|Publication number||US3736926 A|
|Publication date||Jun 5, 1973|
|Filing date||Apr 16, 1971|
|Priority date||Apr 16, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3736926 A, US 3736926A, US-A-3736926, US3736926 A, US3736926A|
|Original Assignee||Irby J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States atent [191 Irby  HAND COVERING DEVICE  Inventor: James E. Irby, Route 3, Box 145,
- Spartanburg, S.C. 29301  Filed: Apr. 16, 1971  Appl. No.: 134,723
Primary Examiner-William E. Kamm Assistant Examiner-G; F. Dunne AttorneyWellington M. Manning, Jr.
 ABSTRACT An article is disclosed to be worn on the hand comprising a palm covering member with which is associated a resilient body. Additionally, means are provided for securing the palm covering member and the resilient body to the hand of a wearer with the resilient body being placed adjacent the palm of the hand. The palm covering member may be integral with a glove to be worn on the hand or may be a member which is wrapped around the hand and secured thereto. In the embodiment where a glove is provided, the finger portions of the glove may be open-ended so as to permit the fingers to extend therethrough. One purpose of the device of the present invention is, when worn, to prevent an infant from picking up small articles that could prove dangerous to the infant because of sharp edges or the like on the article, or that could be placed into the mouth of the infant and prove dangerous when swallowed. As such, the resilient body used with the device of the present invention should be of sufficient size to prevent interaction between the thumb and fingers of the wearer necessary for the grasping and lifting of objects. The device of the present invention has other uses as will be elaborated on hereinafter.
13 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENIEUJUM 5 I975 3,736,926
FIG] JAMES E. IRBY AH'QR tY HAND COVERING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention is primarily directed to a device for the protection of infants. In this regard, numerous devices have been provided to be worn on the hand of an infant or the mentally retarded so as to prevent the wearer from sucking his thumb or one or more of his fingers and/or to prevent the individual from causing damage to the hand or fingers. While some of these devices might inherently prevent the wearer from lifting articles, the devices have been cumbersome, bulky and in general, completely cover the hand of the wearer so as to render the hand useless from a normal function standpoint.
The present invention, on the other hand, prevents the wearer from using the hands for lifting small objects that might be swallowed, while at the same time permitting the individual to continually use his hands for crawling, sitting up, lifting large objects or the like.
The prior art is devoid of any teaching of the present invention and likewise is devoid of any suggestion of the present invention. Exemplary of the prior art are U. S. Pat. Nos. 2,043,153 to Cox; Re. 20,858 to Moller; 2,139,897 to Kessler; 2,303,675 to Berghs; 2,783,759 to Hill, and 3,564,613 to Fowler.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a device to be worn on the hand to prevent the wearer from picking up small articles.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a novel type glove to be worn on the hand.
Still further, another object of the present invention is to provide a device to be worn on the hand to be used in the washing or polishing of an automobile or the like.
Still further, another object of the present invention is to provide a novel device to be wrapped around the hand of an infant so as to prevent the infant from picking up small articles and putting same in its mouth or being harmed by same.
Generally speaking, the device of the present invention comprises a palm covering member, means to secure said palm covering member to a hand and a resilient body associated with said palm covering member, said resilient body being sufficient in size when secured to a hand to prevent normal interaction between a thumb and a finger of said hand necessary for grasping and lifting small objects.
More specifically, the device of the present invention encompasses any member secured to the hand of a wearer that has associated therewith an enlarged resilient body located adjacent the palm of the hand, whereby the wearer is precluded under normal circumstances from using his thumb and fingers for the grasping and lifting of small objects.
The palm covering member may be a separate panel having straps or the like which extend around the hand so as to secure themember to the hand. Moreover, the palm covering member may be integral with a glove that is fitted around the wearers hand. In the sense of the glove, the fingers may be completely covered as with a normal glove or may be open-ended so as to permit the fingers to pass therethrough. Moreover, the glove may be manufactured so as to permit ready circulation therethrough to further the comfort of the individual while wearing same. In this regard, the glove may be designed like a half golf glove, in that, openended finger portions are provided with an open back and with a strap that passes around the hand adjacent the wrist so as to secure the device to the hand.
