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Publication numberUS3734609 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1973
Filing dateApr 14, 1971
Priority dateFeb 23, 1966
Also published asUS4298669
Publication numberUS 3734609 A, US 3734609A, US-A-3734609, US3734609 A, US3734609A
InventorsH Tanaka, S Takahashi
Original AssigneeCanon Kk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrophotographic process and apparatus
US 3734609 A
Abstract
A process and apparatus for forming an electrostatic image on a photosensitive plate having a conductive base, a photoconductive layer overlying the base and exhibiting p-type or n-type semiconductivity, and an insulative layer overlying the photoconductive layer. The photosensitive plate is characterized in having carrier charge of a polarity corresponding to the conductivity type of the photoconductive layer injectable from the conductive base into the photoconductive layer and bound in the region of the interface between the insulative and photoconductive layers. The conductive base is transparent to activating light and the insulative layer is opaque to the activating light. A first charge of a polarity opposite to the conductivity type of the photoconductive layer is applied onto the insulative layer to inject and bind carrier charge in the region of the interface between the insulative and photoconductive layers. Then, the photoconductive layer is exposed to a pattern of activating image light by projecting the image light through the transparent conductive base while a corona discharge is applied onto the insulative layer. Thereafter, the photoconductive layer is exposed to activating light through the transparent conductive base to discharge bound carrier charge remaining in the region of the interface and form a high contrast electrostatic image.
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United States Patent [191 Tanaka et a1.

[ 3,734,609 [451 May 22,1973

[54] ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS AND APPARATUS [75] Inventors: Hiroshi Tanaka, Tokyo; Shinkichi Takahashi, Kanagawa, both of Japan [73] Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Tokyo,

Japan [22] Filed: Apr. 14, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 133,788

Related U.S. Application Data [62] Division of Ser. No. 563,899, July 8, 1966, abandoned.

[58] Field of Search ..355/16, 17,11, 8, 355/3; 96/1 R, 1 C, 1.4

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,536,483 10/1970 Watanabe et al ..355/3 X Primary ExaminerRichard L. Moses AttorneyWard, McElhannon, Brooks & Fitzpatrick [57] ABSTRACT A process and apparatus for forming an electrostatic image on a photosensitive plate having a conductive base, a photoconductive layer overlying the base and exhibiting p-type or n-type semiconductivity, and an insulative layer overlying the photoconductive layer. The photosensitive plate is characterized in having carrier charge of a polarity corresponding to the conductivity type of the photoconductive layer injectable from the conductive base into the photoconductive layer and bound in the region of the interface between the insulative and photoconductive layers. The conductive base is transparent to activating light and the insulative layer is opaque to the activating light. A first charge of a polarity opposite to the conductivity type of the photoconductive layer is applied onto the insulative layer to inject and bind carrier charge in the region of the interface between the insulative and photoconductive layers. Then, the photoconductive layer is exposed to a pattern of activating image light by projecting the image light through the transparent conductive base while a corona discharge is applied onto the insulative layer. Thereafter, the photoconductive layer is exposed to activating light through the transparent conductive base to discharge bound carrier charge remaining in the region of the interface and form a high contrast electrostatic image.

3 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENTEWYEZIW 3,734,609

SHEET 2 0F 2 IN VENTORS Meosa/ 751mm SH/Wk/CH/ MHASW/ 1 ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS AND APPARATUS This is a division of U. S. Pat. application Ser. No. 563,899, now abandoned, filed July 8, 1966.

This invention relates to an electrographic process and apparatus, and more particularly to process and apparatus for forming electrostatic images.

In copending and commonly assigned U. S. Pat. application Ser. No. 563,899, now abandoned, filed July 8, 1966, an electrostatic image is formed on a photosensitive plate having a conductive base, a photoconductive layer overlying the base and exhibiting p-type or n-type semiconductivity and an insulative layer overlying the photoconductive layer. The photosensitive plate is characterized in having carrier charge of a polarity corresponding to the conductivity type of the photoconductive layer injectable from the conductive base into the photoconductive layer and bound in the region of the interface between the insulative and photoconductive layers. The electrostatic image is formed by first applying a first charge of a polarity opposite to the conductivity type of the photoconductive layer substantially uniformly onto the insulative layer to inject and bind carrier charge in the region of the interface between the insulative and photoconductive layers. Then the photoconductive layer is exposed to a pattern of image light, while a corona discharge of a polarity opposite to that of the first charge is applied onto the insulative layer. Thereafter the photoconductive layer is exposed to activating light to discharge bound carrier charge remaining in the region of the interface and form a high contrast electrostatic image.

