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Publication numberUS3728500 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 17, 1973
Filing dateJan 7, 1972
Priority dateJan 7, 1972
Publication numberUS 3728500 A, US 3728500A, US-A-3728500, US3728500 A, US3728500A
InventorsIngram L
Original AssigneeMc Graw Edison Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable on-off timer with improved manual control means
US 3728500 A
Abstract
An one-off timer having a time drive dial and on and off members adjustably carried thereon, a switch controlling output power from the timer, a switch operator, trip members between the dial members and switch effective to actuate the switch responsive to movement of the dial members, and a manual selector control element for shifting and/or holding the switch in the power off or on conditions and/or allowing automatic on-off cycling of the timer.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Ingram 1 Apr. 17, 1973 ADJUSTABLE ON-OFF TIMER WITH Primary Examiner-J. R. Scott IMPROVED MANUAL CONTROL Att0rney-Charles F. Lind MEANS 57 ABS'IRA [75] Inventor: Leslie G. Ingram, Southern Pines, 1 CT N C. An one-off timer having a time drive dial and on and off members adjustably carried thereon, a switch con- [73] Asslgnee: Mccraw'Ed'son Company Elgm trolling output power from the timer, a switch operator, trip members between the dial members and [22] Fil d; J 7, 1972 switch effective to actuate the switch responsive to movement of the dial members, and a manual selector [21] Appl' 2l6l76 control element for shifting and/or holding the switch in the power ofi or on conditions and/or allowing au- 521 US. Cl. ..200/3s FB tomatic Oil-Off cycling of the timer- [5 l IIIIL Cl. ..I'I0lh 43/10, HOlh 7/08 An ff timer i essence provides f adjustably [58] Field of Search ..200/38 grammed on and off power outputs over some d fi i period, such as over a 24-hour period. Such automati- [56] References Clted cally controlled power outputs during each of these UNITED STATES PATENTS time periods can be used for the operation of lights,

appliances, etc., and the consumer has rapidly ac- 3,588,391 6/1971 Banathy et al ..200/38 A X cepted such a timer. When it is desired to discontinue 3,254,166 5/1966 Rulseh et al. ..200/38 FB the automatic repeating cycle, there typically is pro- 3260307 7/1966 Rulseh at M20058 FB vided a manual control to shift to the constant power 3,584,166 6/1971 Halicho ..200/38 FB or power ff condition 3,588,394 6/l97l Koch ..200/38 FB X 3 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures r F 6 f a 2 a4 4/11/1/ /I/I/ /2 l I .2 2 I 3 k 1 6 2 I I, f 9

PAIENTEB RH 3,728,500

SHEET 1 OF 2 III 38 q 36 W 42 39 l ADJUSTABLE ON-OFF TIMER WITH IMPROVED MANUAL CONTROL MEANS This invention relates to, and an object of this invention is to provide in such a timer, a more reliable control for manually shifting the switch from the automatic time responsive condition to the permanently off or to the permanently on condition independently of the time set sequence of the timer.

A particular feature of the invention is a manually shifted control element which cooperates in its various operative positions with the timer components to give the desired control, including a first face that disengages the trip members from the on off dial members to stop automatic timer operation, and other faces which cooperate with the switch and/or switch operator to shift the switch and hold it permanently ofi' or on.

The advantages and operation of this invention will be more fully understood after referring to the follow ing specification, the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof wherein:

FIG. 1 is a top plane view of the timer to be disclosed herein;

FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the timer of FIG.

FIG. 3 is a top plan view, as generally seen with the case partly broken away and/or in section, specifically showing the timer set in the automatic position and with the switch off and just prior to being shifted on;

FIG. 4 is a frontal view, again partly broken away and showing the timer of FIG. 3;

FIGS. 5 and 6 are views, corresponding to FIGS. 3 and 4, respectively, except showing the timer where the switch has just been automatically shifted on;

FIG. 5a is a top plan view corresponding to FIG. 5, except with the manual control shown in a position just prior to being shifted from the automatic" position to off" position;

FIGS. 7 and 8 are views, again corresponding generally to FIGS. 3 and 4, except showing the manual control set in the off position;

FIGS. 9 and 10 are views, again corresponding generally to FIGS. 3 and 4, except showing the manual control set in the on position;

FIG. 11 is an enlarged perspective view of the manual control element used on the timer; and

FIG. 12 is an enlarged broken away perspective view of the manual control element and switch operator and trip member operatively assembled relative thereto and shown in the off position.

