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Publication numberUS3726189 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 10, 1973
Filing dateJun 22, 1971
Priority dateJun 22, 1971
Publication numberUS 3726189 A, US 3726189A, US-A-3726189, US3726189 A, US3726189A
InventorsRubery A
Original AssigneeLucas Industries Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pistons for hydraulic piston type pumps and motors
US 3726189 A
Abstract
A piston slipper for an hydraulic pump or motor comprises a main portion and an insert of different materials, the running face of the insert having a recess which is conical, and the recess terminates at its inner edge at a drilling for entry of lubricant, and at its outer edge at a step.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

O Umted States Patent 1 1 1 1 3,726,139 Rubery 1 Apr. 10, 1973 1541 PISTONS FOR HYDRAULIC PISTON 2,679,210 5 1954 Muller 103/161 TYPE PUMPS AND MOTORS 3,075,472 1/1963 Gamier .103/162 x 3,180,275 4/1965 Boulet ..92/57 X Inventor: Alfred Moffafl y, ormsklrk, 3,223,046 12/1965 Eichmann 1 ..103/161 England 3,369,458 2/1968 Slimm ..92/157 X [73] Assigneei Joseph Lucas lndush'ies Limited, 3,495,543 211970 M11111 ..92/51x Birmingham, England 0 L F REIGN PATENTS OR APP ICATIONS [22] Filed: June 22, 1971 642,806 6/1962 Canada ..308/160 21 Appl. No.2 155,618

Primary ExaminerCharles J. Myhre Apphcatmn Dam Assistant ExaminerR0nald H. Lazarus [63] Continuation of Ser. No. 844,280, July 24, 1969, Att0rneyl-Iolman & Stern abandoned,

[57] ABSTRACT [52] US. Cl. ..91/506, 91/507, 92/68 A piston slipper for an hydraulic pump or motor [51] Int. Cl ..F04b 7/00 prises a main portion and an insert of different materi [58] Field of Search ..92/68, 70, 71, 72, als the running face of the insert having a recess 92/571 157, 169; 163/162; 91/198 which is conical, and the recess terminates at its inner 200; 308/ 5 1601 238 edge at a drilling for entry of lubricant, and at its outer edge at a step. [56] References Cited 6 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures UNITED STATES PATENTS 580,838 4/1897 Almond ..91/201 PATENT APMOM sum 10F 2 J WENT E B w /4 4 A OEPNEYS PATENTEU MR1 03873 3 726,189

SHEET 2 UF 2 1 ATTOEN EYS PISTONS FOR HYDRAULIC PISTON TYPE PUMPS AND MOTORS This application is a continuation of my copending application Ser. No. 844,280 filed 7-24-69, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to hydraulic piston type pumps and motors of the kind comprising a body, a rotor rotatably mounted in the body, a plurality of pistons mounted in respective bores in the rotor, the pistons, at their ends, carrying respective slippers which engage with a cam surface provided in the body, whereby the pistons are reciprocated as the rotor rotates, to cause liquid to enter and leave the bores in turn through an inlet and an outlet in the body.

In pumps and motors of the kind referred to, the materials most suitable for manufacture of the slippers to provide the necessary mechanical strength are not, in many cases, well suited for providing a bearing to run on the cam surface. It has therefore been proposed to apply to the running surface of a slipper, a layer of a more suitable bearing material, which, in some of the most suitable cases, has low mechanical strength. Such material has been applied by plating or as a separate insert.

The object of the invention is to provide a piston slipper for an hydraulic piston type pump or motor of the kind specified, having adequate mechanical strength and a satisfactory running surface.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the present invention a piston slipper for an hydraulic'pump or motor of the kind specified comprises a main portion and an insert formed from different materials, the insert being located on the main portion and secured thereto by a layer of adhesive material, the running surface of the insert having a conical recess communicating at its apex with a bore in the slipper through which lubricant can enter the recess, and the outer edge of the conical recess terminating at an annular step.

The invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a swash plate type pump or motor to which the invention has been applied,

FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a piston and slipper assembly constructed in accordance with the invention, and

FIG. 3 is a still further enlarged cross-sectional view of the edge of the recess in the slipper bearing surface.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The hydraulic swash plate type pump or motor shown has a body 1, a rotor 2 rotatably mounted in the body 1, and a plurality of pistons 10 occupying respective parallel, equi-angularly spaced bores 3 in the rotor 2. The rotor 2 is connected to a driving shaft 4. At the opposite end of the rotor from which the pistons extend, there is a port plate 5 through which the bores can communicate with an inlet 6 and an outlet 7 in the body 1 in turn as the rotor 2 rotates. The pistons carry respective slippers 11 which bear against an angularly adjustable swash plate 8 mounted in the body 1. As the rotor rotates, liquid flows into and out of the bores in turn and through the inlet 6 and outlet 7 in the body 1.

The piston 10 has a hollow cylindrical portion one at one end. This portion engages in its rotor bore 3. At the 1 closed end is an integral part-spherical portion 10a engaged within a complementarily shaped cup 11a formed in the slipper 11. A coaxial drilling 12 through the part-spherical portion 10a affords communication between the interior of the cylindrical portion of the piston 10 and its slipper engaging end. The drilling l2 terminates in the center of a flat portion 12a formed at the end of the part-spherical portion 10a of the piston 10. In the slipper there is a coaxial bore 13 which communicates with the drilling 12 through a cavity 14 formed at the base of the part-spherical cup 1 1a.

The cavity 14 and the flat portion 12a at the end of the piston are shaped to provide access for liquid between the drilling 12 and the bore 13 at any angular position of the slipper 1 1 with respect to the piston 10 The slipper 11 has a shallow cylindrical recess 15 in its end presented away from the piston 10, with this recess 15 containing an insert 16 which extends beyond the annular end surface of the main portion of the slipper 11. The main portion and insert of the slipper are formed from different materials.

The insert 16 is in the form of a disc having, in its exposed flat surface, a conical recess 17. The apex of the recess 17 tenninates in a bore 18 communicating with the bore 13 in the main portion of the slipper 11.

The outer edge of the conical recess 17 terminates at a short annular step 19 which is illustrated clearly in FIG. 3. The corner of this step may be rounded off as indicated by the dotted line 20 in FIG. 3. The step cylindrical surface is perpendicular to the running surface of the insert, with this running surface being a fla annulus indicated at 21 in FIGS. 2 and 3.

The insert 16 is secured in the recess 15 in the main portion of the slipper 11 by means of a layer of adhesive 22.

In the example shown, the piston 10 is formed from case hardened steel and the slipper main portion is formed from cast iron. The insert, however, is formed from a material which is more suitable to provide a running surface bearing on the swash plate 8, but which has poor mechanical strength. Such a material is leadbronze.

The layer of adhesive 22 and the shape of the recess 15 in which the insert 16 fits provides adequate mechanical strength for the insert. The provision of the conical recess 17 tends to minimize erosion of the running surface 21 of the insert across which the flow of liquid occurs during use.

The size and depth of the conical recess 17 and of the size of the remaining flat surface 21 of the insert 16 are calculated in accordance with the required hydraulic balance in the associated pump or motor.

In order to construct the piston slipper shown, the slipper is first formed with the cup and the recess 15, and a layer of adhesive is applied into the recess 15.

The insert 16 is next fitted and the recess 17 is subsequently machined. It maybe necessary to machine the external cylindrical surface of the insert after its assembly onto the slipper main portion, to remove any adhesive which has become extruded from the recess 15 during the assembly operation.

Finally the corner of the step 19 is rounded off as at 20 in FIG. 3, if required.

tive slippers which engage with the cam surface, the improvement being that each slipper includes a main portion and an insert for the main portion, said main portion and insert being formed from different materials, the insert being located on the main portion at one end of the slipper, a layer of adhesive material securing the insert to the main portion, the insert providing a running surface of the slipper, the insert,in the running surface thereof having a conical recess communicating at its apex with a bore in the slipper through which lubricant passing through the piston can enter the recess, and the outer edge of the conical recess terminating at an annular step, with the conical recess, during operation, serving to minimizeerosion of the running surface of the insert across which the flow of lubricant occurs.

2. The piston slipper as claimed in claim 1 in which the annular step is perpendicular to the running surface of the insert.

3. The piston slipper as claimed in claim 2 in which the edge of the annular step, at the inner edge of the surrounding annular end surface of the insert, is rounded.

4. The piston slipper as claimed in claim 1 in which the main portion of the slipper is formed from cast iron and the insert is formed from lead-bronze.

