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Publication numberUS3737088 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 5, 1973
Filing dateJun 9, 1972
Priority dateAug 28, 1970
Publication numberUS 3737088 A, US 3737088A, US-A-3737088, US3737088 A, US3737088A
InventorsBarta F, Grupp A
Original AssigneeMeyercord Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Web processing apparatus
US 3737088 A
Abstract
A web processing apparatus is provided, particularly for drying the printed surface of a continuous web. The web is disposed in festooned relation between upper driving rolls and lower restraining rolls or guides disposed in the depending loops of the festooned web. The restraining rolls or guides have end rim portions which engage and support the web at its marginal edge portions. A plurality of web correction elements, such as toothed annular elements, are provided between the rim portions, and the web is normally held in spaced relation from the web correction elements but is engageable therewith for straightening out collapsed areas or inwardly deflected portions of the web as it passes around the restraining rolls or guides. Preferably, a gaseous medium is passed through an enclosure for the festooned web, and the arrangement permits relatively high flow rates and velocities without disturbing the web.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 Barta et al.

[451 June 5, 1973 [54] WEB PROCESSING APPARATUS [75} Inventors: Franz Barta, Vienna, Austria; Al-

fred F. Grupp, Glen Ellyn, lll.

[73] Assignee: The Meyercord Co., Carol Stream (Wheaton), lll.

Filed: June 9, 1972 Appl. No.: 261,374

[62] Division of Ser. No. 67,890, Aug. 28, 1970, Pat. No.

[52] US. Cl ..226/l19 [51] Int. Cl. ..B65h 17/42 [58] Field of Search ..226/l08, 118, 119, 226/190, 193; 34/159, 161; 242/47.01, 49.5, 55.01, 55.17

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,381,868 5/1968 Vogeler ..226/118 X 2,135,516 11/1938 Hurxthal ..226/119 X 3,493,161 2/1970 Billings et al. ..226/l90 Primary Examiner-Allen N. Knowles Asxislam Examincr cnc A. Church Attorney-Geroge N. Hibben, Lowell C. Noyes and Albert W. Bicknell et al.

[57] ABSTRACT A web processing apparatus is provided, particularly for drying the printed surface of a continuous web. The web is disposed in festooned relation between upper driving rolls and lower restraining rolls or guides disposed in the depending loops of the festooned web. The restraining rolls or guides have end rim portions which engage and support the web at its marginal edge portions. A plurality of web correction elements, such as toothed annular elements, are provided between the rim portions, andthe web is normally held in spaced relation from the webcorrection elements but is engageable therewith forstraightening out collapsed areas or inwardly deflected portions of the web as it passes around the restraining rolls or 14 Claims, 15 Drawing Figures 137 m 137 73 73 ii A l l a hf A o o o o o o o o 0 SHEET 2 [1F 6 FATENTEDJUH 5192s PATENTEDJUH' 5197s 3. 737,088

SHEET 3 UF 6 PATENTEUJUH 5 I975 SHEET 5 BF 6 llllllllllllllll 1 WEB PROCESSING APPARATUS This is a division of application Ser. No. 67,890, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,694,928 filed Aug. 28, 1970.

This invention relates to an apparatus for the processing of various kinds of material in continuous web or strip form. More particularly, the invention relates to the drying of a continuous web which has been coated, printed, or otherwise treated on one face so that contact with the treated face must be avoided until it has dried.

Silk screen printing is customarily done on individual sheets of paper which must be dried thoroughly after each printing step. Consequently, multicolor screen printing is an expensive and time-consuming operation. Continuous silk screen printing on web stock has also been proposed, but drying of the printed web still presents a substantial problem. For example, in some cases the printed web is fed onto along horizontal table which may extend for several hundred feet, and ambient or preheated air is blown against the exposed web surface to effect drying so that the web can be rewound. Obviously, such an arrangement is costly and requires considerable working space. The drying problem is particularly acute in the manufacture of decalcomania transfers by continuous multicolor web screen printing where the color or ink deposits are frequently heavy and require extensive drying time.

Accordingly, a primary object of the present invention is to provide a novel and improved apparatus for processing continuous web material, which apparatus is compact and which diminishes the required processing time.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved drying apparatus for drying continuously printed web material, said apparatus being of compact construction and affording decreased drying time as compared with other drying arrangements.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved guide or roll structure for use in a continuous web processing or drying system.

