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Publication numberUS3722316 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 27, 1973
Filing dateAug 23, 1971
Priority dateAug 23, 1971
Publication numberUS 3722316 A, US 3722316A, US-A-3722316, US3722316 A, US3722316A
InventorsForys J, Hawkins H
Original AssigneeMc Kinnon C Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Overload prevention handle
US 3722316 A
Abstract
A handle particularly adapted to prevent overloading of chain hoists operated thereby. The handle is characterized as having an operator grasping extension portion pivotally supported on the main body portion of the handle and a constraining device operable to permit movement of the extension portion relative to the main body portion whenever a hoist overload condition producing operating force is applied to the extension portion.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Hawkins et al.

[451 Mar. 27, 1973 OVERLOAD PREVENTION, HANDLE [75] Inventors: Harold V. Hawkins, Williamsville; Joseph E. vFor'ys, Lockport, both of NY.

Columbus McKinnon Corporation, Tonawanda, NY.

Filed: Aug. 23, 1971 Appl. No.: 174,091

[73] Assignee:

US. Cl. ..74/s24, 81/52.4 R in. C1. ..G05g 1/06 Field of Search ..74/524, 525, 523; 81/52.4 R

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 11/1889 Walker ..8 l/52.4 R 10/1929 Beduorz ..8 l/52.4 R

2,881,636 4/1959 Palmleaf ..74/524 3,648,540 3/ 1972 King 2,962,880 12/1960 May ..81/52.4 R

Primary Examiner charles J. Myhre Assistant Examiner-F. D. Shoemaker Azt0meyJohn B. Bean et al.

[ 7] ABSTRACT A handle particularly adapted to prevent overloading of chain hoists operated thereby. The handle is characterized as having an operator grasping extension portion pivotally supported on the main body portion of the handle and a constraining device operable to permit movement of the extension portion relative to the main body portion whenever a hoist overload condition producing operating force is applied to the extension portion.

13 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDHARZTISH 3,722,316

SHEET 2 OF 2 INVENTORS HHPOLD w HAWK/N5 JOSEPH E. Pom

A T TOR/V E Y5 OVERLOAD PREVENTION HANDLE SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to overload prevention handles, and more particularly to handles having utility in preventing overloading of chain hoists actuated thereby.

The present handle constructionis characterized as including an extension portion pivotally supported on a main body portion of the handle, which is in turn suitably connected to the hoist mechanism to be operated, Pivotal movement of the extension portion relative to .the main body portion is normally prevented by a constraining device. However, when an operator applies a predetermined operating force slightly below that which would produce an overload condition in the hoist, the constraining device permits pivotal movement of the extension portion relative to the body portion. This relative movement provides a visualindication that an overload condition is about to be encountered and is effective in preventing further operating movement of the handle.

In one form of the present invention, the constraining device is in the form of an eccentrically loaded column, which is subject to elastic. buckling thereby to permit pivotal movement of the extension portion relative to the body portion upon application of a maximum predetermined hoist operating force.

In another form of the present invention, the constraining -device includes a stack of Belleville type spring discs or washers.

In both forms of the present invention, the constraining device may be adjustably pre-loaded in order to accurately establish the maximum predetermined operating force, which may be applied to the handle extension, and will serve to return the extension portion to its initial or normal operating position after the predetermined operating force is removed.

DRAWINGS FIG. 5 is a view illustrating an alternative form of the present invention with parts broken away for purposes of clarity; and

FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken generally along line 6-6 inFIG. 5.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION To facilitate understanding of the overload prevention handle of the present invention, which is generally designated as 10 in the drawings, particular reference will be made to its use for operating a hoist 12, which is shown in phantom line only in FIG. 1. Hoist 12 may be of any conventional construction, such as for instance a chain hoist of the type having a hub portion 14 adapted to mount handle 10 for hoist operating movements about an operating axis designated as 16 in FIG. 3. De-

pending upon the construction of hoist 12, any suitable means may be employed to drivingly interconnect handle- 10 with hub portion 14, such as a hub portion receiving recess 17 and an associated indexing pawl mechanism 18, the latter being removably receivable within cooperating hub portion recesses, not shown. It will be understood that the specific construction of hoist 12 and thedrive arrangement for interconnecting handle 10 therewith is conventional and forms no part of the present invention. Moreover, it will be appreciated that, while the present handle has particular utility in preventing the overloading of hoists, it may with slight modification to the mounting arrangement be used as a torque-limitinghandle or wrench. I

