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Publication numberUS3724482 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 3, 1973
Filing dateMar 5, 1971
Priority dateMar 5, 1970
Also published asDE2110206A1, DE2110206B2, DE2110206C3
Publication numberUS 3724482 A, US 3724482A, US-A-3724482, US3724482 A, US3724482A
InventorsS Ekstrom
Original AssigneeAga Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Breathing valve
US 3724482 A
Abstract
A breathing valve having a housing comprising an inlet chamber in communication with which is an inlet opening controlled by an inlet valve, a passage to the breathing organs of the user and an exhalation valve. A control diaphragm subject on one side to the pressure in the inlet chamber acts through an intermediate member to control the inlet valve. An overpressure valve on the side of the control diaphragm across from the inlet chamber receives fluid through the exhalation valve and when the pressure in the overpressure chamber builds up it causes the control diaphragm to open the inlet valve. Springs act on the two diaphragms urging them towards the inlet valve opened position, thereby setting a predetermined pressure value in the overpressure chamber. With this structure, an overpressure is created in the inlet chamber during both inhalation and exhalation.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 [ll] 3,724,482 Ekstrom Apr. 3, 1973 [54] BREATHING VALVE Primary ExaminerRobert G. Nilson [75] lnventor. 2:322:11; nWalter Ekstrom, Lldmgo, Assistant Examincr EdwardLook Attorney-Larson, Taylor & Hinds [73] Assignee: AGA Aktiebolag,Lidingo,Sweden 221 Filed: Mar. 5, 1971 [57] ABSTRACT A breathing valve having a housing comprising an [21] A 121354 inlet chamber in communication with which is an inlet 7 opening controlled by an inlet valve, a passage to the [30] Foreign Application Priority Data breathing organs of the user and an exhalation valve.

A control diaphragm subject on one side to the pres- Mar. 5, 1970 Sweden ..2892/70 sure in the inlet chamber acts through an intermediate member to control the inlet valve. An overpressure 51 g 137/102 128/ i valve on the side of the control diaphragm across from I 1 "an-l u I t e inle chamber xecei es the exhala- {58] d searcvhmnwll tion valve and when the pressure in the overpressure 37/119 63 128/1 chamber builds up it causes the control diaphragm to open the inlet valve. Springs act on the two [56] References Cited diaphragms urging them towards the inlet valve UNITED STATES PATENTS opened position, thereby setting a predetermined pressure value In the overpressure chamber. With this 3,460,559 8/1969 Pullen .....l37/1l6.5 structure, an overpressure is created in the inlet 3,133,154 1964 Hedberg a 128/1422 chamber during both inhalation and exhalation. 3,608,574 9/1971 Beaussant ..l37ll02 3,149,631 9/1964 Svenson ..l37/63 R '4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures 27 23 25 26 l l\ \l'l. X! t\ 1 t\ \l L\)& 28

. r 2 i 1 I 32 PATENTEDAPM I975 3,724,482

uwnmon STAFFAN W. EKSTROM ATTORNEYS BREATHING VALVE inhalation. In conventional devices with a breathing valve of the demand-type an underpressure is produced inside a control diaphragm or a piston during the inhalation. The difference in pressure on the both sides of the diaphragm provides a force which actuates a valve mechanism so that a flow of gas is supplied to the user of the apparatus. Normally a breathing mask is used, to which the breathing valve is connected. If the breathing mask or the breathing valve do not tighten sufficiently, for instance if the user wears a beard, there is a risk that noxious gas may leak in during the inhalation phase when an underpressure prevails inside the breathing mask and the valve. This face is commonly known and different solutions have been presented for producing an overpressure.

When the apparatus is used for diving under water, an overpressure is not necessary and, in fact, is undesirable. If the same equipment is to be usable both for diving under water and for breathing in a noxious atmosphere, the overpressure should be removable.

In previous valve arrangements switching between overpressure and non-overpressure has required complex and time-consuming adjustments of valve pressures. If one of these adjustments is forgotten the diver would risk a dousing of the breathing gas.

Thus, there exists a need for a new and improved breathing valve in which an overpressure is created during both inhalation and exhalation and in which the overpressure producing means may be removed simply and easily so that the breathing valve can be readily converted for use either in an environment of noxious gas or under water.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a purpose of this invention to provide a new and improved breathing valve which overcomes the above described disadvantages of the prior art.

According to the present invention, a breathing valve suitable for breathing in an extremely noxious atmosphere is obtained by providing the valve with overpressure diaphragm which, together with a control diaphragm forms an overpressure chamber in the housing of the valve for achieving an overpressure in the inlet chamber leading to the breathing organs of the user during both the inhalation phase and the exhalation phase. The regulated pressure in the overpressure chamber can be varied and even removed entirely by a simple manual adjustment. Consequently, the breathing valve is suitable for use in an environment of noxious gases or for diving under water.