A further object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved means for restraining the depending loops of web material in a festooned web processing or drying system.

An additional object of the invention is to provide novel and improved web correction means for straightening out collapsed areas, including wrinkles, buckles, creases, and the like in the web of a festooned web processing or drying system.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the subsequent detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view, on a reduced scale, of a multicolor web screen press utilizing the novel web drying apparatus of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an elevational view as seen along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary elevational view, partially in section, as seen along the line 3-3 of FIG. 1 and showing the interior of the drying apparatus;

FIG. 4 is an end elevational view as seen along the line 4-4 of FIG. 1 and showing the cross-over between a pair of dryer units;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary elevational view of a portion of a dryer unit as seen substantially along the line 6-6 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 7 is an end elevational view as seen along the line 7-7 of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is an enlarged elevational view, partially in section, showing certain details of a restraining roll structure used in the dryer and also showing schematically the manner in which the roll structure functions to correct collapsed areas or other imperfections in the web;

FIG. 9 is an enlarged scale cross-sectional view of the roll structure as seen along the line 9-9 of FIG. 8;

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary sectional view showing a modified form of roll structure;

FIG. 11 is a generally schematic view of the upper portion of a dryer unit showing the air duct arrangement; I

FIG. 12 is a fragmentary elevational view showing a modification of the restraining roll arrangement;

FIG. 13 is a fragmentary view showing a modified drive arrangement for the web;

FIG. 14 is a fragmentary sectional view showing another modification of the driving arrangement for the web; and

FIG. 15 is a fragmentary elevational view showing a control means for the system.

Although the invention is hereinafter described in detail in connection with a drying apparatus for continuous web screen printing, it should be understood that the principles of the invention are broadly applicable to web processing systems generally and particularly to a web drying or processing system in which it is desirable to avoid disturbing a coating or the like on the surface of the web.

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic floor plan of a four-color A web screen press for decalcomania transfers which includes the novel drying apparatus of the present invention. A continuous web of paper or other suitable material for receiving screen printing is fed from a supply spool 20 disposed on a vertical axis and positively driven (by means not shown) to effect unwinding of the web from the spool without tensioning the web. The web 21 passes around guide rolls 22 and 23 and thence to a conventional 45 turn bar 24. As best seen in FIG. 2, the web 21 changes direction by as it passes over the turn bar 24 and travels upwardly over a driving roll 26 and thence into the first print station 27. The printed web emerges from the lower portion of the print station 27 and is guided by means of a pair of rollers or web guides 28 so as to pass horizontally underneath a cross walk 29 and thence into the first of three upright dryer sections 31, 32, and 33 arranged in endto-end relation. The details of the print station 27 are not relevant to the present invention and need not be described.

Plenum chambers 37 and 38 are provided at the tops of the dryer sections 32 and 33, the blower means 39 and 41 are connected to the respective plenum chambers for introducing air into the dryer sections, as hereinafter described in greater detail. The web emerges from the dryer section 33 and, by means of turn bar arrangements, is directed in a reverse direction through a pair of parallel dryer sections 42 and 43 which are provided with upper plenum chambers 44, 46 and blowers 47, 48.

At this point the application and drying of the first ters the second print station 49 for applying the second color print. The printed web emerges from the print station 49 and passes horizontally beneath the cross walk 29 in the manner previously described and then enters a three section dryer which is indicated generally at 51 and is similar to the dryer sections31, 32, 33 following the first print station. The web emerges from the three section dryer 51 and'its direction is reversed by turn bars, as indicated by the arrows, and drying of the web is completed in the final pair of dryer sections which are indicated generally at 52 and whichcorrespond to the dryer'sections 42 and 43 previously described. The web then enters a third print station 53 for printing a third color, passes horizontally beneath the cross walk 29 and through a three-section dryer unit 54 and thence in reverse direction through a two-section dryer 56. Finally, the web enters the fourth print station 57 for printing a fourth color, passes horizontally becolor printhas been completed, and the web now enof the dryer sections. Obviously, the provision of a plurality of dryer sections following each'print station affords wide flexibility of operation to meet the'varying requirements of different printing jobs. Also, while the arrangement of the print stations and dryers at opposite sides of the cross walk 29 provides a compact and highly convenient system requiring the minimum number of operating personnel, it should be understood that the invention is not limited to this arrangement and neath the cross walk 29 and through a three-section dryer 58 and thence in the reverse direction through a three-section dryer 59 having sections 59aand 59b equipped with plenum chambers and blowers and a final section 590 without a plenum chamber. In the last section 590 the web is exposed to the room atmosphere to permit the web to adjust tonormal conditions before i being rewound.

downwardly and thence upwardly around, a dancer roll web emerges from the] last dryer section 590 and passes 60 which is journaledin bearings forming part of an n endless chain 61 trained around sprockets 61a and 61b.