The timer 10 shown is designed for controlling a single circuit, and has a case 12 comprised of a rear portion 13 and a front portion 14. The rear case portion 13 supports (as shown in FIG. 3) for example a pair of male connector prongs 16 which can be readily plugged into a power receptacle of conventional construction, and this provides for the electrical input to the timer as well as the mechanical support of the timer; while the front case portion 14 has the female power connector 18 to receive the plug of the controlled electrical appliance. As shown in FIG. 3, the one side of the conductor 18 is electrically continuous to its corresponding prong element 16 while the other side is connected by conductors 22 through a switch 24 to the opposite prong element 16. This thereby provides for a make-break connection from the prongs 16 to the receptacle 18.

This timer provides various means for operating the switch 24 to control the condition of the receptacle 18: including a permanently on condition; a permanently off condition; and an automatic time controlled cycle condition. A control element 28 (FIGS. 11 and 12) carried within the case 12 and having an exposed tab 30 protruding through a slot 32 in the case provides for the manual actuation of the timer between the various operative conditions, which can be noted in FIG. 2 are marked on the timer as on, off, and automatic.

In the timer illustrated, a dial 34 is rotated about an axis aligned parallel to the contact prongs 16 on a timed basis by a synchronous motor through a gear train (neither being shown but of conventional construction). On and off members 36 and 38 are adjustably secured to the dial periphery by conventional means and have respective rearwardly depending tabs 37 and 39 located at different radial distances from the dial axis of rotation. A switch operator 40 supported by reduced end sections 42 (FIG. 4) being received in openings in the forward case portion 14 is mounted for rotation about an axis disposed radially of the dial axis of rotation. A strip member element 44 supported on an elongated stem portion 46 of the switch operator is free to move axially along the operator but is keyed against rotation because of the cooperating fit between the non-circular stem and trip element as can be seen in FIG. 12.

Formed on the trip member element 44 are opposed pairs of on and off radial fingers 47 and 49 which are separated from one another radially of the dial axis a distance equal to the separation of the depending tabs 37 and 39 on the on and off members 36 and 38. Consequently, when the trip member element 44 is properly positioned relative to the paths of movement of the respective on and off tabs carried by the dial, as can be noted from FIGS. 3 and 4 for example, where dial on tab 37 lines up and engages the on finger 47 on the trip member, dial rotation causes periodic switch operator rotation.

The switch operator 40 further has opposed teeth each having a rounded face 52 disposed adjacent the switch 24 and specifically adjacent the switch plunger 54 which lines up radially of the switch operator. As shown in FIG. 3, for example, the switch plunger 54 is extended and free of interference with the switch operator face whereby the switch is open and power is off at the outlet 18, while in FIG. 5 the switch operator has been rotated and the face 52 has depressed the switch plunger to close the switch and have power at the outlet. A cam face 56 is provided on each operator tooth to depress the switch plunger smoothly upon the counterclockwise rotation of the switch operator between the positions shown in FIGS. 3 and 5.

To hold the switch operator in each operative position noted in FIGS. 3 and 5, there is provided a detent shown as a square configuration 60 formed on the switch operator and opposing flat springs 62 carried at their ends within the housing which are biased at their centers against switch operator flats. The resiliency of the springs also gives a rotational snap to the operator in shifting from one switch operator position to another as soon as the comers between adjacent flats en-gage and pass the springs upon rotation of the switch operator.

Reference is now directed to FIGS. 11 and 12 for disclosure of specific details of the manual control element 28 which is mounted to slide relative to the case in a direction laterally of the switch operator 40. The element 28 is preferably of plastic having a generally box-like exterior shape with a forward wall 65 providing support for the actuating tab or knob 30 which extends through the slot 32 as noted in the front case wall.

The element wall 66 has a keyhole shaped slot 68 through which the switch operator 40 extends. The enlarged slot opening is disposed concentrically of the switch operator when the manual control is in the automatic position (FIGS. 3 and 4), and the edges 72 of the opening are tapered while the adjacent trip member element 44 is likewise tapered to position the trip element radially of the dial axis so that the dial on and off tabs 37 and 39 line up with the on and off trip arms 47 and 49 respectively. This is shown schematically in FIGS. 3 6.

The narrowing slot 68, a cam surface 74 and face 76 on the wall 66 provide support for the trip member element 44 to lift it radially of the dial along the switch operator 40 as the manual control element is shifted from the automatic" operative position to the off operative position. The off position is shown in FIGS. 7 and 8 where the dial tabs 37 and 39 clear the on and off trip arms 47 and 49 even upon dial rotation so that the automatic on-off control of the timer is no longer operative and the switch control is entirely manual. The face 76 continues along the wall 66 so that the trip element arms 47 and 49 are held out of contact with the passing dial tabs when the manual control element is also in the on position (FIGS. 9 and 10).

The manual control element wall 80 is generally parallel to the forward wall 65 but is laterally offset from the axis of the switch operator 40. The wall edge or face 82 is adapted to abut the corner 84 of the switch operator if the switch operator is in the switch on position (as shown in FIG. a) during the movement of the manual control element from the automatic" position to the of position so that the switch operator is manually rotated then to the switch off position when the manual control element is in the off position (FIGS. 7 and 8).