In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, an inlet chamber which communicates with an inlet opening and with the passage to the user is bordered at one portion by a control diaphragm, movement of which operates a lever to control aninlet valve. The exhalation valve from the inlet chamber may be provided in the control diaphragm; and this has the advantage that it eliminates a hydrostatic pressure difference between the control diaphragm and the exhalation valve, as a result of which the operation of the breathing valve becomes independent of the position of the valve in the water and there is no risk of blowing out air from the valve or that breathing through the valve should become cumbersome.

In this preferred arrangement, an overpressure diaphragm opposes the control diaphragm forming therebetween an overpressure chamber, a build-up of pressure in which moves the control diaphragm to cause the inlet valve to open. Springs act on the overpressure diaphragm urging it toward the control diaphragm, and hence toward the inlet valve open position. These springs act on their other end against a removable, adjustable lid. Consequently, the springs are easily removable for the purpose of removing the overpressure chamber, thereby adopting the breathing valve for use in diving under water.

Thus, itis a purpose of this invention to provide a new and improved breathing valve of the type described in which an overpressure is created during both inhalation and exhalation.

It is another object of this invention to provide a new and improved breathing valve of the type described which may be converted between overpressure and non-overpressure in a relatively simplified manner.

Otherobjects. and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description to follow.

BRIEF SUMMARY or THE DRAWING DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF TI-IEPREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings, like elements are represented by like numerals throughout the two views. The breathing valve comprises a housing 10 having an inlet chamber 11. In communication with this inlet chamber 11 is an inlet tube 12, the opening of which is controlled by an inletvalve 13. An opening 14 leads from this inlet chamber to the breathing organs of the user. The inlet chamber is also bounded in part by a control diaphragm 15 in which are formed a plurality of openings 16. These openings 16 are covered by an exhalation valve 17 which is held firmly against the. diaphragm 15 to close theopening 16 except when it is resiliently biased away from the opening 16 during exhalation.

Above the control diaphragm 15 is an overpressure diaphragm 20 including as a part thereof a central stud 21 which extends down to the exhalation valve 17 and holds the same against the control diaphragm 15. An overpressure chamber is formed between the diaphragms 15 and 20. The diaphragm 20 is held in place by the force of two springs 26 and 27. Spring 26 acts at its lower end against the other circumference of the diaphragm 20 while the spring 27 acts against the central stud 21. At their upper ends, both springs abut a lid 23 having outlet openings 24 formed therein. This lid is vertically adjustable relative to the housing 10, for example by means of a threaded engagement 28 between the lid 23 and the housing 10. From the over-" pressure chamber 22, air flows around the outer periphery of diaphragm 20, lifting the springs 26 in the process, whereby the air enters the exhalation chamber 25 from which it flows through the opening 24 to the surrounding atmosphere. It will be seen that by controlling the force of spring 26 against the outer periphery of diaphragm 20, one controls the level of pressure at which the air in overpressure chamber 22 enters the exhalation chamber 25.

In the inlet chamber 11 there is provided a lever 30 pivotally connected at 31 and connected at its righthand end by means of connection 32 to the inlet valve 13. Downward movement at the left-hand end of the lever 30 opens the inlet valve 13. In the absence of such downward movement, the spring 33 normally holds the inlet valve closed.

In operation, an overpressure is produced in the inlet chamber 11 of the breathing valve when the lid 23 is adjusted vertically to a position in which the two springs 26 and 27, which function independently of each other, are compressed against the diaphragm 20. The control spring 27 loads the lever 30 through the central stud 21 and the control diaphragm causing the inlet valve 13 to open so that a flow of gas is created into the inlet chamber. A portion of this inflowing gas flows through the exhalation valve 17 so that the pressure in the overpressure chamber 22 reaches the same value as the pressure in the inlet chamber 11. The pressure increases until a balance is obtained between the outwardly directed forces on the overpressure diaphragm (equal to the pressure multiplied with the effective area of the diaphragm 20) and the force from the control spring 27 acting in the reverse direction. The inlet valve 13 then closes when a balance has been achieved since the lever 30 in this position is not influenced by any downward force at its left end, and hence the spring 33 is free to close the valve. The other spring 26 loads the outer circumference of the diaphragm 20 so that the overpressure caused by the control spring 27 does not cause any leakage.

