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Publication numberUS3732667 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1973
Filing dateApr 13, 1971
Priority dateApr 13, 1971
Also published asCA934511A1
Publication numberUS 3732667 A, US 3732667A, US-A-3732667, US3732667 A, US3732667A
InventorsC Fromknecht, M Harbeck
Original AssigneeSinger Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vacuum cleaner
US 3732667 A
Abstract
A vacuum cleaner including an open top dirt container having an air inlet located adjacent to the upper portion thereof and having a baffle mounted behind the suction inlet to direct the inlet air downwardly and circumferentially toward the lower walls of the container. A cover housing assembly is mounted in and removably secured to the upper peripheral portion of the dirt container by a pair of plastic latches having cam surfaces which snap over cooperating surfaces on the container. A top housing having a carrying handle and an exhaust port formed therein is secured to the cover housing by four screws to entrap the motor-blower unit and the latches therebetween. A peripheral slot within which the electric power cord of the motor-blower unit is adapted to be stored is formed between the peripheral edge of the top housing and the upper surface of the cover housing. The motor blower unit sits in a seat formed in the cover housing with its inlet communicating with the interior of the dirt container by means of an aperture formed within the seat, and has its discharge outlet in communication with the exhaust port of the top housing. Both a disposable paper filter and a cloth secondary filter may be mounted between the dirt container and the cover housing about the entire periphery thereof to prevent dirt from being drawn through the motor blower unit from the dirt container.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ 11 3,73%o7 May 115, 1973 S e t a is l romknecht et a1.

[ 'VACUUM CLEANER [75] Inventors: Charles T. Fromknecht; Martin E.

[57] ABSTRACT A vacuum cleaner including an o t Harbeclr, both of Anderson, SC. pen top dirt conainer having an air inlet located adjacent t [73] Assignee: The Singer Company, New York, othe NY. portion thereof and having a baffle mounted behind the suction inlet to direct the inlet air downward] y and con- [22] Filed: Apr. 13, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 133,655

circumferentially toward the lower walls of the tainer. A cover housing assembly is mounted in and removably secured to the upper peripheral portion of the dirt container by a pair of N mb PAM. d O VSH f. d aea mme hmh m m e t n 6 TS n we h .1. t CSW timw b .P na m cfi e 0 ma h t Seg t d m s m P v e P a h h c g m cam surfaces which snap over coo the container. A top housin and an exhaust port formed therein is secured to the cover housing by four screws to entra blower unit and the peripheral slot within which the electric the motor-blower unit is ada formed between the peripheral edge of the top hous- [56] References Cited ing and the upper surface of the cover housing. The

UNITED STATES PATENTS motor blower unit sits in a seat formed in the cover housing with its inlet communicating with the interior of the dirt container by means of an aperture formed 7 and has its discharge outlet in communication with the exhaust port of the top housing. Both lter and a cloth secondary filter ween the dirt container and the cover housing about the entire periphery thereof to prevent dirt from being drawn throu blower unit from the dirt container.

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS may be bet gh the motor 593,574 5/1959 Italy.......................................15/323 4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures Primary Examiner-Dennis E. Talbert, Jr. Attorney-Marshall .1. Breen, Chester A. Williams, .1 r., anc i A lan Ruderman PATENTEUHAY] 51975 3 732,66T

SHEET '1 OF 2 INVENTORS BY Martin E. Horbeck WITNESS= Charles T Fromknech? BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to vacuum cleaners and more particularly to an improved casing construction thereof. It is particularly well suited for a canister type vacuum cleaner in which the principal axis is vertical, and may be embodied in a domestic vacuum cleaner for use in the home, shop, on a patio, or in an industrial type vacuum cleaner.

