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Publication numberUS3735331 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1973
Filing dateApr 19, 1972
Priority dateApr 19, 1972
Publication numberUS 3735331 A, US 3735331A, US-A-3735331, US3735331 A, US3735331A
InventorsLeaf H, O Donnell P
Original AssigneeArk Les Switch Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrical connector
US 3735331 A
Abstract
An electrical connector for crimping onto wires including a ferrule-forming portion having its inner surface formed with a plurality of grooves with generally flat land surfaces therebetween, at least some of said grooves having an undercut side surface, preferably of at least about 1 DEG to 6 DEG for the purpose of shearing portions of wire crimped therein to expose the bare metal underlying any layer of insulation, corrosion, etc. thereon in order to provide the necessary low ohmic electrical path between wire and connector as well as a superior mechanical connection therebetween.
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ilite tates t UDonnoll et al.

ELECTCAL CUNNECTUR Inventors: Paul E. ODonneill, Whitman; ll-l. Vincent Marshfield, both of Mass.

Assignee: Ark-Les Switch Corporation, Watertown, Mass. Filed: Apr. 19, 1972 Appl. No.: 245,523

U.S. (Ii 339/97 C, 339/276 T lint. Cl. ..ll-I01r 9/08 Field of Search ..339/95, 97-99,

[56] Relierences Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2/1962 Berg ..339/276 T 3,111,554

11/1963 Harris ..339/276 R May 22, R973 Primary Examiner-Joseph H. McGlynn Att0rney-Martin Kirkpatrick [57] ABSTCT An electrical connector for crimping onto wires including a ferrule-forming portion having its inner surface formed with a plurality of grooves with generally flat land surfaces therebetween, at least some of said grooves having an undercut side surface, preferably of at least about 1 to 6 for the purpose of shearing portions of wire crimped therein to expose the bare metal underlying any layer of insulation, corrosion, etc. thereon in order to provide the necessary low ohmic electrical path between wire and connector as well as a superior mechanical connection therebetween.

10 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR This invention relates to electrical connectors of the type which are adapted to be crimped onto wires, and more particularly to such connectors which are especially suitable for crimping onto wires having a thin insulating coating thereon.

Many types of wires used in making electrical connections have thin insulating coatings thereon, either applied thereto as with so-called magnet wire, or naturally occurring as with aluminum wire which develops an oxide coating. When it is desired to make electrical connection to wires having such coatings it is necessary during the mechanical crimping operation to pierce the insulating coating in order to achieve a connection of suitable mechanical strength and an electrical contact of low ohmic resistance with the current carrying portion of the wire.

Although attempts have been made to achieve the desired results, they have been deficient in some respects, especially as to the necessay low ohmic contact resistance when certain types of insulating coatings are present on the wire.

Accordingly, it is a major object of the present invention to provide an electrical connector to be crimped onto one or more wires having an insulating coating by mechanical methods and which thereby creates a connection of suitable mechanical strength and an electrical contact of low ohmic resistance with the current carrying portion of the wire.

The above and further objects of the invention are accomplished by providing an electrical connector including a ferrule-forming portion having its inner surface formed with a plurality of novel grooves with generally flat land surfaces therebetween, at least some of said grooves having a sharp edged undercut side surface for shearing the wire as it is forced into the undercut. If desired an upset burr may be provided at the sharp edge. Preferably there are at least two grooves parallel to and spaced from one another by the land surface, the grooves having their side surfaces remote from the groove undercut by about 1 to 6. The side surfaces of the grooves contiguous with the central land are sloped at an obtuse angle of more than 90 Further grooves have their side surfaces most remote from the central land undercut.

