|Publication number||US3729020 A|
|Publication date||Apr 24, 1973|
|Filing date||Apr 26, 1971|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3729020 A, US 3729020A, US-A-3729020, US3729020 A, US3729020A|
|Inventors||Koci L, Suarez H|
|Original Assignee||Koci L, Suarez H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (19), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Koci et al.
[111 3,729,02fi [451 Apr. 24,1973
[ 1 PRESSURE RELIEF AND DRAIN VALVE  Inventors: Ludvik F. Koci, 917 N. Waiola 211 App]. No.: 137,280
Related US. Application Data 3,027,912 4/ I962 Carr et al ..l37/522 X 2,086,942 7/1937 Mandeville.. ..137/522 3,651,829 3/1972 Frantz ....137/529 Primary Examiner-Henry T. Klinksiek Attorney-J. L. Carpenter et a1.
[ 5 7 ABSTRACT A locomotive cooling system has radiators mounted above the normal coolant level during engine shutdown in the engine and water tank so as to drain the  Division of Ser. No. 33,319, April 30, 1970, Pat. No. radiators when the engine stops to avoid the possibility 3,621,907. of freezing the water therein. An automatic pressure relief and overflow valve is provided which is open  US. Cl- -.13 /5 during engine shutdown to drain excess water from the cooling system so as to prevent the retaining of  Int. Cl. ..F 161' 15/06, F l6r 17/04 any coolant in the radiators When the engine is  Field of Search ..l37/522, 529; Operating the valve is normally Closed by engine 251/83 lubricating oil pressure to permit normal pressure buildup in the engine cooling system. However, the valve  References C'ted opens to relieve excess pressure in the cooling system. UNITED STATES PATENTS Manual opening means are also provided to relieve system pressure during engine operation. 1,623,431 4/1927 McVoy ..l37/529 UX 2,829,860 4/ 1958 Garner et al. ..251/129 2 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures a 7% 5? 63 58 \X m r as m g Patented April 24, 1973 2 Sheets-Sheet l l l I I r I I I AT TORNEY PRESSURE RELIEF AND DRAIN VALVE CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application is a divisional of US. Pat. application Ser. No. 33,319, filed Apr. 30, 1970 and now US. Pat. No. 3,621,907.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a valve for a cooling system having automatic pressure relief and shutdown level control features.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART It is known in the art relating to diesel locomotives,
power units and other mechanisms utilizing internal combustion engines for exterior use, to provide a water cooling system having radiators mounted above the normal water level in the system when the engine is shut down. This permits the water coolant to drain from the radiators during engine shutdown to avoid the possibility of coolant freezing in the radiator elements, which are generally mounted in a position exposed to air at ambient temperatures.
In such systems, it is normally possible to add cooling water to the tank while the engine is operating, at which time the level in the water tank is lower than when the engine is stopped and the cooling system may, therefore, be inadvertently overfilled. Then when the engine is stopped the water level may be sufficiently high to retain some coolant in the radiators with consequent danger of freezing in cold weather. The problem has been complicated by the recent use of pressure cooling systems, which require relief of the system pressure in order to drain excessive water from the system or to add water or cooling water treatment to the water tank.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides an improved engine cooling system of the above-described type which incorporates an automatic valve having several functions. (1) It opens to relieve excessive pressure in the cooling system. (2) It is normally closed when the engine is running so as to permit normal pressure buildup in the cooling system but it opens when the engine is stopped so as to drain any excess water from the cooling system and thus provide for positive draining of the radiators. (3) It provides for manual pressure relief so as to permit safe removal of the water tank filler cap for filling of the water tank or the addition of water treatment.
Further details and advantages of the cooling system and valve arrangement will be apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment taken together with the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a side view representing, in part diagrammatically, a locomotive engine with attached cooling and lubricating oil system elements;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 taken generally in the plane indicated by the line 22 as viewed in the direction of the arrows; and
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing the interior construction of the valve as viewed in FIG. 2.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the drawings, numeral 10 generally indicates the carbody of a locomotive in which there is mounted a diesel engine 12 having externally connected radiators 14 (shown diagrammatically) and various lubricating and cooling system elements mounted in a separate plumbing rack 16.
Engine 12 is of a type in current use for diesel locomotives and includes a pair of water pumps 18 (only one being shown) which have outlets connecting with the internal cooling passages (not shown) of the engine. The engine also has a lubricating oil pump 20 which supplies pressure to the engine lubricating oil system whenever the engine is running. A pressure line 22 connects a distant portion of the lubricating oil system with the engine governor 24 to provide a pressure signal indicating proper operation of the engine.
The engine cooling system passages have an outlet which connects through conduit 26 with the radiators 14. The radiators are, in turn, connected through conduits 28 with an oil cooler 30 mounted in the plumbing rack 16. Oil cooler 30 then connects through dual conduits 32 with the inlets of the water pumps, completing the main cooling water flow circuit.
A water tank 34 is also mounted in plumbing rack 16 below the level of the radiators and is connected through vertical conduits 36, which extend from the lower surface of the tank to the conduits 32 which convey water to the water pump inlets. The water tank is adapted to retain a supply of water and to provide a pressure head on the pump inlets so that water is provided to the pump inlets under all operating conditions.
When the engine is stopped, the cooling water level in the engine cooling system normally extends along a plane 38 slightly below the top of the water tank 34 so that no water remains in the radiators 14. When the engine is running the water level in tank 34 drops, since the engine water pumps maintain a solid flow of water through the main coolant circuit and the water to fill the radiators is supplied by the water tank.