A large portion of the manufacturing cost in the highly competitive vacuum cleaner art results from assembling the many components into the completed unit. In the known vacuum cleaners of the prior art the motor blower unit, which creates the suction within a suction chamber, is secured directly to a housing forming a part of the casing or frame. Generally, the motor blower unit includes a peripheral flange which is secured by screws to the housing. Furthermore, inasmuch as canister type vacuum cleaners require a dirt filter bag of some sort there must be some means provided whereby operator entry into the vacuum chamber is permitted. This is normally accomplished by means of latches or other locking elements which are secured to a housing by means of some fastening device, generally screws. Many canister vacuum cleaners are designed with latches on one end and hinge members on another end so that one housing can be pivoted upwardly relative to another housing for access into the vacuum chamber. Moreover, the electrical power cord for the motor of the motor blower unit requires some storage compartment when the unit is not in use, and this generally requires either a reel type mechanism or storage within a pivoted housing. I

The provision of these features in the prior art vacuum cleaners has required a multitude of assembly operations to be performed in the final assembly of the vacuum cleaner, thereby adding to its manufacturing cost and increasing its bulkiness, weight and complexity.

SUMMARY It is a primary object of this invention to provide an improved, low cost and compact vacuum cleaner.

It is another object of this invention to provide a vacuum cleaner which lends itself to mass production techniques of fabrication and assembly.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a vacuum cleaner casing comprising a plurality of housings between which are entrapped the major components of the vacuum cleaner.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a vacuum cleaner casing comprising an open-topped dirt-retaining container upon which is supported and nested therein a first housing which carries the motor blower unit and a top housing secured to the first housing and entrapping the motor blower unit and a plurality of latch means therebetween, and defining a peripheral slot for storage of the motor power line cord.

The present invention achieves these objects by providing a vacuum cleaner having an open top dirt container with a suction inlet therein, a first housing nested within the container and including a motor blower unit positioned on an apertured seat formed in the first housing, and a top housing positioned on and secured to the first housing to constrain the motor blower unit in the seat by entrapment, a porous filter positioned around the peripheral edge of the dirt container, a plurality of resilient latching members entrapped between the first housing and the top housing for securing the first housing to the dirt container, and wherein the top housing and the first housing define a peripheral slot therebetween for storage of the motor blower power line cord in a reeled condition.

BRIEF DESCRIPTIONOF THE DRAWINGS The particular features and advantages of the invention as well as other objects will become apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view, partially broken away for clarity, of a vacuum cleaner embodying the novel features of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary cross sectional view taken substantially along line 2-2 of FIG. 1, illustrating the mounting of one of the latch members;

FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view taken substantially along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1, illustrating the mounting of the motor blower unit between the first housing and the top housing, and

FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view taken substantially along line 44 of FIG. 3.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals denote similar parts throughout the various views, there is disclosed a canister vacuum cleaner, generally designated as 20, which incorporates the improved casing construction of the present invention. The casing comprises an open top substantially cylindrical dirt container 22, a cover or first housing 24 and a top housing 26. The container and each of the housings preferably is comprised of plastic and is manufactured by molding. Formed adjacent to the open end of the dirt container 22 is an air suction inlet conduit 28 opening into the container and adapted to couple a conventional vacuum cleaner flexible hose (not shown) in the usual manner. Preferably, a styrene baffle 30 is mounted behind the inlet aperture defined by the conduit 28 by means of slots (not shown) formed in the wall of the dirt container adjacent to the inlet which slots received corresponding flanges 32 of the baffle. A projection 34 on the baffle cams under the top edge of the inlet opening to further aid in locking the baffle in place. The baffle isplaced to direct the inlet air downwardly and circumferentially toward the lower side walls of the container. Externally mounted at the bottom of the container are preferably three casters 36. An L-shaped bracket 38 forms the upper raceway of each of the casters, and the upstanding portion 39 of each bracket is pressed fitted into a cavity 40 formed adjacent the bottom of the container. The use of three casters provides a very stable support for the cleaner on a floor surface. The first housing or cover housing 24 is substantially cup shaped having a flange periphery. 'At the bottom of the cup shaped housing there is formed a substantially flat circular seating portion'42 having an aperture 44 formed centrally therein with an downwardly extending neck 46 communicating with the interior of the dirt container 22. The outer periphery of the first housing 24 includes a peripheral rim 48 substantially corresponding in shape to the periphery of the top of the dirt container 22, and includes an annular groove 50 at its underside for receiving the top peripheral portion of the dirt container. In this manner the first housing 24 is supported on the dirt container with the cup shaped portion of the housing nested within the dirt container, and is detachably secured thereto as will herein after be described. The top housing 26 includes an upwardly projecting annular wall 52 defining an aperture 54 which forms the exhaust port of the vacuum cleaner which communicates with the interior of the cup shaped portion of the first housing 24. Centrally bridging a recessed surface 55 of the top housing is a carrying handle 56 by which the vacuum cleaner may be manipulated. Projecting downwardly from a lower surface of the top housing are four bosses 58 which threadly receive a corresponding screw 60 passing through a hole 61 formed in the first housing thereby to secure the housing together.