More specifically, handle 10 includes a main body portion 20, which is formed adjacent one end thereof with opening 17 and serves to mount pawl mechanism 18; an extension or operator hand grip portion 22, which is carried adjacent another end of body portion 20 by a pin shaft 24 for relative pivotal movement about a second axis 25 disposed essentially parallel to axis 16; and a constraining device 26. As will be more fully hereinafter described, constraining device 26 normally serves to bias extension portion 22 into a normal or operating position relative to body portion 20, as shown in full line in FIGS. 1' and 2, but permits pivotal movement of the extension portion about axis25 into an overload position, as shown in phantom line only in FIG. 2, whenever an operator applies a predetermined operating force F thereto. It will be understood that such predetermined operating force is intermediate that force which will permit the hoist to be operated at its rated load capacity and that force which would result in overloading of the hoist.

As best shown in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, body portion 20 is in the form of a metal casting having a side opening cavity 30, and end opening cavity 32 and a through opening 34, which extends in a direction lengthwise of the body portion for placing cavities 30 and 32 in communication.

In accordance with the embodiment of the present invention illustrated in FIGS. l-4, constraining device 26 is in the form of a column device including a pair of resiliently deformable relatively thin, metal strip members 36. Members 36 are disposed in surface engagement and extend lengthwise of the body portion through cavity 30, opening 34 and cavity 32 for end engagement with generally cylindrically concave bearing surfaces 38 and 40, which are defined by body portion mounted bearing device 42 and extension portion mounted steel bearing insert 44, respectively.

A body portion mounted adjustment screw 46 is employed to adjustably limit counter-clockwise movement of the extension portion, as viewed in FIG. 2, thereby to establish the normal or operating position of the extension portion and its associated bearing surface. Then, by adjustments of threaded bearing device 42 relative to the body portion, a desired initial pre-load may be applied to members 36 in order to adjustably vary the predetermined force F, which will be required to inmaterial from which they are formed whenever apredetermined operating force is applied to'extension portion 22; such buckling permitting the extension portion to pivot relative to body portion 20. Pivotal movement of the extension portion provides a clear visual indication to the hoist operator that a hoist overload condition is about to be encountered. Moreover, such pivotal movement serves to reduce the moment arm through which the operating force is applied, thereby to proportionally increase the operating force required to apply the same load to the hoist.

Also, it will be understood that body portion is formed with a concave recess 50 whose surface acts as an abutment limiting the extent of buckling of members 36 to within the elastic limits of the material from which they are formed. Thus, members 36 will serve to automatically return extension portion 22 from its overload to its normal position, as soon as the operating force is reduced to a value below the predetermined lengthwise dimension as compared to cavity and connecting opening 34 is in the form of a bore opening. Specifically, this form of the invention features a constraining device 26' having a first member 60, a

which is adjustably fixed to body portion 20 so as to extend into cavity 30' in substantial axial alignment with opening 34; a second member .62, I which is slideably received within opening 34' so as to have a first end portion extending into cavity 30f for slideably supported engagement with member 60 and a second end portion extending into cavity 32; and a stack of Belleville type spring washers or discs 64, which is carried by members 60 and 62 and compressible therebetween' upon movement of member 62 towards member 60. The second end portion of member 62 is disposed. in engagement with a roller 66, which is carried on extension 22' by a pin shaft 68 for rotation and serve to automatically return extension 22 to its normal operating position.

A suitable set screw, not shown, may be provided to adjustably vary the normal operating position of extension 22', and a cover or sea] plate 52' may be provided to seal cavity 30'.

