|Publication number||US3735069 A|
|Publication date||May 22, 1973|
|Filing date||Jan 5, 1972|
|Priority date||Jan 12, 1971|
|Also published as||DE2101195A1, DE2101195B2|
|Publication number||US 3735069 A, US 3735069A, US-A-3735069, US3735069 A, US3735069A|
|Original Assignee||Danfoss As|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (7), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Waited States Patent [191 Andresen [451 May 22,1973
[ SNAP-ACTION ELECTRIC SWITCH  Inventor: Jens Nicolai Andresen, Nordborg,
Denmark  Assignee: Danioss A/S, Nordborg, Denmark  Filed: Jan. 5, 1972  Appl. No.: 215,488
 Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 12, 1972 Germany ..P 21 01 195.0
 US. Cl ..200/67 l), 200/83 P  int. Cl. ..H01h 13/36  Field oi Search ..200/67 D, 83 P  v References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,617,665 l l/l97l Berson et al. ..200/83 P Primary Examiner-David Smith, Jr. AttorneyWayne B. Easton [5 7] ABSTRACT The invention relates to a snap action switch assembly which in addition to the usual contact switch means has a middle or normal range bound by movable stops which movement is proportional to or determined by the amount of force applied thereto through an actuating lever. The actuating lever is not only acted upon by moderate forces in the usual way to provide the usual control but, in addition, is also acted upon by larger forces in response to extreme conditions in a system. These larger forces move the displaceable stops and one or more auxiliary switch means are provided which are actuated under these circumstances to provide control under the extreme conditions referred to.
2 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure SNAP-ACTION ELECTRIC SWITCH The invention relates to a snap-action electric switch having a force-proportional snap-action system which comprises an actuating lever, movable between two stops, and a snap-action spring, the actuating lever being operated by a displacement force.
The use of force-proportional control is in contrast with distance-proportional control that is almost always used. The former method of control is based upon the fact that the snap-action spring produces a force component in the direction of the displacement force, and has a negative spring characteristic. Normally the actuating lever is urged against the stop by the sum of the displacement force and the force component of the snap-action spring. The system remains in this position until the displacement force falls below the force component of the snap-action spring. Snap-over into the other end position determined by the second stop then takes place. Generally only two parts, i.e. the actuating lever and the snap-action spring, are required for a force-proportional snap-action system. This results in a very simple construction and in ease of assembly. Also, the masses that have to be moved are relatively small. Furthermore, if the set of contacts to be actuated are separated from the actuating lever, extremely short periods of bounce results.
In many cases it is required to indicate a fault in the control system of an installation. A typical example is constituted by condenser thermostats in cold-boxes or refrigerating cabinets, in which an operating element, dependent upon the condenser temperature, acts on a snap-action electric switch, thereby overcoming the force of a rated-value spring. If the temperature inside the cold-box or refrigerating cabinet exceeds an upper limiting value, then this is a fault which should be indicated. If the operating element is not properly sealed, then the cold-box or refrigerating cabinet will operate continuously. This is also a fault which should be indicated. Considerable difficulties have hitherto been encountered in providing additional indications of this kind.
The object of the invention is to provide an electric snap-action system whereby not only is the normal control carried out in a simple manner, but it is also'possible to indicate in a simple way when a limiting value has been exceeded.
Based upon the initially described snap-action switch having a force-proportional snap-action system, and in accordance with the invention, this object is achieved by at least one of the stops being adapted to be movable from its at-rest position by the actuating lever against the force of an additional spring when the displacement force exceeds or falls below a predetermined limiting value, and by a signal being released by the movement of the stop.
The basis for this arrangement is that a large portion of the faults that occur are manifested by an abnormal increase and/or decrease in the displacement force. This fact is utilized to displace at least one of the stops, which may be regarded as stationary during normal operations, against the force of the additional spring, and thus to release a signal.
The stop may be linked for example to a contact for starting off a signal. The signal is then passed on by electrical means. When this happens however, normal operation of the snap-action switch is not interfered with.
In a preferred form of construction, an element carrying the stop is pressed in its at-rest position against a backing element by the additional spring. The position of the stop is thus precisely defined. It will pass beyond this position only if the force of the additional spring is exceeded by the forces occurring in the snap-action system.
Furthermore, one element may carry both stops and may be held between two additional springs acting in opposite directions, a fixed limit being associated with at least one of the additional springs. If the two addi tional springs are of different strength, the limit should be associated with the stronger of the springs.
A particularly simple space-saving construction results if the additional spring takes the form of a leaf spring and extends substantially parallel with the actuating lever.
Furthermore, the contact for starting off the signal may be actuable by the free end of the leaf spring.
The invention will now be described in greater detail by reference to an embodiment illustrated diagramatically in the drawing, this embodiment being constituted by the snap-action electric switch of a condenser thermostat for a refrigerating cabinet.
The snap-action switch has a snap-action system which consists of an actuating lever 1 and a snap-action spring 2 which is bent to the shape of the Greek letter omega. These parts are mounted in two fixed bearings 3 and 4 and are linked with each other by way of a movable bearing 5. Fitted to the actuating lever 1 is a dog 6 which actuates a reversing switch 7. The reversing switch consists of a fixed double contact 8 and two movable contacts 9 and 10 which are mounted on contact springs 11 and 12. The dog 6 engages the free ends of the contact springs 11 and 12.
