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Publication numberUS3728758 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 24, 1973
Filing dateDec 11, 1970
Priority dateDec 16, 1969
Also published asCA925260A1, DE2062028A1
Publication numberUS 3728758 A, US 3728758A, US-A-3728758, US3728758 A, US3728758A
InventorsJ Johansen
Original AssigneeGrorud Jernvarefab As
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hinge
US 3728758 A
Abstract
A hinge for door panels and the like which are adapted to be stacked one upon the other and at the same time avoid damage to adjacent doors by hinge members carried by the doors, the hinge construction comprising a locking plate mounted in a cut-out at the mounting edge of the door and having a flat outer surface in the plane of the flat surface of the door, said locking plate being adapted to be secured to the door and providing in cooperation with the cut-out an elongated opening for receiving an engagement structure, and a hinge plate member having means along one edge for receiving a hinge pin, including an engagement structure to be received in the elongated opening under the locking plate and a resilient locking member extending inwardly from the front edge portion of the locking plate and having an outer surface in the plane of the outer surface of the locking plate, and locking means on the underside of the inner portion of the resilient locking member adapted to be engaged by the engagement structure of the hinge plate member when inserted into the elongated opening.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Johansen 51 Apr. 24, T1973 HINGE Primary Examiner-Francis K. Zugel Assistant Examiner-Darrell Marquette [75] lnvemor' Jan Johansen Oslo Norway Attorney-Pennie, Edmonds, Morton, Taylor and [73] Assignee: A/S Grorud J ernvarefabrik, Oslo, Ad

Norway 22 Filed: Dec. 11, 1970 [57] ABSTRACT [211 App] No; 97,106 A hinge for door panels and the like which are adapted to be stacked one upon the other and at the same time avoid damage to adjacent doors by hinge Foreign Application Priority Data members carried by the doors, the hinge construction Dec. 16, 1969. Norway ..4962/69 comprising a locking Plate mounted in cut'out the mounting edge of the door and having a flat outer sur- 52 U.S. c1 ..16/149, 16/171 face the Plane flat Surface of the p Said [51] Int. Cl. ..E05d 7/12 locking Plate being adapted to be Secured to the door [58] Field 01 Search ..16/130, 137, 143, and providing in cooperation with the cont-Out an I 16/149, 158, 159, 171 175 elongated opening for receiving an engagement structure, and a hinge plate member having means along 5 R f e Cited one edge for receiving a hinge pin, including an engagement structure to be received in the elongated UNITED STATES PATENTS opening under the locking plate and a resilient locking 1,196,580 8/1916 Pelot ..l6/149 member'extending inwardly from the from edge 1,214,263 1 1917 Barber ..l6/l49 tion of the locking Plate and having an outer Surface 3 423 73 1 19 9 arias, I; et aL 9 in the plane of the outer surface of the locking plate, 2,20,836 7/1940 Sundell ..16/ 149 and locking means on the underside of the inner por- 2,2 ,0 5 1 e t 6/l4 tion of the resilient locking member adapted to be en- 2,474,311 6/1949 Graham ..l6/l49 gaged by the engagement structure of the hinge plate member when inserted into the elongated opening.

5 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures U ll Patented April24, 1973 3,728,758

2 Sheets-Sheet l I I H. h I II i INVEQTOR BY Patented April 24, 197.3 3,728,758

2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY HINGE The present invention relates to an improvement in hinges having two hinge plates which are relatively pivotable about a pivot, and the invention is particularly intended for hinges of the type used for windows and doors without its being restricted to such hinges, since, as further explained hereinbelow, the hinge may also be used in other fields.

A large number of hinges for doors and windows are known, none of the known hinges being suitable for use in modern, rationalized production of doors and windows, however. One of the present requirements is that the door panels must be produced with ready milled cutouts for hinge plates, and the hinge plates must be of such type that the door panels may be hinged to the right or to the left of the door merely by turning the door around, the hinges being symmetrically positioned on the door panel. To achieve this, the hinges must be provided with loose hinge pins and, since these are relatively small, they are easily lost on a building site with the result that doors may stand unhinged for long periods of time, until new hinge pins have been provided.