Independently of whether or not an increased pressure is present in the overpressure chamber 22, if the pressure in the inlet chamber 11 is decreased during inhalation with respect to the pressure in the overpressure chamber 22, this pressure difference results in a force acting on the lever 30 from the control diaphragm 15, the lever 30 thus opening the inlet valve 13 so that gas can flow into the inlet chamber 11. The pressure in the overpressure chamber 22 is maintained constant during inhalation due to the fact that the spring 27 loads the overpressure diaphragm 20. If the pressure in overpressure chamber 22 leaks out, the control spring 27 acts downwardly through the central stud 21 to move the lever 30 downwardly mechanically, thus opening the inlet valve 13 once again permitting additional gas to flow into the inlet chamber.

Durin exhalation, the exhalated as is expelled throui the valve 17 and into me overpressure chamber 22, thereby causing a slight increase in the pressure over the original pressure value. This in- .creased pressure then influences the entire overpressure diaphragm 20 which opens completely permitting some of this excess gas to be removed.

When it is desired to remove from this apparatus the overpressure feature, thereby adopting the device for use in diving under water, the lid 23 is taken off and the two springs 26 and 27 and the overpressure diaphragm 20 are removed. Of course a suitable means would be provided to hold the exhalation valve 17 against the diaphragm 15 to cover the openings 16.

Although the invention has been described in considerable detail with respect to a preferred embodiment thereof, it will be apparent that the invention is capable of numerous modifications and variations apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

1 claim:

1. A breathing valve comprising: a housing having an inlet, an outlet and an opening adapted to be connected to lead to a user, an inlet chamber, an inlet valve controlling the flow of gasv from the inlet to the inlet chamber, the said inlet and the said opening both being in fluid connection with the inlet chamber, a control diaphragm, one side of which is subjected to gas pressure in the inlet chamber, a control means including a lever operatively connecting said control diaphragm and the inlet valve such that movement of the control diaphragm actuates the inlet valve, an overpressure diaphragm spaced from the control diaphragm and forming with it an overpressure chamber, a first outlet valve connecting the inlet chamber and the overpressure chamber and opening in a direction toward the overpressure chamber, means including a stud connected with the central part of the overpressure diaphragm and extending against the control diaphragm, a control spring acting on the overpressure diaphragm holding said stud against the control diaphragm in a direction tending to operate the lever to open the inlet valve, a second outlet valve connecting the overpressure chamber and the surrounding atmosphere, a second spring for loading said second outlet valve, and an adjustable member in the housing,

both said springs resting against said adjustable member, wherein adjustment of the adjustable member varies the force exerted by the springs on the overpressure diaphragm and hence varies the overpressure in the overpressure chamber.

2.- A breathing valve according to claim 1, wherein the adjustable member comprises a lid having openings therein.

3. A breathing valve according to claim 1, wherein the circumference of the overpressure diaphragm forms a movable element of said second outlet valve, said second spring loading said circumference of the overpressure diaphragm.

4. A breathing valve according to claim 1, wherein the control diaphragm includes openings which are closed by the said first outlet valve. AGA Aktiebolag 03 Lidingo SW

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3138154 *Feb 23, 1961Jun 23, 1964Gasaccumulator Svenska AbBreathing device
US3149631 *Jan 17, 1961Sep 22, 1964Gasaccumulator Svenska AbArrangement in breathing apparatus
US3460559 *Aug 26, 1968Aug 12, 1969Bendix CorpCombined pressure regulator and relief valve
US3608574 *Dec 9, 1968Sep 28, 1971Intertechnique SaDiaphragm-valve especially for a respiratory-gas supply system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4172467 *Oct 11, 1977Oct 30, 1979Dragerwerk AktiengesellschaftRespirator valve for respirators
US4269216 *Jul 19, 1978May 26, 1981A-T-O Inc.Pressure demand valve system
US4345592 *Sep 10, 1980Aug 24, 1982A-T-O Inc.Pressure demand regulator with automatic shut-off
US4345593 *Feb 6, 1981Aug 24, 1982A-T-O Inc.Pressure-demand breathing apparatus with automatic air shut-off
US4378011 *Mar 11, 1981Mar 29, 1983Dragerwerk AktiengesellschaftLung controlled pressure gas respirator for use with an oxygen mask and valving mechanism therefor
US4608976 *Sep 10, 1984Sep 2, 1986Canocean Resources, Ltd.Breathing protective apparatus with inhalation and exhalation regulator
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/204.26, 137/908, 137/859
International ClassificationA62B9/02, B63C11/22
Cooperative ClassificationA62B9/022, Y10S137/908, B63C11/2227
European ClassificationB63C11/22B, A62B9/02D
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 6, 1983AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: AGA AKTIEBOLAG
Owner name: INTERSPIRO AB S-181 81 LIDINGO SWEDEN A SWISS CORP
Effective date: 19830809
Sep 6, 1983ASAssignment
Owner name: INTERSPIRO AB S-181 81 LIDINGO SWEDEN A SWISS CORP
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AGA AKTIEBOLAG;REEL/FRAME:004167/0673
Effective date: 19830809