minimizing reflection of light therefrom due to any ambient light impinging on said front surface from the front of said screen, and
means incorporated in said sheet for decreasing the overall light transmission to at most 40 percent.
2. The screen of claim 1, wherein said rough rear surface has a sandblasted finish.
3. The screen of claim 1 wherein said matte front surface finish is a cast matte finish.
4. The screen of claim 1, wherein said means for decreasing the light transmittance comprises a neutralcolored dye incorporated in said sheet.
5. The screen of claim 2, wherein said light transmission is between about 25 and 30 percent.
6. The screen of claim 4 wherein said sheet is polymethylmethacrylate.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2364369 *||Feb 5, 1942||Dec 5, 1944||Eastman Kodak Co||Diffusing screen|
|US2380241 *||Mar 21, 1942||Jul 10, 1945||Eastman Kodak Co||Viewing system|
|US2617328 *||Dec 20, 1950||Nov 11, 1952||Leslie Stableford John||Rear projection screen unit for picture projections|
|US3035836 *||Jul 28, 1958||May 22, 1962||Cavalcade Productions Inc||Means of staging productions|
|US3174394 *||Nov 16, 1962||Mar 23, 1965||Robert H Reibel||Projected image viewer and mounting stand therefor|
|US3292287 *||Aug 24, 1964||Dec 20, 1966||Century Display Mfg Corp||Display|
|AU245812A *||Title not available|
|GB1159076A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5221937 *||Jul 31, 1991||Jun 22, 1993||Machtig Jeffrey S||Video mannequin|
|US6466368||Apr 26, 2000||Oct 15, 2002||3M Innovative Properties Company||Rear projection screen with reduced speckle|
|WO2001081996A1 *||Sep 5, 2000||Nov 1, 2001||3M Innovative Properties Company||Rear projection screen with reduced speckle|
|U.S. Classification||359/460, 353/77|