|Publication number||US3736878 A|
|Publication date||Jun 5, 1973|
|Filing date||Jul 14, 1971|
|Priority date||Jul 18, 1970|
|Also published as||DE2035737A1|
|Publication number||US 3736878 A, US 3736878A, US-A-3736878, US3736878 A, US3736878A|
|Original Assignee||Elektro Thermit Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (8), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Guntermann [541 DEVICE FOR DESTROYING MACHINERY  Inventor: Hans Guntermann, Essen-Steele,
Germany  Assignee: Elektro-Thermit GmbH, Essen, Germany  Filed: July 14, 1971 ] Appl. No.: 162,504
 Foreign Application Priority Data July 18,1970 Germany ..P 20 35 737.3
 US. Cl. ..102/90, 102/66  Int. Cl ..F42b 11/24 ['58] Field of Search ..102/90, 87, 66, 6
 References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 3,291,050 12/1966 Ahlert et al. ....102/9O 2,790,389 4/1957 Ackerman, Jr... ..102/90 2,791,178 5/1957 Thompson ..102/90 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,153,664 8/1963 Germany ..102/90 June 5,1973
Primary ExaminerBenjamin A. Borchelt Assistant Examiner-Harold Tudor Attorney-James E. Bryan  ABSTRACT This invention relates to an improvement in a device for destroying machinery comprising a highly fire-resistant outer casing containing an aluminothermic reaction mixture, at least one outlet opening in the casing, and igniter means in said casing. The improvement comprises ignition transmitter means connected to said igniter means and including inner casing means closed on one end, perforated inner tubing means mounted in said inner casing means, perforated annular ring means between said inner tubing means and said inner casing means, easily meltable means covering the perforations in said inner tubing means and said annular ring means, an ignition mixture in said inner casing, and ignition rod means extending at one end into said explosive mixture and at the other end into said inner tubing means.
6 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure 1 DEVICE FOR DESTROYING MACHINERY This invention relates to a device for destroying or rendering inoperative various types of machinery and mechanical devices such as tanks and, in particular,- gun barrels.
The device includes a casing lined with a highly fireresistant material and which contains an aluminothermic reaction mixture. The casing is provided with one or more outlet openings for the high temperature aluminothermic reaction products and,in one end of the device, there is an igniter which operates in conjunction with a hot-burning ignition transmitter for initiating the aluminothermic reaction.
A device of this type is described, for example, in German Pat. No. 1,153,664. The device disclosed in the aforementioned German patent has the disadvantage, however, that during the reaction of the aluminothermic reaction mixture, and. thus before the discharge of the aluminothermic reaction products, the pressure in the container or casing increases to such an extent that there may be a rupture of the end cap which covers the ignition transmission element so that molten reaction products as well as unreacted portions of the aluminothermic reaction mixture are ejected upwardly from the aluminothermic charge. Accordingly, the device does not operate in a uniformly safe manner nor does it operate in a quiet and unseen manner, as is desired.
The present invention provides a device which eliminates the foregoing disadvantages in a simple and operationally secure manner. The desirable features of the present invention are achieved by a construction in which the'igniter is connected to an ignition transmitter or carrier composed of an inner casing which is closed at the bottom thereof and has a shorter perforated inner tubing mounted within the inner casing, which inner tubing serves as a detonator casing. A perforated annular ring connects the inner casing and the inner tubing and the perforations in the inner tubing as well as in the annular ring are covered by easily meltable or combustible foils, preferably made of a thermoplastic synthetic material such as polyvinyl chloride, for example.
The chamber formed between the inner casing, the inner tubing, and the perforated annular ring is filled with an ignition mixture of known composition into which one end of a highly combustible ignition rod is inserted. The ignition rod has an ignition head on the other end thereof and the ignition head is positioned in the inner tubing in a manner such that the perforations in the inner tubing are opposite the ignition head.
The device of the invention will be further illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings in which one embodiment is shown in section. The device of the invention is composed of the external cylindrical casing which is lined with a highly fire-resistant material 11. At the lower end of the casing, the lining has an outlet opening 12 which is covered by a metallic plug 14 which is threaded into the lower end wall 13 of the casing 10.
The ignition transmitter of the invention is threaded into the upper end wall 15 of the casing 10. The ignition transmitter is composed of an inner casing 2 and a perforated inner tubing 3 of a smaller diameter than the inner casing 2, which tubing serves as a detonator casing for the igniter l. The inner tubing 3 is mounted within the inner casing 2 by means of the perforated annular ring 4. The perforations in the annular ring 4 as well as the perforations 5 in the inner tubing 3 are covered by easily meltable or combustible foils 6, which foils are waterproof.