The resilient body may be any type means that is of a size sufficient to preclude normal interaction between the thumb and fingers while at the same time remain resilient in such a fashion that if the individual is an infant and is trying to crawl, the resilient body will compress when the infants hands force same against the floor or crawling surface. Moreover, the enlarged body is resilient to prevent harm to the individual from hitting himself with the open palm. The resilient body would thus cushion the shock from such a blow. Preferred forms of the resilient body are polymeric foam such as a polyurethane that is semi-rigid, hollow spherical or hemispherical objects and coil springs. In the event a coil spring is used, obviously it should be separately enclosed so as to prevent damage to the hand when worn and also so as to prevent the coil spring from passing through the material from which the palm covering member is manufactured, normally a fabric.
While the device of the present invention is an excellent means to prevent an infant or mentally retarded individual from picking up objects and putting same in its mouth, it likewise provides a good device to be used in the cleansing, polishing or the like of cars, boats, trucks and the like. In this sense, a polymeric or natural sponge may be provided in the palm area and the palm covering member may be as described before. As such, the sponge is attached to the hand so as to eliminate the inadvertent dropping thereof and also so as to permit relaxing of the hand of the individual using same. Moreover, in the sense ofa glove, the hand and knuckles of the wearer may be protected against damage caused by striking a portion of the article being washed.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a device according to the teachings of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of a further embodiment of a device according to the teachings of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is an end view of a device according to the teachings of the present invention as shown in FIG. 1 and then along lines IIIIII.
FIG. 4 is an end view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 2 as might be seen along lines IV-IV.
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of still another embodiment of a device according to the teachings of the present invention shown on a hand.
FIG. 6 is a side elevational view ofa device according to the teachings of the present invention showing the resilient body extending downwardly therefrom.
FIG. 7 is a side elevational view ofa device according to the teachings of the present invention showing a further embodiment of the resilient body.
FIG. 8 is a side elevational view ofa device according to the teachings of the present invention showing still further, another embodiment of the resilient body.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to the Figures, specific embodiments of the present invention will now be described.
FIG. 1 and FIG. 3 illustrate one embodiment of the present invention. A glove generally indicated as 10 is shown having a palm covering member 12 that is integral with the glove. Other portions of the glove include a top portion (not shown), a wrist portion 16 and a plurality of finger portions 18. As best shown in FIG. 3, a
resilient body 20 is shown positioned under palm covering member 12 so as to reside between member 12 and the palm of the hand.
FIGS. 2 and 4 show a further embodiment of the device according to the teachings of the present invention. In FIG. 2, a palm covering member 112 is shown having side members 113 and 113' extending from opposite sides thereof. Additionally, a wrist member 114 is shown secured to one end of palm covering member 112 and extending outwardly therefrom. Wrist member 114 likewise has a plurality of side members 115 and 115 secured thereto and extending outwardly therefrom. Side members 113 and 113 and 115 and 115' provide means for securing palm covering member 112 to a hand. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, strips ofVelcro," a system of filamentary hooks 116 that attach themselves to a mat of filamentary material 116 on an opposite side are provided for securing opposite side members to each other. Hence, the hook elements 116 are provided on the side members 113' and 115' while the mat of filamentary material 116' is provided on the opposite side of side members 113 and 115 whereby side members 113 and 113' are wrapped over and around the hand of the wearer, and when pressure is applied thereto, the hooks 116 of the attaching means become embedded in the mat 116' so as to secure side member 113 to side member 113'. A like action with respect to side members 115 and 115i is provided when the members are wrapped around the wrist of the wearer and pressure is applied thereto.
Though the Velcro type fastening means are illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 4, any other suitable fastening arrangement may be provided such as by way of example, buttons, hook and eye combination, buckles and the like. As shown in FIG. 4, the resilient body 120 is an absorbent material such as a mass of sponge which may be a natural or a synthetic sponge having an opencelled structure. In this embodiment, the wearer is not required to pass his fingers through finger portions as was the case in FIGS. )1 and 3. Instead, the device is merelywrapped around the hand and secured thereto. The fingers extend naturally beyond the palm covering member while the thumb extends around the palm covering member. This particular embodiment is quite suitable not only for preventing an individual from using his thumb and fingers for lifting small objects, but also is quite suitable for use in the washing of automobiles or the like. As such, when the device is wrapped around the hand of the wearer, the sponge is provided on the underside of the hand and may be used as desired by the individual for the washing of an object. Once the sponge is saturated with dirty water or cleanser, a simple squeezing of the hand will expel the excess liquid from the pores of the sponge. The wearer can thereafter dip the hand into the soapy water or the like, again squeeze and expel further dirty water and sediment from the device. Further, clean soapy water may then be applied by a mere dipping and the article may be used as desired for further cleansing of the particular object. When the device of the present invention is used for washing, polishing or the like, palm covering member 112 may be constructed of a double thickness with one end of the top layer of material 112' palm covering free whereby a pocket is formed for receiving a sponge. New sponges could then be inserted in place of old sponges. Further, the sponge could be removed for cleaning the device once it becomes soiled from washing automobiles or the like.
