|Publication number||US3734094 A|
|Publication date||May 22, 1973|
|Filing date||Jun 21, 1971|
|Priority date||Jun 21, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3734094 A, US 3734094A, US-A-3734094, US3734094 A, US3734094A|
|Original Assignee||Calinog T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (61), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Calmog  MULTIPURPOSE ESOPHAGEAL INSTRUMENT  Inventor: Teodoro A. Calinog, 320 E. North Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15212  Filed: June 21,1971
21 Appl. No.: 155,044
 US. Cl. ..128/2.06 E, l28/2.05 S, 128/351,
l28/DIG. 4 [5 1] Int. Cl. ..A61b 5/04  Field of Search ..l28/2.05 R, 2.05 S,
OTHER PUBLICATIONS Schaudinschky et al. Medical & Biological Engineering Vol. 7, pp. 341-343 1969 451 May 22, 1973 Primary Examiner-William E. Kamm Attorney-Brown, Murray, Flick & Peckham  ABSTRACT An instrument for integrated monitoring of a patients physical condition includes a suction tube for insertion in his esophagus, the tube being provided with an inlet in one end for stomach fluids and an outlet in its opposite end for connection to a suction machine. A portion of the tube is encircled by an acoustic tube that is spaced from it, although the inner end of the acoustic tube is sealed to the suction tube in a location adjacent to, but spaced from, the inlet end of the suction tube. The outer end of the acoustic tube has an opening through which the suction tube emerges, and an outlet for connection to a sound-monitoring device. The inner end portion of the acoustic tube has lateral openings therein covered by diaphragm means. A plurality of spaced electrode bands encircle the acoustic tube adjacent the sleeve and are connected to wires extending outwardly along the acoustic tube and away from its outer end for connection to a heart-monitoring machine.
3 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATEN] E :arr r2 2 m5 M/I/EA/TOR. TEODORO .4. CAL lA/OG em w A TTORNEW.
MULTIPURPOSE ESOPHAGEAL INSTRUMENT ln monitoring a patients physical condition it sometimes is desirable to withdraw fluids, such as liquid and air, from the stomach. This is done by a suction tube. It may also be desirable to record his heart beats and to ascertain the condition of his heart by means of an electrocardiogram or the like. Recording the heart beats and the condition of the heart are generally done by means engaging external surfaces of the patients body.
It is among the objects of this invention to provide a relatively simple instrument that can be inserted in a patients esophagus and that permits the conditions mentioned above to be monitored at simultaneously or in succession.
The preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is a side view of the instrument; and
FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal section.
Referring to the drawings, a flexible suction tube 1 of any desired length, but long enough to be passed down through the esophagus and into the stomach with its outer end protruding from the patients mouth, has a coupling 2 at its outer end for connecting it to a known suction machine. The inner end portion of the tube that will be in the patients stomach is provided with one or more inlets 3, through which liquids and air can be withdrawn by the suction machine.
Encircling the suction tube is a flexible acoustic tube 5 that likewise must extend out of the patients mouth. However, the acoustic tube is considerably shorter than the suction tube and its inner end terminates near the suction tube inlets 3, but far enough away from them to prevent it from extending into the stomach. The major portion of the acoustic tube is spaced from the suction tube to leave a sound passage between them, but the inner end of the acoustic tube is sealed against the suction tube in any suitable manner. The outer end of the acoustic tube is designed to be connected to a sound-monitoring device of known construction, so the tube is provided with an outlet coupling. Although the outlet could be in the side of the outer portion of the tube, in which case the suction tube would extend out of the end, the outlet preferably is formed by the outer end of the tube, in which the coupling 6 is mounted. The outer end portion of the acoustic tube is provided with a lateral opening, through which the suction tube emerges. The wall of the opening snugly engages the suction tube.
To admist heart sounds into the acoustic tube, its inner end portion is provided with a plurality of lateral openings 8 that are covered by diaphragm means to accentuate the sound and also to prevent body fluids from entering the opening. Preferably, the diaphragm means is a flexible sleeve 9 encircling the acoustic tube. The opposite ends of the sleeve are sealed to the tube, with the group of openings 8 between them.