We claim:

1. A handle for preventing overloading of a handle operated mechanism by undergoing a change in shape upon application of a predetermined mechanism operating force thereto, which handle comprises in combination:

an elongated main body portion having one end thereof adapted for operable connection to said mechanism for rotation about a first axis extending transversely of said body portion, said 'body portion bounding a cavity communicating with an opening arranged to extend through an other end of said body portion remote from said one end;

an extension portion to which mechanism operating forces are to be applied, said extension portion having one end thereof dimensioned to be received within said opening;

pivot shaft means for mounting said one end of said extension portion on said other end of said body portion within said opening to permit said extension portion to extend outwardly through said opening for relative pivotal movement about a second axis arranged essentially parallel to said first axis; and

resiliently deformable constraining means for normally maintaining said extension portion in a normal mechanism operating position in substantial alignment with said body portion while releasing said extension portion for pivotal movement about said second axis away from said normal position upon application of said predetermined operating force thereto, said constraining means biasing said extension portion for return to said normal position upon removal of said predetermined operating force therefrom, said constraining means being arranged to extend lengthwise of said body portion within said cavity for end engagement with said body portion and said one end of said extension portion.

2. A handle according to claim 1, wherein said constraining means is a column device comprising resiliently defonnable relatively thin strip means having opposite ends thereof arranged for-bearing engagement with said body portion and said one end of said extension portion, said strip means buckling at a load less than the elastic limit of the material from which it is formed, and said extension portion applying said load to said strip means when said predetermined operating 4. A handle according to claim 2, wherein said constraining means additionally includes means to adjustably vary the distance between said opposite ends of said strip means when said extension portion is in said normal position, thereby to adjustably vary said predetermined operating force which will effect buckling of said strip means.

5. A handle for preventing overloadingrof a handle operated mechanism by undergoing a change in shape upon application of a predetermined mechanism operating force thereto, which handle comprises in combination:

an elongated main body portion having one end thereof adapted for operable connection to said mechanism for rotation about a first axis extending transversely of said body portion;

an extension portion to which mechanism operating forces are to be applied;

pivot shaft means for mounting said extension portion on another end of said body portion for relative pivotal movement about a second axis arranged essentially parallel to said first axis; and constraining means for normally maintaining said extension portion in a normal mechanism operating positionin substantial alignment with said body portion while releasing said extension portion for pivotal movement about said second axis away from said normal position upon application of said predetermined operating force thereto, said constraining means, tending to return said extension portion to said normal position upon removal of said predetermined operating force therefrom, said constraining means being in the form of a column device'disposed to extend in a direction. lengthwise of said body portion and having opposite ends thereof arranged forbearing engagement with said body portion and said extension portion, said column device buckling at a load less than the elastic limit of the material from which it is formed, said extension portion applying said load to said column device when said predetermined operating force is applied thereto, said body portion includes an adjustable bearing device having a generally cylindrically concave bearing surface for engaging one of said column ends, said extension portion includes a generally cylindrically concave bearing surface for engaging another of said column ends, said bearing device is adjustable to vary the distance between said bearing surfaces when said extension portion is in said normal position thereby to adjustably pre-load said column device such as to adjustably vary said predetermined operating force which will effect buckling of said column device, said body portion includes abutment means engageable by said column device after initiation of buckling thereof, said abutment means constraining buckling deforma-, tion of said column device to within a given limit below the elastic limit of the material forming said column device, and said column device when in engagement with said abutment means constraining said extension portion from further pivotal movement away from said normal position.

6. A handle for preventing overloading of a handle operated mechanism by undergoing a change in shape upon application of a predetermined mechanism operating force thereto, which handle comprises in combination;

an elongated main body portion having one end thereof adapted for operable connection to said mechanism for rotation about a first axis extending transversely of said body portion;

an extension portion to which mechanism operating forces are to be applied; I

pivot shaft means for mounting said extension portion on another end of said body portion for relative pivotal movement about a second axis arranged essentially parallel to said first axis; and

constraining means for normally maintaining said extension portion in a normal mechanism operating position in substantial alignment with said body portion while releasing said extension portion for pivotal movement about said second axis away from said normal position upon application of said predetermined operating force thereto, said constraining means tending to return said extension portion to said normal position upon removal of saidpredetermined operating force therefrom,

said constraining means including a stack of spring discs and means for mounting said discs on said body portion, said mounting means including first and second members fixedly and movably. mounted on said body portion, respectively, said second member being arranged for engagement by said extension portion, whereby said stack is compressed between said members to permit movement of said extension portion from said normal. position when said predetermined operating force is applied to said extension portion. 7. A handle according to claim 6, wherein said first member is a screw device adjustable relative to said body portion, whereby said stack may be pre-loaded to vary said predetermined operating force.