The web passes over guide rolls 62 and then downwardly to a 45 turn bar 63, thereby changing the direction of movement of the web by 90. The web passes around a pair of guide rollers 64 and is then rewound loosely on a spool 65 which is disposed on a vertical axis and is positively driven (by means not shown) at the speed required to effect loose coilingof the web. If desired, a continuous web of slip sheet material may be that anycdesired floor layout can be used.

Referring particularly to FIGS. 2--7, the details of the dryer sections will now be described. As will be apparentfrom the previous discussion of FIGS. 1 and 2, the drying apparatus is composed of a plurality of dryer sections which are generally similar and are adapted to be arranged in end-to-end relation or in parallel relation, as'may be required. Each dryer section consists of an upright generally rectangular framework with removable panels 71 of glass or other transparent material being provided at the opposite sides of the frame work to form an enclosure. The ends of the respective dryer sections may be open or'closed, as desired, so

that a plurality of dryer sections can be aligned in endto-end relation to form an elongated enclosure such as the three-section dryer unit 31-3233 shown in FIGS.

. 1' andi2. Asbest seen in FIG. 4, each dryer sectionin the illustrated embodiment of the invention is provided with four. removable glass panels or windows 71, but I any desired number of panels can be used.

FIGS. 6 and 7 illustrate the interior of the first dryer section immediately following a print station. The freshly printed web 21 enters horizontally from be neaththe cross walk 29 and passes around the guide member 28 which, in this instance, is in the form of a fed from a supply roll 65' and interposed between the v respective turns of the'rewound printed web on the n spool 65. As the diameter of the rewound web on the spool 65 changes, the tension in the web also changes and the dancer roll moves up or down, thereby shifting the position of the chain 61 and rotating the sprockets 61a and 61b. A cam (not shown) on oneof the sprockets 61 a or 61b is arranged to actuate a control element (not shown) for regulating the speed of therewind spool so as to insure a loose wind.

Although the invention is'herein illustrated in connection with a press having four print stations for printdent upon the requirements of the particular applica non rota'table semi-circular roll having a special configuration, as described below. The web passes upwardly I from the guide member 28 and enters the dryer section where it is disposed in festooned relation between a plurality {of upper driven rolls 72 having end sprocket members 72" and a plurality of lower restraining rolls designated generally at 73 and hereinafter described in detail. The rolls'72 are mounted on'rotatable shafts 74 journaled between elongated supports 75 which are in turn mounted on the framework of the dryer. The sprockets 72' are provided with pegs 76 which fit into perforations 77 along the elongated marginal edge portions of the web 21 for positively engaging and transporting the web from the inlet end to the outlet end of the dryer. As will be evident from FIG. 6, the festooned web 21e xterids in a sinuous or zig-zag path between the rolls 72 andthe rolls 73, and a depending loop of the web is disposed between each adjacent set of rolls 72 r with the lower end or bight portion of the loop receivmeans of sprockets 78 (FIGS. 4 and 7) mounted on the shafts and interconnectedby a conventional chain tion. For example, the equipment shown in FIG. 1 can 7 be operated as a two-color press using only the print stations designated at 27 and 53 with the web passing through ten successive dryer sectionsafter each print ing station. In the case where maximum dryer capacity is required, only the first print station 27rnay be used drive (not'shown). Inasmuch as the rolls 72 are in posi tivedriving engagement with the web 21, it will be recognized that the length of web in the depending loop between adjacent web driving rolls 72 is substantially of spaced upright guides 79. Control switches are mounted on the guides 79 and have actuating or feeler arms 80 whicheirtend across the space between the guides above and below the roll spindle. Thus, if the roll undergoes excessive vertical movement, one of the arms 80 will be actuated and the complete press will be automatically shut down so that the malfunction can be corrected.

