US 3724435 A
An internal combustion engine and a fuel supply tank, located remote to the engine, are provided with transducers sensitive and responsive to parameters of engine speed, engine intake manifold pressure, engine temperature and ambient temperature for providing control signals in accordance with such parameters; a fuel supply pump, pressure regulator and fuel metering device are situated within the fuel tank and connected by conduit means to a fuel discharge valve situated for discharging metered fuel to the engine induction passage; and control means responsive to the control signals is operatively connected to the fuel metering device for control thereof in order to thereby meter fuel to the engine in accordance with the demand therefor.
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 1 1 Bier 1 51 Apr. 3, 1973  Assignee: Holley Carburetor Company, Warren, Mich.
 Filed: Jan. 29, 1970  Appl. No.: 6,656
 US. Cl. ..123/139 E, 123/32 AE,123/32 R, 123/139 AV, 123/134, 123/136 718,649 2/1942 Germany ..123/32 1,114,673 10/1961 Germany ..123/32 1,171,205 5/1964 Germany ..123/32 Primary Examiner-Laurence M. Goodridge Assistant Examiner-Ronald B. Cox Attorney-Walter Porotoka, Sr.
 ABSTRACT An internal combustion engine and a fuel supply tank, located remote to the engine, are provided with transducers sensitive and responsive to parameters of engine speed, engine intake manifold pressure, engine temperature and ambient temperature for providing control signals in accordance with such parameters; a fuel supply pump, pressure regulator and fuel metering device are situated within the fuel tank and connected by conduit means to a fuel discharge valvc situated for discharging metered fuel to the engine induction passage; and control means responsive to the control signals is operatively connected to the fuel metering device for control thereof in order to thereby meter fuel to the engine in accordance with the demand therefor.
1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures  Int. Cl ..F02m 39/00  Field of Search ..123/32 E, 139 E, 139 AV, 134; 223/385  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,310,773 2/1943 Fuscaldo ..123/32 AE 3,581,767 6/1971 Jackson 2,136,959 11/1938 Winfield... 1,534,829 4/1925 Behnke 2,499,706 3/1950 Ward 2,687,123 8/1954 Parsons.... 2,747,561 5/1956 Dietrich 3,236,221 2/1966 Lear ..123/32 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 818,197 8/1958 Great Britain ..123/32 PAIENTEDAPR 3 ms w flfl ATTORNEY NNN REMOTE METERING SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In recent time governmental bodies have enacted legislation which limits the amount of contaminants that an automobile engine may discharge into the atmosphere when the vehicle is driven according to a prescribed schedule. In the course of complying with such legislation, the automobile manufacturers have made modifications which have resulted in increased temperatures within the engine compartment. Certain automotive styling trends have further aggravated the problem of increased underhood temperatures and the total problem is still further compounded by the ever increasing volatility of the fuels being marketed. Such conditions often result in problems of starting the engine (when the engine is extremely hot), getting the engine to idle properly (also when the engine is hot), fuel vapor locks in the fuel supply system and evaporative fuel losses to the atmosphere.
Additionally, in order to meet the requirements relating to exhaust emission, it is necessary that the fuel system be sufficiently flexible to provide the optimum quantity of fuel for each of the operating modes of the emission cycle. That is, the quantity of fuel supplied during any given mode of the emission cycle must be adjustable (capable of calibration) independent of each of the other modes of the cycle. The prior art fuel supply systems do not have such characteristics.
Further, when the proper quantity of fuel is supplied tothe engine at any operating condition, it is imperative that the atomization and/or vaporization thereof be sufficient to permit optimum ignition or combustion of the fuel-air charge.
Accordingly, the invention as herein disclosed and described is concerned with the solution of the above as well as other related problems.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the invention, a remote fuel metering system for an internal combustion engine and an associated fuel supply tank situated generally remote with respect to said engine, comprises pump means situated within said tank, said pump means including an inlet for admitting said fuel from said tank and an outlet for discharging said fuel under pressure, fuel metering means situated within said fuel supply tank, said fuel metering means including inlet means for receiving said pressurized fuel from said pump means and an outlet for discharging metering fuel, fuel delivery means carried by said engine and operatively connected to said outlet of said fuel metering means, said fuel delivery DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings, where in one or more views certain elements may be omitted for purposes of clarity;
FIG. 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic view, with partial electrical circuitry, illustrating a fuel metering system constructed in accordance with the teachings of the invention; and
FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary cross-sectional view of one of the elements shown in FIG. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now in greater detail to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates a vehicular internal combustion engine 10, a fuel supply tank 12 situated remote to the engine 10, as well as electrical circuitry 14 and conduitry operatively interconnecting the fuel tank 12 and the engine 10.
