|Publication number||US3723684 A|
|Publication date||Mar 27, 1973|
|Filing date||Apr 9, 1971|
|Priority date||Apr 9, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3723684 A, US 3723684A, US-A-3723684, US3723684 A, US3723684A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (21), Classifications (14), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Greenwood 1 Mar. 27, 1973  Inventor: Roger Greenwood, Valencia, Calif.
 Assignee: International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation, New York, N.Y.
 Filed: Apr. 9, 1971  Appl. No.: 132,795
 US. Cl. ..200/83 R, 200/83 N, 200/83 S, 337/400  Int. Cl. ..H0lh 35/34  Field of Search.....200/67 DB, 83 N, 83 S, 83 R, 200/83 P, 166 J, 166 BH; 337/399, 400, 396
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,l09,90l ll/l963 Strauss ..200/67 DB 3,240,908 3/l966 Marcoux ..200/l66 C X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 834,728 lI/l938 France ..200/166 J Primary Examiner-Robert K. Schaeffer Assistant ExaminerRobert A. Vanderhye Attorney-C. Cornell Remsen, Jr., Walter J. Baum, Paul W. Hemminger, Charles L. Johnson, Jr. and Thomas E. Kristofferson  ABSTRACT A pressure switch for use in, for example, an automobile air bag safety buffer system in the event of a collision. The switch contacts are carried by, for example, plastic leaf springs that are column loaded. A flexible spring diaphragm loads the springs when fluid pressure is applied to the diaphragm. The switch contacts may be snap fit onto the springs. A loading adjustment screw may be provided, if desired. The switch cavity may also be vented to the atmosphere, if desired, to
2,090,407 8/1937 Turenne ..337/399 ensure the correct pressure differential across the 2,829,220 4/1958 Chapman ..337/40ox diaphragm 3,00I,045 9/1961 Kosowicz ..200/83 R 2,511,526 6/1950 Bugge ,.200/l66JUX 1Claim,7Drawing Figures PATEmmmmn I N VENTOR. 20652 6RNWOOD BY I PRESSURE RESPONSIVE SWITCH WITH PARALLEL CONTACT BLADES BENT APART BY AXIAL FORCE APPLIED BY DIAPHRAGM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the switching art, and more particularly, to a switch which may be used for any purpose including, but not limited to, a fluid pressure indicating device for use in an automobile inflatable air bag safety buffer system.
In the said system, a tank is employed to supply air under pressure to inflatable bags upon impact of the vehicle with another or with any other body. The bags inflate in front of the passengers and act as cushions in the event of a collision. Thus, the air supply is a very important part of the system. If the air pressure falls below a predetermined level, the system will not operate.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings which are to be regarded as merely illustrative: 1
FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of an inflatable air bag system for an automobile;
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of a pressure switch for use in the system of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a transverse sectional view of a portion of the switch shown in FIG; 2;
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of a portion of the switch;
FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of two engaging switch contacts;
FIG. 6 is a side elevational view of a portion of the switch shown in FIG. 2; and
FIG. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view of a portion of a switch illustrating an alternative embodiment of the present invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1, an automobile is indicated at 10 having a battery 11 with terminals 12 and 13. Terminal I2 is grounded at 14. A tank of compressed air is provided at 15. Solenoid valves 16 and 17 are connected from tank to deflated air bags 18 and 19, respectively. VAlve Pressure switch 26 is shown in FIG. 2. The wall of tank 15 has a hole 28 therethrough which is threaded at 29 and is sealed at its other end by a diaphragm 30 which may be made of a flexible spring material including, but not limited to, steel. Diaphragm 30 may be fixed to the tank wall 15 by welding at 31 and 32, or by any other convenient means.
The switch includes upper and lower bases 33 and 34 which abut a set screw 35 and diaphragm 30, respectively.