Water tank 34 is provided with an overflow pipe 40 which extends inwardly to the normal shutdown water level and connects outwardly through an elbow 42 with an automatic pressure relief and level control valve 44. Valve 44 is, in turn, connected with a water drain line 46 and, through oil lines 48 and 50, with the oil pressure line 22.
Valve 44 comprises a housing having a valve seat 52 which is engagable by a reciprocable valve element 54 to close the drain passage from the tank. Element 54 is supported by a movable guide member 56, which carries a spring 58. The spring acts against the guide member and a spring seat 60 so as to bias the valve element 54 toward the valve seat 52. Travel of the spring 58 is limited when the valve is open by a cap member 62 that is attached to the guide member 56.
A hydraulic piston 64 acting within a cylinder 66 at one end of the valve member connects with guide member 56 and is acted upon by a second spring 68 which urges the piston in a direction to open valve element 54 by moving the guide member, cap and valve element assembly 56, 62, 54. Provision is made for the introduction of lubricating oil pressure from oil line 50 through an elbow 70 and orifice 72 to the interior of cylinder 66 so as to act against the piston 64. .Thus,
when the engine is running, the oil pressure forces piston 64 in a valve closing direction so as to compress the spring 68 and permit the valve element 54 to be closed by spring 58.
The valve 44 also includes a manual operating handle 74 connected with a pivotable fork 76. The fork is engagable with a flange 78 of the valve element 54 so that rotation of the handle 74 (in a clockwise direction as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2) is effective to manually open the valve by moving element 54 in a valve opening direction.
The operation of the above described cooling arrangement is as follows. When the engine is stopped, water and water treatment may be added to the cooling system through a suitable opening (not shown) in the top of the water tank which is normally sealed by a suitable closure. When the proper coolant level is reached, the excess coolant flows into pipe 40 and down through the open valve 44, passing out through drain pipe 46. Since there is no pressure in the engine lubricating oil system at this time, spring 68 holds piston 64 in a leftward position, as shown in FIG. 3, thereby moving the guide member and valve assembly leftwardly so that the valve is open.
When the engine is started, the lubricating oil pressure is transmitted through pressure lines 22, 48 and 50 to the cylinder 66 in the valve body. There the oil pressure forces piston 64 to the right, permitting spring 58 to seat the valve element 54. At the same time, the engine water pumps draw water from the water tank 34 and force it through the engine and into the radiators 14 from whence it passes through the oil cooler and around to the inlet of the water pumps in a continuous circuit. As previously mentioned, the level in the water tank drops during engine operation due to the water taken from it, which is then flowing through the radiators and other parts of the cooling system.
Operation of the engine increases the temperature of the coolant and, since the valve 44 is closed, pressure is developed in the cooling system, which permits operation of the system at high temperatures without boiling. If an excessive pressure is reached, the coolant pressure acting directly on valve member 54, mbves the valve member leftwardly against the bias of spring 58, opening the valve and relieving the pressure. In this way, valve 44 acts as a pressure relief valve.
If, during engine operation, it is desired to add additional cooling water or cooling water treatment to the cooling system, it is necessary first to relieve the pressure in the system in order to permit the filler cap closure to be safely opened. Such pressure relief may be manually accomplished by rotating the valve operating handle 74 clockwise, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, so that the fork member 76 engages flange 78 of the valve member, moving the valve member in an opening direction and relieving the cooling system pressure.
While the invention has been described by reference to a preferred embodiment selected for purposes of illustration, it should be obvious that numerous modifications of the inventive concepts disclosed could be made within the spirit and scope of the disclosure. Accordingly, the invention is intended to be limited only by the language of the following claims.
We claim l. A pressure relief and automatic dram valve for use in an engine cooling system to control the level and pressure of the coolant, said valve comprising:
a valve body,
a valve element reciprocably movable in said body between open and closed positions,
first biasing means urging said valve element in a closing direction and yieldable to permit said valve to be opened in response to a predetermined pressure of fluid acting against said valve element,
actuating means connectable with said valve element to move it in an opening direction, said valve element and said actuating means being arranged for limited relative movement to permit opening movement of said valve element without a corresponding movement of said actuating means, and
second biasing means yieldably acting on said actuating means and urging it in a valve opening direction so as to cause said actuating means to open said valve irrespective of the action of said first biasing means, said actuating means being responsive to a secondary fluid pressure to move said actuating means in a valve closing direction against the force of said second biasing means and thereby permit closing of said valve by said first biasing means.
2. A pressure relief and drain valve for use in an engine cooling system to control the level and pressure of the engine coolant, said valve comprising:
a valve body,
a valve element reciprocably movable in said body between open and closed positions,
a first spring urging said valve element in a closing direction and yieldable to permit the valve to be opened by excessive coolant pressure acting on the valve element,
an actuator connectable with said valve element and adapted to move it in an opening direction, aid valve element and said actuator being arranged for limited relative movement to permit opening movement of said valve element without a corresponding movement of said actuator,
a second spring acting on said actuator and urging it in a valve opening direction so as to cause said actuator to open said valve irrespective of the action of said first spring,
said actuator including a hydraulic piston responsive to fluid pressure from a second source to overcome the force of said second spring and move said actuator in a valve closing direction to thereby permit the closing of said valve by said first spring, and
a manual actuator in said body and actuable to open said valve against the force of said first spring.
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|U.S. Classification||137/522, 251/63.6, 251/83, 137/529|
|International Classification||F01P11/20, F01P11/14|