In addition, the wall 80 lines up with the side of the switch operator tooth so that continued shifting of the manual control element 28 from the of position to the on position rotates the switch operator to be generally parallel alignment to themovement of the manual control element 28. More importantly, the wall 80 has a cam face 86 which engages the switch plunger 54 and shifts the plunger to the switch on condition when the manual control element 28 is shifted to the on position (FIGS. 9 and A compression spring 88 is disposed between the trip member element 44 and the switch operator to bias the trip element against the manual control element wall 66. This eliminates the possibility of damage to any components since the only biasing force is the small force of the compression spring, even if the dial on element 37 were in the precise position over the dial off arm 49 and lateral interference occured when the manual control element were shifted from the off position to the automatic" position. Upon such a occurrence happening, continued dial movement would free the interference and the timer would operate on the automatic cycle the next revolution of the dial.

In order to have a slight positive stop of the manual control element in'the automatic, off," and on positions there is provided a detent which acts on the manual control element. This can be seen in FIGS. 7 and 8 for example where a cantilevered projection 90 formed integrally as at 91 with the rear case 13 cooperates in these positions with recesses such as 95 on the wall 80 of the control element.

What is claimed is:

1. In a timer, the combination of a time driven dial mounted for rotation about a first axis, on and off members carried on said dial and rotated therewith, a switch operator mounted for rotation about a second axis disposed transverse to the first axis and the switch operator lying adjacent said dial, a switch having an actuator engaged and displaced by the switch operator to shift the switch between on and off conditions at least once each full rotation of said operator, on and off trip elements carried on and keyed against rotation relative to the switch operator and said trip elements being axially movable on the switch operator, a manual control element supported to move in a direction transverse to the axis of the switch operator and to the displacement of the switch actuator between automatic, off, and on" control positions, said control element having first faces extended generally in the direction of movement of the control element but spaced apart in the direction of the switch operator axis and having cam faces connecting certain of these faces all adapted to engage the trip elements for moving them to and maintaining them in certain axial positions on the switch operator as the control element is moved to and remains in the different control position, where specifically in the automatic position, the on and off trip elements are axially positioned to be engaged by the dial on and off members respectively upon dial rotation effective for automatically periodically shifting the switch operator and also where specifically in the off position and in the on position the on and off trip elements are in an axially shifted position whereat the dial on and off members pass without interference, the control element further having a second face disposed laterally offset from the switch operator axis and adapted upon movement of the control element from the automatic position to the off position to shift the switch operator from the switch on condition to the switch off condition, the control element having a third face extended generally in the direction of and also at an camming angle relative to the movement of the control element and to the switch actuator displacement and being adjacent the switch actuator effective during movement of the control element from the of position to the on position to engage the switch actuator and shift the switch to and hold the same in the on condition.

2. A timer combination according to claim 1, wherein a spring is disposed between the switch operator and the on and off trip elements operable to bias them continuously against the first faces of the control element.

3. In a timer, the combination of a case having a dial wall, a time driven dial mounted from the dial wall for rotation about a first axis normal to the dial wall, on