Flexible leaf spring members 36 and 37 connect the bases 33 and 34. Contacts 38 and 39 are snap fit through members 36 and 37 respectively. Conductive leads 40 and 41 are conductively bonded by any conventional means to contacts 38 and 39.
Lead 40 has insulation 42, and lead 41 has insulation 43. Leads 40 and 41 with insulation 42 and 43 are fixed in the wall of tank 15 through a hole 44 therethrough by surrounding the same with an epoxy or potting compound to seal the same as indicated at 45.
A vent passage 46 may be provided from the interior of hole 28 to the atmosphere, if desired.
Set screw 35 is an adjustment screw which may be employed for calibration.
The pressure inside tank 15 may, for example, be as high as 3,500 pounds per square inch.
Although bases 33 and 34 need not be integral with members 36 and 37, they may easily and economically be made integral, as shown. Further, neither bases 33 and 34, nor members 36 and 37, need be made of plastic or of any certain material. Molded nylon will be found to be satisfactory. However, preferably molded nylon or beryllium copper leaf springs may be set in bases 33 and 34 made of a phenolic resin.
So that the switch 26, shown in FIG. 2, will not fail to operate by an on center action, bases 33 and 34 with members 36 and 37 may appear as shown in FIG. 4 when members 36 and 37 are unstressed, and contacts 38 and 39 have been removed from members 36 and 37, respectively. Note that the spacing between members 36 and 37 may be uniform and be equal to the dimension, B.
Bases 33 and 34 may be identical. Only base 33 will thus be described in greater detail. Base 33 may be simply a right cylinder having parallel upper and lower circular faces perpendicular to the outer small cylindrical surface thereof.
Members 36 and 37 may also be identical except for their particular locations laterally between bases 33 and 34. For this reason, only member 36 will be described. Member 36 is a longitudinal member such that it is a right prism having a rectangular cross section uniform throughout its entire length. I
'As shown in FIG. 5, contacts 38 and 39 may be identical. Thus, only contact 38 is described in greater detail. The contacts 38 and 39 are shown in FIG. 5 with their contacting faces in abutting relation at a line 47.
Contact 38 may be made entirely of metal, any conventional metal of which electrical contacts are normally made, and includes a shaft 48 having enlargements 49 and 50 thereon. Enlargement 49 is provided for engagement with contact 39. Member 36 has a hole 51 therethrough, as shown in FIG. 2, through which enlargement 50 passes, during assembly. That is, hole 51 has a cylindrical surface defining the same, and contact 38 is completely symmetrical about the axis of cylindrical shaft 48, thus, the maximum outside diameter of enlargement S is slightly greater than the inside diameter of member hole 57. Thus, in assembly, contact enlargement 50 may simply be pressed through hole 51 until enlargement 50 snaps into place in the location shown in FIG. 2. As viewed in FIG. 2, contact enlargement 50 would be pressed into hole 51 first into the right end thereof. Contact 39 may be similarly assembled with member 37.
When the dimension A, shown in FIG. 5, is greater than the dimension B, shown in FIG. 4, there will be no on center action, and the switch will not fail. Moreover, in the event of failure of pressure in tank 15, contacts 38 and 39 will be pressed together with a greater pressure the more that dimension A exceeds the dimension B.
One of the several outstanding features of the inven tion resides in the use of diaphragm 30 to actuate or deactuate the switch.
Diaphragm 30 is shown in FIG. 6 taking a greatly exaggerated deflection. However, FIG. 6 shows that members 36 and 37 are spread apart to keep contacts 38 and 39 apart due to two different stressing mechanisms produced by diaphragm 30. In the first place, the simple upward'deflection of diaphragm 30 causes members 36 and 37 to bow outwardly. However, the curvature which diaphragm 30 takes also tends to bow base 34 and to spread at least the bottom portions of members 36 and 37 still farther apart.