The actuating lever l is able to move between two stops l3 and 14. It is loaded on the one hand by an operating element 15, which is connected through a capillary tube to a sensor which measures the condenser temperature, and on the other by a rated-value spring 16 which can be adjusted with the aid of a rotatable know 17. In the position illustrated, the force of the rated-value spring 16 is fixed. Also, the snap-action spring 4 2 has a certain upwardly directed force component.
Only the force applied by the operating element 15 is variable. It is not sufficient, for the purpose of displacing the actuating element 1, for the force applied by the working element 15 to be below that of the rated-value spring 16. Rather, it is necessary to reach a downwardly directed force differential which exceeds the upwardly directed force component of the snap-action spring 2 (calculated on the link 5). Then however, the system suddenly snaps over into the lower end position as a result of the negative characteristic curve of the snapaction spring 2. The pair of contacts 8 and 9 close, and the pair of contacts 8 and 10 open.
The two stops 13 and 14 are provided on a displaceable element 18 which is loaded at the top by a leaf spring 19 and at the bottom by another leaf spring 20. The at-rest position of the element 18 is determined by two limiting means 21 and 22 for the leaf springs 19 and 20. Associated with the leaf spring 19 is a fixed contact 23 and a movable contact 24 which is mounted on a contact spring 25. Associated with the leaf spring 20 is a fixed contact 26 and a movable contact 27 which is mounted on a contact spring 28. The free ends of the contact springs 25 and 28 are engaged by the leaf springs 19 and 20, so that the pairs of contacts 23 and 24, and 26 and 27 are open in the illustrated at-rest position. Also provided are fixed limits 29 and 30 which prevent excessive displacement of the element 28.
If the compressor temperature and therefore the pressure in the operating element rises above a predetermined limiting value, the actuating lever 1 displaces the stop 13 and thus the element 18 in the upward direction, thereby overcoming the force of the spring 19, and closes the pair of contacts 23 and 24 so as to send an appropriate signal. If the operating element 15 is not properly sealed so that the rated-value spring 16 alone is effective, the actuating lever 1 not only moves into the position set by the stop 14, but also moves the element 18 to overcome the force of the spring 20, so that the pair of contacts 26 and 27 close and an appropriate signal is sent. In both cases the contact springs 1 l and 12 are able to yield, so that the additional function is not adversely affected.
if the snap-action spring 2 is still operating in the negative portion of its characteristic curve defined by the limits means 29 and 30, the actuating lever 1 cannot continuously return to the at-rest position it previously occupied when the displacement force returns to the normal range. Rather, the displacement force must fall below or exceed a force resulting from the corresponding force component of the snap-action spring 2. Then the stop element 18 springs back into the normal position and the lever 1 bears against the opposite stop.
This snap-action switch may of course be used for other purposes, e.g. for a room thermostat in which the actuating lever 1 is constituted by a bimetal strip, in a pressostat or in any other control equipment in which the actuating lever l is acted upon by a displacement force.
1. A snap action electric switch assembly comprising a pair of fixed supports with an actuating lever and a snap action spring disposed therebetween, an operating element biasing said lever in one direction and spring means biasing said lever in the opposite direction, a linearly displaceable control member movable in a transverse direction relative to the biasing direction of said operating element, said control member having an opening defined by wall means, said lever extending through said opening, said opening wall means forming stop means which define the limits of a first range of movement of said lever when said control member is in a neutral position, first switch means actuated by said lever within said first range limits defined by said stop means, spring means opposing movement of said control member in at least one direction, said stop means presenting a predetermined resistance force to movement in at least one direction and being movable in said one direction when a force exceeding said predetermined resistance force is exceeded in the engagement of said lever with said stop means, and second switch means actuated when said stop means is moved a predetermined distance.
2. A snap action electric switch assembly according to claim 1 wherein there are a pair of said stop means on said displaceable member and there are a pair of said spring means respectively opposing movement of said displaceable member in each direction.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3617665 *||Dec 4, 1969||Nov 2, 1971||Controls Co Of America||Snap-action pressure-sensitive switch with safety feature responsive to contact welding|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4194102 *||Dec 29, 1977||Mar 18, 1980||Robertshaw Controls Company||Condition responsive electrical switch construction and parts and methods therefor|
|US4363015 *||Oct 10, 1979||Dec 7, 1982||Robertshaw Controls Company||Condition responsive electrical switch construction and parts and methods therefor|
|US4652706 *||Jan 29, 1986||Mar 24, 1987||Tower Manufacturing Corporation||Double pole switch construction|
|US4937549 *||Oct 2, 1989||Jun 26, 1990||General Electric Company||Condition responsive switching apparatus|
|US5101188 *||Apr 6, 1990||Mar 31, 1992||General Electric Company||Condition responsive switching apparatus|
|US5467523 *||Sep 1, 1994||Nov 21, 1995||General Electric Company||Method for assembling and calibrating a condition-responsive electric switch mechanism|
|US5585774 *||Sep 1, 1994||Dec 17, 1996||General Electric Company||Condition-responsive electric switch mechanism|
|U.S. Classification||200/454, 200/83.00P|
|International Classification||H01H37/00, H01H37/60|
|Cooperative Classification||H01H37/002, H01H37/60|
|European Classification||H01H37/00B, H01H37/60|