As generally depicted, the engine 10 may be comprised of an engine block 16, an intake or induction manifold 18 leading to the inlet valves associated with the pistons and cylinders within the engine block 16, and an air induction passage 20, formed within a device 22, serving to communicate atmospheric air from its intake end 24 to the inlet 26 of the manifold 18. As shown, a throttle valve 28, pivotally carried by a variably rotatably positioned throttle shaft 30, is situated within the induction passage means 20 soas to variably control the rate of air flow therethrough in accordance with operator demands. A throttle actuating lever 32 may be secured to the throttle shaft 30 and operatively connected to suitable control linkage as, for example, the usual foot-operated throttle pedal situated within the passenger compartment of the related vehicle.
A rotatable shaft 34, which may be, in effect, an extension of the engine crankshaft, is shown as being provided with sheaves 36 and 38 secured thereto for rotation therewith. A second shaft 40, which may be connected to an engine water (coolant) pump and a fan 42, fixedly carries a sheave 44 enabling the rotation of such shaft 40 in accordance with the rotation of crankshaft 34 via suitable belt means 46 engaging sheaves 36 and 44.
As schematically illustrated, a suitable transducer means 50 is provided with a rotatable shaft 52 which fixedly carries a sheaves 54 operatively engaged to the second sheave 38 on crankshaft 34 as by means of a drive belt 56. The transducer means 50 is shown as having one terminal connected to ground potential as at 58, while its other terminal is connected to one terminal of a resistor, R via conductor 48.
A second temperature responsive transducer means 62 is illustrated as being located generally in the ambient atmosphere in which the engine 10 is operating. Transducer 62 is shown having one of its terminals electrically connected to ground as at 64 while its other terminal is connected to one terminal 66 of a second resistor, R by means of conductor 68.
Similarly, a third pressure responsive transducer means 70 is suitably connected as at 72 so as to be responsive to the pressure within the intake manifold 18. One terminal of transducer 70 is connected to ground potential as at 74 while the other terminal is electrically connected to one terminal 76 of a third resistor, R via an electrical conductor 78.
Finally, a fourth transducer means 80, responsive to temperature, is suitably connected as at 82 so as to be responsive to the temperature of the engine 10. One terminal of the transducer is connected to ground as at 84 while the other terminal is electrically connected as by conductor means 86 to one terminal 88 of a fourth resistor, R
The other terminals 90, 92, 94 and 96 of resistors R,, R R and R respectively, are connected by a common electrical conductor 98 which has a juncture point 100 to which one end of a conductor 101, leading to an operational amplifier 102, is connected. A feedback resistor, R is placed in generally parallel relationship with amplifier 102 by having its opposite terminals 104 and 106 respectively connected to input conductor 101 and an output conductor 108 as by conductors 1 and I 112. A third terminal of the amplifier 102 is connected to ground 114 as by a conductor 106. As will be seen, the operational amplifier 102 and the feedback resistor R comprise an operational amplifier summing system 1 18.
The fuel tank 12 may be comprised of a general housing 120, provided with filler tube 122 and closure cap 124, containing therein a fuel pump assembly 126, which may be electrically driven, a pressure regulator assembly 128, a main metering valve assembly 130, an on-off type solenoid operated valve assembly 132 and a pressure relief valve assembly 134. As generally depicted, all of the preceding elements may be submerged within the fuel 136 contained in tank housing 120.
As shown, an intake conduit 138, having an open lower end 140, is connected to the inlet of pump as sembly 126 which serves to pump such fuel at an elevated pressure through the pump discharge conduit 142 to the inlet conduit portion 144 of the pressure regulator assembly 128.
The regulator assembly 128 may be comprised of housing sections 146 and 148 which peripherally retain therebetween a pressure responsive moveable diaphragm 150 which defines two distinct but generally variable chambers 152 and 154. A valve member 156, secured to the diaphragm 150 as by diaphragm plates 158 and 160, has its stem portion 162 passing through the aperture 164 about which is formed an annular valve seat 166. A compression spring 168, situated within chamber, 154, normally urges diaphragm 150 upwardly so as to move valve member 156 away from valve seat 166 in order to open the orifice 164. An outlet conduit 168 communicates with the chamber 152 and serves to direct fuel flow to the inlet conduit portion 170 of the metering valve assembly 130.
