US 3733614 A
An article of neckwear comprising a neckband having a display side and a reverse side for engaging the wearer's neck and opposed upper and lower margins and opposed ends for connection together. The neckband is provided with a frontal portion and a neck encircling portion extending angularly therefrom in the direction of the upper margin whereby the frontal portion rests on the lower part of the neck when worn. A bib having a display side and a reverse side and an upper margin is connected to the neckband. More specifically, the upper margin of the bib is connected to the upper margin of the frontal portion of the neckband so that the bib when worn rests on the lower part of the neckband and depends over the neckband from the upper margin thereof and the display side of both the bib and neckband face outwardly.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [1 1 Abramowitz OPEN COLLAR NECKTIE Quebec, Canada [73 Assignee: Abbey Incorporated, Montreal,
Quebec, Canada  Filed: Jan. 10, 1972  Appl. No.: 216,570
 US. Cl. 2/144, 2/91  Int. Cl A4ld 25/00  FieldofSearch ..2/144-150,91,207, 137, 2/49 R, 50, 127,152-153, 155, DIG. 6, 157
 References E ited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,117,973 5/1938 Misewicz et al. 2191 622,331 4/1899 Disbrow 2]} 49 1,622,749 3/1927 Weinstein 2/146 3 ,276,037 10/ l 966 Englehaupt 2/146 2,270,521 1/1942 Gray..... 2/144 2,479,731 8/1949 Dibrell [207 X 1,513,700 10/1924 Feigenbaum. 2/127 3,439,360 4/1969 Grubman 2/155 FOREIGN PATENTS 0R APPLICATIONS 947,095 l/l964 or -airman ..2"/i44 1 May 22, 1973 Primary Examiner-Jordan Franklin Assistant Examiner-William L. Falk Attorney-Alan Swabey  ABSTRACT An article of neckwear comprising a neckband having a display side and a reverse side for engaging the wearers neck and opposed upper and lower margins and opposed ends for connection together. The neckband is provided with a frontal portion and a neck encircling portion extknding angularly therefrom in the direction of the ripper margin whereby the frontal portion rests on the lower part of the neck when worn. A bib having arzlrsplay; side and a reverse side and an upper margin 7 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTED mama SHEET 1 OF 2 OPEN COLLAR NECKTIE BACKGROUND OF INVENTION SUMMARY OF INVENTION A feature of the present invention is to provide and article of neck wear which when worn with an open collar shirt covers, substantially, the exposed neck in the open collar area and is soft and comfortable around the neck.
A further feature of the present invention is the provision of and article of neck wear, of the open collar type, which can be very easily put on and does not require any skill by the wearer.
A still further feature of the invention is to provide an and article of neck wear composed of a liner fabric which lies against the skin and comfortable when worn, and a styled fabric that lies on the side of the article that shows when worn and which can be of any type of styled fabric.
Accordingly, from a broad aspect the present invention provides an open collar necktie having a bib portion and an elongated neckband having a free end and a secured end attached to the upper edge of the bib portion. Fastening means are secured adjacent the free end and secured end for securing both ends together when the neckband encircles the wearers neck. Also, the neckband extends angularly upwards from the upper edge of the bib portion causing the bib portion to lie low on the neck.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The invention will now be described with reference to a preferred embodiment as illustrated by the drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a front view of the necktie assembly,
FIG. 2 is a rear view of FIG. 1,
FIG. 3is a cross-sectional view along cross-section lines 3--3 of FIG. 1,
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view along cross-section lines 4-4 of FIG. 2,
FIGS. 5 and 6 are plan and perspective views, respectively, illustrating the assembly steps,
FIG. 7 is a side view illustrating the angular relationship of the neckband to the bib portion, and
FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating the necktie as worn.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings and more particularly to FIGS. 1 and 4, there is illustrated the construction of the ascot type necktie 10, of the present invention. The necktie 10 comprises a wide flared bib portion 11 and an elongated neckband portion 12 secured along a portion of a downwardly curved edge or margin thereof to the upper margin of the bib portion 11 as shown at 13.
The neckband 12 is formed of a straight portion 12a and enlarged curved free end and secured end portion, 12b and 120 respectively. The portion 120 constitutes a frontal portion and the portion 12a and 12b constitute a neck encircling portion. The purpose of the enlarged curved end portions 12b and 120 is to provide more flexibility and to cause the neckband 12 to rest more comfortably on the neck and stay down on the lower part of the neck like a normal dress shirt, thus affording the wearer complete comfort. The straight portion 12a prevents pulling or stretching of the fabric and lies at an angle a (see FIG. 7) between 30 to from the longitudinal axis 25 of the bib 11 and extending from the upper edge of the bib. Preferably, the angle a is between 55 to 65 to cause the bib portion 11 to lie in the lower portion of the wearers neck. The fabric, for the construction of the neckband 12, is cut on the bias at the wide parts 12b and to prevent the neckband from riding up on the neck of the wearer and interfering with the flexibility of movement of the neck, whereas at the narrower or straight part, 12a, it is cut on the straight.
