US 3734105 A
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United States Patent 91 Borghese  CAPLESS WIG  Inventor:
 Assignee: N. Wagman & Company, Inc.,
 Filed: Jan. 5, 1972  Appl. No.: 215,600
Marco Borghese, Ardmore, Pa.
 US. Cl ..l32/53, 132/54  Int. Cl. ..A41g 3/00  Field of Search ..l32/53, 54, 5; 2/180, 197,198
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,698,945 1/1955 Hamilton ..2/ l 97 3,444,865 5/1969 De Vita ..132/53 [111 3,734,105 1 May 22,1973
2,438,005 3/1948 Goldman ..132/53 670,857 3/1901 Dorenwend ..132/54 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 616,400 10/1926 France ..132/54 Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene Assistant Examiner-J. N. Eskovitz Attorney-Arthur I-I. Seidel et al.
 ABSTRACT A capless wig is disclosed having; a skeleton defined substantially by non-elastic lace fabric strips and a plurality of substantially parallel elastic strips on the rear half of the skeleton. Each of said strips is stitched to a hair mounting strip spirally wound with respect to the skeleton.
7 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATEm gmYzz m3 SHEET 2 [IF 2 CAPLESS WIG This invention is directed to a capless wig which is light in weight. The wig is adapted to conform to various sized heads. The wig is comprised of an open framework or skeleton of non-elastic lace fabric strips and some elastic strips. A wig skeleton constructed in this manner will be cool, while permitting the wearer to extend the real hair through openings in the framework or skeleton, if desired, for blending with the hair of the wig.
The wigs proposed heretofore, such as the wig dis closed in U. S. Pat. No. 3,444,865, utilize elastic strips to form the framework or skeleton. Such wigs rely on the elasticity of the strips to hold the wig on the head of the wearer, however, such elastic strips are uncomfortable. The wig of the present invention is substantially more comfortable than those proposed heretofore due to the minimal amount of elastic strips utilized. The wig of the present invention has a plurality of parallel elastic strips strips extending from a rear piece of the rear half of the framework of the skeleton for the purpose of accommodating the ease with which the wig is put on. The wig is maintained on the head of the wearer by the elasticity of strips extending from side pieces to a rear piece.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a capless wig which is cooler and lighter than those proposed heretofore.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a capless wig which is comfortable and has a natural appearance.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a capless wig which is cool, comfortable, and capable of being manufactured in a manner which is inexpensive.
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
For the purpose of illustrating the invention, there is shown in the drawings a form which is presently preferred; it being understood, however, that this invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.
FIG. 1 is an illustration of the wig mounted on a wearers head.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the framework or skeleton of the wig.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged detailed view of a portion of the framework or skeleton with hair applied to a portion thereof.
FIG. 4 is a partial perspective view of a hair mounting stri F I G. 5 is a side elevation view of the framework inside out to show the spirally arranged hair support strips.
Referring to the drawing in detail, wherein like numerals indicate like elements, there is shown in FIG. 1 a wig in accordance with the present invention designated generally as 10. The hair 14 of the person wear ing the wig may be blended with the hair 12 of the wig as will be described in greater detail hereinafter.
The wig is comprised of an open type framework or skeleton 16 as shown more clearly in FIG. 2. The skeleton 16 includes generally triangular side pieces 18 and 20 of an inelastic material such as an open mesh type fabric and a generally rectangular rear piece 22 of the same material. Side piece 18 and rear piece 22 are interconnected by elastic strips 24 and 26. Side piece 20 is interconnected with the rear piece 22 by elastic strips 28 and 30.
A first lace fabric strip 32 extends from one corner of the side piece 18 to a corresponding corner on the side piece 20 in the rear half of the skeleton 16. A plurality of generally parallel elastic strips extends from the rear piece 22 to the first lace fabric strip 32. The elastic strips in the rear half of the skeleton 16 include strip 34 which lies along a centerline of the skeleton and strips 36 and 38. The strips 36 and 38 are shorter than the strip 34. Strips 36 and 38 are generally parallel to strip 34. One end of the strips 34-38 is stitched to the rear piece 22 with the opposite end of the strips 34-38 being stitched to the lace fabric strip 32.