The arrangement in each dryer section is such that the web driving rolls 72 contact only the unprinted side of the web 21, but the restraining rolls 73 are adapted to engage the printed side of the web. The restraining rolls 73 are preferably supported in the bight portions of the web loops so as to maintain the opposed printed faces of each loop in spaced apart relation. Moreover, although the restraining rolls 73 are relatively light in weight, the weight is sufficient to maintain the web loops in depending spaced-apart relation so that air or other gaseous medium can be passed through the enclosure of the dryer at relatively high flow rates and velocities without causing the festooned loops of the web to be moved into contact with each other. To further assist in limiting the extent of movement of the festooned loops, a plurality of upright guides or abutment members in the form of thin plates 81 (FIGS. 6 and 7) are rigidly affixed to the lower portion 82 of the dryer framework at each end of the restraining rolls 73. Thus, the guides 81 are interposed between the end portions of adjacent restraining rolls 73 to limit the extent of lateral movement of the depending loops of the web.

FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate a typical crossover of the web between parallel dryer units, in this case the dryer units 58 and 59 of FIG. 1. As seen in FIG. 4, the web 21 emerges in a downwardly moving direction from the exit end of the enclosure of the dryer unit 58 and passes around a 45 turn bar 83 which changes the direction of movement of the web from vertical to horizontal. The horizontally moving web is threaded around a pair of guide rolls 84 and an intermediate turning roll 86 having a special construction hereinafter described. The rolls 84 and 86 are rotatably mounted on vertical axes between a pair of angle members 87 secured to the framework of the adjacent dryer section 59. The web 21 then passes to another turn bar 88 inclined oppositely to the turn bar 83 for directing the web upwardly into the top of the next dryer unit 59. It will be understood that only the unprinted side of the web contacts the turn bars 83 and 88 and the guide rolls 84, but the printed side of the web is adapted to engage the special turning roll 86.

Another important function of the restraining rolls 73 is to provide a web-straightening or corrective effect, and for this purpose a special construction is employed for the roll 73 as will now be described with particular reference to FIGS. 8 and 9. As seen therein, the

roll 73 has a cylindrical body member 91 which is preferably of light-weight tubular material. For example, the body member 91 may be formed from a thin section or sheet of plastic material such as Mylar curled into cylindrical shape and having its edges fastened together, as by stapling or taping. Circular end members 92 are provided at each end of the cylindrical body 91 and are preferably made of light-weight metal, such as aluminum. Each end member 92 comprises an end closure for the cylinder 91 and has a radially extending flange portion 93 and an axially extending rim portion 94 with the flange 93 of greater diameter than the rim portion 94. The opposite ends of the cylindrical body member 91 are received in close fitting relation in the central recesses in the end members 92 defined by the axially extending rim portions 94, as seen in the broken away portion at the right-hand side of FIG. 8. An elongated rod 96 extends through the body member 91 between the end members 92, and suitable fasteners, such as nuts 97, are secured to the projecting ends of the rod 96 for holding the end members 92 in assembled relation with the cylindrical body member 91.

A plurality of web-correction elements in the form of thin annular elements or rings 98 are fitted on the cylindrical body member 91 and are disposed in axially spaced relation along the length of the body member 91 between the rim portions 94 of the end members 92. Preferably, each annular element or ring 98 has a plurality of integral axially extending flange portions 99 bent outwardly adjacent the central opening of the annular element. As seen in FIG. 8, the flange portions 99 are disposed in surface contact with the outer surface of the cylindrical body 91 for stabilizing the elements 98 and providing increased frictional surface engagement therebetween. If desired, the elements 98 may be further secured in position on the body member 91 by pieces of pressure sensitive tape extending across the flanges 99 and the adjacent portion of the body 91. Also, if desired the flanges 99 may be of sufficient axial extent to function as spacers for the elements 98, in which case each element 98 abuts the outer ends of the flanges 99 on the adjacent element.