FIG. 5 shows still a further embodiment of the pres ent invention where the palm covering member (not shown) is integral with a half-glove generally indicated as 310. The half-glove provides a plurality of finger portions 318 having open ends through which the fingers F extend. Moreover, the top of the glove is open as defined by edge 319 and the glove is provided with a strap 315 which extends around the wrist of the individual and is secured to a further member 315 by suitable fastening means 316.
FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 represent side views of devices according to the teachings of the present invention, and though shown in the form of gloves having palm covering members 412, 512 and 612, and fastening members 416, 516 and 616, respectively, could be presented as the embodiment shown in FIG. 5 or any other suitable arrangement. In FIG. 6, the palm covering member 412 is shown to have a resilient body 420 in the form of a mass of rubber. In FIG. 7, the palm covering member 518 is shown to have a resilient body 520 in the form of a coil spring. As mentioned hereinbefore, when the coil spring or similar type resilient body is employed, it is necessary that it be enclosed in a covering 521 to prevent damage to the wearer. FIG. 8 shows a rounded palm covering member 612 having a resilient body 620 received therein. In this embodiment, the resilient body 620 is shown as a ball type device which maybe hollow or solid as desired so long as the resiliency characteristic is present.
In addition to the functional aspects of the device of the present invention as hereinbefore described, obviously other attachments may be provided therefor in the form of rattles, toys or the like so as to amuse as infant if the device is used by an infant to prevent his picking up small articles. Furthermore, the right hand and left hand embodiments are likewise encompassed within the teachings of the present invention.
Insofar as materials of construction are concerned, fabric is preferably employed for the palm covering member in all the embodiments shown though other materials such as plastic, non-Wovens, and the like may be employed if desired. In the sense of fabric, depending upon the particular use of the device, a woven fabric may be employed or a knitted stretch material may be employed. Hence the device of the present invention may be manufactured in various sizes or may be manufactured to permit the device to fit various size hands.
Having described the present invention in detail, it is obvious that one skilled in the art will be able to make variations and modifications thereto without departing from the scope of the invention. Accordingly, the scope of the present'invention should only be determined by the claims appended hereto.
What is claimed is:
l. A device to be worn on the hand comprising:
a. a palm covering member;
b. means to secure said palm covering member to a hand:
c. means limiting interaction between the thrumb and figers of said hand to prevent grasping and lifting comprising:
an enlarged mass of semi-resilient material attached to said palm covering member, said resilient member being of appreciable thickness and having an area substantially equivalent to the area of said palm covering member, whereby interaction between the tumb and fingers of said hand for grasping and lifting is prevented.
2. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein said palm covering member securing means comprise at least one strap extending outwardly therefrom, said strap extending at least partially around a hand and being secured thereat.
3. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein said palm covering member forms a part of a glove which secures same to a hand.
4. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 3 wherein said glove has a plurality of finger receiving portions thereon.
5. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 4 wherein said finger portions are open at their outer ends.
6. A- device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein said palm covering member has a wrist member secured thereto.
7. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 6 wherein said wrist member is provided with further means to secure same around a wrist.
8. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 7 wherein securing means for said palm covering member and said wrist member comprise straps extending outwardly therefrom, said straps having attachment means received thereon whereby said straps can each be secured to a strap opposite thereto.
9. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein said semi-resilient material is a hollow sphere.
10 A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein said semi-resilient material is a coil spring.
11. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein said semi-resilient material is a polymeric foam material.
12. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein said semi-resilient material is a sponge.
13. A device to be worn on the hand as defined in claim 1 wherein the semi-resilient member is absorbent.
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|US6244271||Dec 13, 1999||Jun 12, 2001||Deborah A. Turner||Method of using infant's grasp impeding apparatus|
|US6363529||Dec 6, 2000||Apr 2, 2002||David A. Bocook, Jr.||Finger glove for muzzle-loading|
|US20130198921 *||Feb 3, 2013||Aug 8, 2013||Mark Plumer||Adjustable Garment|
|US20140325738 *||May 1, 2014||Nov 6, 2014||Jack L. Marovets||Cough catcher|
|U.S. Classification||128/879, 15/227|