A fastening means is provided to secure the neckband 12 about the wearers neck and includes a first elongated band of interlocking material 14, secured adjacent the free end 12b, and a second elongated band of interlocking material 15, secured adjacent the secured end 12c. The material of one band, 14 or 15 includes a fabric composed of closed loop strands whilst the other band includes a fabric composed of hook shaped strands. When both bands 14 and 15 are placed in face to face relationship they interlock providing a rigid fastening means which can be disengaged by simply peeling back one of the attached bands from its end. This interlocking material may be of the type identitled by the trademark VELCRO. The bands 14 and 15 are secured by suitable means such as stitching 18, see FIG. 3, and lie on an angle so that these are in alignment with each other when the neckband is fastened about the wearers neck as shown in FIG. 7.
As shown in FIG. 1 the interlocking band 15, adjacent the secured end 120 of the neckband 12, is positioned behind the bib portion 11. The other interlocking band 14, at the free end 12b, is secured on the opposite face of the neckband 12. It is within the ambit of the present invention to providethe interlocking bands 14 and 15 on the surfaces opposite that shown in FIG. 1.
Referring now to FIG. 4 there is shown a crosssection of the ascot necktie 10 in the area where the flared bib portion 11 is secured to the neckband 12. Both the bib portion 11 and the neckband 12 comprise a display side having a facing fabric 16 thereon and a reverse side formed of a liner fabric 17. The liner fabric 17 is secured in juxtaposition to thefinished fabric 16 by such means as stitching as shown, for example, at 18. Also, an interlayer 19 of suitable stiffening fabric having a consistency to give body to the neckband 12 may be fastened to the secured end 12c of the neckband normally overlying the front portion of the wearer's neck, to keep it from folding over or buckling in this area. In the embodiment herein shown, the interlining 19 is bonded to the inner face of the liner fabric 17 in the abovementioned portion. A raised flared portion 20 is formed in the facing surface of the bib 11 by making two pleats 21 by folding the material upon itself and fastening it in this manner along the edge 13. In order to permit the raised flared portion 20 to maintain elevated, a small pad 22 may be fastened between the facing and liner fabrics in the upper part of the flared portion 20 and secured by the seam formed at the edge 13.
The purpose for using two different fabrics is that the liner can be made for example of I percent cotton which provides comfort against the wearers skin whilst utilizing any other type of styled fabric for outward appearance. Thus, this construction allows the use of external fabrics which heretofore have not been used in ascots as their texture would have caused irritation of the skin since the material was directly on the skin of the wearer.
The ascot necktie is secured about the wearers neck by firstly folding the neckband 12 behind the upper edge 13 of the facing fabric of the bib 11 as shown in phantom lines on FIG. 5. Then the free end portion 12b of the neckband 12 is encircled around the neck and brought to a position where a portion of the first band of interlocking material 14 overlaps a portion of the second band of interlocking material 15, thereby securing the neckband around the wearers neck. These securing bands are of sufficient length to provide adjustment of the neckband about the wearers neck. Also, the facing fabrics of the bib portion 11 and neckband l2 face outwardly. The open collar necktie can then simply be entered by sliding the closed loop around the neck. As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8 the necktie, when worn, simulates a normally tied ascot.
The method of manufacture of the ascot necktie 10 of the present invention is as follows. The patterns for the bib and neckband portions are cut out from facing and backing fabric to their appropriate shapes. The upper margin of the bib and bib lining is formed with spaced marking slits (not shown) and for which purpose will be described later. The interlining 19 for the neckband is cut and then secured by means of stitching or heat bonding to the frontal portion 12c of the lining of the neckband. The fasteners 14 and 15 are stitched on opposite ends of the neckband facing and lining fabrics. The neckband lining is then stitched along a margin at one of its ends with the facing fabric 16 positioned in face to face relationship therewith. The interlining 19 which has been secured to the neckband lining lies on the outside surface of the liningwhen the latter is attached to the facing fabric of the neckband.
The bib lining is then stitched to the bib facing fabric all around except along the upper margin. The bib is then turned facing right side out and pressed. The pad 22 is inserted centrally in the upper open end of the bib and the pleats 21 are formed by folding the facing and lining fabric upon themselves and in alignment with some of the marker slits (not shown). If desired the pad 22 may be inserted only after the pleats 21 are formed.