The outer periphery of each annular element or ring 98 is provided with a multiplicity of circumferentially spaced projections, such as the blunt teeth or serrations 101 shown in FIG. 9. As will be evident from FIGS.8 and 9, the projections or teeth 101 are of lesser radial extent than the rim portions 94. Consequently, the marginal edge portions of the web 21 are engaged by the rim portions 94 so that the restraining roll 73 is normally supported in the bight portion of the loop of the web solely by the rim portions 94 with the flanges 93 abutting the side edges of the web. Thus, as seen in solid lines in FIGS. 8 and 9, the central portion of the web between its longitudinal edges is normally retained in slightly spaced relation from the web correction elements 98, thereby normally avoiding any contact with the printed side of the web. However, dependent upon the characteristics of the web material, there is a tendency for the moving web to develop collapsed areas such as wrinkles, buckles, creases, or other inwardly deflected portions which would be highly detrimental if allowed to remain and would be particularly objec-' tionable when the web enters one of the print stations. This effect is particularly troublesome in the area of a splice or joint between web sections In accordance with the present invention, any collapsed area or inwardly deflected portions of the web 21, as indicated schematically in broken lines in FIGS. 8 and 9, will be engaged by the multiplicity of teeth or other projections on the web-correction elements 98, thereby eliminating the web imperfections as the web moves around the restraining roll 73.

Thus, as seen in FIG. 9, the inwardly deflected portion 21' of the downwardly moving web at the left-hand side of the loop is engaged by the teeth 101, and by the time the web has traversed the underside of the roll 73 and moves upwardly at the right-hand side of the loop, the web has been straightened and the deflection eliminated. Although the printed side of the web is at the inside of the loop facing the roll 73, the only contact with the wet printed surface is by means of the large number of small area contacts with the blunt teeth or projections 101. Since the total weight of the restraining roll 73 is kept to a minimum bythe use of light-weight materials, the amount of pressure exerted on the wet printed surface at any contact point is insufficient to cause objectionable disfiguration of the printed sur I face.

By reason of the above-described construction of the 114, are affixed to the outermost ends of the rod 112. I A compression spring 116 encircles the end portion of A the rod 112 between thertut ll4and theadjacentend member 109 for urging the telescopingbody sections restraining roll 73, a wide variety of web materials can be handled in the drying system having varying degrees of thickness and stiffness or flexibility. Even very thin and fragile web materials can be handled with the present invention since the repeated passage of the web around the restraining rolls 73 straightens out wrinkles and the like in the web and insures a smooth web which can be printed upon and dried without disfiguration In general, the diameter of the restraining roll73 should 107 and 108 toward each other. Thus, the peripheral flanges, designated at 117, on the end members 109 are held in abutment with the elongated side edgesof the web 21 under theaction of the spring 116. Itwill be understood that the spring l l fi 'allows the body sections 107 and 108 to contractor expand automatically so as to accommodate variations in the width of the web, e.g.

due to web shrinkage.

FIG.'12 illustrates a further modification with respect to support for the restraining rolls 73. In the previously described'embodiment, the full weight of each freefloating restraining roll 73 is supported by the depending loop of the web. In the FIG. 12 modification, the construction of the restraining roll 73 is essentially the same as described in connection with FIGS. 8 and 9 except thatspecial suspension means is provided for the rolls 73 so as to reduce the extent of the force imposed i on the loops of the web to any desired degree. For this purpose, each end of the rod 96 extending through the roll 73 is'provided with a bracket 121 which is connected by a wire or rod 122 to a helical tension spring 123 which is in turn suspended from a cross support Preferably, the circumferential spacing between the, projections or teeth 101 on the elements 98 should be a less than the axial distance between adjacent elements 98.

As an example of a 73, the body portion 9ll'may be formed from a sheet of Mylar plastic material having a thickness of a few thousandths of an inchand an axial roll length of about inches. The end members 98 are formed oflight gauge 7 124. The support 124 may be adjusted upwardly or' downwardly (by means not shown) so as to exert, through thesprings 123, any desired counterbalancing effect on the rolls 73 and thereby diminishing to any r r r U desired extent the weight which is imposed on each detypical construction for "the roll the spring suspension for the rolls 73 is particularly usep ful in the case of very fragile web materials which pending loop of the web. As will readily be understood,

would not be able to withstand the full weight of the rolls 73. Obviously,other counterbalancing arrangements could be used with similar effectiveness.

As previously mentioned, a gaseous medium is preferably passed through all or a portion of the enclosure of the web processing apparatus to effect drying or other treatment of the web. Such gaseous medium may comprise air, steam, ozone, sulfur dichloride, or other heavy stiff material, such as a vinyl plastic-paper lamidifferent widths. Thus, a'roll structure 106 is shown having a pair of telescopically interfitted tubular body sections 107 and 108 with end members 109 which are generally the same as the end members 92 of FIGS. 8 and 9. The telescoping body portions 107and 108 are fitted with annular web correction elements 111 which are the same as the elements 98 in FIGS. 8 and 9. An

selecteddrying or treating agent. In some cases, however, passage of a gaseous medium through the encloof radiant energy.

