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Publication numberUS3735385 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1973
Filing dateMay 14, 1971
Priority dateJun 13, 1970
Also published asCA939776A1, DE2029247A1, DE2029247B2
Publication numberUS 3735385 A, US 3735385A, US-A-3735385, US3735385 A, US3735385A
InventorsBartels U, Nussbaum H, Schroder J, Von Osten R
Original AssigneePhilips Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Circuit arrangement for character display
US 3735385 A
Abstract
A device for forming image signals for a cathode-ray tube wherein signals are generated corresponding to line segments and column segments of characters to be displayed and wherein the line segment and the column segment signals are combined and stored in a shift register that contains the information corresponding to a plurality of characters whereby the character forming apparatus may operate asynchronously with the display apparatus.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

llnite Patent [19] Sehroder et al.

(IIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT FOR CHARACTER DISPLAY Inventors: Jurgen Schroder; Reimer Von Osten; Hans-Georg Nussbaum; U1- rich Bartels, all of Bremen, Germany Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation, New

York, N.Y.

Filed: May 14, 1971 Appl. No.: 143,346

Foreign Application Priority Data T CLOCK PULSE [5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,573,787 4/1971 Sandgren et a1. ..340/324 A 3,444,319 5/1969 Artzt et 31.... ...340/324 A X 3,540,031 11/1970 Love ..340/324 A 3,388,391 6/1968 Clark ..340/324 A Primary Examiner-David L. Trafton Att0rneyFrank R. Trifari [5 7] ABSTRACT A device for forming image signals for a cathoderay tube wherein signals are generated corresponding to line segments and column segments of characters to be displayed and wherein the line segment and the column segment signals are combined and stored in a shift register that contains the information corresponding to a plurality of characters whereby the character forming apparatus may operate asynchronously with the display apparatus.

5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures {INPUT LEAD L2 L0 LINE DECODER w COUNTER I LINE GROUP FORMING STAFF CHARACTER FO R MQfiE L68 1,): ZEIENPUT STAGE; iiiiiiiii u LEAD Z, ZGACHARACTER GENERATOR 6 pg 5 L A ILINE GROUP 20 g Z BM ISELECTING I "1' STAGE IMAGE DECODEFI 2 I STORE I 1 I I 868 COLUMN snow I FORMING STAGE I I I I I JCOLUMN I SA sELEcTING I STAGE TRIGGER INPUT LEAD S11 57 8 T6 SR BS CLOCK PULSE SHIFT OUTPUT GENERATOR REGISTER LEAD PATENIEL 112N975 3. 7 3 5 3 8 5 sum 1 OF 4 L'LS Fig.1

IN VENTORS JURGEN SCHRODER REIMER VON OSTEN HMB-GEORG NUSSBAUN BY- ULRICH BARTELS GENT PATENTEL III! 2 2 I973 SHEET 3 [IF 4 T CLOCK PULSE glNPuT LEAD L L2 LD ELS /b LINE DECODER COUNTER I f LlNE GROUP CHARACTER LGB IFORMING STAFF GROUP ZE FORMINO I INPUT 5TAGE| LEAD Z, l ZGNICHARACTER GENERATOR P5 20 I 268 A ILINE GROUP l ISELECTING 1 STAGE IMAGE OEcOOER Z l sTORE l I I I 568 COLUMN GROUP {FORMING STAGE 1 I I COLUMN 1 SA I I TRIGGER INPUT LEAD SI CLOCK PULSE SHIFT OUTPUT GENERATOR REGISTER LEAD FIg. 3

INVENTORS I: v fi smn NUSSIEBAUM y ULRICH BARTELS AGENT PATENTEL MY 2 2 i973 SHEET [1F 4 AG NT CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT FOR CCTER DISPLAY The invention relates to an arrangement for controlling the intensity of the electron beam of a cathode ray tube when displaying characters which consist of image dots arranged according to a matrix on the screen of the cathode-ray tube, which arrangement includes a line counter and a character generator.

In order to facilitate the exchange of data between electronic data processing machines and the personnel operating them, display apparatus are used which convert the machine data into a legible text. For this purpose, fixed content stores are used which convert a symbol ofiered in an arbitrary code into a pattern of dots and strokes which corresponds to legible types.

Such an arrangement is described, for example in the British Patent application No. 30155/70 corresponding to U.S. Pat. No. 3,696,387 in which the characters are built up from character parts with the use of a diode matrix. The said arrangement is unsuitable for construction as integrated-circuit and hence is comparatively expensive. The signals have to pass through a comparatively large number of gate circuits, and this number may be different for different characters. In particular if the characters succeed one another at a high speed (or if the column or line frequencies are high) transit-time differences may occur which are due to tolerances in the switching times of the circuit element and may become so large that they cannot be compensated for by a synchronizing stage, so that the shapes of the characters are adversely affected.