8. A handle according to claim 6, wherein said second member is mounted for reciprocating movement in a direction extending lengthwise of said body portion, and said extension carries a roller rotatable about an axis arranged parallel to said second axis, said roller being arranged for rolling engagement with an end of said second member.

9. A handle for preventing overloading of a handle operated mechanism by undergoing a change in shape upon application of a predetermined mechanism operating force thereto, which handle comprises in combination:

an elongated main body portion having one end thereof adapted for operable connection to said mechanism for rotation about a first axis extending transversely of said body portion, an other end of said body portion being formed with an end opening cavity, a side opening cavity and a bore opening extending in a direction lengthwise of said body portion for placing said cavities in communication;

an extension portion to which mechanism operating forces are to be applied;

pivot shaft means for mounting said extension portion on said other end of said body portion for relative pivotal movement about a ranged essentially parallel to said first axis; and

second axis arconstraining means for normally maintaining said extension portion in a normal mechanism operating position in substantial alignment with said body portion while releasing said extension portion for pivotal movement about said second axis away from said normal position upon application of said predetermined operating force thereto, said constraining means tending to return said extension portion to said normal position upon removal of said predetermined operating force therefrom, said constraining means including a first member, a second member and a stack of spring washers, said first member being fixed to said body portion and extending into said side opening cavity towards and in substantial axial alignment with said bore opening, said second member being slideably received within said bore opening, said second member having a first end portion extending into said side opening cavity and slideably supported by said first member and having a second end portion extending into said end opening cavity, said stack being carried by said members and compressible therebetween upon movement of said second member towards said first member, said .pivot shaft means extends transversely within said end opening cavity for supporting an end of said extension portion therewithin, said extension portion supporting a roller for rotation about an axis arranged essentially parallel to said second axis, and said roller-being arranged for rolling engagement with said second end portion ofsaid second member, whereby to effect compression of said stack when said predetennined operating force is applied to said extension portion.

10. A handle according to claim 9, wherein said first member is a screw device adjustable relative to said body portion, whereby said stack may be pre-loaded to vary said predetermined operating force.

11. A handle for preventing overloading of a handle operated mechanism by undergoing a change in shape upon application of a predetermined mechanism operating force thereto, which handle comprises in combination:

an elongated main .body portion having one end thereof adapted for operable connection to said mechanism for rotation about a first axis extending transversely of said body portion, said body portion carrying spaced apart rib means and abutment means arranged intermediate said one end and an other end thereof; b an extension portion to which mechanism operating forces are to be applied; pivot shaft means for mounting one end of said extension portion on said other end of said body portion to permit relative pivotal movement of said portion and extension portion to extension portion about a second axis arranged essentially parallel to said first axis; and

a column device having opposite ends thereof arranged for bearing engagement with said body portion and said one end of said extension portion for normally maintaining said extension portion in a normal mechanism operating position in substantial alignment with said body portion while buckling at an extension portion applied load less than the elastic limit of the material from which said column device is formed to release said extension portion for pivotal movement about said second axis away from said normal position upon application of said predetermined operating force to said extension portion, said column device tending to return said extension portion-to said normal position upon removal of said predetermined operating force therefrom, said rib means engaging one side of said column device intermediate said opposite ends when said extension portion is in said normal position whereby to introduce a slight bow to said column device to insure eccentric loading thereof upon application of operating force to said extension portion, said abutment means is engageable with an opposite side of said column device intermediate said opposite ends after initiation of buckling thereof whereby to constrain buckling deformation to within a given limit below the elastic limit of the material forming said column device, and said column device when engaged with said abutment means constrains said extension portion from further pivotal movement away from said normal position.

12. A handle according to claim 11, wherein said column device is defined by a plurality of resiliently deformable relatively thin metal strip members extending between said opposite ends, and said body portion and said extension portion carry generally cylindrically concave bearing surfaces for engaging said opposite ends of said column device, one of said bearing surfaces being adjustable relative to its associated body vary the distance between said opposite ends'when said extension portion is in said normal position thereby to adjustably vary said predetermined operating force which will effect buckling of said column device.