In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the printedsurface of the web is dried by means of air flow, and the arrangement for supplying heated air of con- "trolled moisture content to the dryer sections is best understood in connection with FIGS. 1, 3, 4 and 11. v

For example, the plenumchamber for the outermost dryer section of the dryer unit 58 is designated at 126 in FIGS. 4 and 5 and comprises an elongated rectangu I lar housingdisposed over the web driving rolls at the top of the dryer-section. Similar plenum chambers designated at 127 "and 128 are illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4 for the dryer sections'59a and 59b of the dryer unit I 59. Within each plenum chamber a tubular heater or 1 1 heat exchanger 129 is mounted and is adapted to have elongated rod 112 extends between theend members 7 109 through the telescoping body sections 107 and 108, and suitable fasteners, such as the nuts 113and steam passed therethrough for heating the air passing through the plenum chamber. As seen in FIG. 4, a blower and air intake duct is associated with each plenum chamber, as indicated by the blower 131 and intake duct 132 for the plenum chamber 126 and. the intake duct 133 for the plenum chamber 127.

Air drawn in by the blower is supplied by the intake duct to the side of the plenum chamber, is heated by the heat exchanger 129, and is discharged from the plenum chamber downwardly through a plurality of elongated slots or discharge openings 134 disposed above the web drive rolls 72. In addition, elongated vertical discharge ducts 136 extend downwardly from the bottom of the plenum chambers inside the dryer enclosures, and at their lower ends the vertical ducts 136 have laterally extending branches 137 which extend into the loops of the web above the lower restraining rolls 73. The branches 137 are provided with a plurality of outlet openings for directing the heated air upwardly and outwardly against the wet printed sides of the web. Additional lateral branches may be provided on the vertical ducts 136 at any desired locations between the tops and bottoms of the dryer sections. In addition, the length of the lateral branches 137 may be varied throughout the dryer section in order to obtain optimum distribution of heated air throughout the enclosure.

In order to control the moisture content of the heated air supplied to each plenum chamber, a steam injection device is associated with each air intake. Thus, in FIG. 4 a steam supply line 138 having a control valve 139 supplies steam into an open V-shaped trough 141 disposed immediately adjacent the air intake opening 142 for the intake duct 133. A manually operated damper or butterfly valve 143 is mounted in the air intake 142. As air is drawn by the blower through the air inlet 142, any desired amount of steam may also be drawn in with the air by regulation of the valve 139.

FIG. 11 is a schematic arrangement of the air supply system described above. Thus, a plenum chamber 146 is disposed over the upper end of a dryer section and has air outlets 134 disposed over the web drive rolls 72. Air is drawn into an inlet 147 along with a controlled amount of steam discharged from a steam supply pipe 148 adjacent the inlet 147. A damper 149 controls the inlet flow to the blower and intake duct 151. The intake duct curves downwardly and enters the side of the plenum chamber 146 where the mixture of air and steam is heated by the heat transfer coil 129 and discharged through the outlets 134. In addition, the vertical duct 136 for introducing theheated air-steam mixture to the lower portions of the dryer is also shown at the lefthand side of FIG. 11.

FIGS. 13 and 14 show alternate means for driving the web through the dryer which may be used in place of the sprocket rolls 72 previously described. Thus, in FIG. 13 a frictional drive means is provided comprising a driven roll 156 over which the web 21 extends and superimposed friction rolls 157 located at the opposite ends of the roll 156 for gripping the marginal edge portions of the web 21 therebetween. This drive arrangement eliminates the necessity for providing perforated edges in the web. FIG. 14 shows a vacuum arrangement comprising a driven hollow roll 158 having numerous openings or perforations 159. A curved vacuum head 161 is disposed within the hollow roll 158 and has a connection 162 which is adapted to be connected to a vacuum source. The web 21 extends over the roll 158, and in the region of the vacuum head 161, the suction exerted through the openings 159 causes the web 21 to adhere to or be gripped by the rotating roll 158 for driving the web. The vacuum drive roll is particularly useful when the lower restraining rolls 73 have the telescoping structure illustrated in FIG. 10.