The invention avoids this disadvantage by the use of only a small number of series-connected electronic circuit elements, and an arrangement according to the invention is characterized in that the character generator comprises a line group forming stage, by which'the signals from at least two of the outputs of a decoder connected to the outputs of the line counter may be combined at a time to form line group signals, a character group forming stage, by which the signals from a number of the character inputs may be combined to form character group signals, a line group selecting stage, in which the signal from each character group may always select one line group, a column group forming stage, in which the signals from line groups selected in the line group selecting stage may be combined to form the col umn group signals, and a column group selecting stage, which distributes the column group signals over the corresponding column outputs the signals at the column output being capable of controlling the intensity of the electron beam. Thus, for each matrix point at most four electronic circuit elements are connected in series. Building up the characters in three steps results in a reduction in the number of parallel-connected electronic circuit elements also.

In conjunction therewith, a preferred embodiment according to the invention is characterized in that the signals for controlling the electron beam during the display of all the matrix dots of a succeeding character which lie on a given line jointly appear at one output per column during the display of a preceding character, and in that on termination of the display of a line of a character a control signal always transfers the information appearing at the outputs of the character generator to one storage location of a store, and in that the intensity of the electron beam may successively be controlled by the information contents of the storage locations. Thus, the information appears at the outputs in parallel form. This enables comparatively slow gate circuits to be used for the character generator, because the overall delay time of the gage circuits may be equal to the duration of the display of an entire character, whereas hitherto it could be equal only to a dot of a character. In particular, comparatively cheap permanent stores manufactured by means of MOST techniques may be used.

A preferred embodiment of an arrangement according to the invention is characterized in that the store is a shift register and in that during the display of that part of the character which is stored in this shift register the information contained in it is shifted to the output of the shift register in synchronism with the electron beam, the information appearing at this output controlling the intensity of the electron beam. This shift register may be manufactured in another technique than is the permanent store, permitting a high clock pulse frequency and hence a high character display frequency to be used.

A preferred embodiment of an arrangement according to the invention is further characterized in that the character group forming stage and the line group forming stage consist of or-gates, the line group selecting stage consists of and-gates, and the column group forming stage and the column group selecting stage consist of or-gates. This embodiment is highly suitable to be constructed in integrated-circuit form.

Still another preferred embodiment of an arrangement according to the invention is characterized in that the matrix consists of image dots arranged according to vertical lines and horizontal columns. This is equivalent to replacing the word column by the word row and vice versa.

An embodiment of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 shows the construction of characters from character parts and column and line groups by means of a dot matrix,

FIG. 2 shows character parts which occur in different characters,

FIG. 3 is a block schematic diagram of an embodiment according to the invention, and

FIG. 4 shows details of the arrangement shown in FIG. 3 illustrating, by way of example, the generation of the characters U and W.

FIG. 1 shows how the characters U and W may be built up in a matrix comprising 8 rows and 7 columns. The U is built up from character parts ZTl and 2T2, and the W from character parts ZT 1, ZT2 and 2T3. The character parts may in turn be built up from dot groups. For example, the character part ZTl is built up from dot groups P1, P2 and P3, the character part 2T2 from the dot group P5, and the character part 2T3 from the dot group P4. The dot groups are built up from combinations of column groups and row groups. For example, the dot group P2 is built up as a combination of a row group L7, which comprises the seventh row, and of the column group Sl,7 which comprises the first and seventh columns. The column group 81,7 is used inter alia to form the dot group P5.

FIG. 2 shows the character of a character assortment which may be built up inter alia from the character parts ZTl, 2T2, ZT3 and 2T4. These characters may be subdivided into four character groups 2G1 to ZG4, according to their consn'uction from various character parts:

ZGl: B, S, U, W, 0, 3, 5, ZG2: O, W, Y, 0, 3, 5, 6, 2G3: U, W, O, 3, 5, 6, 264: J.

When building the known character shapes from matrix elements, with a view to the legibility of the characters shapes must be chosen in which the characters are made up from the smallest possible number of character parts, which each may be used for many characters, and these character parts in their turn must be made up from the smallest possible number of column and/or row groups, which may be used in common for many character parts.

FIG. 3 is a block circuit diagram of a character display arrangement according to. the invention, which comprises an input lead ZE, an image store PS, a decoder ZD, a character group forming stage ZGB, a clock pulse input lead T, a line counter LZ, a decoder LD, a line group forming stage LGB, a character generator ZG, a line group selecting stage LGA, a column group forming stage SGB, a column selecting stage SA, shift register SR, an output lead BS, a clock pulse generator TG and a trigger input lead S.