An alternative embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 7 wherein a contact 52, which may be identical to contact 38 is snap fit, as before, through a resilient insulator grommet 53 that is located around a hole in a thin spring metal strip 54 which serves as one of the members 36 and 37. If desired, both of the members 36 and 37 thus may be provided with thin spring metal strips such as strip 54, each being provided with a contact identical to contact 52 and a grommet such as grommet 53.
From the foregoing, it will be appreciated that, in FIG. 2, when the pressure in tank 15 is adequate, diaphragm 30 will take a deflection such that members 36 and 37 will be column loaded and spread apart, as shown in FIG. 2. If the pressure in tank 15 fails, diaphragm 30 will not take a deflection, and contacts 38 and 39 will be held together by the spring action of members 36 and 37 to engaging relation, shown in FIG. 5, so that they thereby will electrically connect the leads 40 and 41 together.
As shown in FIG. 1, lead 40 is connected to battery pole l3, and lead 41 is connected to lamp 27. Lamp 27 is grounded at 55. When contacts 38 and 39 make, lamp 27 will, therefore, be illuminated. This will tell the occupant of the automobile that the pressure system has failed. Lamp 27 thus acts as a warning light so that the pressure system may be repaired for safe driving.
The pressure at which actuation is required is set by adjusting the position of screw 35.
The calibration adjusting screw 35 is screwed down until the contacts separate.
The pressure vessel is put into normal operation and from then on, whenever the pressure drops below the calibrated pressure, the contacts 38, 39 will touch and energize the lamp 27.
The length of beam being x and diaphragm movement being y, then beam amplification, a, is given by For high pressure sensing, the calibration would be reversed, and the electric circuit would be deenergized.
What is claimed is:
l. A switch comprising: first and second end plates; first and second members, each of said members having first and second ends, said first ends being fixed relative to said first plate, said second ends being fixed relative to said second plate, said plates being approximately parallel to each other with one located over the other, said members being approximately parallel to each other and approximately perpendicular to said plates, said plates having approximately parallel facing surfaces, all of said member ends being joined to said plates at said facing surfaces; a first contact fixed to said first member in a position between said members and approximately at the midpoint of said first member; a second contact fixed to said second member in a position between said members and approximately at the midpoint of said second member to engage said first contact when said members are brought toward each other; and releasable means actuable to push one of said plates toward the other to cause said members to bow outwardly of each other and to move said contacts out of engagement with each other, said members both being made of a spring material which will bring said contacts into engagement with each other when said releasable means is deactuated to allow said members to recover their shapes, said contacts being insulated from each other except when they are brought into mutual engagement as aforesaid; a container having a wall to hold a fluid under an absolute pressure greater than atmospheric, said container having a hole completely through said wall thereof, one end of said hole adjacent the outer surface of said wall being internally threaded, a set screw threaded into the said one end of said hole, a circular diaphragm sealed around the other end of said hole, said diaphragm being made of a flexible spring material, means to vent the space between said screw and said diaphragm to the atmosphere, an electrical lead connected to each contact and extending outwardly of said space, and means to insulate said leads from each other, each of said plates being a solid right cylinder, said cylinders having-a common axis, said members being spaced equidistant from said axis on opposite sides thereof, each member being integral with both of said plates, both of said members and both of said plates being made of plastic, said