An object of the present invention is to provide a process and apparatus for producing an electrostatic image in accordance with the electrostatic method of said copending application Ser. No. 563,899, now abandoned, wherein the insulating layer is non-transparent and wherein the conductive base is made of a translucent substance; and to provide a process and apparatus for forming an electrostatic image of the original image on the insulating layer by irradiating the original image from the translucent base side and simultaneously applying corona discharge on the insulating layer.

The above object and various other objects and the advantages of the present invention will become clear from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGS. 1 to schematically show the stages of making electrostatic images according to the present invention; and

FIGS. 6 and 7 show an embodiment of the electrophotographic device where the present invention is applied.

In FIG. 1, B is a photosensitive plate, comprising an overlaying photoconductive layer 2b and insulating layer 3b. 4b is a transparent support for photosensitive plate B, and on one surface thereof, conductive coating is disposed to form the electrode 41b.

The photosensitive plate B is characterized in having carrier charge of a polarity corresponding to the conductivity type of the photoconductive layer 2b injectable from the electrode 41b into the photoconductive layer 2b and bound in the region of the interface between the insulating layer 3b and photoconductive layer 2b.

. The photoconductive layer 2b can be prepared using conventional semiconductor materials which have photoconductivity, such as Se, ZnO, CdS and the like, dispersed in a dispersing agent, and coated on the conductive base by means of coating or vacuum evaporation, sublimation, melting or the like.

The insulating layer 3b used depends on the spectral sensitivity of the photoconductive material forming the photoconductive layer 2b. For example, where the photoconductive layer has a sensitivity to visible rays, Mylar (a polyester terephthalate film manufactured by DuPont) colored black is used or a filter is provided.

The process for making the image is explained hereinafter in accordance with FIG. 1 through FIG. 5. Photosensitive plate B is overlaid on support 4b, and a primary charge is made by charging device 5b from the side of insulating layer 3b (either corona discharge or the electrode contact method can be employed). I

As to the charge polarity in this case, it is preferable that where the photoconductive layer 2b is an n-type semiconductor, that it be positive; and where it is a ptype semiconductor, that it be negative. The residual charge of the prior electrostatic latent image, is erased by the primary charge, and at the same time the contrast of the electrostatic latent image is greatly improved.

Then, as shown in FIG. 2, a secondary charge of opposite polarity to the primary charge is made while projecting the original copy 6b from the side of the photoconductive layer 2b of the photosensitive plate B, and thereafter overall radiation is made with lamp 7b to form the electrostatic latent image on the insulating layer 3b (FIG. 3).

Thereafter, in accordance with conventional methods, the image is visualized on the surface of the insulating layer, and the resulting image is transferred onto the transferring material 8b, and the photosensitive plate B is cleaned, and reused. The image transferred onto the transferring material 8b is fixed and used as an ordinary copy (FIG. 5). 9b is the developer, and 10b (FIGS. 1 and 2) is the means for generating high voltage, and 10b is connected to the corona generating coil W (FIGS. 1 and 2), while high voltage E is applied to the side of transparent electrode 4b.

FIGS. 6 and 7 show an embodiment of an electrophotographic device wherein the present invention is employed. The image of the original copy 12b placed on the glass 11b is illuminated by the lamp 13b, and projected onto the photosensitive plate B as a positive image by means of the reflecting optical system 18b which contains the reflecting mirrors 14b, 15b, 16b and lens 17b. The reflecting optical system 18b is moved to the right and left at a constant speed by the reversible motor M, and chain 20b along the rail 19b, and projects the whole length of the image of the original copy 12b on the photosensitive plate B in turn. Lamp 21b provides overall exposure at the reflecting optical system 18b.