The known hinges which permit symmetrical manufacture of door panels also have a hinge curl, however, which projects from the edge of the door panel and causes difficulties when storing door panels since they must be stored, for example stacked, with great care so that a hinge curl projecting from a door panel does not damage adjacent door panels in the stack.

The object of the present invention is primarily to provide an improvement in hinges so as to avoid the said disadvantages (loose hinge pins and damage to door panels in a stack), and this is achieved in that at least one side of the hinge comprises two plate members permanently hinged together where one of the plate members fits into a second hinge member com prising the other side of the hinge, which is permanently secured, for example, to a door panel. The said second member is provided with a guide for the one hinged plate member, and the two members of the hinge plate may be interlocked by means of a suitable snap-mechanism.

The invention thus relates to an improvement in a hinge having two first and second hinge plates where at least the first of the hinge plates is divided into two members, one member being intended, together with a door panel, to form a pocket for insertion and mounting of the second member of the hinge'and is substantially characterized in that the first said member of the hinge has plane surfaces at right angles one to the other, adapted for mounting in a cutout in the door panel in alignment with the side surfaces thereof.

A further feature of the invention resides in forming both hinge plates as a fitting and having a member which is adapted thereto.

A further feature of the invention is that the fitting is provided with a stop, locking lug or the like for locking of the second member of the hinge when this is inserted into the fitting.

In a preferred embodiment example, the fitting is provided with a slot and the second member of the hinge plate is provided with a tongue which fits into said slot and, furthermore, one'side of the fitting may be formed as a resilient lip having a stop or locking lug, and the fitting is preferably formed with plane surfaces at right angles one to the other so that the fitting may be mounted on a window sash or door panel in alignment with the side surfaces of the sash or door.

In order that the invention may be more readily understood it is further described in the following with references to the drawings where:

FIG. I shows a fitting seen from the side,

FIG. 2 shows a section through the fitting on FIG. I with the fitting mounted on to a door panel,

F IG. 3 shows the second member of the hinge,

FIG. 4 shows a second embodiment form of a hinge member and FIGS. 5 and 6 show how a door panel is set in place in a door frame.

A hinge effected in accordance with the invention shall have a fitting I with a central resilient lip 2 and screw holes 3 for mounting of the fitting in a milled cutout in, for example, a door panel 4 (FIG. 2). The fitting 1 fits the cutout 5 in the door panel 4 in such a manner that the door panel has plane side surfaces and edges 6. This substantially simplifies storage since finished door panels may be stacked without it being necessary to take into consideration the risk of damage to adjacent door panels in the stack from projecting hinge members.

The second member of the hinge (FIG. 3) has a curl 7 for permanent hinging of the hinge plate 8 (FIGS. 4 and 5) to the hinge plate member 9 which fits into the fitting I on FIG. I and is locked to this in the embodiment example illustrated by means of a slot II) which cooperates with a locking lug II on the underside of the resilient lip 2. The hinge member 9 is inserted into the fitting I, 2 as indicated by arrow 12 on FIG. 2, when the members which are to be interhinged are mounted together. On FIG. 4 the hinge is provided with two hinge plates 8 and 9, for cooperation with respective fittings effected as illustrated on FIGS. I and 2. This offers the advantage that the hinge, when used on furniture for example, may be readily replaced by an unskilled person, and it is thus possible in a simple manner to fit the furniture hinge to furniture already in existence. If, for example, existing furniture sections are provided with hinges and other fittings made of bronze, it is hardly suitable to have, for example, nickel hinges on new articles of furniture, even though these otherwise suit the furniture. With the fitting illustrated on FIG. I mounted on furniture and on doors, and with the movable parts of the hinge effected as illustrated on FIG. 4, it is therefore simple to replace the hinges without any further work on the article of furniture. The movable parts of the hinge may be readily released from the fittings I by using a suitable tool through a slot 13 and lifting the tongue or lip 2 so that the lug II is disengaged from the slot III). The hinge plates 8 and 9 may then be readily withdrawn from the fittings I.