and off members carried on said dial and rotated therewith, a switch operator mounted from the case for rotation about a second axis disposed parallel to the dial wall and radially normal from the first axis and the switch operator having a stem lying adjacent said dial and cam sections lying radially beyond said dial, a switch having an actuator movable radially of the switch operator axis and displaced by the switch operator cam sections to shift the switch between on and off conditions upon rotation of said operator, on and off trip elements carried on and keyed against rotation relative to the switch operator stern and said trip elements being axially movable on the switch operator, a manual control element supported by the case to move along the dial wall in a direction transverse to the axis of the switch operator and to the movement of the switch actuator between automatic, off, on" control positions, said control element having first faces extended generally in the direction of movement of the control element but spaced apart in the direction of the switch operator axis and having cam faces connecting certain of these faces all adapted to engage the trip elements and a spring disposed between the switch operator and the on and off trip elements operable to bias them continuously against the first faces for moving them to and maintaining them in certain axial positions on the switch operator stern as the control element is moved to and remains in the different control positions, where specifically in the automatic" position, the on and off trip elements are axially positioned to be engaged by the dial on and off members respectively upon dial rotation effective for automatically periodically shifting the switch operator and also where specifically in the off position and in the on position the on and off trip elements are in an axially shifted position whereat the dial on and off members pass without interference, the control element further having a second face disposed laterally offset from the switch operator axis and adapted upon movement of the control element from the automatic position to the off position to engage one of the switch operator cam sections to shift the switch operator from the switch on condition to the switch off condition, the control element having a third face extended generally in the direction of and also at an camming angle relative to the movement of the control element and the switch actuator and being adjacent the switch actuator effective during movement of the control element from the off position to the on position to engage the switch actuator and shift the switch to and hold the same in the on condition.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3254166 *Dec 23, 1963May 31, 1966American Mach & FoundryAppliance timer
US3260807 *Dec 23, 1963Jul 12, 1966American Mach & FoundryAutomatic and manual time switch
US3584166 *Apr 2, 1969Jun 8, 1971Mc Graw Edison CoClock-operated switch timing device with improved manual operating means
US3588391 *Sep 29, 1969Jun 28, 1971Int Register CoPlug-in twenty-four hour time switch
US3588394 *Oct 17, 1969Jun 28, 1971Amf IncSwitch actuating means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3824418 *Feb 13, 1973Jul 16, 1974Gen ElectricWall plug-in time switch
US3828224 *Mar 5, 1973Aug 6, 1974Hulshizer SSwitch with receptacle and switch shunt means
US3992130 *Dec 15, 1972Nov 16, 1976Jacuzzi Bros. IncorporatedSump pump system and pressure responsive switch assembly therefor
US3997742 *Mar 14, 1975Dec 14, 1976Robertshaw Controls CompanyAutomatic timer switch
US4001527 *Jun 13, 1975Jan 4, 1977Stephen Joseph HulshizerElectrical timer-switch
US4104541 *Mar 18, 1977Aug 1, 1978Jewell William RAutomatic electric power switch
US4297546 *Apr 14, 1980Oct 27, 1981Amf IncorporatedActuating means for switch operation in timing apparatus
US7898115Feb 27, 2009Mar 1, 2011Meltzner Jamie HPower supply switch
US20100219916 *Feb 27, 2009Sep 2, 2010Meltzner Jamie HPower supply switch
US20140328696 *May 1, 2014Nov 6, 2014Michael B. BishopManual Override Utility Pump
USD667736 *Jun 17, 2011Sep 25, 2012American Tack And Hardware Co., Inc.Timer
USD772732 *Apr 16, 2015Nov 29, 2016Chia-Hua LinPower socket timer
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/38.0FB, 968/617
International ClassificationG04C23/00, G04C23/24
Cooperative ClassificationG04C23/24
European ClassificationG04C23/24
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 13, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: WELLS FARGO FOOTHILL, INC., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNORS:SALTON, INC.;TOASTMASTER INC.;SALTON TOASTMASTER LOGISTICS LLC;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:016345/0348
Effective date: 20050630
Aug 14, 1995ASAssignment
Owner name: SHAWMUT CAPITAL CORPORATION, WISCONSIN
Free format text: THIRD AMENDMENT TO PATENT COLLATERAL ASSIGNMENT & SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:TOASTMASTER INC.;REEL/FRAME:007603/0271
Effective date: 19950718
Aug 14, 1995AS99Other assignments
Free format text: SHAWMUT CAPITAL CORPORATION SUITE 350 20800 SWENSON DRIVE WAUKESHA, WISCONSIN 53 * TOASTMASTER INC.: 19950718 OTHER CASES: NONE; THIRD AMENDMENT TO PATENT COLLATERAL ASSIGNMENT & SECURITY A
Apr 17, 1995ASAssignment
Owner name: SHAWMUT CAPITAL CORPORATION, WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT & ASSUMPTION;ASSIGNOR:BARCLAYS BUSINESS CREDIT, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007434/0161
Effective date: 19950131
Apr 19, 1994AS06Security interest
Owner name: BARCLAYS BUSINESS CREDIT, INC. 2300 N. MAYFAIR ROA
Effective date: 19940307
Owner name: TOASTMASTER INC.
Apr 19, 1994ASAssignment
Owner name: BARCLAYS BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TOASTMASTER INC.;REEL/FRAME:006950/0294
Effective date: 19940307
Nov 26, 1993ASAssignment
Owner name: BARCLAYS BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: AMENDMENT TO COLLATERAL ASSIGNMENT & SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:TOASTMASTER INC.;REEL/FRAME:006773/0509
Effective date: 19931119
Nov 26, 1993AS99Other assignments
Free format text: BARCLAYS BUSINESS CREDIT, INC. 2300 NORTH MAYFAIR SUITE 375 WAUWATOSA, WISCONSIN * TOASTMASTER INC.: 19931119 OTHER CASES: NONE; AMENDMENT TO COLLATERAL ASSIGNMENT & SECURITY AGREEMENT
Jun 21, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: BARCLAYS BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., A CORP OF CT, ILLI
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TOASTMASTER INC., A CORP OF DE;REEL/FRAME:005328/0225
Effective date: 19900418
Aug 27, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: CONTINENTAL ILLINOIS NATIONAL BANK AND TRUST COMPA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TOASTMASTER INC.;REEL/FRAME:004034/0599
Effective date: 19820818