For the purpose of more fully explaining the above and still further objects and features of the invention, reference is now made to the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention, together with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. l is a plan view of the connector of the invention in flat form;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the connector of FIG. 1, taken along the line 2--2 thereof;

FIG. 3 is an end view of the connector of FIG. 1 bent into ferrule form for receiving wires therein;

FIG. 4 is a plan view, partly in section, of the connector of FIG. 11 crimped onto two solid wires;

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the crimped connector and wires of FIG. 4, taken along the line 5-5 thereof;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a portion of the crimped connector of FIG. 4, showing the sheared wire portion within the undercut; and

FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a modification of the connector of FIGS. 1 through 6 showing an upset burr.

Referring to FIGS. 1 through 6, the connector of the preferred embodiment of the invention is of sheet metal such as brass, having a grooved inner surface and a flat outer surface 15 with a conventional ring tongue portion 12 and a ferrule-forming portion, generally designated 14, into which wires l6, 13 having a thin insulating coating 17 (FIG. 6) may be crimped.

According to the invention, the ferrule-forming portion 14 has its inner surface formed with a plurality of parallel grooves with generally flat land surfaces therebetween, with at least some of said grooves having an undercut side surface, preferably of at least about 1 to 6, for the purpose of shearing portions of wire crimped therein to expose the bare metal underlying any layer of insulation, corrosion, etc. thereon in order to provide the necessary low ohmic electrical path between wire and connector as well as a superior mechanical connection therebetween.

More specifically, as best shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 in its flat form, ferrule portion 14 as illustrated has six parallel grooves separated by five flat surfaced lands, including a central land 20. Grooves 22, 32 on opposite sides of central land 20 are mirror images of one another and have their opposite generally straight side surfaces 23, 33 remote from central land 20 undercut, in accordance with the present invention, at an angle, U, with respect to the perpendicular to the surfaces of ferrule-forming portion 14, of at least 1 to 6, as shown. A greater undercut angle, U, may also be employed. The undercut side surfaces 23, 33 form an edge contiguous with their respective lands 24, 34 which is relatively sharp for effective shearing of the wire and its insulating coating 17, and may, if desired, include thereon a projection in the form of a burr 40, as shown in FIG. 7, to aid in piercing the wire and its insulating coating 17 (FIG. 6).

The generally straight side surfaces 25, 35 contiguous with central land 20 are sloped at an obtuse included angle of more than 90 degrees with respect to the inner surface of ferrule-forming portion 20, preferably about 140 as shown, plus or minus 20. Generally flat bottom groove surfaces 27, 37 extend between side surfaces 23, 25 and 33, 35 respectively, although a bottom surface other than flat may be used if desired. The width of grooves 22, 32 is relatively narrow, preferably about 0.01 to 0.02 inches.

Additional grooves with intervening flat lands are preferably provided on ferrule-forming portion 14, with their side surfaces most remote from central land surface 20 undercut as set forth above. Thus grooves 26 and 28, identical in configuration with groove 22, with a flat land 29 therebetween, are provided outwardly of land 24 away from central land 20 and grooves 36 and 38, identical in configuration with groove 32, with a fiat land 39 therebetween are provided outwardly of land 24 away from central land 20.

For use, the ferrule-forming portion 14 of the connector of the invention is normally first bent into U shape, as shown in FIG. 3, for receiving the wires, whether solid or stranded, to be crimped thereby. Thereafter, a crimping operation is carried out by conventional apparatus wherein the ferrule-forming portion 14 is forced inwardly against the wires 16, 18 under sufficiently heavy pressure to deform the wire by shearing it and driving it into the grooves, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 and particularly in the enlarged view of FIG. 6 wherein is illustrated the shearing of the insulating coating 17 as the metal of the wire is forced into the grooves and under their undercut side surfaces. This action, unique to the undercut grooves of the present invention, not only provides the necessary low ohmic path between wire and connector, but also provides a superior mechanical connection therebetween in both directions along the axis of the crimped connector by reason of the positioning of undercut side surfaces on opposite sides of the grooves with respect to the central land 20, so that stress in either direction is equally well resisted.

