US 372763 A
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-- (No Model.) 3
. A. POITBVENT.
PILLOW. v No. 372,763. Patented Nov. 8 1887.
N PETERS. Phowunw hur. Washinglan, D4 0 UNITED STATES PATENT @FFIUEQ ADOLPH.POITEVENT, OF GAINESVIIJLE, MISSISSIPPI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 372,763, dated November 8, 1887.
Application filed August 14, 1886. Serial No. 210,893. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, ADOLPH POITEVEN'I, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Gainesville, in the county of Hancock and State of Mississippi, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pillows, of which the followingis a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
My invention relates to improvements in that class of pillows whose contents have a natural balsamic odor, produced either artificially by impregnating neutral material with balsam, iat-sap,'crude pine-tar, and the like, or by the natural material itself, such as seedvpine straw, balsamic shavings, fat'sap-pine to one another, even after longcontinued use,
and to confine the lumps or small pieces of crude sap or tar, which it is found desirable to employ, to the center of the pillow, thereby preventing them from rising to the top thereof, where they would cause discomfort to the user.
A further purpose of my invention is to so construct thepillow casing that it may be readily attached, if desirable, to a chair.
Referring to the accompanying drawings illustrative of my invention, Figure lrepresents a rear view of my improved pillow as attached to a chair-back. Fig. 2 represents a longitudinal section of the same upon the line 2 2 of Fig. 4. Fig. 3 represents a cross-section thereof upon the line 3 3 of Fig. 4, and Fig. 4 represents a plan view of the under side of my improved pillow detached from the chair.
Similar letters of reference indicate similar parts throughout the several views.
A represents the pillow-casing, of any desired material and shape.
The contents of the pillow are arranged as follows: An under layer of seed-pine straw, B, of convenient thickness, is first inserted in the pillow. Upon this is laid a bag ofgauze, 0, containing shavings, D, of fat-sap pine impregnated with crude pine-tar, and having interspersed among them lumps or nodules Eof fat-sap taken from the yellow pitch-pine of the kind found in hilly sections of the country, where such pines come to maturity. A top layer, F, of balsamic shavings and fat-sap-pine shavings covers the bag 0 and constitutes the cushion intermediate between the lumps and the portion of the pillow upon which the head rests.
The material within the gauze bag contains the stronger or most potent elements of the pillow contents, and, by reason of being thus inclosed within the outer layers, the odor or aroma given off by such inner contents is less rapidly dissipated than if they were distributed generally throughout the body of the pillow. Their effects, moreover, upon the sleeper are of a milder and more gentle character than if they were located in closer proximity to the surface. My arrangement therefore secures a pillow which .retains its original properties for a very considerable length of time, whose effects are mild and uniform, and which affords at the same time entire ease and comfort to the head resting upon it.
Upon the bottom side of the pillow I sew a flap, G, preferably of the shape illustrated in the figure, and the free end of this flap I connect with an elastic band, H, attached at each end to the pillow-casing. By means of this construction I am enabled to conveniently attach the pillow to a chair, as illustrated in Fig. 1.
I am aware that it is not new to construct mattresses with internal sacks filled with medicated substances surrounded by hair, wool, cotton, or other stuffing usually employed for mattresses. Neither is it new to back flap secured to the back of the pillow at 10 provide ordinary air-bag head-rests and pilone end and to a transverse elastic strap at lows with straps for securing them to the the other end, substantiallyas described.
backs of seats. I therefore broadly disclaim In testimony whereof I affix my signature in 5 such devices. presence of two Witnesses.
Having thus described my invention, what I ADOLPI-I POITEVENT. claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, Vitnesses: is- GEORGE J. YENEWINE,
The combination, with a pillow,of the broad HENRY J. RHoDns.