FIG. 15 illustrates a control device which is adapted to be mounted adjacent the lower restraining rolls 73, for example, along the ends of the rolls 73 as shown in FIG. 3. The control device consists of an elongated shaft 166 which may extend along the length of the dryer sections adjacent the ends of the parallel rolls 73. The rock shaft 166 has a plurality of arms 167 rigidly affixed thereto and extendingoutwardly and overlying the adjacent end portions of the rolls 73. If one of the rolls 73 rises vertically, for example, due to shrinkage of the loop of the web or some malfunction in the apparatus, the roll 73 will engage the arm 167 and pivot the latter upwardly (as shown in broken lines), thereby rocking the shaft 166. A lever 168 on the shaft 168 is adapted to engage a control element 169 (such as a switch or the like) which is connected in the circuitry for the drive rolls 72 so as to shut down the operation of the dryer.

A similar arm 171 may also be disposed below each roll 73 and is rigidly secured to a rock shaft 172. A pivot arm 173 on the rock shaft 172 is connected by a link 174 to the lever 168 of the rock shaft 166. Thus, vertical movement of a roll 73, either upwardly or downwardly, beyond a predetermined amount will result in rotation of the rock shaft 166 and actuation of the switch 169 by the lever 168 to shut down the dryer.

The control illustrated in FIG. 15 results in shutting down of the dryer if any one of the rolls 73 moves vertically to an excessive degree. However, the associated print station which is feeding the printed web to the particular dryer section continues to operate until the control device illustrated in FIG. 6 functions to shut down the entire press. Thus, even if the dryer is shut down during an intermediate operating position of the print station, the control device shown in FIG. 6 provides a time delay which permits the print station to complete its operational movement (e.g. the completion of a reciprocating movement of a printing member) before the press is shut down. It will be understood, of course, that the arrangement of the control elements in FIG. 6 is such as to permit the required vertical movement of the associated roll 73 during completion of the operational movement of the print station.

From the foregoing description, it will be seen that the restraining rolls 73 have the dual functions of weighting and restraining the lower ends of the depend ing loops of the webs and also providing a web correction effect by straightening out wrinkles, buckles, creases, and similar collapsed areas or inward deflections which tend to occur in a moving web. However, the identical web correction function can also be incorporated in a structure which performs only a guide function rather than a loop restraining function in the manner of the roll 73. For example, the vertical turning roll 86 illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 cooperates with the guide rolls 84 to direct the web 21 in a properly aligned manner onto the turn bar 88, and the roll 86 has essentially the same structure heretofore described in connection with the roll 73 and serves to eliminate wrinkles or other imperfections in the web during the crossover or transition between parallel dryer sections.

Although the rolls 73 and the roll 86 are rotatable, it is not always necessary to provide a rotatable structure. For example, as shown at 28 in FIG. 6, a guide strucill ture of semi-circular configuration, but otherwise the same as illustrated in connection with the rolls 73, may be non-rotatably mounted at any point where it is desired to change the direction of the moving web. The construction of the guide member performs the same web-correction function heretofore described. If desired, the non-rotatable guide structure may have a completely circular cross-sectional configuration, as in the case of the rolls 73, or in some instances the crosssectional configuration may be less than semi-circular, e.g. a quadrant having an outer curved surface extending over 90.

Although the invention has been described in detail in connection with certain specific illustrated embodiments, it will be understood that various modifications and equivalent structures may be resorted to without departing from the scope of the invention.

We claim:

1. A continuous web processing apparatus comprising:

an upright support having a web inlet end and a web outlet end;

a plurality of web driving means spaced along said support at the upper portion thereof for moving the web from said inlet end to said outlet end, said driving means being adapted to engage and positively drive spaced portions of the web with the web extending in festooned relation with respect to said driving means and with depending loops of the festooned web being disposed between adjacent pairs of driving means; and a plurality of web restraining means disposed in spaced relation along said support at the lower portion thereof and adapted to extend through and engage the lower bight portions of the depending loops of the web;