For the assembly of the neckband 12 to the bib 11, the neckband facing fabric is maintained facing the lining fabric. The interlining 19 is facing outwardly on the lining 17. The bib 11 is inserted between the neckband lining and facing fabric so that the upper margin of the bib 11 is aligned to the upper margin 24 (see FIG. 1) of the neckband which is also provided with marker slits not shown to facilitate the alignment of the bib. The margins of the neckband lining and facing fabric are then sewn with the exception of a small marginal opening or gap 23 (see FIG. 2) where the bib 11 is protruding out from the neckband lining and facing fabric. To reduce the size of this gap 23 the protruding portion of the bib is squeezed together while stitching the margin of the neckband and then the stitched bib portion is pulled out from the gap 23 which starts the turning of the neckband right side out. The margin of the neckband lining and facing fabric in the area of the gap 23 is tucked in and sewn in place. The entire ascot necktie 10 now being completely assembled is pressed and packaged.
Typical approximate dimensions of the ascot necktie 10 herein described are as follows. The bib port-ion 11 has a length of 12 inches, a lower width of 7 inches and an upper width (at the edge 13) of 4% inches. The straight portion of the neckband 12 has a width of 1% inch and a length, to the end of the free end 12b, of 131/2 inches. The width of the secured end portion 12c varies about 2 inches and the length of portion 120 from the central longitudinal axis of the bib portion 11 to the side edges of the bib portion is 2% inches. The end of the secured end portion 120 protrudes from side edge of the bib portion 11 by 2 inches. It can be seen that by varying the length of the neckband 12 the necktie 10 can be adapted to fit all size neck diameters.
1. An article of neckwear comprising, a neckband having a frontal portion and a neck encircling portion, said frontal portion having a curved upper margin, said neck encircling portion extending angularly from said frontal portion, said neckband being formed of a facing and a lining fabric secured in juxtaposition and having means at the opposed ends for connection together with a bib having a display side and a reverse side and an upper margin, said bib upper margin being secured along the curved upper margin of said neck encircling portion and between said facing and lining fabrics, when worn, said neck encircling portion extends around the wearers neck and lies angularly upwards from said frontal portion whereby the upper margin of said frontal portion rests on the lower part of the neck with said bib depending over said frontal portion from the connected margin on the upper edge of said frontal portion.
2. An article of neckwear as claimed in claim 1 wherein said curved upper margin of said neckband resting on the lower part of the neck is downwardly curved.
3. An article of neckwear as claimed in claim 1 wherein said neck encircling portion is an elongated narrow band terminated in an enlarged curved portion and adapted to encircle the wearers neck, said frontal portion also being formed as an enlarged curved portion and provided with an interlining of stiffening fabric secured between said neckband facing and lining fab- 4. An article of neckwear as claimed in claim 1 wherein said opposed ends of said neckband are each provided with a band of interlocking material positioned on opposed sides of said neckband, said bands of interlocking material being in facing contact with each other and interlocking between overlapping portions of said opposed ends.
5. An article of neckwear as claimed in claim 1 wherein there is further provided a raised portion on said bib depending from said bib upper margin, said raised portion being formed by making two pleats from said bib upper margin and wherein a small pad is fastened behind said display side of said bib between said two pleats.
6. A method of manufacturing an open collar necktie comprising the steps of:
i. stitching a lining to an end of an elongated neckband facing fabric in juxtaposition, the outer face of said facing fabric facing said lining fabric,
ii. securing fastening means adjacent one end of said neckband lining and at the opposite end of said facing fabric on their juxtaposed faces,
iii. stitching the edges of said juxtaposed neckband fabrics with the upper edge of a bib portion positioned along a portion of a top edge of said neckband, saidbib portion being positioned between said juxtaposed fabrics and protruding through a small opening at an edge opposite said top edge of said neckband,
iv. turning the neckband lining and facing fabric right side out by firstly pulling said bib portion through said small opening and then the remaining neckband fabric, and
v. stitching said small opening in the edge of said neckband.
7. A method of manufacturing an open collar necktie as claimed in claim 6 wherein there is further provided the following steps of:
vi. stitching a lining fabric to a bib portion facing fabric,
vii. pleating said facing fabric to form a raised portion,
viii. interposing a small pad behind said raised portion in the upper edge of said bib portion between said facing and lining material, said steps (vi viii) being made before step (iii) of claim 6: and before step (i),
' ix. stitching an interlining on a face of said neckband lining in the portion of said neckband adjacent said edge stitched to said bib portion upper edge, said interlining extending across said elongated neckband and positioned between said neckband lining and facing material when turned right side out.