In order to connect this instrument with a heart monitoring machine, such as an electrocardiogram, the inner end portion of the acoustic tube is provided with electrodes that can be wired to the machine. There are at least two electrodes, and preferably three. These electrodes most suitably are in the form of metal bands encircling the acoustic tube. Two of these bands 11 and 12 are located on the tube near the opposite ends of the diaphragm sleeve. The third one 13 is spaced a short distance outwardly from the first two. Joined to each of these bands is a wire 14 that extends out along the acoustic tube and away from its side wall at the outer end portion of the tube. Where the wires leave the tube, they are tightly engaged by it. The wires may extend along between the two tubes or they may be molded into the acoustic tube. The exposed outer ends of the wires are provided with terminals 15 for connection to the heart-monitoring machine.
In using this instrument it is inserted in the esophagus of a patient until the inlets of the suction tube are within the stomach. Then the suction tube is connected to a suction machine, the acoustic tube is connected to a sound-monitoring device and the wires are connected to a heart-monitoring machine. This single instrument therefore serves at least three different functions, all of which can be carried on simultaneously if desired. The instrument itself is relatively simple in construction and is easy to use by a person skilled in the use of esophageal tubes.
According to the provisions of the patent statutes, I have explained the principle of my invention and have illustrated and described what I now consider to represent its best embodiment. However, I desire to have it understood that, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically illustrated and described.
1. A multipurpose esophageal instrument for integrated monitoring of a patients physical condition, comprising a suction tube for insertion in a patients esophagus and provided with an inlet in one end for stomach fluids and an outlet in its opposite end for connection to a suction machine, a separate acoustic tube encircling a portion of the suction tube with space between them, the acoustic tube having an inner end sealed to the suction tube in a location adjacent to but spaced from the inlet end thereof, the outer end of the acoustic tube being provided with an opening through which the suction tube emerges, the outer end of the acoustic tube also having an outlet for connection to a sound-monitoring device, the inner end portion of the acoustic tube having lateral openings therein, a diaphragm sleeve encircling said inner portion of the acoustic tube, the opposite ends of the sleeve being sealed to the acoustic tube with said lateral openings between the sleeve ends, a plurality of spaced electrode bands encircling the acoustic tube adjacent said diaphragm sleeve, and a wire connected to each band and extending outwardly along the acoustic tube and away from its outer end portion for connection to a heartmonitoring machine.
2. A multipurpose esophageal instrument according to claim 1, in which said opening in the acoustic tube for emergence of the suction tube is in the side wall of the acoustic tube, the suction tube snugly engages the wall of said opening, and a coupling is connected to the outer end of the acoustic tube for connection to a sound-monitoring device.
3. A multipurpose esophageal instrument according to claim 2, in which there are three of said electrode bands and three of said wires, one band being located close to each end of said diaphragm sleeve, and the third band being spaced outwardly along the acoustic tube from the other two bands.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3951136 *||Oct 7, 1974||Apr 20, 1976||Vital Signs, Inc.||Multiple purpose esophageal probe|