contacts being snap fit through corresponding holes in said members, both said members having the same shape and dimensions, each of said members being a right prism having a rectangular cross section, the heights of said members between said plates being greater than the lengths and widths of said cross sectional rectangles, said lengths being greater than said widths, said members having parallel facing surfaces whose dimensions are said heights and said lengths, said plates, said contacts and said members being located in said space with said first and second plates abutting the facing surfaces of said screw and said diaphragm, respectively.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2090407 *||Jan 22, 1936||Aug 17, 1937||Turenne Wilfred J||Switch|
|US2511526 *||Jul 1, 1946||Jun 13, 1950||Bugge Erling P||Snap switch|
|US2829220 *||Jul 23, 1956||Apr 1, 1958||Theodore H Liebenberg||Temperature responsive switch unit|
|US3001045 *||Apr 8, 1959||Sep 19, 1961||Kosowicz Edward J||Pressure sensitive switch|
|US3109901 *||Aug 24, 1959||Nov 5, 1963||Irving Strauss||Snap acting electrical switch|
|US3240908 *||Dec 19, 1960||Mar 15, 1966||Texas Instruments Inc||Thermostatic switches|
|FR834728A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3869143 *||Jun 25, 1973||Mar 4, 1975||Gen Motors Corp||Inflator for occupant restraint cushion|
|US3877721 *||Jun 25, 1973||Apr 15, 1975||Gen Motors Corp||Inflator for occupant restraint cushion|
|US3879586 *||Oct 31, 1973||Apr 22, 1975||Essex International Inc||Tactile keyboard switch assembly with metallic or elastomeric type conductive contacts on diaphragm support|
|US3944769 *||Sep 25, 1974||Mar 16, 1976||Robertshaw Controls Company||Pressure sensing means and method for making a pressurized container means and system utilizing the same|
|US4067102 *||Mar 14, 1975||Jan 10, 1978||Essex International, Inc.||Methods of manufacturing tactile switch for keyboards and the like|
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|US4965415 *||Mar 16, 1989||Oct 23, 1990||Thorn Emi Plc||Microengineered diaphragm pressure switch|
|US5225643 *||Mar 17, 1992||Jul 6, 1993||Morton International, Inc.||Differential pressure switch for stored gas pressure vessel|
|US5331126 *||Jun 15, 1993||Jul 19, 1994||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Pressure switch apparatus for monitoring pressure level in an enclosed chamber and methods of calibrating same and for making a movable contact arm for use therewith|
|US7832758 *||May 6, 2009||Nov 16, 2010||Takata-Petri Ag||Airbag arrangement|
|US8772658 *||Nov 3, 2011||Jul 8, 2014||Ching-Hsiung Chu||Electrically conductive structure of micro switch|
|US9016133 *||Jan 5, 2011||Apr 28, 2015||Nxp, B.V.||Pressure sensor with pressure-actuated switch|
|US20080146858 *||Dec 14, 2006||Jun 19, 2008||Chevron U.S.A. Inc.||Isomerization of butene in the ionic liquid-catalyzed alkylation of light isoparaffins and olefins|
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|US20120167659 *||Jan 5, 2011||Jul 5, 2012||Nxp B.V.||Pressure sensor with pressure-actuated switch|
|US20130112535 *||Nov 3, 2011||May 9, 2013||Ching-Hsiung Chu||Electrically conductive structure of micro switch|
|EP0561572A1 *||Mar 12, 1993||Sep 22, 1993||Morton International, Inc.||Differential pressure switch|
|EP0582334A1 *||Jul 21, 1993||Feb 9, 1994||PARS Passive Rückhaltesysteme GmbH||Airbag restraint system for automotive vehicles|
|EP0728631A2 *||Feb 21, 1996||Aug 28, 1996||Morton International, Inc.||A combined low pressure switch, squib and liquid-fueled gas generator device|
|EP0728631A3 *||Feb 21, 1996||Nov 6, 1996||Morton Int Inc||A combined low pressure switch, squib and liquid-fueled gas generator device|
|EP0768217A1 *||Oct 11, 1996||Apr 16, 1997||HS Technik und Design Technische Entwicklungen GmbH||Gas generator for filling an air bag in a vehicle|
|U.S. Classification||200/83.00R, 280/741, 280/734, 200/83.00N, 337/400, 200/83.00S|
|International Classification||B60R21/268, B60R21/26, H01H35/34|
|Cooperative Classification||B60R2021/2615, H01H35/346, B60R21/268|
|European Classification||H01H35/34C, B60R21/268|
|Apr 22, 1985||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ITT CORPORATION
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004389/0606
Effective date: 19831122