A motor blower unit 62 of any conventional design is mounted on the housing seat 42 with the blower inlet 64 in registration with the opening 44 in the first housing. Surrounding the motor blower unit is a perforated motor guard 66 which is secured to a motor guard top plate 68 by a tab and slot arrangement. Conveniently, all of the electrical wiring including a conventional switch 70 is contained within the motor casing 66 with the electrical motor power cord 72 exiting through an opening in the motor guard. An annular seal 74 is secured about the bottom of the motor guard and the motor blower unit is fitted onto the seat 42. The top housing 26 includes a downwardly projecting rectangularly extending rib 76 at the central portion of the bottom surface of the housing 26. Mounted about the free end of the rib 76 is a grooved seal 78 which abuts the plate 68 of the motor blower unit when the housings 26 and 24 are secured together. Thus, the motor blower unit 62 is entrapped between the housings 24 and 26 and more particularly between the seat 42 and the rib 76 when the screws 60 are properly positioned within the bosses 58 to secure the housings together. Clearly, the assembly of the housing 24 to 26 is such that no screws or other securing means pass directly into the motor blower unit so that assembly and disassembly may be accomplished in a minimum amount of time and with a minimum amount of effort.

Both a disposable paper filter 80 and a cloth secondary filter 82 are mounted between the dirt container 22 and the housing 24 about the entire periphery thereof and separates the motor blower unit from the dirt container. The cloth filter 82 includes a resilient ring 84 to seal the dirt container from the housing 24. The cloth filter is of a substantially hemispherical shape and the paper filter is similarly shaped and wrapped about the cloth filter and secured in position by turning its peripheral edges inwardly toward the center and over the ring 84 of the cloth filter. Formed on the outer wall of the cup shaped portion of a housing 24 to aid in maintaining the filter shape by preventing the filters from being drawn against the surfaces of the housing 24 is a plurality of ribs 86, while a grid like structure 87 located in the aperture 44 in the neck portion 46 of the housing 24 prevents the filters from being drawn into the inlet of the motor blower.

To secure the first housing, and thus also the assembled motor blower unit and top housing, to the dirt container in a substantially air tight relationship therewith the cleaner is provided with at least two resilient latching members, generally designated 88, preferably comprising flexible plastic. Each latching member or latch 88 is supported at one end 90 in cantilever fashion by entrapment between a downwardly extending rib 92 of the top housing 26 and an upper surface 94 of the first housing 24. Adjacent to the cantilevered portion 90 the latch includes a downwardly extending tapered cylindrical plug 96 and beyond that includes a laterally extending portion 98 which rests upon the first housing and may be moved manually upwardly relative thereto. The latch extends beyond the periphery of the first housing and includes at the free end a downwardly extending locking portion 102. The plug 96 is positioned within a cavity or recess 104 formed in the upper surface of the first housing 24 and the rib 92 secures it in place. The arrangement is such that a living hinge is formed by the mounting of the latching member 88 between the first housing and the top housing so that the latching members 88 may be pivoted vertically relative to the container and housings. On the inside of the locking portion 102 facing the container 22 there is formed an outwardly extending protuberance or camming finger 106 which cooperates with a downwardly projecting flange 108 formed on the periphery of the dirt container at locations adapted to register with the corresponding latching member. Thus, in order to securely mount the motor blower and the housings on the dirt container in a substantially air tight relationship the first housing is set upon the dirt container with the filter seal 84 properly positioned on the periphery of the dirt container and each locking portion 102 of a latching member 88 is pushed downwardly until the protuberance 106 is below the flange 108 and in abutting relationship therewith. This compresses the seal 84 between the first housing and the dirt container and prevents linkage of air therebetween which wound tend to reduce the suction within the interior of the dirt container. To remove the first housing and the associated motor blower and top housing from the dirt container, when the dirt container is to be emptied or when the filters are to be cleaned or changed, the locking portions 102 are simply pulled outwardly to release the finger 106 from the flange 108 and the first housing is lifted from the dirt container.