13. A handle according to claim 12, wherein said body portion bounds a cavity communicating with an openingarrangedto extend through said other end of said body portion, said one end of said extension portion is mounted within said opening by said pivot shaft means, said strip members are arranged to extend lengthwise of said body portion within said cavity, and said rib means and abutment means are arranged within said cavity.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US414615 *Feb 2, 1889Nov 5, 1889 Tension-registering wrench
US1733642 *Jul 3, 1928Oct 29, 1929August BeduorzWrench attachment
US2881636 *Oct 22, 1957Apr 14, 1959Gerrard & Co A JMagnetic tension release for strapping tools
US2962880 *Apr 8, 1959Dec 6, 1960Beteiligungs & Patentverw GmbhProtective arrangement against torque overload
US3648540 *Nov 21, 1969Mar 14, 1972Texaco IncLever operated hand tool improvement
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3893354 *Sep 30, 1974Jul 8, 1975Jo Line ToolsTorque limit wrench
US3921471 *Jan 10, 1975Nov 25, 1975Columbus Mckinnon CorpOverload prevention handle
US6295901 *Jul 26, 1999Oct 2, 2001Tycom (Us) Inc.Method and apparatus for coupling a fiber optic connector
US8714057Dec 30, 2010May 6, 2014Apex Brands, Inc.Ratcheting device for an electronic torque wrench
US8844381Apr 5, 2010Sep 30, 2014Apex Brands, Inc.Electronic torque wrench with dual tension beam
US9085072May 5, 2014Jul 21, 2015Apex Brands, Inc.Ratcheting device for an electronic torque wrench
US9308633Sep 29, 2014Apr 12, 2016Apex Brands, Inc.Electronic torque wrench with dual tension beam
US20080012760 *Jul 14, 2006Jan 17, 2008RemotemdxRemote tracking device and a system and method for two-way voice communication between the device and a monitoring center
US20100126318 *Nov 16, 2009May 27, 2010Biotechnology Institute, I Mas D, S.L.Wrench for providing a fixed or adjustable maximum torque
US20100256929 *Apr 5, 2010Oct 7, 2010Easco Hand Tools, Inc.Electronic torque wrench with dual tension beam
US20110162493 *Jul 7, 2011Muniswamappa AnjanappaRatcheting device for an electronic torque wrench
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/524, 81/478
International ClassificationB25B23/142, B25B23/14
Cooperative ClassificationB25B23/142
European ClassificationB25B23/142
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 28, 1996ASAssignment
Owner name: COLUMBUS MCKINNON CORPORATION, NEW YORK
Free format text: RELEASE AND TERMINATION OF COLLATERAL PATENT AND T;ASSIGNOR:FLEET BANK (FORMERLY KNOWN AS NORSTAR BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION);REEL/FRAME:008194/0270
Effective date: 19961011
Free format text: PATENT RELEASE;ASSIGNOR:BANK AMERICAN BUSINESS CREDIT, INC. AS SUCCESSOR TO SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC.;REEL/FRAME:008186/0899
Effective date: 19961004
Free format text: PATENT RELEASE;ASSIGNOR:GLENFED FINANCIAL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:008186/0884
Effective date: 19961008
Oct 28, 1996AS99Other assignments
Free format text: COLUMBUS MCKINNON CORPORATION 140 JOHN JAMES AUDUBON PARKWAY AMHERST, NEW YORK 1 * FLEET BANK (FORMERLY KNOWN AS NORSTAR BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION) : 19961011 OTHER CASES: NONE; RELEASE AND TERMINATION OF COLLATERAL PATENT AND T
Sep 24, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: NORSTAR BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, NORSTAR BLDG.,
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COLUMBUS MCKINNON CORPORATION, A NY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004777/0746
Effective date: 19861223
Owner name: NORSTAR BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,NEW YORK
Sep 8, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: GLENFED FINANCIAL CORPORATION, 104 CARNEGIE CENTER
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COLUMBUS MCKINNON CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004760/0805
Effective date: 19861223
Owner name: GLENFED FINANCIAL CORPORATION,NEW JERSEY
Mar 20, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC., 1100 SUPERI
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLUMBU MCKINNON CORPORATION, A CORP. OF NY;REEL/FRAME:004725/0001
Effective date: 19861223
Mar 20, 1987AS06Security interest
Owner name: SECURITY PACIFIC BUSINESS CREDIT INC., 1100 SUPERI
Effective date: 19861223
Owner name: SOLUMBU MCKINNON CORPORATION, A CORP. OF NY