The metering valve assembly 130 may be comprised of a housing 172having formed therein chambers 174 and 176 between which is situated a wall portion 178 provided with a metering orifice 180 formed therethrough. A contoured metering valve portion 182, operatively carried and actuated or positioned as by the armature 184 of a proportional solenoid assembly 185, coacts with the metering orifice 180 in order to determine proper efiective flow areas therebetween for achieving the desired rate of fuel flow therethrough. As shown, the proportional solenoid assembly 185, in addition to armature 184, has a winding or field coil 186- having a first terminal 188 connnected to ground 190 as by a conductor 192, and a second terminal 194 connected to one end of a conductor !196 leading to the output conductor 108. Suitable spring means 199 may be provided to normally urge the armature 184 and valve member 182 upwardly thereby tending to more nearly completely close the effective flow area through metering orifice 180.
One end 198 of an outlet conduit 200 is connected to housing 172 so as to be in communication with chamber 176 while its other end 202 is connected to the inlet end of a metered fuel discharge valve assembly 204 which may be threadably carried by the housing of induction device 22, as shown in FIG. 1, so as to have the discharge end thereof in position for discharging metered fuel into the induction passage 20.
A branch conduit 206 serves to connect the inlet of the solenoid operated valve assembly 132 to conduit 200. The outlet of solenoid operated valve assembly 132 is connected via a conduit 208 to the inlet of the thereof is open to the interior of fuel tank housing 120 via conduit 210. Y
A suitable source of electrical potential 212 has one of its terminals at ground potential, as at 214', while its other terminal is connected to electrical conductor means 216 leading as to, for example, the associated vehicular ignition system (not shown but well known in the art). A convention key-operated ignition switch 218 may be aerially situated in conductor 216. Further, as illustrated, one terminal of the solenoid valve assembly 132 is connected to ground 220 by means of a conductor 222 while its second terminal is connected to conductor 216, at a point 224, as by a second conductor 226. As a consequence of such electrical connections, whenever switch 218 is closed solenoid valve assembly 132 is energized thereby terminating all fluid flow therethrough; whenever switch 218 is open, as shown, solenoid valve assembly 132 is in a de-energized state permitting free flow therethrough from conduit 206 to conduit 208.
Although the fuel discharge valve means may take illustration, may be comprised of a suitable outer body or housing 228 with an internal passage means 230 having generally an inlet end 232 (for coupling to conduit 200) and an outlet end 234. A discharge aperture 236 is normally closed as by end 238 of a spring-loaded pintle 240 the other end of which is operatively connected to a compression spring 242 seated against an internal shoulder 244. An externally formed threaded portion 246 is provided for operative engagement with, for example, the body of air induction device 22, A suitable tool engaging surface 248 may also be provided for enabling the threadable engagement and disengagement of the valve assembly 204 with respect to the related supporting structure.
OPERATION OF INVENTION Generally as is well known in the an, a transducer is a device capable of being actuated by power from a first system and capable of, in response thereto, supplying power to a second system different from the first system. Accordingly, as indicated, transducers 50, 62, and are selected as to be responsive to different parameters and to, in turn, produce variable output voltage signals in response thereto.
That is, transducer 50 is made responsive to engine speed and is accordingly effective for producing a variable voltage signal V on conductor 48. The magnitude of voltage signal V generally increases as the speed of the engine increases.
Transducer 62 is responsive to ambient temperature and is set as to produce a voltage signal V on conductor 68. Generally, the magnitude of voltage signal V decreases as the ambient temperature increases.
Transducer 70 is responsive to manifold vacuum (or pressure) and'is set to produce a voltage signal V on conductor 78. Generally, the magnitude of voltage signal V increases as the pressure in the intake manifold increases (or if considered in terms of vacuum, as the vacuum-decreases).
Finally, transducer 80 is responsive to engine temperature and is set to produce a fourth voltage signal V, on conductor 86. Generally, the magnitude of the voltage signal V decreased as the engine temperature increases.
Resistors R R R and R are provided in order to generate a current flow, through each of such resistors, which is proportional to the respective voltage signals generated and applied thereto. Normally, the impedance of the operational amplifier 102 is so high as to preclude any current flow therethrough. Accordingly, point 100 may be considered as a summing point for such current flows regardless of the direction or magnitude of the individual currents l 1 I and 1 Since current cannot flow through the operational amplifier, such current passes through the feedback resistor R and consequently results in the generation of an output or control voltage v at the terminal 108 and conductor 196.
As should be evident in view of the preceding, the control voltage V is automatically indicative of the total requirements for fuel flow as sensed by the various transducers responsive to the selected parameters. That is, for example, if engine temperature should rise at any particular engine speed, the value of V will decrease thereby reducing the total value of generated current at summing point 100. This, in turn, reduces the value or magnitude of V Accordingly, the normally closed valve 182 and ar mature 184 are moved downwardly some distance in accordance with the magnitude of the control voltage V applied to the winding 186. Generally, as the magnitude of control voltage V increases the armature 184 and valve 182 are moved further downwardly thereby producing a greater effective flow area through the metering restriction or orifice 180.