|US4088138 *||Dec 29, 1975||May 9, 1978||Cardiac Resuscitator Corp.||Cardiac resuscitator and monitoring apparatus|
|US4176660 *||Mar 10, 1978||Dec 4, 1979||University Patents, Inc.||Disposable esophageal and tracheal multi-probes|
|US4304240 *||Mar 7, 1980||Dec 8, 1981||The Kendall Company||Esophageal probe with dual sound detection|
|US4324262 *||Jan 2, 1979||Apr 13, 1982||University Of Virginia Alumni Patents Foundation||Aspirating culture catheter and method of use|
|US4349031 *||Mar 7, 1980||Sep 14, 1982||The Kendall Company||Esophageal probe with disposable cover|
|US4354501 *||Dec 3, 1980||Oct 19, 1982||Univ Washington||Esophageal catheter including ultrasonic transducer for use in detection of air emboli|
|US4383534 *||Jun 5, 1980||May 17, 1983||Peters Jeffrey L||Vital signs monitoring apparatus|
|US4476872 *||May 12, 1982||Oct 16, 1984||The Kendall Company||Esophageal probe with disposable cover|
|US4517984 *||Apr 4, 1984||May 21, 1985||The Kendall Company||Esophageal probe|
|US4607643 *||Nov 9, 1984||Aug 26, 1986||Bell Floyd R||Endotracheal tube/stethoscope combination|
|US4671295 *||Nov 11, 1986||Jun 9, 1987||Applied Biometrics, Inc.||Method for measuring cardiac output|
|US4807638 *||Oct 21, 1987||Feb 28, 1989||Bomed Medical Manufacturing, Ltd.||Noninvasive continuous mean arterial blood prssure monitor|
|US4836214 *||Dec 1, 1986||Jun 6, 1989||Bomed Medical Manufacturing, Ltd.||Esophageal electrode array for electrical bioimpedance measurement|
|US4865586 *||Aug 29, 1988||Sep 12, 1989||Martha Hedberg||Suction stylet for endotracheal intubation|
|US4887610 *||Oct 19, 1988||Dec 19, 1989||University Of Virginia Alumni Patents Foundation||Device to measure electrical and mechanical events in the human sphincters|
|US4917107 *||Mar 31, 1986||Apr 17, 1990||Medi-Tube Corporation||Endotracheal tube/stethoscope combination|
|US4946440 *||Oct 5, 1988||Aug 7, 1990||Hall John E||Evertible membrane catheter and method of use|
|US4967743 *||Dec 1, 1988||Nov 6, 1990||Ballard Medical Products||Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method|
|US5056514 *||Oct 30, 1989||Oct 15, 1991||Dupont Frank||Endotracheal stethoscope|
|US5065754 *||Jun 6, 1990||Nov 19, 1991||Ballard Medical Products||Aspirating catheter tube inserter|
|US5069215 *||Feb 6, 1989||Dec 3, 1991||Arzco Medical Electronics, Inc.||Multiple electrode affixable sheet|
|US5107829 *||Apr 25, 1990||Apr 28, 1992||Ballard Medical Products||Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method|
|US5109851 *||Feb 5, 1991||May 5, 1992||Arzco Medical Systems, Inc.||Multiple electrode affixable sheet|
|US5119832 *||Mar 15, 1990||Jun 9, 1992||Ravi Xavier||Epidural catheter with nerve stimulators|
|US5133345 *||Nov 14, 1991||Jul 28, 1992||Ballard Medical Products||Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method|
|US5179952 *||Aug 13, 1990||Jan 19, 1993||Arzco Medical Electronics Inc.||Electrocardial stimulator probe|
|US5191885 *||Apr 9, 1991||Mar 9, 1993||Arczo Medical Electronics, Inc.||Method of terminating an arrhythmia|
|US5191892 *||Sep 10, 1991||Mar 9, 1993||Blikken Wayland G||Esophageal/stethoscopic gastric tube|
|US5199433 *||Nov 2, 1990||Apr 6, 1993||Arzco Medical Systems, Inc.||Esophageal recording/pacing catheter with thermistor and cardiac imaging transceiver|
|US5215522 *||Apr 5, 1991||Jun 1, 1993||Ballard Medical Products||Single use medical aspirating device and method|
|US5277177 *||Jul 16, 1991||Jan 11, 1994||Ballard Medical Products||Single use medical aspirating device and method|
|US5291882 *||May 11, 1992||Mar 8, 1994||Makhoul Imad R||Multi-lumen ITPV endotracheal tube|