5. An hydraulic pump or motor of the kind comprising a body, said body being provided with a cam surface, a rotor rotatably mounted in the body, a plurality of pistons mounted in respective bores in the rotor, the

pistons, at their ends, carrying respective slippers which engage with the cam surface, the improvement being that the slippers on the pistons each comprises a n t e rotor, t

main portion and an insert, said main portion and insert being formed from different materials, the insert being located on the main portion at one end of the slipped, a layer of adhesive material securing the insert to the main portion, the insert providing a runningsurface of the slipper, the insert, in the running surface thereof having a conical recess communicating at its apex with a bore in the slipper through which lubricant passing through the piston can enter the recess, and the outer edge of the conical recess terminating at an annular step, with the conical recess, during operation, serving to minimize erosion of the running surface of the insert across which the flow of lubricant occurs.

' 6. A piston slipper for a hydraulic pump or motor of the type comprising a body, said body being provided with a cam surface, a rotor rotatably mounted in the bod a pluralitfy of pistons mounted in respective bores e pistons, at their ends having a part spherical head carrying respective slippers which engage with the cam surface, the improvement being that each slipper includes a main portion having a part spherical recess receiving the part spherical head of the piston, said main portion being provided with a shallow cylindrical recess in its end remote from the piston head, a circular insert positioned in the cylindrical recess and having a running surface protruding beyond the end surface of the main portion, said main portion and insert being of different materials, a layer of adhesive material securing the'insert within the cylindrical recess of the main portion, the insert providing a running surface of the slipper, said main portion having an axial passage leading at one end to the cylindrical recess and at the other end to a cavity, the running surface of the insert being provided with a conical recess communicating at its apex with the passage in the main portion, the outer edge of the cylindrical recess terminating in a short annular step perpendicular to the running surface of the insert, the piston head having a flat surface located opposite the cavity in the main portion of the slipper and an axial bore terminating at the center of the flat surface whereby lubricant passing through the piston can flow through the axial bore to the conical recess in the insert via the cavity, axial passage in the main portion of the slipper, and the bore in the insert, with the conical recess, during operation, serving to minimize errosion of the running surface of the insert across which the flow of lubricant occurs.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US580838 *Nov 7, 1896Apr 20, 1897 Rotary engine
US2679210 *Sep 14, 1948May 25, 1954Schweizerische LokomotivExpansible chamber type radial piston engine
US3075472 *Mar 5, 1958Jan 29, 1963Air EquipementVariable-flow pumps of the drum piston type
US3180275 *Feb 20, 1963Apr 27, 1965Sarl Rech S Etudes ProductionBarrel pump
US3223046 *Oct 10, 1962Dec 14, 1965Eickmann KarlRotary radial piston machines
US3369458 *Jul 5, 1966Feb 20, 1968Dowty Technical Dev LtdHydraulic apparatus
US3437015 *Oct 30, 1967Apr 8, 1969Abex CorpPiston type fluid motor having separately fed piston shoes
US3495543 *Nov 27, 1967Feb 17, 1970Boulton Aircraft LtdHydraulic apparatus
CA642806A *Jun 12, 1962Air PreheaterBearing surface
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3866518 *Dec 27, 1972Feb 18, 1975Aisin SeikiFluid pressure device of the axial plunger type
US3978772 *Feb 19, 1974Sep 7, 1976Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaPiston shoe for fluid pressure pump motor
US4301716 *Jun 21, 1979Nov 24, 1981Sankyo Electric Company LimitedRefrigerant compressor units
US7357067 *Aug 29, 2005Apr 15, 2008Poclain HydraulicsSpherical joint of a hydrostatic piston machine
US7992484Aug 10, 2006Aug 9, 2011Haldex Hydraulics CorporationRotary hydraulic machine and controls
DE202009016796U1 *Dec 11, 2009Apr 21, 2011Aktiebolaget SkfGleitschuhanordnung
Classifications
U.S. Classification91/506, 92/68, 91/507
International ClassificationF01B3/00
Cooperative ClassificationF01B3/0085
European ClassificationF01B3/00D3
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Feb 25, 1983ASAssignment
Owner name: COMMERCIAL SHEARING INC., 1775 LOGAN AVE., YOUNGST
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:LUCAS INDUSTRIES PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004115/0214
Effective date: 19830108