Hinges in accordance with the invention are, however, of particular importance in connection with hinging of door panels as explained hereinabove, and one hinge plate, designated by 3 on FIGS. 5 and 6, may then be effected in manner known per se and attached to a suitable extent in a door frame 14 or a part which is to be subsequently assembled as door frame. The member 9 is permanently hinged to the hinge plate 8, and mounting of the door panel 4 with the fitting I recessed in its edge surface is carried out by lifting the door panel with fitting 1 to the correct height in relation to the fitting member 9, as illustrated on FIG. 5, and, when the hinge member 9 and the fitting member 1 are brought together, as illustrated on FIG. 6, both at the upper and lower part of the door, the door is then hinged without use of further separate parts or tools. The hinging is so simple to carry out that risk of damage to pre-painted door panels and frames is much less than when previously known hinge types are used, and a further advantage in assembly of frame and door panel, on horizontal movement of the door panel, is that the sharp corners of the door panel will not be in a position to make marks and dents in door frames and mouldings around the door opening, this last being easily done when the hinges are of the type where the door panel must be raised somewhat in order to bring the hinge plates together.

The example illustrated discloses only the actual inventive idea, and other embodiment examples may readily be envisaged which are also within the scope of the invention, for example with other locking mechanisms than the resilient lip illustrated.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A hinge construction for doors and the like having flat plane side and edge surfaces, the hinge construction comprising in combination a locking plate to be mounted at the mounting edge of a door and the like and a cooperating hinge plate member having means along one edge for receiving a hinge pin and having an engagement structure projecting from the hinge pin receiving means adapted to be received by and cooperate with the locking plate, said locking plate adapted to be mounted in a cut-out in a flat surface of the door extending from a corner of its mounting edge and having a flat outer surface in the plane of said flat surface of the door, said locking plate being adapted to be secured to the door and to provide in cooperation with the cut-out a space extending under the locking plate and an elongated opening thereto at said comer of the door for receiving the engagement structure of the hinge plate member, said locking plate including a resilient locking member extending inwardly from the front edge portion of the locking plate at said corner and having an outer surface in the plane of the outer surface of the locking plate, and a locking means on the underside of the inner portion of the resilient locking member adapted to be engaged by the engagement structure of the hinge plate member when inserted into the elongated opening under the locking plate at said corner at the door.

2. A hinge construction as claimed in claim 1, wherein the engagement structure of the hinge plate member comprises an engagement plate having means defining an elongated slot in its projecting end portion, and whereinthe locking means on the underside of the resilient locking member comprises a lug adapted to be received into the slot of said plate when the engagement plate is inserted into the elongated opening under the locking plate.

3. A hinge construction for doors and the like having flat plane side and edge surfaces, the hinge construction comprising in combination a locking plate to be mounted at the mounting edge of a door and the like and a cooperating hinge plate member having means along one edge for receiving a hinge pin and having an engagement structure projecting from the hinge pin receiving means adapted to be received by and cooperate with the locking plate, said locking plate comprising a fitting adapted to be mounted in a cut-out in a flat surface of the door extending from a corner of its mounting edge and having a'flat outer surface in the plane of said fiat surface of the door, said locking plate being adapted to be secured to the door in the cut-out and to provide in cooperation with the cut-out a space or pocket extending under the locking plate and an elongated opening thereto at said corner of the door for receiving the engagement structure of the hinge plate member, said locking plate fitting comprising an integral structure including as a part an integral, tonguelike, resilient locking member extending inwardly from the front edge portion of the locking plate fitting at said comer and having an outer surface in the plane of the outer surface of the body of the locking plate fitting, said tongue-like locking member being connected to the body of the fitting only along said front edge portion, and a locking means on the underside of the inner portion of the resilient locking member adapted to be engaged by the engagement structure of the hinge plate member when inserted into the elongated opening under the locking plate at said corner of the door.