The rate of metered fuel flow through the metering orifice 180 is, of course, dependent primarily on the effective flow area of the metering orifice 180 and the magnitude of the pressure differential thereacross. However, the factor of the pressure differential is effectively eliminated by the invention. That is, the upstream pressure of the fuel, supplied by the pump assembly, is maintained substantially constant by the pressure regulating or throttling valve assembly 128. For example, any tendency for an increase in such upstream pressure is sensed by the diaphragm 150 which respondsthereto by moving downwardly causing valve member 156 to more nearly close the orifice or passageway 164, and conversely, as a decrease in upstream pressure is sensed diaphragm 150 is moved upwardly causing valve member 156 further open the orifice or passageway 164. Consequently, it can be seen that the pressure of the fuel within chamber 174 is maintained substantially constant.
Similarly, the downstream fuel pressure is also main tained substantially constant. That is, the fuel discharger valve assembly 204 is so calibrated so as to permit valve portion 238 to open only upon the attainment of a predetermined fuel pressure within passage means 230; this being primarily determined by the preload force of spring 242. Therefore, it can be seen that during normal engine operation, the downstream fuel pressure (downstream of metering orifice 180) will also be at a substantially constant value but less than the fuel pressure upstream of metering orifice 180. Therefore, it should be apparent that the volume rate of fuel flow through the metering orifice 180 will be' generally in accordance with the position of the metering valve 182 with respect to the metering orifice 180.
From the preceding it should be apparent that when the engine is cold and initially started the transducer will sense the cold engine temperature and thereby create an output signal V of relatively high magnitude, if the engine remains at idle transducer 70 will sense a relatively high manifold vacuum and in accordance therewith produce an output signal V of relatively high magnitude, and transducer 50 will sense the relatively low engine speed (at idle) and produce in accordance therewith an output signal V of relatively low magnitude. Consequently, thesumming point senses a relatively low total current and the feedback resistor, R consequently causes a relatively low control voltage V on conductor 196 causing the metering valve 182 and solenoid armature 184 to be positioned relatively close to the metering restriction reducing the volume rate of metered fuel flow. Of course, it can be seen that with an increase in engine speed, an increase in engine temperature or an increase in engine load, the value of signal V will increase, while in the case of transducers 70 and 80, the magnitudes of signals V or V as the case may be, will decrease and in accordance therewith alter the total current sensed at summing point 100.
The disclosure of the invention is intended to be merely exemplary of the many types of arrangement which can be employed within the scope of the inventive concept. To this extent it should be apparent, for example, that various transducers devices could be employed and that, if desired, suitable diodes could be employed within the transducer circuitry shown for providing maximum values of voltage signals generated by the transducers.
From the preceding disclosure, it should also be apparent that the invention provides a fuel metering system responsive to a group of selected parameters wherein the responsiveness of the metering system to any one of the group of selected parameters can be critically tailored or adjusted without in any way influencing the action of the means employed for sensing the remaining parameters of such a group.
Further, as was previously mentioned, during conditions of engine operation, solenoid valve 132 is closed; however, during engine shut-down, solenoid valve 132 is opened so as to permit flow therethrough. The pressure relief -valve 134, may contain suitable spring means, as is well known in theart, which may be set so that the valve 134 will open at a somewhat lower fuel pressure than that at which the delivery valve 204 is set to open This then provides a discharge or return flow path to the tank 120 in order to accommodate any fuel expansion, due to heat, in the metered fuel supply conduit 200.
Although only one embodiment of the invention has been disclosedand described, it is apparent that other embodiments and modifications of the invention are possible within the scope of the appended claims.
l. A remote fuel metering system for an internal combustion engine and an associated fuel supply tank situated generally remote with respect to said engine, comprising pressure supply means situated within said tank, said pressure supply means including an inlet for admitting said fuel from said tank and an outlet for discharging said fuel under pressure, fuel metering means situated within said fuel supply tank, said fuel metering means including inlet means for receiving said pressurized fuel from said pressure supply means and an outlet for discharging metered fuel, fuel delivery ing parameters for controlling said fuel metering means in order to thereby achieve a rate of metered fuel flow to said fuel delivery means in accordance with said operating parameters, said additional means comprising a plurality of individual engine operating parameter sensing means each effective for producing an output signal totally independent of and unaffected by the other ofsaid plurality of sensing means.