The chamber 7 formed by the inner casing 2, the inner tubing 3, and the annular ring 4 is filled with an ignition mixture of known composition into which the lower end of the ignition rod 8 projects. The ignition rod 8 has an ignition head 9 on the upper end thereof which ignition head is positioned in the inner tubing 3. The ignition rod 8 is mounted in the inner tubing 3 by means of an annular ceramic supporting element 17 and the lower end of the ignition rod 8 is surrounded by a perforated tube 16 which is threaded into the inner tubing 3 and thus protects the ignition rod 8 from damage. Instead of the supporting element 17, it also is possible to employ an asbestos cord or an asbestos ring, as well as other materials which are unaffected by high temperatures.
Instead of the manual igniter 1 disclosed in the drawings, it also is possible to use an electric igniter which need only ignite the ignition head of the ignition rod 8.
In the operation of the device disclosed in the drawings, ignition is effected by means of a friction igniter. The spark which is formed by actuation of the igniter ignites the ignition head 9 of the ignition rod 8. As a re sult of the heat generated in this manner, the covering foil 6 of the inner tubing 3 is melted through. The ignition then propagates from the ignition head 9 by means of the ignition rod 8 to a point where, finally, the ignition mixture contained in the inner casing 2 is reacted by the heat developed by the ignition rod 8. The heat generated during the reaction of the ignition mixture also melts the covering foil 6 over the perforations in the annular ring 4. The pressure generated during the ignition is relieved through the perforations in the ring 4 as well as through the perforations 5 in the inner tubing 3 and thus does not buildup.
In the further course of the reaction, the ignition mixture melts through the inner casing 2 and ignites the aluminothermic reaction mixture, which latter finally melts the sealing plug 14 whereby the reaction products escape through the opening so formed.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that many modifications may be made within the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit thereof, and the invention includes all such modifications.
What is claimed is:
1. In a device for destroying machinery comprising a highly fire-resistant outer casing containing an aluminothermic reaction mixture, at least one outlet opening in the casing, and igniter means in said casing, the improvement which comprises ignition transmitter means in said outer casing connected to said igniter means and including inner casing means closed on one end, perforated inner tubing means mounted in said inner casing means, perforated annular ring means between said inner tubing means and said inner casing means, easily meltable means covering the perforations in said inner tubing means and said annular ring means, an ignition mixture in said inner casing, and ignition rod means extending at one end into said explosive mixture and at the other end into said inner tubing means.
2. A device according to claim 1 in which the easily meltable means covering the perforations is a synthetic plastic material.
3. A device according to claim 2 in which the syni thetic plastic material is polyvinyl chloride.
4. A device according to claim 1 including an annular ring of ceramic material supporting said ignition rod means in said inner tubing means.
means extending into said ignition mixture.
STATES PATENT OFFTCE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 ,736 878 Dated Tune 5 1973 Inventofls) Hans Guntermann It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 2, penultimate line, 'explosive" should read ignition Signed and sealed this 1st day of January 19711..
EDWARD M..FLETCHER,JR. RENE D. TEGTMEYER Attesting Officer Acting Commissioner of Patents ELJONITED STATES PATENT OFI'iOE I CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 ,736 878 Dated June 5 1973 Inventor(s) Hans Guntermann T.!- is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 2, penultimate line, "explosive" should read ignition ,Signed and sealed this 1st day of January 197M.
EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. RENE D. TEGTMEYER. Attesting Officer Acting Commissioner of Patents FORM PO-IOSO no-esu uscoM -Dc 60376-P69 U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OF FICE: I969 0-366-334 l STATES PATENT oFi icE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,736,878 Dated Iune 5, 1973 Inventor(s) Hans Guntermann It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 2, penultimate line, "explosive" should read ignition Signed and sealedthis' 1st day of January 1971+.
EDWARD M FLE TCHER J R RENE D. TEGTMEYER Attesting Officer Acting Commissionerof Patents FORM F o-1050 (10-69) usco -Dc 60376-P6Q LLS, GOVERNMENT PQHNIING OFFICE l9 0-366-334-
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|International Classification||F42C15/36, F42B3/11, F42C15/00, F42B3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F42B3/11, F42C15/36, F42B3/00|
|European Classification||F42C15/36, F42B3/00, F42B3/11|