What is claimed is: 1. An electrical connector for crimping onto wires including a ferrule-forming portion having its inner surface formed with a plurality of grooves with generally flat land surfaces therebetween at least some of said grooves having an undercut side surface. 2. An electrical connector as claimed in claim 1 wherein said undercut side surface is generally straight. 3. An electrical connector as claimed in claim 2 wherein said side surface is undercut at an angle of about 1 to 6.

4. An electrical connector for crimping onto wires including a ferrule-forming portion having its inner surface formed with a plurality of at least two grooves with a land surface therebetween said two grooves being parallel to and spaced from one another by said land surface with their opposite side surfaces remote from said land being undercut. 5. An electrical connector as claimed in claim 4 wherein the side surfaces of said grooves contiguous with said land are sloped at an obtuse angle of more than 6. An electrical connector as claimed in claim 5 wherein said undercut is at an angle of about 5.

7. An electrical connector for crimping onto wires including a ferrule-forming portion having its inner surface formed with a plurality of at least four parallel grooves with flat land surfaces therebetween the central two of said grooves being parallel to and spaced from one another by the central one of said land surfaces with their opposite side surfaces remote from said central land surfaces being undercut the other of said grooves having their side surfaces most remote from said central land surface being undercut. 8. An electrical connector as claimed in claim 7 wherein the side surfaces of said grooves contiguous with said central land and of said other grooves closest to said central land is sloped at an obtuse angle of more than 90. 9. An electrical connector as claimed in claim 8 wherein said undercut has a sharp edge at its contiguous land and is at an angle of about 5 and said obtuse angle is of about l60. 10. An electrical connector as claimed in claim 9 wherein the bottom of said grooves is generally flat and of a width from about 0.01 to 0.02 inches.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3020520 *Jul 30, 1959Feb 6, 1962Berg QuentinTerminal for making electrical connections
US3111554 *Oct 30, 1962Nov 19, 1963Amp IncMethod and apparatus for producing an electrical connection with insulated wires
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4003623 *Sep 12, 1975Jan 18, 1977Amp IncorporatedWire securing member with varying serrations
US4074065 *Mar 22, 1976Feb 14, 1978Ark-Les Switch CorporationInsulated wire splice
US5425662 *Sep 26, 1994Jun 20, 1995Ford Motor CompanyCrimped wire terminal with mechanical locking
US7210958Dec 20, 2005May 1, 2007Etco, Inc.Electrical contact crimp ear serration
US8353717Jan 15, 2013Hubbell IncorporatedElectrical connector with external grooves and ridges
US8519267Feb 16, 2009Aug 27, 2013Carlisle Interconnect Technologies, Inc.Terminal having integral oxide breaker
US8622774Apr 19, 2012Jan 7, 2014Delphi Technologies, Inc.Electrical contact having channel with angled sidewalls and romboid knurl pattern
US8979601Aug 9, 2011Mar 17, 2015Tyco Electronics Amp GmbhElectric connecting terminal as well as method and device for producing an electric connecting terminal
US20030217861 *May 20, 2003Nov 27, 2003Skotek David AnthonyInsulated wire splice
US20090186518 *Jul 23, 2009Fci Americas Technology, Inc.Electrical connector with external grooves and ridges
US20100206631 *Aug 19, 2010Peters Kenneth JTerminal having integral oxide breaker
DE102010039655A1 *Aug 23, 2010Feb 23, 2012Tyco Electronics Amp GmbhElektrische Verbindungsklemme sowie Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Herstellen einer elektrischen Verbindungsklemme
WO1988008625A1 *Mar 10, 1988Nov 3, 1988Standex International CorporationA connector clip for magnet wire
WO2009096591A1 *Jan 28, 2009Aug 6, 2009Yazaki CorporationCrimp terminal
WO2015068639A1 *Oct 30, 2014May 14, 2015矢崎総業株式会社Crimp terminal
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/421, 439/882
International ClassificationH01R4/58, H01R4/62, H01R4/24
Cooperative ClassificationH01R4/2495, H01R4/62
European ClassificationH01R4/62, H01R4/24F