|US5295489 *||Dec 20, 1991||Mar 22, 1994||Medi-Tube Corporation||Endotracheal tube/stethoscope/thermistor combination|
|US5318021 *||Jun 5, 1991||Jun 7, 1994||Alessi David M||Endotracheal tube with automatic cuff inflation and deflation|
|US5343860 *||Nov 6, 1992||Sep 6, 1994||Arzco Medical Systems, Inc.||Esophageal recording/pacing catheter with thermistor and cardiac imaging transceiver|
|US5415165 *||Aug 16, 1994||May 16, 1995||Mountpelier Investments||Tonometric catheter combination|
|US5433216 *||Jun 14, 1993||Jul 18, 1995||Mountpelier Investments, S.A.||Intra-abdominal pressure measurement apparatus and method|
|US5456251 *||Oct 12, 1994||Oct 10, 1995||Mountpelier Investments, S.A.||Remote sensing tonometric catheter apparatus and method|
|US5526809 *||May 19, 1995||Jun 18, 1996||Mountpelier Investments, S.A.||Hollow viscous and soild organ tonometry|
|US5611336 *||Mar 30, 1995||Mar 18, 1997||Ballard Medical Products, Inc.||Single use medical aspirating device and method|
|US5655518 *||Aug 22, 1995||Aug 12, 1997||Burden; Brant S.||Coupling device for a stethoscope and an endotracheal tube|
|US5694922 *||Aug 19, 1994||Dec 9, 1997||Ballard Medical Products||Swivel tube connections with hermetic seals|
|US5715816 *||Oct 20, 1995||Feb 10, 1998||Sensor Devices, Inc.||Oximeter probes and methods for the invasive use thereof|
|US5743261 *||Mar 28, 1995||Apr 28, 1998||Sensor Devices, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for the invasive use of oximeter probes|
|US5788631 *||Feb 29, 1996||Aug 4, 1998||Instrumentarium Corporation||Hollow viscus and solid organ tonometry|
|US5890488 *||Aug 11, 1997||Apr 6, 1999||Burden; Brant S.||Coupling device and sound resonating membrane for a stethoscope and an endotracheal tube|
|US6010453 *||May 12, 1995||Jan 4, 2000||Instrumentarium Corporation||Tonometric catheter combination|
|US6322518||Feb 9, 1998||Nov 27, 2001||Heska Corporation||Method and apparatus for measuring cardiac output|
|US6334064||May 26, 1995||Dec 25, 2001||Instrumentarium Corp.||Remote sensing tonometric catheter apparatus and method|
|US6494203||Nov 12, 1999||Dec 17, 2002||Ballard Medical Products||Medical aspirating/ventilating closed system improvements and methods|
|US6877512 *||Sep 5, 2001||Apr 12, 2005||The Regents Of The University Of California||Airway device|
|US9295395||Mar 2, 2008||Mar 29, 2016||Art Healthcare Ltd.||Interactive NGT system|
|US20070060823 *||Aug 19, 2005||Mar 15, 2007||Giroux Guy M||Internally vented multi-function esophageal gastric tube|
|US20090198182 *||Jun 29, 2005||Aug 6, 2009||Jms Co., Ltd.||Member For Catheter's Position Verification Having Color Change Indicator And Catheter Having The Member For Catheter's Position Verification|
|US20100030133 *||Mar 2, 2008||Feb 4, 2010||Art Healthcare Ltd.||Interactive ngt system|
|US20100191237 *||Mar 31, 2010||Jul 29, 2010||Shadduck John H||Surgical instruments and techniques for treating gastro-esophageal reflux disease|
|USRE30750 *||May 7, 1980||Sep 29, 1981||Cardiac Resuscitator Corporation||Cardiac resuscitator and monitoring apparatus|
|USRE31377 *||Nov 28, 1980||Sep 13, 1983||University Patents, Inc.||Disposable esophageal and tracheal multi-probes|
|USRE35595 *||Oct 21, 1993||Aug 26, 1997||Six; Gary||Flexible tip stylet for use with an endotracheal intubation device|
|WO1988006903A1 *||Mar 15, 1988||Sep 22, 1988||Nakhgevany Karim B||Endotracheal tube|
|U.S. Classification||600/380, 600/581|
|International Classification||A61B1/273, A61B1/12, A61B5/042, A61B7/02|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B7/023, A61B1/00082, A61B1/2733, A61B1/015, A61B5/0421|
|European Classification||A61B1/015, A61B1/00E4H1, A61B5/042B, A61B1/273B, A61B7/02B|