Charger 23b comprises corona discharging portions 23ab and 23bb for primary and secondary charges, and is made so as to move to the right and left on the two rails 22b provided on the frame 26b parallel with the photosensitive plate B. Magnet 24b is provided on charger 23b, and the attraction of the magnet 25b attached to the reflecting optical system 18b to magnet 24b, moves charger 23b in the same direction as the optical system 18b, in accordance with the movement of the optical system 18b.

An electrostatic latent image is formed on the photosensitive plate B similar to the image of the original copy 12b by means of a single scanning of the reflecting optical system 18b in the direction as shown by an arrow in FIG. 6. The respective operations of developing the image, transferring the developed image, and cleaning are done elsewhere.

In accordance with the present invention, the insulating layer of the photosensitive plate obtained by overlaying the insulating layer on the surface of photoconductive layer, as mentioned above, is made sufficiently opaque so as to not allow any light to penetrate which is within the photosensitive wave length region of photoconductive layer, and therefore the whole process of making an image can be done in a lighted area.

It is apparent that the present invention can be modified by the expert in the art within the scope of the disclosure herein and the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for forming an electrostatic image comprising:

a. a photosensitive plate having a conductive base, a

photoconductive layer overlying said base and exhibiting p-type or n-type semiconductivity and an insulative layer overlying said photoconductive layer, said conductive base being transparent to activating light for said photoconductive layer and said insulative layer being opaque to said activating light, said photosensitive plate being characterized in having carrier charge of a polarity corresponding to the conductivity type of said photoconductive layer injectable from said conductive base into said photoconductive layer and bound in the region of the interface between said insulative and photoconductive layers,

b. charging means for applying a first charge of a polarity opposite to the conductivity type of said photoconductive layer substantially uniformly onto said insulative layer to inject and bind carrier charge in the region of the interface between said insulative and photoconductive layers,

' c. means for exposing said photoconductive layer to a pattern of activating image light while applying a corona discharge onto said insulative layer, said means for exposing said photoconductive layer to image light comprising means for projecting said image light through said transparent conductive base, and

(1. means for thereafter projecting activating light through said transparent conductive base to discharge bound carrier charge remaining in the region of said interface and form a high contrast electrostatic image.

2. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein means (c) includes means for applying a corona discharge of a polarity opposite to that of said first charge onto said insulative layer.

3. An apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising:

e. developing means for visualizing said electrostatic image,

f. means for transferring said visualized image onto copy material, and

g. cleaning means for removing from said photosensitive late residual developer remaining after the transfer of the visualized image whereby said photosensitive plate is prepared for repeated use.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3536483 *Aug 20, 1965Oct 27, 1970Katsuragawa Denki KkMethod of making electrographs wherein the resultant electrostatic image is not effected by further light exposure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4358520 *Mar 23, 1979Nov 9, 1982Canon Kabushiki KaishaMethod of stabilizing an electrostatic latent image
US4445126 *Jan 4, 1982Apr 24, 1984Canon Kabushiki KaishaImage forming apparatus
US4621919 *Jul 13, 1983Nov 11, 1986Canon Kabushiki KaishaMetal drum and image holding member using the same
US5382487 *May 6, 1994Jan 17, 1995Canon Kabushiki KaishaElectrophotographic image forming member
US8115795May 28, 2009Feb 14, 2012Xerox CorporationTwo-dimensional ROS emitter geometry with low banding sensitivity
US20100302341 *May 28, 2009Dec 2, 2010Xerox CorporationTwo-dimensional ros emitter geometry with low banding sensitivity
DE2715730A1 *Apr 7, 1977Nov 3, 1977Canon KkVerfahren und vorrichtung zur vermeidung einer beeintraechtigung eines unfixierten sichtbaren bildes
Classifications
U.S. Classification399/153
International ClassificationG03G15/22, G03G15/045, G03G5/087, G03G21/00
Cooperative ClassificationG03G15/226, G03G5/087, G03G15/045, G03G15/22
European ClassificationG03G15/22, G03G15/045, G03G21/00B1, G03G15/22D, G03G5/087