The skeleton 16 includes a second lace fabric strip 50. Strip extends from one corner on side piece 18 to a corresponding corner on side piece 20 and extends through the apex of the wig designated generally as 53. A third lace fabric strip 52 has one end stitched to a corner of side piece 18 and its other end stitched toa corner of side piece 20. Strip 52 defines the front edge of the wig and is shorter than strip 32.
A fourth lace fabric strip 54 extends from strip 32 to the strip 52. Strip 54 lies along the centerline of the wig, is aligned with elastic strip 34, and passes through the apex 53.
A lace fabric strip 56 extends from one corner of side piece 18 to an intermediate portion of strip 32. A simi' lar strip 57 extends from a front corner of side piece 20 to an intermediate portion of strip 32. The strips 56 and 57 are on opposite sides of a centerline of the wig framework 16. A sixth lace fabric strip 58 extends from strip 56, across the front portion of the framework 16 to the strip 57. Each lace fabric strip 58 is stitched to each of the strips which it overlaps or touches. Each of the lace fabric strips is made from a non-elastic material such as cotton or linen.
A hair mounting strip designated 60 is provided. Strip 60 is of substantial length and is generally U-shaped in section. See FIG. 4. Hair 12, which may be human or artificial, extends between the overlapping portions of strip 60 and is secured thereto by stitching 62.
The strip 60 is of substantial length and is secured to the framework 16 in a spiral configuration beginning at the apex 53. The strip 60 is stitched to each of the strips referred to above. The spiral configuration of strip 60 is retained since it is stitched to the strips as set forth above. Adjacent parallel portions of strip 60 are spaced from one another by a short distance of approximately one-fourth of an inch. Strip 60 is from an inelastic material such as cotton. Separate discrete portions of strip 60 are stitched across the rear piece 22 so as to form a continuity of the hair 12. Also, discrete portions of the strip 60 extend from side piece l 8, across the strips 34-38, to the side piece 20. Another discrete portion of strip 60 is stitched to the strip 52.
As a result of the location of strip 58, it is possible to have approximately seven different spiral passes of the strip 60 stitched to a portion of strip 58.
The wig 10 constructed as set forth above is cool, light in weight, and more comfortable than those proposed heretofore, while at the same time being structurally interrelated in a manner whereby it may be economically mass-produced. If the wearer's real hair is long, it may be accommodated within the wig 10 by the elastic strips 34-38.
the foregoing specification as indicating the scope of 5 the invention.
1. A capless wig comprising an open framework, said framework having non-elastic lace fabric strips extending from oppositely disposed side pieces, a discrete rear piece connected to said side pieces by at least one elastic strip, a plurality of substantially parallel elastic strips extending only from said rear piece to one of said lace fabric strips on the rear half of the framework, said lace fabric strips defining the front half of the framework, hair connected to an elongated mounting strip, said mounting strip being spirally arranged on said framework and stitched to said strips and said side pieces, and discrete pieces of said mounting strip being stitched to said rear piece.
2. A wig in accordance with claim 1 wherein said side pieces are generally triangular with a corner on one side piece being connected to a corresponding corner on the other side piece by one of said lace fabric strips.
3. A wig in accordance with claim 2 wherein said one lace fabric strip is stitched to said substantially parallel elastic strips.
4. A wig in accordance with claim 1 including discrete pieces of said mounting strip stitched to the clastic strips extending between said rear piece and said side pieces.
5. A wig in accordance with claim 1 wherein said rear piece and side pieces are non-elastic, open mesh material, said rear piece being substantially larger than either of said side pieces, and said rear piece being connected to said side pieces by a pair of parallel elastic strips.
6. A wig in accordance with claim 1 wherein said open framework has openings between said fabric strips so that hair on a wearer can extend through and blend with the hair on the mounting strip.
7. A wig in accordance with claim 1 wherein said fabric strips include converging strips extending between adjacent generally parallel strips.