Through the lead ZE the characters are supplied, for example in a six-bit code, to the image store PS. At the output of the store the information of the stored characters is decoded by a decoder ZD. In the embodiment shown by way of example, it is assumed that in there are 64 possible output signals (Z1 to Z64) which, in the manner described with reference to FIG. 2, are combined to form character groups in the character group forming stage ZGB associated with the character generator ZG. Under the control of the clock pulse T, the line counter LZ counts the matrix lines (horizontal rows of dots) to be displayed. The contents of this counter are decoded by the decoder LD and the output signals of this decoder are combined in the line group forming stage LGB to form the line groups. In accordance with the character decoded in the decoder ZD, the character group forming stage ZGB'selects those groups in the line group selecting stage LGA which are required to display the character which at that instant forms the contents of the image store PS and has been decoded by the decoder ZD. In the column group forming stage SGB the output signals of the line group selecting stage LGA form the column groups required for display in the with the line to be displayed at this instant and with the character decoded by ZD. In the column selecting stage SA the output signals of the column group forming stage SGB will then select the columns which are to be displayed as matrix dots in accordance with the character interrogated by the output of the image store PS and with the contents of the line counter L2. The signals which correspond to the seven matrix columns are stored in the shift register SR, which thereupon under the control of the clock pulse generator TG, which is adapted to be triggered, effects a parallel-to-series conversion of the set of pulses, so that a corresponding luminance signal may be taken from the lead BS.

FIG. 4 shows details of the circuit arrangement shown in FIG. 3 and includes, in addition to the aforementioned circuit elements, or-gates 01 to 023, and

gates U1 to U6 and Un, and input leads Z Z Z Z,. The circuit arrangement operates as follows:

We will assume that the character U is to be displayed. The code of this character is obtained at the output of the image store and, after decoding in the decoder ZD, transferred via a character input lead 2,, to the or-gates 01 and 03. The input lead Z is one of the leads Z1 to Z64 of FIG. 3. From the character group forming stage ZGB, which in the arrangement shown in FIG. 4 includes the or-gates 01 to 03, the signal on the lead 2,, is transferred to the row group selecting stage LGA, with the result that in this stage the and-gates U U U and U, are put into a state of readiness. Under the control of the clock pulse T the line counter LZ counts the rows to be displayed. The contents of the counter LZ are decoded in the decoder LD to form signals on the leads L1 to L8. During the lines 1 to 6 the or-gate 012 is energized via the or-gates 04, 05 and 06 and via the and-gate US, so that the or-gate 012 selects the columns S1 and S7 via the or-gates 017 and 023 and thus forms the character part ZTZ. In a similar manner the control signals for the dot groups P1, P2 and P3 (of FIG. 1) are generated, with the result that via 011, 012 and 013 and via 017 and 023 the character part ZTl is formed. In a similar manner the character W is displayed by adding the character part ZT3 during the lines 4 to 8 via 04, 07, U4, 014 and 020. The input signals for the or-gates 01 to 03 correspond to the character groups described with reference to FIG. 2. Through leads S1 to S7 the pulse pattern is applied to the shift register SR.

The circuit arrangement is highly suitable for construction by means of not-and gates, because starting from the decoders LD and ZD it alternately consists of and-gates and or-gates. The or-gates of the column group forming stage SGB may in this case be designed as wired-or.

What is claimed is:

1. An arrangement for controlling the intensity of the electron beam of a cathode ray tube when displaying characters which consist of image dots arranged according to a matrix on the screen of the cathode-ray tube, which arrangement includes a line counter and a character generator, characterized in that the character generator comprises a line group forming stage wherein the signals from at least two of the outputs of a decoder connected to the outputs of the line counter may be combined at a time to form line group signals, a character group forming stage, by which the signals from a number of the character inputs may be combined to form character group signals, a line group selecting stage, in which the signal from each character group may always select one line group, a column group forming stage, in which the signals from line groups selected in the line group selecting stage may be combined to form the column group signals, and a column group selecting stage, which distributes the column group signals over the corresponding column outputs the signals at the column output being capable of controlling the intensity of the electron beam.

2. An arrangement as claimed in claim 1, the column group selecting stage further comprising means for providing signals for controlling the electron beam during the display of all the matrix dots of a succeeding character which lie on a given line jointly at one output per column during the display of a preceding character,

' and responsive to the termination of the display of a line of a character a control signal for transferring the information appearing at the outputs of the character generator to one storage location of a store, the intensity of the electron beam being successively controlled by the information contents of the storage locations.

3. An arrangement as claimed in claim 2, wherein the store is a shift register and in that means are provided during the display of that part of the character which is stored in this shift register for shifting the information therein contained to the output of the shift register in synchronism with the electron beam, the information appearing at this output controlling the intensity of the to vertical lines and horizontal columns.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3388391 *Apr 7, 1965Jun 11, 1968Rca CorpDigital storage and generation of video signals
US3444319 *Jul 26, 1966May 13, 1969Rca CorpCharacter generator
US3540031 *Oct 14, 1965Nov 10, 1970IbmCharacter code translator
US3573787 *Jan 31, 1968Apr 6, 1971Motorola IncGenerator for video signal for reproduction of characters by television receiver
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3346389 *Jun 26, 1964Oct 10, 1967American Maize Prod CoCake mix, batter, method of making a cake and the resulting product
US4208723 *Nov 28, 1977Jun 17, 1980Gould Inc.Data point connection circuitry for use in display devices
Classifications
U.S. Classification345/20, 345/26
International ClassificationG09G5/24
Cooperative ClassificationG09G5/24
European ClassificationG09G5/24