said restraining means comprising an elongated body member having at least a semicircular crosssectional configuration, axially extending rim portions at the opposite ends of said body member for engaging the opposite marginal edge portions of the web and a plurality of web-correction elements spaced axially along said body member between said rim portions, said web-correction elements having a plurality of circumferentially spaced radially extending projections the outer ends of which are of lesser radial extent than said rim portions, whereby the central portion of the web between its side edges is normally held out of contact with said projections but is engageable with said projections for straightening out inwardly deflected wrinkles, buckles, creases, and the like, in the web as it passes around said restraining means.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 further characterized in that said restraining means comprises a free-floating roll of circular cross-section which is supported by said rim portions in a bight portion of a depending loop of the web and which is free to rotate during movement of the web, the axis of the roll being unrestrained at least vertically so that said roll is also movable vertically in response to changes in the length of the depending loop of the web.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 further characterized in that said roll is provided with spring suspension means at its opposite ends for regulating the weight of the roll imposed on the web loop.

4. The apparatus of claim 2 further characterized by the provision of a plurality ofguides in the lower portion of said enclosure cooperable with the free-floating rolls to limit the lateral movement thereof, whereby to prevent contact between the depending loops of the web.

5. The apparatus of claim 4 further characterized in that said guides comprise pairs of upright members disposed in opposed relation at opposite sides of the rolls at each of the roll ends for coaction with the end portions of the rolls.

6. The apparatus of claim 2 further characterized by the provision of control means for regulating the operation of said web driving means, and control elements disposed at the ends of the rolls in the paths of vertical movement thereof, said control elements being engageable by said rolls in response to a predetermined degree of vertical movement of the rolls for actuating said control means.

'7. The apparatus of claim 1 further characterized in ,that said body member comprises a section of lightweight sheet material formed into a cylinder, a pair of end closures are provided with means for retaining the same at the opposite ends of the cylinder, said end 010- sures including said rim portions, and said annular elements are slidably fitted on said cylinder.

9. The apparatus of claim 7 further characterized in 7 that the circumferential spacing between adjacent teeth of said annular elements is less than the axial spacing between adjacent annular elements.

10. The apparatus of claim 7 further characterized in that each of said annular elements has a central opening providing a slidable fit on said body member, and at least one flange member extends axially from the edge of said opening in surface contact with said body member.

11. The apparatus of claim 7 further characterized in that said body member comprises a pair of telescoping cylindrical portions, and spring means is provided coacting with said end members for urging said cylindrical portions together, whereby said end members are automatically held in engagement with the longitudinal edges of the web.

12. The apparatus of claim 1 further characterized in that said web driving means comprises a plurality of driven rolls with end sprockets adapted to fit into perforations in the marginal edge portions of the web for moving the latter.

13. The apparatus of claim 1 further characterized in that saidweb driving means comprises a plurality of pairs of coacting friction rolls for engaging the web at its opposite marginal edges and moving the same.

14. The apparatus of claim 1 further characterized in that said web driving means comprises a plurality of driven vacuum rolls for gripping the web and moving the same.

* lk i t

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2135516 *Mar 22, 1937Nov 8, 1938Proctor & Schwartz IncRoll type drier
US3381868 *May 6, 1966May 7, 1968Artos Meier Windhorst KgDrive for devices treating movable lengths of materials
US3493161 *Apr 17, 1967Feb 3, 1970Eastman Kodak CoWeb support roller surface
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4077713 *Mar 4, 1976Mar 7, 1978Oce-Van Der Grinten, N.V.Copying apparatus with moving belt for transferring images
US7014309 *Jan 31, 2002Mar 21, 2006Aukerman Robert WInk drying system for high speed printing
Classifications
U.S. Classification226/118.3, 101/424.1, 34/647
International ClassificationB41F23/04, B41F23/00
Cooperative ClassificationB41F23/0426
European ClassificationB41F23/04B6B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 18, 1986AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: CAINE, MALCOLM
Owner name: DUFFIN, VALERIE J.
Effective date: 19860228
Owner name: UNITED BISCUITS (UK) LIMITED, 12 HOPE STREET, EDIN
Owner name: WILKES, MALCOLM S.
Apr 18, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: UNITED BISCUITS (UK) LIMITED, 12 HOPE STREET, EDIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:CAINE, MALCOLM;DUFFIN, VALERIE J.;WILKES, MALCOLM S.;REEL/FRAME:004535/0190
Effective date: 19860228
Apr 16, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: GGA CORPORATION, SUITE 620, 983 OLD EAGLE SCHOOL R
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MEYERCORD CO. THE;REEL/FRAME:004541/0047
Effective date: 19860331