In order to store the electrical cord 72 conveniently, the top housing 26, as illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4, includes an annular wall 110 which extends downwardly into abutting relationship with a top surface portion of the first housing 24, and the periphery of the top housing 26, which includes a peripheral bead 112, is spaced above the upper surface of the housing 24. This arrangement defines a peripheral slot 114 between the wall 1 10, the lower surface of the peripheral wall of the top housing and the upper surface of the first housing As clearly illustrated in FIG. 3 the power line cord 72 extends upwardly from the motor-blower and exits into the slot 114 from between the housings 24 and 26 through a hole 115 formed in the annular wall 110. To store the power line cord 72 within the slot 114 merely requires reeling the cord within the slot spirally. This is easily accomplished manually by guiding the cord into the slot while the handle 56 is used to turn the cleaner about its vertical axis. A conventional plug 116 having a groove at one edge thereof may then be affixed to the bead 112 of the top housing.

It should be clear that a unique and novel construction of a vacuum cleaner casing is disclosed which provides simplicity of fabrication and assembly so that it may be manufactured at a minimum of cost without sacrificing its performance. Furthermore, it may be noted that the motor blower assembly including the top housing and the first housing as a unit, may be utilized with dirt containers of various dirt carrying capacity merely by increasing the vertical height of the dirt container.

Numerous alterations of the structure herein disclosed will suggest themselves to those skilled in the art. For example, the particular circular shape of the disclosed structure may be varied to different cross sectional configurations; the only requirement being the upper housing, the top housing, the filter shape and the periphery of the dirt container be of substantially the same cross sectional configuration. Also, the exhaust port of the vacuum cleaner may be in the upper housing rather than in the top housing as disclosed. However, it is to be understood that the present disclosure relates to a preferred embodiment of the invention which is for purposes of illustration only and not to be construed as a limitation of the invention. All such modifications which do not depart from the spirit of the invention are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. In a suction cleaner, in combination, a container having an open top and a suction inlet therein, a first housing nested within the container and having an outer periphery substantially corresponding in shape to the periphery of the top of the container and supported thereon, a seat formed in said housing, means defining an aperture in said seat communicating with the interior of said container, a motor-blower unit positioned on the seat with the blower inlet in registration with said aperture, a top housing positioned on said first housing and having a portion thereof abutting said motor-blower unit, means for securing said top housing to said first housing to constrain said motor-blower unit in the seat, an air porous filter positioned intermediate said container and said first housing, said filter having a resilient seal extending about its peripheral edge, said seal having a peripheral edge substantially corresponding in shape to the periphery of the top of the container and supported thereon, said first housing being positioned on the peripheral edge of said seal, and latch means comprising at least a pair of resilient latching members for removably securing said first housing to said container, each of said members being positioned on and spaced about the periphery of said first housing and having a portion thereof extending beyond the periphery of said housing, means on said top housing abutting said members remote from said portions to secure said members between said housings, at least a pair of flanges spaced about the periphery of said container at locations adapted to register with said members, a protuberance on said extending portion of each member at a location opposite a respective flange for camming under said flange to secure said members to said container.

2. In a suction cleaner, in combination, a container having an open top and a suction inlet therein, a first housing nested within the container and having an outer periphery substantially corresponding in shape to the periphery of the top of the container and supported thereon, a seat formed in said housing, means defining an aperture in said seat communicating with the interior of said container, an electric motor-blower unit having an electric power cord positioned on the seat with the blower inlet in registration with said aperture, a top housing positioned on said first housing and having a portion thereof abutting said motor-blower unit, means for securing said top housing to said first housing to constrain said motor-blower unit in the seat, said top housing comprising an annular wall spaced inwardly from its periphery, said wall abutting and extending above the first housing, the periphery of said top housing being spaced above an upper surface of said first housing to define a peripheral slot between the annular wall, the periphery of the top housing and said upper surface of the first housing, said annular wall including an aperture through which said electric power cord exits to the peripheral slot for storage therein in a reeled condition.