4. A hinge construction as claimed in claim 3, wherein the inner portion of the resilient locking member is spaced from the inner portion of the locking plate proper sufficient to provide an access slot between the inner end of the locking member and inner end portion of the locking plate proper.

5. A hinge construction for doors and the like having flat plane side and edge surfaces, the hinge construction comprising in combination a locking plate to be mounted at the mounting edge of a door and the like and a cooperating hinge plate member having means along one edge for receiving a hinge pin and having an engagement structure projecting from the hinge pin receiving means adapted to be received by and cooperate with the locking plate, said locking plate comprising a fitting adapted to be mounted in a cut-out in the mounting edge surface of the door, the cut-out and locking plate fitting extending from a corner of the mounting edge of the door, the locking plate fitting having a flat outer surface in the plane of the mounting edge surface of the door and being adapted to be secured to the door in the cut-out and to provide in cooperation with the cut-out a space of pocket extending under the locking plate and an elongated opening thereto at said comer in the flat plane side of the door for receiving the engagement structure of the hinge plate member, said locking plate including a resilient locking member extending inwardly from the edge portion of the locking plate located over the elongated opening at said corner and having an outer surface in the plane of the outer surface of the locking plate, and a locking means on the underside of the inner portion of the resilient locking member adapted to be engaged by the engagement structure of the hinge plate member when inserted into the elongated opening under the locking plate at said comer of the door, the location of the locking plate fitting in the cut-out in the door being such that a plurality of doors having such fittings may be stacked without risk of damage to adjacent doors.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US220836 *Apr 8, 1879Oct 21, 1879 Improvement in whiffletree-hooks
US1196580 *Mar 11, 1916Aug 29, 1916Gustave PelotHinge.
US1214263 *Sep 7, 1916Jan 30, 1917Dale L BarberDoor-hinge.
US2243065 *Sep 10, 1938May 27, 1941Gen ElectricMolded box
US2474311 *Oct 25, 1947Jun 28, 1949Trig CorpHinged casing structure
US3423786 *Jun 23, 1966Jan 28, 1969Ajax Hardware Mfg CorpCabinet hinge having separable hinge leaves
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3965532 *Jul 23, 1975Jun 29, 1976Crompton, Nettlefold Stenman LimitedHinges
US4825507 *Dec 1, 1987May 2, 1989A/S Grorud JernvarefabrikScrew operated ajustably positioned hinge leaf
US4982475 *Aug 11, 1989Jan 8, 1991Tore KillingstadArrangement in a door hinge with two hinge flaps and an attaching plate for one of said hinge flaps
US5193308 *Jul 22, 1992Mar 16, 1993The Stanley WorksSnap-in hinge for doors with hollow metal frames
US6321414 *Dec 22, 1999Nov 27, 2001Square D CompanyHinge for electrical enclosure
US6708368 *Jul 31, 2002Mar 23, 2004Adc Telecommunications, Inc.Hinge clip and cover for telecommunications equipment
US7346959 *Feb 25, 2005Mar 25, 2008Newell Operating CompanyHinge
US7350272 *Feb 25, 2004Apr 1, 2008Frip AbHinge device
US7516517Jul 28, 2006Apr 14, 2009Frip AbHinge device
US7552511Jul 28, 2006Jun 30, 2009Creative Research & Development, Inc.Adjustable hinge
US7694388Aug 30, 2006Apr 13, 2010Creative Research & Development, Inc.Adjustable hinge
EP1688572A2 *Jan 30, 2006Aug 9, 2006Inhan Tehtaat Oy AbHinge and locking piece
WO2006020235A1 *Jul 18, 2005Feb 23, 2006Ppg Ind Ohio IncA pivotally mountable hinge part having quick assembly hinge sections and method of using same
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/257, 16/DIG.400, 16/384, 16/382
International ClassificationE05D7/12, E05D7/02, E05D5/04
Cooperative ClassificationY10S16/40, E05Y2900/132, E05D2007/128, E05Y2600/53, E05D7/02, E05D5/04, E05D7/12
European ClassificationE05D7/02, E05D7/12