3. In a suction cleaner as recited in claim 2 wherein an air porous filter is positioned intermediate said container and said first housing, said filter having a resilient seal extending about its peripheral edge, said seal having a peripheral edge substantially corresponding in shape to the periphery of the top of the container and supported thereon, said first housing being positioned on the peripheral edge of said seal, and latch means comprising at least a pair of resilient latching members for removably securing said first housing to said container, each of said members being positioned on and spaced about the periphery of said first housing and having a portion thereof extending beyond the periphery of said housing, means on said top housing abutting said members remote from said portions to secure said members between said housings, at least a pair of flanges spaced about the periphery of said container at locations adapted to register with said members, a protuberance on said extending portion of each member at a location opposite a respective flange for camming under said flange to secure said members to said container.

4. A suction cleaner comprising a dirt container, a first housing cooperating with said dirt container to provide a closed compartment and having a motorblower unit receiving seat, an electric motor-blower unit disposed on said seat, an electric power cord exiting from said unit, and a top housing secured to said first housing and shaped to contact said motor-blower unit and retain it on said seat, said top housing having a flange overlying and spaced vertically from the first housing to provide an annular slot, means defining a power cord exit opening in said top housing communicating with said slot, said power cord extending through said opening for storage in a wound condition in said slot.

I I. it t

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4783878 *Mar 11, 1987Nov 15, 1988Central Quality Industries, Inc.Vacuum cleaner
US4800613 *Apr 11, 1988Jan 31, 1989Bissell, Inc.Liquid extraction surface cleaning apparatus
US4854544 *Apr 11, 1988Aug 8, 1989Bissell, Inc.Fluid flow control valve
US4858269 *Jan 25, 1989Aug 22, 1989The Scott Fetzer CompanyWet/dry vac
US4864680 *Mar 20, 1987Sep 12, 1989Bissell, Inc.Liquid extraction surface cleaning apparatus
US5087018 *Jul 31, 1989Feb 11, 1992Bissell Inc.Fluid flow control valve
US5313686 *Oct 30, 1991May 24, 1994Shop-Vac CorporationTool caddy for attachment to container, particularly for a vacuum cleaner tank
US5408722 *Oct 6, 1993Apr 25, 1995Shop Vac CorporationHose connector for a vacuum cleaner
US5611107 *Apr 4, 1996Mar 18, 1997Emerson Electric Co.Latching mechanisms for wet/dry utility vacuum cleaner with detachable blower
US5795358 *Jul 2, 1997Aug 18, 1998W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.Removeable deflector boot for a wet/dry vacuum cleaner
US6530116Feb 13, 2001Mar 11, 2003Shop Vac CorporationVacuum cleaner with muffled detachable blower exhaust
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US7165290 *Oct 2, 2003Jan 23, 2007Shop-Vac CorporationCaster and dolly wheel attachments for cylindrical tanks
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US7320719 *Feb 5, 2003Jan 22, 20083M Innovative Properties CompanyFilter device method of manufacturing the same and method of replacing a filter device
US7690077Jan 17, 2006Apr 6, 2010Electrolux Home Care Products, Ltd.Central vacuum units with an acoustic damping pathway
US8250703 *Nov 17, 2009Aug 28, 2012Black & Decker Inc.Utility vacuum
DE2738850A1 *Aug 29, 1977Mar 15, 1979Hilti AgStaubsauger
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WO2011015830A1 *Aug 6, 2010Feb 10, 2011Numatic International LimitedFloor treatment machine with cable store
Classifications
U.S. Classification55/373, 15/323, 55/378, 55/471, 55/380, 55/458, 55/DIG.300, 15/327.6, 55/337
International ClassificationA47L5/36, A47L9/26, A47L9/22
Cooperative ClassificationA47L5/365, A47L9/22, A47L9/26, Y10S55/03
European ClassificationA47L5/36B, A47L9/22, A47L9/26
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 24, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: RYOBI MOTOR PRODUCTS CORP., SOUTH CAROLINA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SINGER COMPANY, THE A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:005053/0154
Owner name: SINGER ACQUISITION HOLDINGS COMPANY, 8 STAMFORD FO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SINGER COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004998/0214
Effective date: 19880816
Owner name: SINGER ACQUISITION HOLDINGS COMPANY, A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SINGER COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:005003/0684
Effective date: 19880425